architecture . Interior SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN
ARC 3612 PROJECT MANAGEMENT
PROJECT 1:DEFINING AND DOCUMENTING A RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
TUTOR: AR. BADRUL HISHAM
ANGELINE KON KEE HOOI0302068CHAN JASMINE0308513HELSA JOSEPHINE0305813LIM SHU YIN0307795LIM SU YING0308502LIM WEI ZE0305863NICOLE LIM XU TENG 0307814
1.0 COMPANY PROFILE1.1 Introduction1.2 Organisation Chart
2.0 PRELIMINARY STUDY2.1 Project Scope2.2 S.W.O.T. Analysis2.3 Project Viability
3.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENT3.1 Work Breakdown Structure3.2 Perts Chart/Gantt Chart3.3 Risk Analysis3.4 Success Criteria3.5 Maintenance Proposal
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.1 Architecture4.1.1 Plans4.1.2 Elevations4.1.3 Elevations (Colour Selection)4.1.4 Sections4.1.5 Site Elevations
4.2 Civil & Structural Engineering4.2.1 Ground Floor Structural Plan4.2.2 First Floor Structural Plan4.2.3 Roof Level Structural Plan4.2.4 Structural Model4.2.5 Calculation of Column Loads and Feasibility4.2.6 Reinforcement of Existing Structure4.2.7 Staircase Details
4.3 Mechanical & Electrical Engineering4.3.1 Electrical System4.3.2 Hot & Cold Water Supply System4.3.3 Sanitary System4.3.4 Rainwater Harvesting System
4.4 Interior Design4.4.1 Case Studies4.4.2 Proposals of Interior Design Styles4.4.3 Furniture Layout Plans4.4.4 Finishes Selection4.4.5 Interior Spaces Overview4.4.6 Interior Openings4.4.7 Interior Fittings
4.5 Landscape Design4.5.1 Concept4.5.2 Conceptual Visuals4.5.3 Proposed Landscaping
4.6 Quantity Surveying4.6.1 Return On Investment4.6.2 Breakdown of Renovation Cost
6.0 APPENDIX6.1 Attendance Records6.2 Meeting Agenda6.3 Meeting Minutes
A young and free spirit design studio established in 2012 that specializes in small residential projects. We aim to achieve the home spirit within the team in every single projects. Running wild in exploring wow inspiration from different elements in daily life.
VISIONTo be creative and distinctive
We dedicated to transform design idea into tangible reality through our professionalism and great passion with a visionary approach. We strive to create unique yet practical design exclusively just for the clients.
1.2 ORGANISATIONAL CHART
1.0 COMPANY PROFILESCOPEArchitecture. Interior DesignWe provide full range of services from preliminary feasibility studies and programming, schematic design, design development, contract documents, tendering and construction administration, and finally post-construction services.
LOGOFrom A Z
Our logo carries the meaning of ourjob scope of covering the project fromhead to toe. Besides, it is also the lastInitials of our founder which is the architect in our company.
C&S ENGINEERIR. LIM SHU YINM&E ENGINEERIR. ANGELINE KONQUANTITY SURVEYORSR. NICOLE LIMINTERIOR DESIGNERLIM SU YINGLANDSCAPE ARCHITECTHELSA JOSEPHINEARCHITECTAR. NICK LIM WEI ZEPROJECT MANAGERCHAN JASMINE
architecture . Interior
2.1 PROJECT SCOPEClient: Ms Fernn Ang
Proposal: Redesigning Compact Living
Objective: To design a comfortable living space that would provide yield enhancement (rental) or capital gain (sale)
Usage type: Residential (long term/short stay)
Market Value: RM420,000; Rental RM1000 per month, yield of 2.85%
Returns: 1. Capital gains of at least 20% per annum 2. Rental yield of at least 3.5% for long term
Budget: Up to RM100,000
Timeline: Up to 6 months
Reference: Project brief from Ms Fernn Ang
Reference: Project brief from Ms Fernn Ang2.0 PRELIMINARY STUDYLOCATION PLANPROJECT DETAILSLOCATION : SS19, Subang JayaPROPERTY TYPE : Double-Storey Link House (End Lot)LAND SIZE : 16 x 45TOTAL BUILT-UP : 82.80 m2
2.2 S.W.O.T ANALYSIS2.0 PRELIMINARY STUDYTO RENTCOMPARISONSFOR SALERM1000 - RM1500RATERM550,000 RM600,0002 MonthsESTIMATED CONSTRUCTION DURATION3 MonthsRental yield of 3.5% based on current market value with renovation costRETURNSCapital gains of 20% based on current market value with renovation costRegular basis after each rentMAINTENANCEEnds after renovation
PROPOSALS2.3 PROJECT VIABILITYHELPFULHARMFULINTERNALThe house exposes to three faces ( front, back and side) which slows more natural light to penetrate through. Location of the house is subtle.EXTERNALRich surrounding context with educational buildings(primary school) and retails. Quiet area might leads to safety issue.
swoTCOMPARISONS BETWEEN TO RENT AND FOR SALE
DECISION: FOR SALE
1. WITHIN RESIDENTIAL ZONERedesigning the house for young family is a suitable choice as it is within the residential area in SS19. There are shops within walking distance from the house which provides convenience to the buyer. Besides the nearby public primary school is an advantage towards our house.
2. HIGHER RETURNCompare to long term rental basis, getting a buyer can earn a higher percentage of profit within a shorter time. As the colleges and universities are not within the area, renting the unit for students might not be a wise choice. Furthermore, poor public transport system is also the disadvantage for students who do not own a car. Hence, finding a buyer who is looking for permanent stay is a better option.
3. LOW MAINTENANCEThere will be minimal maintenance or even no maintenance needed after the house is sold off as it will be the responsibility of the buyer who is the new owner of the unit. Whereas if the house is being rented out regular maintenance fee will be an expensive cost.
2.0 PRELIMINARY STUDYPROS & CONSTO RENTFOR SALEPROSEasier to get a tenant.Lower budget for minor renovation. Nearby public schools and retail shops.Low or no maintenance.Higher return.CONSNo surrounding college or university.Inconvenience of public transport.High maintenance.Lower return or no returnLonger time to get a buyer.Higher budget for major renovation.
2.3 PROJECT VIABILITY
Design StageArchitectCivil & StructureSchematic DesignDetail DesignRenovationPre-Design StageProject Brief & Budget ConstraintsScope & ScheduleSite Study & Local Authority VisitDesign RequirementFeasibility StudyFinal ProposalSchematic DesignConstruction Detail DesignFinal ProposalMechanical & ElectricalSchematic DesignSystem Detail DesignInterior DesignLayout DesignSelection of Materials & FixturesLandscape DesignLayout DesignSelection of Landscaping MaterialsQuantity SurveyingPreliminary CostingCost BreakdownPost Design StageFinal ProposalSubmission to Local AuthorityPreparation of Tender DocumentsTender3.1 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE3.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENT
3.2 GANTT CHARTCLIENT-CONSULTANT MEETING
Client: Ms Fernn AngProposed House Renovation At Lot PT7632, No. 123, Jalan SS19/6A, Petaling Jaya, Selangor.
3.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENT
StagesType of RisksLikelihoodSeverityImpactStrategyContingencyPRE-DESIGNChange of program34Time and effort wasted in preparing the previous proposalPrepare new proposal for the new programRegular meetings and discussions with the clientMisunderstanding of project brief24Inappropriate design proposal Understand the project scope and follow the schedule plannedRegular meetings and discussions with the clientReduction of budget24Team being underpaidTo convince the clientReduce the scope of projectDesign that is beyond clients expectationCancellation of project15Losing the projectTo convince the clientDesign that is beyond clients expectation. DESIGNInternal conflict34Poor performanceProject manager to resolve the conflict.Project manager to build up the teamwork.Miscommunication between client and team24Not meeting clients requirementDiscussions with client for clarification of projectUpdate the result of discussion consistentlyCosting error33Resulting in over budgetingConsidering reducing budget in materials (replaced with recycled materials)Detail drawings to be supervised.Untallied drawings23Inconsistency in project presentationTechnical meetings within the team to ensure the consistency before presentationRegular meetings and discussions with the client
POST DESIGNLate approval by local authority24Delay in projectChanges for submission requirementsTo check with the local authority before finalizing design
3.3 RISK ANALYSIS3.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Exceeds customers expectation by completing the project within three constraints: deadline, budget and quality.
KEY SUCCESS INDICATORS1. Project efficiencyMeeting scheduleCompleting within budget2. Impact on the customerFulfilling customers needsMeeting functional performance 3. Direct and business successImmediate revenue and profit enhancedLarger market share generated4. Preparing for the futureCreate new opportunity Increase capability and competency
A success project is with the help of proper management and planning. Meeting the objective of the project shows the understanding in business drivers and brings satisfaction to the client. Project manager is able to keep track with the objective and improve the whole performance through these measurable regulators.
3.4 SUCCESS CRITERIAA successful project is the one being delivered on time, within budget and meet scope specifications.
1. Understanding the project scope- Redesigning compact living within a budget of RM100,0002. Starting the project with a plan ahead- Gives direction to the team with each responsibilities3. Good communication- Meeting for discussion in regular basis to update the each progress and ensure everyone is on the same path4. Widen resources, skills and knowledge- Research and development in skills for each role in order to produce qualitative outcome5. Well management & control of project- Following the management framework in an ongoing project to ensure success6. Learn from the past mistakes- Improvise and rework from the error
3.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENT
3.5 MAINTENANCE PROPOSALAs the design approach is to redesign the house into a compact living and sell it off instead of renting, a lower maintenance is required compared to rental basis as it will be the buyers responsibility to take care of the house. Therefore, much precautions should be taken before handing the house to the client.
ManagementA structured working schedule should be planned in the early stage of the preparation for the project so that each team member will be guided to work according to the flow. Besides, the working environment should be inspiring to boost the members productivity during the project.
ArchitectThe architect has to make sure that the house is practical and promising up to the clients requirement. Besides, he will have to ensure that the extension of the building is according to by-law and did not break any rules and regulations set by the local authority.
C&S EngineerAs the building is extended with a new roof structure, the engineer has to make sure that the building structure can withstand the load from the new added elements. Besides, the engineer has to enhance the existing structure due to lack of maintenance from the previous tenant.
M&E EngineerMostly all the existing system will be renewed for further usage hence the engineer has to make the renewal is done appropriately to avoid accident or leakage. Besides, proposing system that is energy saving could enhance the sale of the house.
3.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENTInterior DesignerAs the client wanted an easy maintain and minimal look new interior, the designer will have to make sure that the selected design concept is meeting the requirement which is simple yet practical. Besides, as a lot of openings are being proposed to enhance the lighting in the house, privacy of the owner of the house is one of the issues that should be taken care of.
Landscape ArchitectThe landscape designer will have to ensure that the proposed landscape is not only nice to view at, but also easy maintained. The outdoor furniture has to be durable and weather resistance so that it can last long.
Quantity SurveyorCosting is one of the major factor in the project hence it should be calculated as precise as possible according to the constraints set by the client. Furthermore, the surveyor has to make sure that each of the team member is paid accordingly and sufficiently from the project.
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.1 ARCHITECTURE4.1.1 PLANS
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.1 ARCHITECTURE4.1.2 ELEVATIONS
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.1 ARCHITECTURE4.1.3 ELEVATIONS (COLOR SELECTION)
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.1 ARCHITECTURE4.1.4 SECTIONS
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.1 ARCHITECTURE4.1.5 SITE ELEVATIONS
Existing structural planNew structural plan4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL 4.2.1 GROUND FLOOR STRUCTURAL PLAN
Existing structural planNew structural plan4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL 4.2.2 FIRST FLOOR STRUCTURAL PLAN
Existing structural planNew structural plan4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL 4.2.3 ROOF LEVEL STRUCTURAL PLAN
Structural model (Front perspective)Structural model (Rear perspective)
New structural membersExisting structural members4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL 4.2.4 STRUCTURAL MODEL
Column B1, 1Dead load:Roof = 45.55 kNFirst floor = 96.78 kNLive load:Roof = 6.37 kNFirst floor = 9.56 kN
Column C1, 1Dead load:Roof = 18.97 kNFirst floor = 62.82 kNLive load:Roof = 3.21 kNFirst floor = 6.45 kN
Column C, 1Dead load:Ground floor = 56.11 kNLive load:Ground floor = 8.33 kNUltimate Load of column C, 1Total dead load x 1.4 = 392.3 kNTotal live load x 1.6 = 54.28 kNUltimate load = 392.3 + 54.28 = 446.58 kNAssumption Fcu = 30N/mm (concrete strength)Fy = 460N/mm (yield strength of reinforcement)Ac = 120mm x 250mm =30000mm (Column section area)Asc = 30000 x 2% = 540mm
N, capacity of concrete= 0.4 x Fcu x Ac + 0.8 x 540 x 460= 0.4 x 30 x 30000 + 0.8 x 540 x 460= 558.72 kNOriginal column size of 120mm x 225mm is sufficient to sustain the new ultimate load.Transfer of load from the roof to the ground along column B1,1, column C1, 1 and column C,1.4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL 4.2.5 CALCULATION OF COLUMN LOADS AND FEASIBILITY
Small cracks restoration & Reinforcing weak walls
Jointing new wallsSmall cracks found within the existing structure can be restored to its original tensile strength by pressure injection of grout or epoxy into the cracks of the wall. The old structure may require reinforcement for weak walls, in which the same technique is applied through making injection holes on the wall which is to be reinforced.Construction of a new lateral structure to reinforce existing walls. Connection steels are grouted in drilled holes to create the jointing between the existing structure and the new structure.4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT4.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL 4.2.6 REINFORCEMENT OF EXISTING STRUCTURE
Cable turnbuckle suspension cableCable turnbuckle hingeTension cableStainless steel U plate welded to...