Andres bonifacio

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  • 1. Student Name: Aubrey Joyce B. Coronico Grade & Section: IV Love Teacher: Mrs.. Fetalco
  • 2. Andrs Bonifacio y de Castro (Andres Bonifacio)
  • 3. Andrs Bonifacio y de Castro (Andres Bonifacio) He was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary. He is often called "the father of the Philippine Revolution".
  • 4. He was a founder and later Supremo ("supreme leader") of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of thePhilippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution. He is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines and is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first President, but officially he is not recognized as such.
  • 5. Early Life and Family Background Born on November 30, 1863 in Tondo, Manila. Died on May 10, 1897 (aged 33) in Maragondon, Cavite. He was the eldest child among the siblings. His sibling were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio, Esperidiona, and Maxima.
  • 6. His father Santiago Bonifacio was a tailor who served as a teniente mayor of Tondo, Manila, a local politician and a boatman who operated a river-ferry His mother, Catalina de Castro, was a mestiza born of a Spanish father and a Filipino-Chinese mother who worked at a cigarette-rolling factory. His parents worked extremely hard to support him and his five younger siblings, but in 1881 Catalina caught tuberculosis (consumption) and died. The following year, Santiago also became ill and passed away.
  • 7. Work and Education He studied under Guillermo Osmea, who taught him basic arithmetic, writing in Tagalog, and basic Spanish. He dropped out of school when he became orphaned at the age of 14 in order to support his siblings. He sold canes and paper fans he made himself and made posters for business firms. He worked as a messenger(clerk/messenger) for the local parish choir. Later on he worked for the British trading company J.M. Fleming & Co. as a broker or salesman for local raw materials such as tar and rattan.
  • 8. He later moved to the German firm Fressell & Co., where he worked as a bodeguero or warehouseman. He was also a part-time actor who performed in moro- moro plays. Desspite not finishing his normal education, Bonifacio was self-educated. He read books about the French Revolution biographies of the Presidents of the United States contemporary Philippine penal and civil codes
  • 9. and novels such as Victor Hugos Les Misrables Eugne Sue's Le Juif errant Jos Rizal's Noli Me Tngere and El Filibusterismo Aside from Tagalog and Spanish, he could speak a little English, which he learned while working at J.M. Fleming and Co.
  • 10. Married Life He was married twice: First wife (1880~1890): Monica came from the Palomar Neighborhood of Bacoor, who died young of leprosy. Second wife (1893~1897): Gregoria de Jess (Aling Oriang) of Caloocan. They married when Bonifacio was 29 and Gregoria was just 18, in 1893. They had one son named Andrs who died of smallpox in infancy.
  • 11. Andres and Gregoria
  • 12. In 1892 he joined Rizal's La Liga Filipina, an organization which called for political reforms in Spain`s colonial government of the Philippines.
  • 13. The Katipunan A Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos on July 7, 1892. Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalang, Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK)
  • 14. W ith his two friends Ladislao Diwa and Teodoro Plata, he formed the first triangle of a secret society which bore the initials K.K.K. Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan ("Highest and Most Respected Society of the Children of the Country"). Katipunan was a secret organization until its discovery in 1896 that led to the outbreak of Philippine Revolution. W ithin the society Bonifacio used the pseudonym May pag-asa ("There is Hope").
  • 15. For a time, Bonifacio worked with both the Katipunan and La Liga Filipina. From Manila, the Katipunan expanded into several provinces, including Batangas, Laguna, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, and Nueva Ecija. Most of its members, called Katipuneros, came from the lower and middle classes, with many of its local leaders being prominent figures in their municipalities.
  • 16. A t first exclusively male, membership was later extended to females, with Bonifacio's wife Gregoria de Jess as a leading member. He was a member and eventually head of the Katipunan Supreme Council. He developed a strong friendship with Emilio Jacinto who served as his adviser and confidant, as well as a member of the Supreme Council. He wrote several pieces for the paper, including the poem Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lup (roughly, "Love for the homeland) under the pseudonym Agapito Bagumbayan.
  • 17. He wrote Mga Katungkulang Gagawin ng Anak ng Z. LL. B. (The Decalogue) The publication of Kalayaan in March 1896 led to a great increase in membership. Bonifacio, Jacinto and Pio Valenzuela collaborated on the society's organ Kalayaan (Freedom), which had only one printed issue. The Katipunan spread throughout Luzon, to Panay in the Visayas and even as far as Mindanao.From less than 300 members in January 1896, it had about 30,000 to 40,000 by August.
  • 18. The Katipunan had three aims: Political it wanted to free the Philippines from Spain, by force of arms if necessary. Its members, called Katipuneros, were taught to make and use weapons. Moral teaching of good manners, hygiene, good morals, and attacking dogmatism, religious fanaticism, and weakness of character. The Katipunan saw all men, rich or poor, as equals. Civic aim the Katipuneros were taught to care for one another in times of sickness and need. The society took care of its sick. If a member died, the Katipunan helped to pay the cost of a simple funeral.
  • 19. Death of Bonifacio A party of Aguinaldo's men led by Agapito Bonzn and Jos Ignacio Paua met with Bonifacio at his camp in Indang. Unaware of the order for his arrest, Bonifacio received them cordially. The next day, Bonzn and Paua attacked Bonifacio's camp. Bonifacio did not fight back and ordered his men to hold their fire, though shots were nevertheless exchanged. In the crossfire, Bonifacio was shot in the arm, and Paua stabbed him in the neck and was prevented from striking further by one of Bonifacio's men, who offered to be killed instead. A brother, Ciriaco, was shot dead, while his other brother Procopio was beaten senseless, and his wife Gregoria may have been raped by Bonzn.
  • 20. Bonifacio's party was brought to Naic, where he and Procopio stood trial on charges of sedition and treason against Aguinaldo's government and conspiracy to murder Aguinaldo. The jury was composed entirely of Aguinaldo's men and even Bonifacio's defence lawyer himself declared his client's guilt. Bonifacio was barred from confronting the state witness for the charge of conspiracy to murder on the grounds that the latter had been killed in battle, but after the trial the witness was seen alive with the prosecutors.
  • 21. The Bonifacio brothers were found guilty despite insufficient evidence and recommended to be executed. Aguinaldo commuted the sentence to deportation on 8 May 1897, but Po del Pilar and Mariano Noril, both former supporters of Bonifacio, persuaded him to withdraw the order for the sake of preserving unity. In this they were seconded by Mamerto Natividd and other bona fidesupporters of Aguinaldo. The Bonifacio brothers were shot or executed on 10 May 1897 in the mountains of Maragondon and buried in a shallow grave marked only by a few twigs and leaves.
  • 22. Apolinario Mabini wrote that Bonifacio's death demoralized many rebels from Manila, Laguna and Batangas who had come to help those in Cavite, and caused them to quit. In other areas, some of Bonifacio's associates like Emilio Jacinto never subjected their military commands to Aguinaldo's authority.
  • 23. Bonifacio as a Hero Andrs Bonifacio, along with Jos Rizal, is one of only two implied national heroes of the Philippines. Bonifacio and