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alfred adler(adlerian theory)

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Text of alfred adler(adlerian theory)

  • 1. Man is motivated by Sex and Aggression. People have no choice in shaping their Personality. Present behavior is caused by past. Emphasis on the unconscious. Man is motivated by social influences & striving for superiority. People are largely responsible for who they are. Present behavior is shaped by the future. People are usually aware of what they are doing and why.
  • 2. Examples: If a boy fusses or demands to have his own way (masculine protest) they say it is natural. If a girl is quite and shy, she is praised for her feminity. However if a boy is quite and shy, they worry they may grow up to be a sissy and if a girl is assertive , they call her a tomboy and hope she grows out of it. Adler asserted that men are no more successful or powerful because they are men but because they are encouraged to be assertive. Both genders begin life with a capacity to protest, what they protest though is largely shaped by what we expect them to be.
  • 3. Striving for superiority- refers to the desire to be better, but also has the idea that we want to be better than others, rather than better in our own right. Adler later asserted that striving for superiority can be unhealthy or neurotic.
  • 4. Inferiority Complex He described this as feelings of lack of worth. - This complex developed when a person tried to conquer their inferiority complex by suppressing their existing feelings. WE ALL WISH TO OVERCOME DIFFICULTIES According to Adler, when we feel encouraged, we feel capable and appreciated and will generally act in a connected and cooperative way. When we are discouraged, we may act in unhealthy ways by competing, withdrawing, or giving up. Adlerian believe that a misbehaving child is a discouraged child Each individual has a weak area in his or her body- organ inferiority, which tends to be the area where illness occurs, such
  • 5. Overview Social an cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality. People whose need for love and affection satisfied basic hostility towards their parents and eventually, basic anxiety.
  • 6. BASIC ANXIETY When safety and satisfaction is not felt by the child. Refusal of Parents to love their Children. Interwoven with Basic
  • 7. Protective Devices Affection (Purchasing Love) Submissiveness( compliance) Power(prestige, possession) Withdrawal (emotional detachment)
  • 8. 10 Neurotic Needs Need for Affection and Approval Need for a powerful Partner Need to restrict ones life within narrow border. Need for Power Need to Exploit Others Need for Prestige Need for Admiration Need for Ambition Need for independence
  • 9. Coping with basic anxiety Moving toward People Moving against People Moving away from People Normal Individuals do this but neurotic tend to rigidly on one.
  • 10. NEUROSIS Her Theory is related to her personal life and how she was able to deal with her problems. Neurosis is how people cope and have control over interpersonal issues that happen day to day. Is a psychic disturbance brought by fears and defenses against these fears, and by attempts to find compromise solutions for conflicting tendencies.
  • 11. NEUROSIS

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