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Alfred adler

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Alfred adler

Alfred adlerAngelo State UniversityThelma Sanchez-Lira

Founder of adlerian therapy

History of theoryAdler believed that personality difficulties are rooted in a feeling of inferiority from restrictions on the individuals need for self-assertion.Adler had a tendency to change his theory on personality throughout his life but he ultimately believed that people are focused on maintaining desire we have to fulfill our potentials becomes closer and closer to our ideals (Fisher, 2001)Called his theory Individual Psychology because he felt each person was unique and no previous therapy applied to all people.Theory includes four aspects:The development of personality Striving towards superiorityPsychological healthThe unity of personality

Major tenets of theoryThe one dynamic force behind peoples behavior is the striving for success or superiorityPeoples subjective perceptions shape their behavior and personalityPersonality is unified and self-consistentThe value of all human activity must be seen from the viewpoint of social interestThe self-consistent personality structure develops into a persons style of lifeStyle of life is molded by peoples creative power

Theory techniquesAn Adlerian therapist assist individuals in comprehending the thoughts, drives, and productive way of life by developing new insights, skills, and behaviors (Adlerian Psychology, 2016) These are the four stages of Adlerian therapy: Establishing the relationshipExploring the psychological dynamics operating in the client-assessment Encouraging development of self-understanding-insight into purposeHelping client make new choices- re-orientation & re-education

Establishing relationshipA trusting therapeutic relationship is built between the therapist and the person in therapy and they agree to work together to effectively address the problem

Assessment The therapist invites the client to speak about his of her personal history, family history, early recollections, beliefs, feelings, and motives.Helps reveal the persons overall lifestyle patterns, and factors that the client may not pay much regard to

Insight The client is helped to develop new ways of thinking about his or her situation

reorientationThe therapist encourages the client to engage in satisfying and effective actions that reinforce the new insight

Theory applicationsApplication to EducationApplication to Parent EducationApplication to Couples CounselingApplication to Family CounselingApplication to Group Counseling

Application to Education

Adler was an advocate for training both teachers and parents in effective practices that foster the childs social interests and result in a sense of competence and self-worth (Corey, 2009).By providing teachers with ways to prevent and correct basic mistakes of children, he sought out to promote social interest and mental health

Application to Parent Education

Parent education seeks to improve the relationship between parent and child by promoting greater understanding and acceptance (Corey, 2009)Alderian parent education stresses listening to children, helping children accept the consequences of their behavior, applying emotional coaching, holding family meetings, and using encouragement (Corey, 2009)

Application to Couples Counseling

Adlerian therapy with couples is designed to assess a couples beliefs and behaviors while educating them in more effective ways of meeting their relationship goals (Corey, 2009)

Application to Family Counseling

With its emphasis on the family constellation, holism, and the freedom of the therapist to improvise, Adlers approach contributed to the foundation of the family therapy perspective (Corey, 2009).Adlerian family therapy strives to understand the goals, beliefs, and behaviors of each family member.

Application to Group Counseling

Adlerian group counseling is based on the premise that our problems are mainly of a social nature.The group provides the social context in which members can develop a sense of belonging, social connectedness, and community (Corey, 2009).

referencesAdlerian Psychology (2016). The four stages of adlerian therapy. Retrieved from, G. (2009). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy. Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education.Fisher, M. (2001). Alfred adler. Psychology history. Retrieved from