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Aleksandar Jovović, UBFME [email protected] The Long-term Co-operation Projects The Long-term Co-operation Projects Sustainable Energy and Sustainable Energy and Environment Environment

Aleksandar Jovović - CEPOR

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Prezentacija sa naučne konferencije "Univerzitet i održivi razvoj" održanie 21. aprila 2011. godine povodom Dana planete Zemlje, u organizaciji Centra za ekološku politiku i održivi razvoj Fakulteta političkih nauka.

Text of Aleksandar Jovović - CEPOR

  • 1.Aleksandar Jovovi , UBFME [email_address] The Long-term Co-operation Projects Sustainable Energy and Environment

2. Engaging a few alumni from Faculty of Mechanical Engineering several projects of long term cooperation with Norwegian University for Science and Technology in Trondheim were established 3. Global Energy Challenge

  • The UN report "Our common future" stated in 1986 that the greatest challenge for the world of tomorrow is to achieve a more efficient use of energy with reduced environmental strain caused by use of energy, and to focus on renewable energy resources
  • Increased efficiency of the energy systems has been accepted as a comprehensive and lasting task that demands action from all countries in the world

4. Energy Challengein Developing Countries

  • The potential for improvement of energy efficiency is particularly high in developing countries and countries with economies in transition
  • It is estimated that specific energy consumption could be reduced by 20-50% in case of efficiency improvements in existing installations
  • Some of most common problems are inefficient power and heat generation plants, huge energy losses in distribution, pure insulation of installations and buildings, insufficient maintenance of plants and facilities

5. Energy ChallengeinWestern Balkan

  • The energy situation is worse than in most other countries
  • Social and economic development during the last decade of 20. century has been heavily influenced by the tense political situation, by warfare conducted in the region, by economic sanctions and the demolition coursed by bombing of the country
  • Energy expenditures both for government, municipalities, enterprises and households are very high compared to disposable income

6. Global warming Climate Change/Serbia GHG Emission CO2eq, 1990. and 1998. 7. Global warming Climate Change/Serbia Serbian GHG emission in future a) All sectors b) Energy sector 8. Educationas an Energy Efficiency Measure

  • One of many possible ways to ensure better energy efficiency is an improved higher energy related education
  • The graduates from universities will in near future be in position to take, and to be responsible for, a number of significant decisions for the society also concerning energy
  • Providing a comprehensive knowledge on efficient use of energy to the students of today will ensure efficient use of energy and a safer future for the coming generations

9. Co-operation Activities

  • Curriculum development
  • Collaborative courses
  • Common research projects connected to the Projects assignments and Master and PhD thesis's.
  • Infrastructure for support of the educational program
  • General collaboration agreement between NTNU and University of Belgrade(also with other partner institutions in WB)


  • The projects takes benefits from Norwegian experience gained through:
  • Similar educational program
    • established at the NTNU
    • introduced at several universities in East European countries
  • General activity targeted to improvement of energy efficiency
    • Energy efficiency networks for industry and building sector

Norwegian Know-how 11. 12. NTNUs vision NTNU is to be an academic leaderthat safeguards and expandsNorways technological expertise .With its strong disciplinary standingand broad academic scope, NTNUwill contribute to greater understandingof theinteraction between culture,society, nature and technology . 13.

  • 53 departments in 7 faculties
  • 20 000 registered students
  • 7 000 admitted/year
  • 3 000 degrees awarded/year
  • 240 doctoral degrees awarded/year
  • 4 300 man-labour years
  • 2 500 employees in education and research
  • 550 professors
  • Budget: EUR 475 million
  • 555 000 m 2owned and rented premises

NTNU key figures FACTS 14. 15. Cooperation with

  • SINTEF is one of Europes largest independent research organizations
  • Budget: EUR 290 mill./year (2009)
  • 1900 staff
  • Established in 1950 as the contract research organization of the Norwegian Institute of Technology
  • Contract research in technology, natural sciences, medicine and social sciences
  • Cooperates with NTNU in terms of staff, equipment, laboratories and science communication
  • 18 Gemini Centres for joint NTNU-SINTEF R&D

NTNU, May 2008 R & D 16.

  • 2008: A National Joint R&D Strategy for the Energy Sector;
    • New initiative: Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research
    • 8 national CEERs
    • Total funding of 2.5 Bill NOK (~300 Mill EUR) for 8 years.

National Energy Strategy 17. Targeted areas from Energi21

  • Efficient use of energy
  • Climate friendly power
  • CO 2 -neutral heating
  • Energy System
  • Framework and social analysis
  • CO 2 -capture and storage (CCS)
  • Environment friendly transportation

18. 6 of 8 Centres awarded involving NTNU-SINTEF

  • BIGCCS Centre International CCS Research Centre
  • CEDREN Centre for Environmental Design of Renewable Energy
  • CenBio Centre for Innovations in Bio energy
  • The Norwegian Research Centre for Solar Cell Technology
  • NOWITEC Norwegian Research Centre for Offshore Wind Technology
  • ZEB Zero Emission Buildings
  • Subsurface CO 2storage (SUCCESS)
  • Norwegian Centre for Offshore Wind Energy (NORCOWE)

19. Our model: Integrated partnership innovation R&D tailored toprocesses and products,implementation of R&D results Basic R&D, education Cross disciplinaryapplied contract R&D

  • Industrial relevance
  • Industrial participation
  • Scientific approach

Enterprise NTNU SINTEF 20. The Project Team

  • NTNU
    • Prof. Vojislav Novakovic, Dr.ing.
  • I FE
    • Thor H .Gulbrandsen, Dr.sc.ing.
  • MF-BU
    • Prof. Goran Jankes, Ph.D.
    • Prof. Branislav Zivkovic, Ph.D.
    • Prof. Aleksandar Jovovic, Ph.D.
  • 6 professors from NTNU and 12 professors from BU took part in lecturing
  • 24 professors from NTNU and 10 professors from BU took part in mentoring
  • Professors from UZFER, UESFME, USFME, UT

21. The Funding

  • Grants from Norwegian authorities trough:
  • The Cooperation Programme with South Eastern Europe - Research and Higher Education
    • The Norwegian Council for Higher Education
    • The Research Council of Norway
    • The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
      • Programme in Higher Education, Research and Development in the Western Balkans (HERD)
        • Maritime Sector, Agriculture Sector, Energy Sector, Development Studies

22. Degree structure 23. Historical background

  • The projects takes benefits from the experience gained trough the similar educational program on Master and PhD level that firstly have been established at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and then introduced at several universities in the East European countries.
  • Two similar MSc study programs was established both at the University of Belgrade and the University of Zagreb trough two separate collaborative projects supported by Norwegian authorities.
  • Similar PhD study programs was established at the three Universities on WB countries (UBFER, UESFME, UBFME)

24. Historical background

  • MSc Program: Sustainable Energy and Environment
      • (2001-2005)
  • Three classes with totally 23 students were enrolled into the program and 17 fulfilled and obtained Masters Degree.
  • At the end of program a bilateral MOU was signed between the University of Belgrade the NTNU

25. The Particular Aim of the Project

  • Develop and establish a new post-graduate programme (Master Degree) for the field of Sustainable Energy and Environment at the University of Belgrade ,Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
  • Develop and establish cooperation betweenUBFMEand NTNU

26. The Master Degree Program

  • Two-year education curriculum for modern energy engineers with a broad and integrated energy and environmental profile
    • Based on five years engineering undergraduate course
  • Cover important energy-related problems with considerable impact to the environment
    • Obtaining, exploration and conversion of energy resources
    • Distribution, transportation
    • End-use of energy in industry and building sectors

27. The Concept of Studies

  • First semester:
    • Basic courses (conducted in Belgrade)
  • Second semester
    • Advanced courses (conducted in Belgrade)
  • Third semester
    • Project assignment with the supporting subject (conducted in Norway)
  • Forth semester
    • Master's thesis (conducted in Belgrade)

28. Collaboration Courses

  • Several advanced courses are developed through collaboration between MF Belgrade, NTNU and IFE.
    • Energy and environment
    • Computer application in process analysis
    • Energy systems and energy planning
    • Processes and technology for environment protection
    • Energy efficiency in buildings
    • Energy efficiency in industry

29. MSc Thesis: Mihajlo Stjepanovi Analysis of parameters influencing buildings energy efficiency

  • Collaboration with local consulting company and the building owner
    • Dorcol Projekt
    • LukOil-Beopetrol
  • Possible PhD study

30. MSc Thesis: eljko Marinovi:UV disinfection efficiency in drinking water treatment the potential effect of microorganism repair

  • Collaboration between:
    • Norwegian water research institute at NTNU
    • German equipment producer Wedeco AG
    • Serbian Public Municipalities Enterprices Vodovod i Kanalizacija (waterworks) of Belgrade

31. The Collaborative PhD Program Sustainable Energy and Environment in Western Balkans Historical background 32. The overall objective

  • To give a contribution to development of the sustainable and environmentally friendly energy systems for the countries of Western Balkans.
  • In the long term this will improve the quality of life for the people and support the economic and social development of the region.

33. The particular aim

  • To develop and to establish a new PhD study program at the three collaborating universities:
    • University of Belgrade,
    • University of Zagreb and
    • University of East Sarajevo
  • I n three different Western Balkan countries:
    • Serbia,
    • Croatia and
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina

34. Outline of the project

  • The development part
    • build up the curriculum for a new PhD study program
    • based on the cumulative knowledge and experience
    • at all the involved institutions.
  • The realization part
    • two classes of students,
    • comprising six PhD candidates,
    • two at each of the three collaborating universities in WB

35. Collaborative seminars

  • Three courses organized as collaborative seminars with participation of teachers and students from all involved institutions, both from Norway and WB.
  • Seminars lasting for one week, arranged at all three universities in WB.
  • The aim was to encourage and strengthen collaboration between all involved parties.

36. Collaborative seminars

  • Energy Supply
    • Zagreb
  • Energy Efficiency
    • Belgrade
  • Energy and the Environment
    • Sarajevo

37. Mentoring and the PhD Thesis

  • For every candidate is appointed a mentor at the home university in WB and in addition also a mentor at NTNU.
  • Both mentors, together with the candidate, identify the topic for the research project that well lead to completion of the PhD thesis.
  • Every candidate is offered research stay in Norway at NTNU or at IFE, for approximately four months.
  • This is to give support to the collaboration and socialization of candidates and to underline the international profile

38. Overview of the ongoing PhD topics:

  • Energy and environmental efficiency in industrial premises
  • Energy optimization of water and waste water treatment plant
  • Market mechanisms for promotion of energy efficiency and renewable
  • Management of grid congestion and generation scheduling related to international trade with electricity in an open market
  • Combined Heat and Power (CHP) with use of surplus heat by district heating in the winter time and for cooling by absorption chillers in the summer time
  • Energy Planning in Rural Areas

39. Dissemination General considerations

  • Suggested line of attack for an efficient dissemination:
  • Decide who are the possible recipients of results
  • Come to a decision who are the target groups
  • Find the proper methods of dissemination
  • An example:
    • At universities different groups have different needs and they use different sources to search for information
    • Professors, researchers, students and administrative personnel

40. Some methods for efficient dissemination (1)

  • Presentations of written material
  • Thesis, reports, papers in scientific journals
    • Important for scientific society and for scientific ranking of institutions and individuals
    • Spreading to limited group of interested individuals
  • Papers and/or posters at relevant conferences and seminars
    • Direct attention to the project and its results
    • Possibility to follow-up trough Q&A session
    • Network building

41. Some methods of efficient dissemination (2)

  • By electronic based media
  • A project specific Web-site
    • Excellent means of communication of project results.
    • Needs to be regularly updated so that the latest results are made available
  • A series of electronic newsletters
    • A low-threshold way of disseminating project results
    • An updated mailing-list for e-mail distribution is required

42. Some methods of efficient dissemination (3)

  • Network building
    • Individuals from a target group may gather in networks to share experiences and find common approaches to their challenges.
    • Municipal energy and climate planning processes are particularly well suited for networking between neighboring municipalities and countries, as well as projects with attention to high level training.
    • Best practice examples from projects are very well disseminated through various kinds of networks.

43. Our ways of dissemination of results

  • Publication of PhD thesis
  • Publication in scientific journals and magazines
    • Limited group of readers, limited spreading of results
    • More scientific than practical interest among potential readers
  • The final dissemination seminar
    • Targeted group of participants
      • Representatives for central and local government administrations
      • Representatives for business life and for industry

44. Dissemination of results troughpublication in scientific journals and magazines

  • Skreiberg ., Todorovic D., Houshfar E., Skreiberg A., Lvs T., Jovovic A. and Srum L. NOX emission reduction by staged combustion in grate combustion of biomass fuels and fuel mixtures. Submitted to Fuel July 2010. Under review.
  • Skreiberg ., Todorovic D., Becidan M., Khalil R., Backman R., Goile F., Skreiberg A., Jovovic A. and Srum L. Ash related behavior in staged and non-staged combustion of biomass fuels and fuel mixtures. In proceedings from the conference Impacts of Fuel Quality on Power Production and Environment, August 29 September 2010, Lapland, Finland. Submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy January 2011.
  • Khalil R., Todorovic D., Skreiberg ., Backman R., Goile F., Skreiberg A. and Srum L. The effect of kaolin on the combustion of demolition wood under well controlled conditions. In proceedings from the conference Impacts of Fuel Quality on Power Production and Environment, August 29 September 2010, Lapland, Finland. Submitted to Waste Management & Research January 2011. Revision requested.
  • Backman R., Khalil R., Todorovic D., Skreiberg ., Goile F., Skreiberg A. and Srum L. The effect of peat ash addition on the combustion of demolition wood under well controlled conditions. In proceedings from the conference Impacts of Fuel Quality on Power Production and Environment, August 29 September 2010, Lapland, Finland. Submitted to Fuel Processing and Technology January 2011. Revision requested.
  • Houshfar E., Skreiberg ., Lvs T., Todorovic D. and Srum L. Effect of temperature on NOX emission from biomass combustion in the staged-air combustion scenario. Submitted to Fuel November 2010. Revision requested. Revised version submitted.

45. Dissemination of results troughdirect contact with the partner from industry

  • PhD Thesis: The Use of Waste Heat in Pulp and Paper Industry
    • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade
    • The user from industry: Umka Cardboard Mill, Belgrade
    • Research work supported by: Ministry of Science of Serbia

46. Dissemination of results troughdirect contact with the administration

  • Upgrade of the Energy Strategy and of the Implementation Programme of the Republic of Croatia
    • Energy consumption prediction, energy efficiency
    • Power system planning, environmental impact of electricity generation options
    • Power system planning, renewable energy sources
  • Energy Efficiency Master Plan for Croatia
    • Coordinator of project alignment with EU requirements

47. Dissemination of results troughdirect contact with the political structures

  • Input from MF-ESA and IFE
    • Based on the work on Energy Planning in Rural Areas

48. Budget

  • The MSc project at University of Belgrade
  • Project period 2001-2004 (05)
  • Total allocation NOK 3.300.000 ( 415.000)
  • The PhD project
  • Project period 2006-2009
  • Total allocation NOK 4.300.000 ( 540.000)
  • Scholarship grants for PhD students are covered by other external actors like local authorities, e.g. universities or ministries

49. HERD Energy - Project: Sustainable Energy and Environmentin the Western Balkans 50.

  • 1.1 Aim
    • The overall aim of the Programme in Higher Education, Research and Development (HERD) is to contribute to economic growth and social development through co-operation in higher education and research in the Western Balkans.
    • For HERD/Energy the specific aim is to contribute to economic growth and social development through cooperation in higher education and research within the energy sector.

Aim and Objectives of HERD/Energy 51.

  • 1.2 Objectives
  • a) Institutional development:
    • To contribute to educating a national work force that has adequate innovative qualifications in the energy sector by building, in the longer term perspective, sustainable capacity of higher education institutions
  • b) Applied research and development
    • To stimulate innovation, product and process development in the energy sector through support to applied research and development in the Western Balkans

Aim and Objectives of HERD/Energy 52. Project Aim

  • Todevelopandestablish
  • five newinternationally recognized MSc study programs
  • for the field of Sustainable Energy and Environment,
  • one at each of thefive collaborating universities
  • inthree different WB countries

53. Project Participants

  • Partner institution
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
    • Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology,
      • Department of Energy and Process Engineering ( NTNU )
  • University of Belgrade
    • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
      • Department for Process Engineering ( MFBG )

54. Project Participants

  • University of East Sarajevo
    • Study program for technical disciplines
    • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering ( MFES )
  • University of Sarajevo
    • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering ( MFSA )
  • University of Tuzla ( UNTZ )
  • University of Zagreb
    • Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing ( FER )
  • Sr-Trndelag University College ( HIST )
  • New Energy Performance AS ( NEPAS )

55. Main Activities

  • Development of MSc programs
  • Implementation of MSc programs
  • Dissemination to energy sector in the WBC

56. Development of MSc programs (1)

  • Curriculum development in accordance with Bologna Process
  • At all five WB universities
  • Taking in account local regulations and conditions
  • Extensive collaboration between all eight partners
  • Taking advantage of the accumulated knowledge and competence among all eight partners

57. Development of MSc programs (2)

  • Responsible forcurriculum development
    • Each one of the five WB universities at their own university
  • Responsible for quality assurance of curriculums
    • NTNU
  • Workshop on Curriculum Development
    • March 2011

58. Development of MSc programs (3)

  • Comprise upgrading of the infrastructure particularly regarding use ofdistance learning
  • Implies upgrading of necessary physical infrastructure and knowledge among teachers
  • Responsible for planning and running of DL activities
    • HIST and FER
  • Workshop on Distance Learning
    • April 2011

59. Development of MSc programs (4)

  • Elaboration of possibility for issuing ofdouble or parallel diplomasfrom both WB universities and NTNU
  • Responsible for elaboration of double diplomas
    • NTNU
  • Total period for development activity:
    • December 2010 - September 2011

60. Implementation of MSc programs (1)

  • Two pilot classes of MSc students to be accomplished
  • At all five WB universities
  • 10-15 MSc students in each class
  • Students to be enrolled in home countries and at home universities
  • Tuition fees for all enrolled students have to be covered by others than the project its self

61. Implementation of MSc programs (2)

  • The two best candidates from each of the five WB universities will be offered a stay of one semester at NTNU, during the second part of studies
  • The candidateswill follow few selected coursesfrom the NTNU MSc program Energy and the environment.
  • Exams taken at NTNU will also be recognized at home universities in WB.

62. Implementation of MSc programs (3)

  • Stable and regular offer for MSc study programs in the field of Sustainable Energy and Environment in accordance with Bologna Process without any economic support from outside after the project and pilot period to interested youngsters in WBC
  • Future network of institutions offering the similar MSc programsto enable mobility of students and lecturersamong partner institutions
  • Responsible for stable and regular MSc programs
    • Each one of the five WB universities at their own university

63. Dissemination to the energy sector (1)

  • Dissemination workshops will be arranged in connection with several relevant regional conferences on related topics
  • Responsible for dissemination workshops
    • Each one of the five WB universities in their own countries
  • Dissemination workshops to be arranged in
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina 2011
    • Croatia 2012
    • Serbia 2013

64. Dissemination to the energy sector (2)

  • Specialist courses for young professionals from the energy sector in WBC.
  • Responsible for planning and running of specialist courses
    • NEPAS, FER and MFBG
  • Specialist courses to be arranged in
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina 2011, 2012 and 2013
    • Croatia 2011 and 2012
    • Serbia 2012 and 2013

65. Indicators of success (1)

  • Students:
  • Accomplished two classes of MSc students at all five WBU.
  • Each class comprises 10-15 MSc candidates at each of the five WBU,
  • making 100-150 MSc candidates in total.
  • The two best qualified candidates from each of the five WBU will stay in Norway at NTNU for one semester,
  • making 20 MSc students in total.

66. Indicators of success (2)

  • Institutions:
  • Development and establishment of the five new internationally recognized MSc study programs in accordance with Bologna Process for the field of Sustainable Energy and Environment,
  • one at each of the five collaborating universities in three different WBC
  • that will be viable also after the project period expire

67. Indicators of success (3)

  • Research:
  • Research is not the primary goal of the project, but 100-150 MSc thesis will bee published.
  • In addition large number of papers for conferences and journals will be produced.


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