Afro – latin american and popular music

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AFRO LATIN american and popular music

AFRO LATIN american and popular music

Music of africaMusic has always been an important part in the daily life of African.Music and dance are also important to religious expression and political events.

Traditional music of africaAfrican traditional music is largely functional in nature, used primarily in ceremonial rites, such as birth, death, marriage, succession, worship, and spirit invocations.

Types of african musicAfrobeat term used to describe the fusion of West African with black American Music.Apala(Akpala) Musical genre from Nigeria in the Yoruba tribal style to wake up the worshippers after fasting during the Muslim holy feast of Ramadan.Axe popular musical genre from Salvador, Bahia, and Brazil. It fuses the Afro Carribbean styles of the marcha, reggae and calypso.

Jit a hard and fast percussive Zimbabwean dance music played on drums with guitar accompaniment, influenced by mbira based guitar styles.Jive a popular form of South African Music featuring a lively and uninhibited variation of the jitterbug, a form of swing dance.Juju a popular music style from Nigeria that relies on the traditional Yoruba rhythms.Kwassa Kwassa a dance style begun in Zaire in late 1980s popularized by Kanda Bongo man.Marabi a south african three- chord township music of the 1930s 1960s which evolved into African Jazz.

Percussion instrumentsShekere/Sekere the rattle

Agidigbo thumb piano

Agogo bell (two or three talking drums.

Latin american influenced by african musicReggae a Jamaican sound dominated by bass guitar and drums.Salsa music is Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Colombian dance music. It comprises various musical genres including the Cuban son montuno, guaracha, chachacha, mambo and bolero.Samba- is the basic underlying rhythm that typifies most Brazilian music.

Soca a modern Trinidadian and Tobago pop music combining soul and calypso music.Were a Muslim music performed often as a wake up call for early breakfast and prayers during Ramadan celebrations. Zouk a fast, carnival like rhythmic music, from Creole slang word for Party.

Vocal forms of african musicMARACATU first surfaced in the African state of Pernambuco, combining the strong rhythms of African percussion instruments with Portuguese melodies. The maracatu groups were called nacoes (nations) who paraded with drumming ensemble numbering up to 100, accompanied by a singer, chorus, and a coterie of dancers. (Maracatu Dance)

Musical instruments used in maracatuAlfaia DrumTarolAgbe ShekereCaixaMiniero or GanzaGongue

BluesA musical form of the late 19th century that has had deep roots in African American communities. These communities are located in the so-called Deep South of the United States. The slaves and their descendants used to sing as they worked in the cotton and vegetable fields.The notes of blues create expressive and soulful sound. The feelings that are evoked are normally associated with slight degrees of misfortune, lost in love, frustration, or loneliness.

Blues musicEarly Mornin , A House is Not a Home , and Billies Blues.Noted performers of the Rhythm and Blues genre are Ray Charles, James Brown, Cab Calloway, Aretha Franklin, and John Lee Hooker and more.

SoulSoul Music was a popular music genre of the 1950s and 1960s. It originated in the United States. It combines elements of African American gospel music, rhythm and blues, and often jazz. The catchy rhythms are accompanied by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves which are among its important features.

Brown was known as the Godfather of Soul.Sam Cookie and Jackie Wilson are acknowledged as Soul forefathers.Soul music are the ff: Aint No Mountain High enough, Ben, All I could Do is Cry, Soul to Soul, and Becha by Golly, and Wow.

SpiritualThe term spiritual, normally associated with a deeply religious person, refers here to a Negro Spiritual, a song form by African migrants to America who became enslaved by its white communities. The texts are mainly religious, sometimes taken from psalms of Biblical Passages. The Vocal inflections, Negro accents, and dramatic dynamic changes add to the musical interest and effectiveness of the performance.

Spiritual musicWe are Climbing Jacobs LadderRock My SoulWhen the Saints Go Marching InPeace Be Still

Call and ResponseThe call and response method is a succession of two distinct musical phrases usually rendered by different musicians, where the second phrase acts a direct commentary on or response to the first.It also forms a strong resemblance to the verse-chorus form in many vocal compositions.

Call and response songsMannish Boy a signature song by Muddy WatersSchool Day Ring, Ring goes the bell by Chuck Berry.

Music of Latin AmericaThe music if Latin America is the product of three major influences Indigenous, Spanish- Portuguese and African.It also called as Latin Music

Influences on latin American music Indigenous Latin American Music this kind of music was largely functional in nature, being used for religious worship and ceremonies.Native American/Indian Music this kind of music has a distinctive music elements pertaining melody, harmony, rhythm, form, and dynamic. It includes courtship songs, dancing songs, and popular American or Canadian tunes like Amazing Grace, Dixie Jambalaya, and Sugar Time.

Afro Latin American Music - The African influence on Latin American music is most pronounced in its rich and varied rhythmic patterns produced by the drums and various percussion instrument.Euro Latin American MusicMixed American musicPopular Latin American Music

sonIt is a fusion of the popular music of Spain and the African rumba rhythms of Bantu Origin. Originating in Cuba, it is usually played with the Tres (Guitar).

mariachiIt is an extremely popular band in Mexico whose original ensemble consisted of violins, guitars, harp, and enormous guitarron ( acoustic bass guitar)

Vocal forms of latin american music1. BOSSA NOVA Originated in 1958 59 as a movement effecting a radical change in the classic Cuban Samba. BOSSA comes from the Brazilian capital of Rio de Janeiro means trend or something charming. Integrating melody, harmony, and rhythm into a swaying feel, where the vocal style is often nasal.

Antonio Carlos Jobim A foremost figure of bossa nova. He became famous with his song DESAFINADO (1957). Sitti Navarro known as Philippines Queen of Bossa Nova. Some of her songs are Para sa Akin, Hey Look at the Sun, Lost in Space, and Kung Di Rin lang ikaw.

2. REGGAE Bob Marley - known as the proponent of reggae music. He was a Jamaican singer songwriter, musician, and guitarist. He Achieved International fame and acclaim for songs such as: One Love, Three Little Birds, No Woman, No Cry; Redemption Song; Stir It Up.

I. Fill in the Blank. Write your answer on your paper.

___________ has always been an important part in the daily life of African.He was known as the proponent of reggae music.A foremost figure of Bossa Nova.He was known as the Godfather of Soul.______used to describe the fusion of West African with black American Music.

6. Tres means __________.7. A kind of music was largely functional in nature, being used for religious worship and ceremonies.8. Latin American Music is also called as _____.9. _____ is an extremely popular band in Mexico.10. _______ known as Philippines Queen of Bossa Nova. 11. A method is a succession of two distinct musical phrases usually rendered by different musicians, where the second phrase acts a direct commentary on or response to the first.

12. BOSSA comes from the Brazilian capital of ______. 13. Kwassa Kwassa was popularized by _____.14. A music of Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Colombian dance music. 15. A popular music style from Nigeria that relies on the traditional Yoruba rhythms.

AnswerMusic11. Call and ResponseBob Marley 12. Rio de JaneiroAntonio Carlos Jobim 13. Kanda Bongo manJames Brown14. SalsaAfrobeat15. JujuGuitarIndigenous Latin American MusicLatin MusicMariachiSitti Navarro

II. Enumerate the following

1 - 5. Types of African Music6 8. Soul music 9 10. Spiritual Music11 13. Percussion instruments14 15. Influences on Latin American Music

Answer1 5: Afrobeat, Apala (Akpala), Axe, Jit, Jive, Kwassa Kwassa, Juju, and Marabi.6 8: Aint No Mountain High enough, Ben, All I could Do is Cry, Soul to Soul, and Becha by Golly, and Wow.9 10: We are Climbing Jacobs Ladder, Rock My Soul, When the Saints Go Marching In, & Peace Be Still.11 13: Shekere/Sekere, Agidigbo, and Agogo. 14- 15: Indigenous Latin American Music , Native American/Indian Music , Afro Latin American Music , Euro Latin American Music, Mixed American music & Popular Latin American Music.

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