1. Affordances of CMC tools. e-tools for effective
international computer-mediated communication. T.MacKinnon.
2. Communication devices 3. For communication to be successful,
the receiver must understand the message that sender intended to
send, and both the sender and receiver must agree that the receiver
has understood the message Clark, H.H. and Wilkes Gibbs, D.
"Referring as a Collaborative Process," Cognition, 22, 1986, 1-39.
4. We believe that the key to effective use of media is to match
media capabilities to the fundamental communication processes
required to perform the task. Because most tasks require
individuals to both convey information and converge on shared
meanings, and media that excel at information conveyance are often
not those that excel at convergence. Thus choosing one single
medium for any task may prove less effective than choosing a medium
or set of media which the group uses at different times in
performing the task, depending on the current communication process
(convey or converge). Media switching may be most appropriate.
From: Denis, A and Valacich, J. Rethinking Media Richness.
Proceedings of the 32nd Hawaii International Conference on System
Sciences - 1999 5. From: Learning and collaboration at a distance
By Mark Childs. 6. Important factors Negotiation of meaning
Immediacy Appropriateness Relative advantage Social presence Trust
Social presence is the ability of participants to identify with the
community (e.g., course of study), communicate purposefully in a
trusting environment, and develop inter-personal relationships by
way of projecting their individual personalities. (Garrison, 2009)
7. Kearney et al, Research in Learning Technology Vol 20, 2012