The Writing Process
Academic Writing & The Writing ProcessCompiled by Ashley Barbara Supinski for NCCs English 101: Freshman Composition
Updated January 2015.1What is your definition of writing?Heres another questionWhat makes writing good?
Writing isA responseLinearOngoing/ChangesDecision MakingA ProcessWhat is Writing?
Image Credit: Google Images, Writing Clipart2In high schoolYou write what you know
In collegeYou write to find out what you dont know.
How do I Write for College?
Image Credit: Northampton Community College logo, Google Search.3The TitlePreliminary RemarksAudience & PurposeThe ThesisThe IntroductionThe BodyThe ConclusionThe PostscriptElements of an EssayHandout from TULSA COMMUNITY COLLEGE, MC Writing Center Elements of an Essay.4Choose a topic.Focus your topic.Collect your ideas.Organize your ideas.Write them down onto paper.Revise!!!!!Turn it in on time.Congratulate yourself.Writing Academic Papers: An OverviewFrom NCCs Learning Center handout, Writing Academic Papers.5The Writing Process
6Finding out what you already know, think, or how you feel about your chosen topic.You may want to do some research to find out more, or solidify facts and figures.
Strategies: Brainstorming (Clustering, Listing); Freewriting; OutliningPrewritingThink of an assignment as a problem to be solved. Write it out in a single sentence.Stop trying. Take a break. Come back refreshed.Free write, brainstorm, outlineResearch what others have saidWriters BlockDont wait until the last minute!Establish a schedule that works for youBreak down your writing taskExpect surprisesExpect to do more than one draft
Strategies: Taking Notes; Expanding on an Outline; Writing paragraphsDraftingNorton Field Guide to Writing, pg. 2269When writing for yourself dont worryPersonal writing = lengthWhen writing for othersMake sure your points come across clearlyWhat needs work? What still needs work? What do you need to say more (or less) of?Assessing Your Own WritingPurposeWhy you are writingAudienceWho you are writing to/forGenreWhat type of writing are you doing?StanceHow do you feel about the topic?
Consider the Rhetorical SituationFocusThesisIntroduction & ConclusionSupportReasons, EvidenceOrganizationClarityReviewing Your WritingOthers can point out problems that you do not see in your own textAnswer specific questions you may have about the audience of your textGetting ResponsesMajor changes to the essayLayeredWhole-TextDetailsGive yourself time to reviseSharpen your focusStrengthen the argumentClarifyRewriting pg. 239
RevisingDetailsParagraphs, Sentences, etc.ParagraphsSentencesWordsEditing
Image Credit: Google Images, Writing Clipart15Clean up your work for presentationSpell checkFormattingProofreadingJust a reminderPlagiarize and die!
just kidding. (No, really.)
Image Credit: The Simpsons. Google Search: Plagiarism17