A Researcher's Perspective:  What do Researchers Need? Challenges and Potentials for PURE

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Thomas Ryberg |Professor mso | Aalborg University | Aalborg, Denmark

A Researcher's Perspective: What do Researchers Need? Challenges and Potential for Pureryberg@hum.aau.dk | @tryberg (twitter)

| #AgendaA critique of PURE reasoningSome web trends sociale media & web 2.0How can PURE become a researchers friend and ressource

| #1

DisclaimerNot necessarily a representative researcherFrom the humanities but born into the publish-or-perish tradition (regime) Interested in technologyResearch into creative use of social mediaWant ownership over systemsDo my own PURE registrations and like PURE (actually)My role today: Provoke, inspire, have a dialogue any critique is well meantMaybe Im just a weirdo

| #But how about youHow many are active researchers?How many have been researchers?How many are experiencing resistance from researchers in terms of PURE?How many are in contact and collaborate with researchers around PURE?3

| #A critique of pure reasoning

| #PURE as public knowledge base

Research database is publically available og delivers knowledge and gains to local enterprises and research activitiesThe database disseminates AAUs reseach to society and the individual citizenHow PURE was described once in AAU (and it was a genuine wish from our library)

| #PURE as control and surveillance of the employees

Extreme control and overview of individual researchers productionInstrumentalisation and quanitificationCounting machine now used for hiring/firing and distribution of money internally6 points to become associate professor 75.000 DKK for a level 2 paper (local rules) bonus for particularly productive researchers

| #Fear and insecurity

Thomas lacks 2.5 points to attain this years minimum quotaEfficiency to be increased by 145% to attain a professor mso78% of the employees produce more than ThomasThomas income (based on BFI) for AAU is lousy 15.000 DKKThomas Publish-to-Perish-ratio is 0.25 (below 0.10 is perish)

| #AAU: Redundancies (firing)ForskerForum 10. October:Reason for firing people is that the dept doesnt generate enough money, so theres a deficit compared to number of staff. Managements criteria have been an assessment of the individual employees competence profilce and performance: Do you score publication points and grants? DJF-union rep. Jesper Lindgaard Christensen. (my translation)So.

| #

Clip from PURE at AAU9

This should be grants by the way.

| #General sentiment (not saying this is how things arebut how many feel they are)"Paradoxically, the more that politics insists on the importance of the university, the more it actually drives the institution away from material realities and from democratic civil engagement... Management and control of knowledge has become more important than research, teaching or even thinking and living the good life together Thomas Docherty: "Universities at WarIncreased professionalisation of management (hugely increased salaries, less contact with research and researchers, more managers) Increased political control, micro-management, research assessments, growth in numbers of employees in the administrative layer etc.


| #That is not PUREs fault?No, but PURE and Elsevier important players in research policy as well PURE is not neutral but the material basis for research assessment measures as Danish BFI and the likeOverview of the individuals or departments production affects distribution of funding and therefor also research practiceMore work has been put into PURE as a counting and administrative device than as a system benefitting and empowering researchersThis is the managements priorities as always focused on solving problems of the administration itself rather than supporting core services(said somewhat polemically )

| #PURE 1.0Rules for PURE:As researcher you need to spend time and enter correctlyIt is important you enter a lot of data less important whether the data are useful for youData can be used against you based on opaque criteria outside your own controlOnly what the system and management deem relevant in relation to your researcher identity may appear in the system you are a number and a number of publicationsWe take you data and we present them to you (or those we think it is relevant that you see)Prototype of an administrative system 1.0What are the web trends

| #12

Web 2.0 and social mediA

| #

Trends: Personalisation and individualisations yet inherently social The individualised collectiveFrom consumer to producer increased ownership and control for the individual userCrowdsourcing, collaboration, 2-way-communicationPersonal networks and streams of information & activities

| #Web 2.0 typology Dalsgaard & SorensenDalsgaard, C., & Sorenson, E. (2008). A Typology for Web 2.0. In Proceedings of ECEL 2008 (pp. 272279). Presented at the ECEL 2008, Greece.

But these happen across different levels of scale from individual to collective

WebOrganizing communicative processesNetworking and awareness-makingText forumsChatVideo phonePerson-centred social networking sitesNetworked weblogsMicro-bloggingWeblogsPodcastsWikisApplication sharing servicesObject-centred social networking sitesSocial bookmarkingCreatingSharingDialoging

Organizing resources

| #Sociale konstellationer nye arkitekturer for lringGroupWell known members, strong ties, mutual dependencyNetworkLooser constellation of people, come-and-go CollectivesTag-clouds, Google Search Rank, aggregations of activities Researcher in middle creation of transparency between the levels

Picture taken from: (Andersson, 2008) http://terrya.edublogs.org/2008/03/17/networks-versus-groups-in-higher-education/

| #Challenge (the center does not hold)ICT enables multiple interactions across levels of scale and horisontallyNew arenas for finding and contributing knowledgeSupporting people in making sense of the bits and pieces But important to support the continuous traversing of scale

| #Creation of Personal Learning NetworkIndividual in the center of self-generated personal networks connections to groups, networks and collectivesStreams of information and activities come from the networked collectiveContent depends on the network composition whom are you connected toFacebook News-feed, Diigo, Twitter, Researchgate, Academia.edu

| #Delicious.com, Diigo.com or MendeleyOnline representation of bookmarks / favouritesShare, connect to and explore others bookmarksEasily monitor what your network bookmarks or see whats popular, or browse particular tagsCreating streams of potentially relevant material

| #Lifestreaming microblogging - Twitter.comMicroblogging tool - 140 chars tweets (status updates)Follow people but not necessarily both ways Lance Armstrong, Howard Rheingold etc.Create focused streams around hashtag (e.g. #openaccess #iranelection)Use: Keep updated through creation of professional networkFocused streams for events #ThisorThatEvent?

| #PURE: is just a friend you havent met

| #Characteristics of social mediaOwnership own profile strong personal or professionalpresenceUser as co-producerPrivatisation & collectivisationPlay, creativity mix of formal and informalFrom smaller communities to networks and collectivesStructure and connections are created through aggregation of uncoordinated actionsSharing of own and others content (music, pictures, data-sets, papers, bookmarks, tweets) Co-ownership in terms of relevance collective as editor (folksonomi)Very individual as well as collectiveSocial filtrering through a network (good bookmarks, paper recommendations, videoes)Direct and automated recommendation from the collective

| #Challenges and potentials for PUREThe fundamental problem: PURE a system decided top-down and fundamentally adopted for surveillance and control the very anti-thesis to web 2.0 (sort of.) but it has become better Increased attention to: Researcher focus what do researcher need and how can you empower themHow can PURE make life easier (good existing examples: publications connected to projects, RSS-feeds on publications)Autonomy, ownership, co-producer, opportunities for import/exportVisualisation of networks and relations, connecting to othersHandle streams of information and activities from other networks and collectives(new) connections between between people and between people and content recommendations, awareness of others activies

| #Resarchgate.net & Academia.eduCompetition to PURE and to institutional repositories at large spurious business model (but so are publishers business models)I dont use them very actively still I am logged in several times a weekConnections to other researchers streams of information (papers, questions, potential connection)Satisfying academic vanity mail-updates, statistics So many have downloadet, read, interacted with your research or searched for you on Bing, Google etc.Problem partial and somewhat haphazard network (yet international)Heavily focused on the needs of researchers over those of the institution or the administration

| #PURE 2.0I can connect to other researchers that I work with or Id like to followI have greater ownership of profile and the information on the page and I can export/import to e.g. linkedin or the liketI can integrate content from elsewhere (Slideshare, delicious, bibsonomy, Zotero, wordpress) blog posts, tweet-streamI can favorite/read later a colleagues paper, so I can maintain my own to-read list (which others can see)I can click tags/keywords and find similar papers across institutions evenI get a message when there are new papers within my area (I