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7 wonders in the world

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  1. 1. Welcome to the presentation 1
  2. 2. Group Name: Khulna Group Of English Name ID Md. Yeasin Sharkar 12102001 Md. Iqbal Hasan 12102011 Md.Shakhawat Hossain 12102010 Rashedul Hasan Khan Pathan 11308011 Rezaul Karim Bhuiyan 12102006 Sharmin Sunta Bristy 12102009 2
  3. 3. Presentation Topic : WONDERS OF THE WORLD 3
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  6. 6. Eamonn Fitzgerald, Head of Communication at New7Wonders. Last year they get 1,200 nominees from 220 countries. Then they choice 28 nominees and published in their wed side for the vote. After that, the voters finding out their choice of the 7 that will become part of Global Memory. 6
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  8. 8. Colosseum in Rome, Italy Built in 7080 AD Built by Vespasian, Titus Long 189 meters Wide 156 meters Base Area 6 acres Perimeter originally measured 545 meters Height of the outer wall 48 meters Capable of seating 50,000 spectators Colosseum UNESCO World Heritage Site Official name Colosseum Type Cultural Designated 1980 (4th session) Reference No. 91 8
  9. 9. Colosseum 9
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  11. 11. In 1585-1590 Pope Sixtus planned to turn the building into a wool factory to provide employment for romans prostitutes. But this proposal through with his premature death. In 1671 Cardinal Altieri authorized its used for bullfights. 11 Pope Sixtus Cardinal Altieri
  12. 12. Why was the Colosseum built 12
  13. 13. Who watched the shows Women were not encouraged to attend, but Romans would sometimes take their children to the fights so they could learn good moral behavior (how to die like a Roman) Upper class did not usually attend public executions 13
  14. 14. Daily Shows Morning Wild Animal Hunts Midday Public Executions Afternoon Gladiatorial Contests 14
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  18. 18. 18 Underground channels Royal BoxPoor, slaves, and women
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  20. 20. Colosseum at night 20
  21. 21. 21 Chichen Itza, Mexico Built in between 750 and 900 AD Chichen Itza UNESCO World Heritage Site Official name Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza Type Cultural Designated 1988 (12th session) Reference No. 483
  22. 22. Chichen Itza The layout of Chichen Itza site core developed during its earlier phase of occupation, between 750 and 900 AD. Its final layout was developed after 900 AD, and the 10th century saw the rise of the city as a regional capital controlling the area from central Yucatn to the north coast, with its power extending down the east and west coasts of the peninsula. The earliest hieroglyphic date discovered at Chichen Itza is equivalent to 832 AD, while the last known date was recorded in the Osario temple in 998. The name is spelled Chichn Itz in Spanish, and the accents are sometimes maintained in other languages to show that both parts of the name are stressed on their final syllable. Other references prefer the Maya orthography, Chichen Itza' 22
  23. 23. Columns in the Temple of a Thousand Warriors Several archaeologists in late 1980s suggested that unlike previous Maya polities of the Early Classic, Chichen Itza may not have been governed by an individual ruler or a single dynastic lineage. Instead, the citys political organization could have been structured by a "multiple" system, which is characterized as ruler ship through council composed of members of elite ruling lineages. This theory was popular in the 1990s, but in recent years, the research that supported the concept of the "multiple" system has been called into question, if not discredited. 23
  24. 24. Modern history The Castillo Temple, photograph by Teobert Maler, 1892. Chichen Itza entered the popular imagination in 1843 with the book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan by John Lloyd Stephens (with illustrations by Frederick Catherwood). The book recounted Stephens visit to Yucatn and his tour of Maya cities, including Chichn Itz. The book prompted other explorations of the city. In 1860, Desire Carney surveyed Chichn Itz and took numerous photographs that he published in Cits et ruines amricaines (1863). 24
  25. 25. Great Ball Court Archaeologists have identified thirteen ball courts for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame in Chichen Itza, but the Great Ball Court about 150 meters (490 ft) to the north-west of the Castillo is by far the most impressive. It is the largest and best preserved ball court in ancient Mesoamerica. It measures 168 by 70 metros (551 by 230 ft). The parallel platforms flanking the main playing area are each 95 metros (312 ft) long. The walls of these platforms stand 8 metros (26 ft) high; set high up in the centre of each of these walls are rings carved with intertwined feathered serpents. 25
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  27. 27. Emperor Shah Jahan built it. He lived from 1628 1666. He made Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife and queen Mumtaz Mahal, (Her real name was Arjumand Banu). they married on 1612 27
  28. 28. City: Arga, on the banks of River Yamuna State: Uttar Pradesh Distance from New Delhi: 204 km (Approximately) River Yamuna New Delhi 28
  29. 29. It took 22 years to build it, they began building it in 1631 and it was completed in 1653 and there were 20,000 workers who helped. To build it there it coasted 32 million rupees. 29
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  31. 31. Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the seven wonders of the world. The Taj is the most beautiful monument built by the Mughals, the Muslim rulers of India. Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. The Taj seems to glow in the light of the full moon. 31
  32. 32. City of Petra, in Jordan one of the New Wonders in the World 32
  33. 33. History of Petra 33
  34. 34. The magnificent treasury building: 34
  35. 35. Petra is known as the Rose-Red City for the color of the rocks from which Petra is carved General view 35
  36. 36. Colors 36
  37. 37. Ancient columns Main entrance (Al Khazneh) 37
  38. 38. Theatre 38
  39. 39. Byzantine mosaic in the Byzantine Church of Petra The end of the Siq, With its dramatic view of Al Khazneh ("The Treasury") 39
  40. 40. The Hadrian Gate and the Cardo Maximus in Petra The Great Temple of Petra 40
  41. 41. Tourist attraction The Petra Visitors Centre in Wadi-Musa, the closest town to the historic site 41
  42. 42. Ways into Petra 42
  43. 43. The Great Wall ofThe Great Wall of ChinaChina The Great Wall ofThe Great Wall of ChinaChina 43
  44. 44. HistoryofTheGreatWall 3rd -17th CenturyB.C. Over2000yearsago The following dynasties had contributed to the making of Great WallofChina QinDynasty HanDynasty MingDynasty 44
  45. 45. LocationofTheGreatWall SouthernBorderofMongolia NorthofBeijing 45
  46. 46. This ancient fortification with itsThis ancient fortification with its several branches runs aboutseveral branches runs about 5,500 miles from east to west5,500 miles from east to west through northern China.through northern China. TheThe GreatGreat WallWall 46
  47. 47. Building the WallBuilding the Wall The Great Wall was originallyThe Great Wall was originally built as a defensive fortificationbuilt as a defensive fortification by three states.by three states. 47
  48. 48. Listed as one of the greatestListed as one of the greatest wonders of the world bywonders of the world by UNESCO in 1987, the GreatUNESCO in 1987, the Great Wall winds up and down acrossWall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountainsdeserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus stretching.and plateaus stretching. 48
  49. 49. It has become the symbol of theIt has become the symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture.Chinese nation and its culture. 49
  50. 50. Tourism Many tourists come to see the Great Wall of China. It looks unique in each season: summer,winter, autumn and spring. The picture below shows the Great Wall in one of its unique forms-in winter. 50
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  52. 52. Christ the Redeemer 52
  53. 53. History Mid 1850s: Pedro Maria Boss laid eyes upon the Corcovado Mountain in Rio de Janeiro he imagined a monument to his faith placed upon it for all to see 53
  54. 54. 1921: New proposal emerged for the construction of a religious monument atop Corcovado Artist Carlos Oswaldo was commissioned to design the statue A concept drawn up by Brazilian civil engineer Heitor da Silva Costa was chosen 54
  55. 55. 1926: Work on the Christ the Redeemer statue began Christ the Redeemer was built using reinforced concrete, with the outer layers clad in soapstone 12 October 1931: the statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro was completed, opening ceremony took place 55
  56. 56. Declaration The statue of Christ the Redeemer was selected as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Christ the Redeemer is the 5th largest statue of Jesus. 56
  57. 57. Facts Christ the Redeemer is the largest art deco statue in the world. It is 98 feet tall (not including the 26 foot pedestal), and the arms stretch to 92 feet wide. The statue weighs approximately 635 tons. Christ the Redeemer is located in the Tijuca Forest National Forest, at the top of the Corcovado Mountain. 57
  58. 58. The statue is considered an icon of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. The cost in 1931 was approximately $250,000 US. Today that would roughly be the equivalent of $3.2 million US. The statue had to be constructed in60,000 pieces of stone and carried to the mountain top to be erected. The right arm points to south Rio de Janeiro and the left arm points to north Rio de Janeiro. 58
  59. 59. In 2008 a violent electrical storm resulted in a lightning strike to the statue. The head, eyebrows and fingers were damaged The Rio de Janeiro state government began a restoration effort. They replaced some layers of soapstone and repaired the lightning rods on the statue. 59
  60. 60. Christ the Redeemer statue is meant to show that Christ loves all and will embrace all that come to him. 60
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