TCI 2014 Mexico and Latin American Economies

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By Amado Villarreal, Monterrey Tech, presented at the 17th TCI Global Conference, Monterrey 2014.

Text of TCI 2014 Mexico and Latin American Economies

  • 1. Mexico and Latin American EconomiesAmado VillarrealMexico and Latin American Economies11 November 2014

2. MMeexxiiccoo aannddLLaattiinn AAmmeerriiccaannEEccoonnoommiieessAAmmaaddoo VViillllaarrrreeaall1177tthh TTCCII GGlloobbaall CCoonnffeerreenncceeMMoonntteerrrreeyy,, NN..LL.. MMxxiiccoo 3. Contenido1. Mexicos Strategic Sectors2. Latin Americas Strategic Sectors3. Common Strategic Sectors and Future4. Policy Implications: Icluster Mexico - Texas5. ConclusionsPage 3 YOUR LOGO 4. 1. MexicoSTRATEGIC SECTORS 5. MEXICAN STRATEGIC SECTORSNo. CLUSTER PE CEI CAIE TLCAN1Transportation equipment cluster(Automotive and Autoparts 2 Electronic cluster 3 Plastics 4 Tourism cluster 5Obtaining and processing ofnon-metallic minerals and fuels 6Food, beverages, confectionery andsnuff 7 Chemical manufacturing cluster 8Obtaining and processing of metal oresand metal products Fuente: Amado, Villarreal (2013). Identificacin de OportunidadesEstratgicos de Desarrollo para Mxico 6. 2. Latin AmericaSTRATEGIC SECTORS 7. Latin America Strategic SectorsMore than 90% of exports from Latin America are concentrated in thefollowing eight strategic sectors.Exports - 2012 Argentina Colombia Chile Brazil MexicoEnergy 10.91% 57.24% 24.06% 26.19% 14.10%Automotive 12.00% 1.40% 0.90% 8.63% 18.52%Electronics 3.27% 1.95% 1.20% 7.89% 36.75%Obtaining andprocessing of metalores and metalproducts 7.80% 11.06% 42.12% 9.35% 8.32%Agribusiness 52.98% 14.91% 18.34% 31.85% 6.52%Chemicalmanufacturing 9.17% 7.79% 4.81% 8.08% 6.04%Wood Products 1.26% 1.74% 7.16% 4.81% 0.66%Source: The Atlas of Economic Complexity. Harvard University, with World Trade Data, UN.Page 7 YOUR LOGO 8. Trade between Latin America and the restof the WorldMexico, Colombia, Brazil and Chile export less than 10% of its products toLatin American countriesSource: The atlas of economic complexityPage 8 YOUR LOGO 9. 3.COMMON STRATEGICSECTORS AND FUTURESPage 9 YOUR LOGO 10. Technological Megatrends ImpactTechnology push The comercialization of a scientific or technologic innovation in a defined market.ClustersAgro Food-MedicalBiotechnologyIntelligentmaterials andSurfaceEngineeringMEMsMicro andNanotechnologyNew EnergyTechnologiesEnergy Automotive and Autoparts Electronics Agribusiness Obtaining and processingof metal ores and metalproducts Chemical manufacturing Wood Products 11. THE ICLUSTERIniciative 12. Regions compositionRegion Mexico :Monterrey-Saltillo-Laredo-Reynosa1. Mexico2. Latin America3. Strategic Sector4. Icluster Latin America5. Conclusion.Region United States :Dallas Houston San Antonio - AustinStrategic ClustersBUSINESS SERVICES CLUSTERCHEMICAL MANUFACTURING CLUSTERLOGISTIC CLUSTERTOURISM CLUSTER MAQUINARY AND EQUIPMENT CLUSTER ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT CLUSTER TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT CLUSTER MEDICAL SERVICES CLUSTER ENERGY, OIL AND GAS CLUSTER.Page 12 YOUR LOGO 13. ELECTRONICEQUIPMENTCLUSTER The quantity of businesslocated on the US andMexico is very similar. End Products andIntermediate Productscompanies are alike inboth regions. This is a proxy ofcomplementarity in bothregions. The following slide showsa list of companies of thecluster.ProductiveChain Texas MexicoEnd products220196Intermediateproducts289388Main inputs1,2671,666Marketing - 16,629Services forthe clustersupply chain40,76712,627Relatedindustries1,264Page 13 YOUR LOGO309In general, this analysis is a primer on the binational value chains, showing someevidence of complementarity and identifying possible puntual areas of opportunity todesign binational regional economic development strategies. 14. MEXICO AND LATIN AMERICACONCLUSION 15. Regional Economic DevelopmentStrategies1.It is essential to define the productive potentialopportunities of the Latin American countries;1.Guide policy to strengthen strategic sectors orclusters and1.Guide efforts to accumulate core competenciesaround the tech trends that have more impact on thestrategic sectors and2.Create value through inserting the Latin Americaneconomy in the knowledge economy and on the globalvalue chain.