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Page 1: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs

Page 2: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs

A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.

• I wash myself.subject: Iverb: washobject: myself

Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.

• I wash the car.subject: Iverb: washobject: car

Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.

Page 3: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive VerbsHere's another example of how a verb can be either reflexive or non-reflexive.

• I scratch myself.subject: Iverb: scratchobject: myself

Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.

• I scratch the dog.subject: Iverb: scratchobject: dog

Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.

Page 4: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs

To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs, you need to learn a different set of pronouns called "reflexive pronouns."

Page 5: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs

The reflexive pronouns are not subject pronouns; rather they are object pronouns.

me (myself)te (yourself)se (himself, herself, yourself)nos (ourselves)se (themselves, yourselves)

Page 6: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive VerbsWhen a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in "se."

lavarto wash (non-reflexive)

lavarseto wash oneself (reflexive)

rascarto scratch (non-reflexive)

rascarseto scratch oneself (reflexive)

Page 7: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs

There is one reflexive verb you have been using since you began studying Spanish.

llamarse - to call oneself

¿Cómo se llama usted?What do you call yourself?

Me llamo Juan.I call myself Juan.

Page 8: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs When you learned to conjugate regular verbs, you needed to learn a set of pronouns called "subject pronouns.”

lavar

yo lavotú lavasél, ella, usted lavanosotros/as lavamosvosotros/as laváisellos, ellas, ustedes lavan

Page 9: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs The purpose of the reflexive object pronouns is to show that the action of the verb remains with the subject.

Juan se lava la cara.Juan washes his face. (reflexive)

Juan lava su carro. (non-reflexive)Juan washes his car.

Note: When referring to body parts, use the definite article, thus "la cara" not "su cara."

Page 10: Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs wash the dog xwash your face

raise the book xraise your arm

put the baby to bed xgo to bed

wake up your son xwake up yourself

...and so on


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