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YEARLY PLANNING 2012 PHYSICS FORM FOUR
Week / Date Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
1
4/1 8/1
LEARNING AREA :1. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS1.1 Understanding Physics
explain what physics is.
recognize the physics in everyday objects and naturalphenomena.
Observe everyday objects such as a table, apencil, a mirror etc anddiscuss how they are related to physics concepts.
View a video on natural phenomena and discuss how they arerelated to physics concepts.Discuss fields of study in physics such as forces, motion, heat, lightetc.
14/1 8/1
1.2 Understanding basequantities and derivedquantities. Discuss base quantities and derived quantities.
explain what base quantities and derived quantities are
list base quantities and their units.
list some derived quantities and their units.
From a text passage, identify physics quantities then classify theminto base quantities and derived quantities.
express quantities using prefixes
express quantities using scientific notationList the value of prefixes and their abbreviations from nano to giga,e.g. nano (10-9), nm ( nanometer)
Discuss the use of scientific notation to express large and smallnumbers.
express derived quantities as well as their units in termsof base quantities and base units.
Determine the base quantities (and units) in a given derived quantity(and unit) from the related formula.
solve problems involving conversion of units. Solve problems that involve the conversion of units.
211/1 15/1
1.3 Understanding scalar andvector quantities
define scalar and vector quanti ties Carry out act ivit ies to show that some quanti ties can be def ined bymagnitude only whereas other quantities need to be defined bymagnitude as well as direction.
give example of scalar and vector quantities Compile a list of scalar and vector quantities.
318/1 22/1
1.4 Understandingmeasurements
measure physics quantities using appropriateinstruments. Choose the appropriate instrument for a given measurement.
explain accuracy and consistency Discuss consistency and accuracy using the distribu tion a tgunshots on a target as an example.
explain sensitivity Discuss the sensitivity of various instruments expla in types of exper imenta l error Demonstrate through examples sys tematic errors in measurements
such as repeating measurements to find the average andcompensating for zero error.
use appropriate techniques to reduce errors. Use appropriate techniques to reduce errors in measurements suchas repeating measurements to find the average and compensatingfor zero error.
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Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
4
25/1 29/1
1.5 Analysing scientificinvestigations identify variables in a given situation
identify a question suitable for scientific investigation.
form a hypothesis design and carry out a simple experiment to test the
hypothesis.
Observe situation and suggest questions suitable for scientificinvestigation. Discuss to:
a. identify a question suitable for scientific investigation.
b. identify all the variablesc. form a hypothesisd. plan the method of investigation including selection of
apparatus and work procedures.
PEKA 1
record and present data in a suitable form
interpret data tp draw a conclusion.
write the report of the investigation.
Carry out an experiment and:a. collect and tabulate datab. present data in a suitable formc. interpret the date and draw conclusionsd. write a complete report
5 - 5/2
LEARNING AREA :
2. FORCES AND MOTION
2.1 Analysing linear motion
define distance and displacement
define speed and velocity and state that
t
sv =
define acceleration and state that
t
uva
=
Carry out activities to gain an idea of ;a. distance and displacementb. speed and velocity
c. acceleration an deceleration
calculate speed and velocity
calculate acceleration/ deceleration
Carry out activities using a data logger/ graphing calculator/ tickertiemr to ;
a. identify whwn a body is at rest,moving with uniformvelocity or non- uniform velocity
b. determine displacement, velocity and acceleration.
solve problems on linear motion with uniformacceleration using
i. atuv +=
ii. v = ut + at2
iii. asuv 222+=
Solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration using
i. atuv +=
ii. v = ut + at2
iii. asuv 222 +=
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Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
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8/2 12/2
2.2 Analysing motion graphs Plot and interpret displacement-time and velocity-time
graphs.Carry out activities using a data logger/graphing calculator/ tickertimer to plot
a. displacement-time graphs
b. velocity-time graphs
Deduce from the shape of a displacement-time graph
when a body is:i. at restii. moving with uniform ve locityi ii . moving with non-uni form velocity
Describe and interpret:a. displacement-time andb. velocity-time graphs
determine distance , displacement and velocity from adisplacement-time graph.
Deduce from the shape of a velocity-time graph when abody is:
i. at restii. moving with uniform ve locityi ii . moving with uni form acceleration.
determine distance, displacement, velocity and
acceleration from a velocity-time graph.
Determine distance, displacement, velocity and acceleration fromdisplacement-time and velocity-time graphs.
solve problem on linear motion with uniformacceleration.
Solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration involvinggraphs
715/2 19/2
2.3 Understanding inertia explain what inertia is. Carry out activities/ view computer simulations/ situations to gainand idea on inertia.
relate mass to inertia.Carry out activities to find out the relationship between inertia andmass.
give examples of situations involving inertia
suggest ways to reduce the negative effects of inertiaResearch and report on
a. the positive effects of inertiab. ways to reduce the negative
effects of inertia.
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EXCEL
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
91/3 5/3
2.4 Analysing momentum define the momentum of an object Carr y ou t activities/ view computer simulations to gain an idea of
momentum by comparing the effect of stopping two objects:a. of the same mass moving at different speedsb. of different masses moving at the same speed
define momentum (p) as the product of mass (m) and
velocity (v) i.e. p = mvDiscuss momentum as the product of mass and velocity.
state the principle of conservation of momentum
View computer simulations on collisions and explosions to gain anidea on the conservation of momentum.Conduct an experiment to show that the total momentum of aclosed system is a constant.Carry out activities that demonstrate the conservation of momentume.g. water rockets.
describe applications of conservation of momentumResearch and report on the applications of conservation ofmomentum such as in rockets or jet engines.
solve pr oblems invo lving momentum Solve p roblems involving linear momen tum
108/3 12/3
2.5 Understanding the effects ofa force
Describe the effects of balanced force acting on anobject.
describe the effects of unbalanced forces acting on anobject.
With the aid of diagrams, describe the force acting on an object:a. at restb. moving at constant velocityc. accelerating
determine the relationship between force, mass and
acceleration i.e . F =ma
solve problems using F = ma
Conduct experiments to find the relationship between:a. acceleration and mass of an object under constant forceb. acceleration and force for a constant mass.
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SCHOOL BREAK
1222/3 26/3
MONTHLY TEST
1329/3 2/4
2.6 Analysing impulse andimpulsive force.
explain what an impulsive force is.
give examples of situations involving impulsive forces.
efine impulse as a change of momentum, i.e.
mumvFt =
View computer simulations of collisions and explosions to gain anidea on impulsive forces.Discuss
a. impulse as change of momentum
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define impulsive force as the rate of change ofmomentum in a collision or explosion.
t
mumvF
=
explain the effect of increasing or decreasing time of
impact on the magnitude of the impulsive force. describe situations where an impulse force needs to be
reduced and suggest ways to reduce it.
describe situations where an impulsive force isbeneficial.
solve problems involving impulsive forces.
b. an impulsive force as the rate of change of momentum ina collision or explosion
c. how increasing or decreasing time of impact affect themagnitude of the impulsive force.
Research and report situations where:a. an impulsive force needs to be reduced and how it can be
doneb. solve problems involving impulsive forces.
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
145/4 9/4 2.7 Being aware of the need for
safety features in vehicles describe the importance of safety features in vehicles.
Research and report on the physics of vehicles collisions and safetyfeatures in vehicles in terms of physics concepts.
Discuss the importance of safety features in vehicles.
1512/4 16/4
2.8 Understanding gravity explain acceleration due to gravity
state what a gravitational field is . define gravitational field strength
Carry out an activity or view computer simulations to gain an idea of
acceleration due to gravityDiscuss
a. accelerations due to gravityb. a gravitational field as a region in which an object
experiences a force due to gravitational attraction andc. gravitational field strength (g) as gravitational force per
unit mass
determine the value of acceleration due togravity
define weight ( W) as the product of mass (m)and
acceleration due to gravity (g) i.e. W =mg
solve problems involving acceleration due togravity
Carry out an activity to determine the value of acceleration due togravity
Discuss weight as the Earths gravitational force on an object.
Solve problems involving acceleration due to gravity.
1619/4 23/4 2.9 Analysing forces in
equilibrium
describe situations whwre force are inequilibrium. With the aid of diagrams, describe situations where force are in
equilibrium, e.g. a book at rest on a table, an object at rest on aninclined plane.
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state what a resultant force is
add two forces to determine the resultant force
resolve (lerai) a force into the effective componentforces
solve problems involving forces in equilibrium
With the aid of diagrams, discuss the resolution and addition offorces to determine the resultant force.
Solve problems involving forces in equilibrium ( limited to 3 force)
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
1726/4 30/4
2.10 Understanding work,energy, power andefficiency
define work (W) as the product of an applied
force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in thedirection of the applied force i.e. W=Fs
Observe and discuss situations where work is done.Discuss thet no work is done when:
a. a force is applied but no displacement occursb. an object undergoes a displacement with no applied force
acting on it. state that when work is done energy istransferred from one object to another
Give examples to illusrate how energy is transferred from one objectto another when work is done.
define kinetic gravitational and state that
2
2
1mvEp =
define gravitational potential energy and statethat
mghEp =
state the principle of conservation of energy
Discuss the relationship between work done to accelerate a bodyand the change in kinetic energy.
Discuss the relationship between work done against gravity andgravitational potential energy.
Carry out an activity to show the principle of conservation energy.
define power and state thatt
WP=
State that power is the ra te at which work is done,t
WP=
Carry out activities to measure power
explain what efficiency of a device is Discuss efficiency as :
Useful energyoutput X 100 %Energy input
Evaluate and report the efficiencies of various devices such as adiesel engine, a petrol engine and an electric engine.
solve problems involving work, energy, power and Solve problems involving work, energy, power and efficiency.
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efficiency.
183/5 -7/5
2.11 Appreciating the importanceof maximizing the efficiencyof device
recognise the importance of maximizing efficiency ofdevices conserving resources.
Discuss that when an energy transformation takes place, not all ofthe energy is used to do useful work. Some is converted into heat orother types of energy. Maximizing efficiency during energytransformations makes the best use of the available energy. Thishelps to conserve resources.
183/5 -7/5 2.12 Understanding elasticity
define elasticity
define Hookes law
define elastic potential energy and state that
2
2
1kxEp =
Carry out activities to gain an idea on elasticity.
Plan and conduct an experiment to find the relationship betweenforce and extension of a spring.Relate work done to elastic potential energy to obtain
2
2
1kxEp =
Describe and interpret force extension graphs.
determine the factors that affect elasticity
describe applications of elasticity
solve problems involving elasticity
Investigate the factors that affect elasticity.
Research and report on applications of elasticity.Solve problems involving elasticity
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
1910/5 -14/5
LERNING AREA :FORCES AND PRESSURE
3.1 Understanding pressure define pressure and state that
A
FP=
describe applications of pressure.
Solve problems involving pressure
Observe and describe the effect of a force acting over a large areacompared to a small area, e.g. school shoes versus high heeledshoes.Discuss pressure as force per unit area
Research and report on application of pressure.
Solve problems involving pressure.
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MID TERM EXAM
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SCHOOL BREAK
2621/6 25/6
3.2 Understanding pressure inLiquids
Relate depth to pressure in a liquid
Relate density to pressure a liquid.
Observe situations to form ideas that pressure in liquids;a. acts in all directionsb. increases with depth
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Observe situations to form the idea that pressure in liquidsincreases with density.
Explain pressure in a liquid and state that ghP =
Describe applications of pressure in liquids
Solve problems involving pressure in liquids.
Relate depth ( h), density )( and gravitational field strength
)(g to pressure in liquids to obtain ghP = .
Research and report on
a. the applications of pressure in liquidsb. ways to reduce the negative effects of pressure in liquids
Solve problems involving pressure involving pressure in liquids
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3.3 Understanding gas pressureand atmospheric pressure
explain gas pressure
explain atmospheric pressure
Carry out activities to gain an idea of gas pressure and atmosphericpressure.
Discuss gas pressure in terms of the behaviour of gas mpleculesbased on the kinetic theory.
Discuss atmospheric pressure in terms of the weight of theatmosphere acting on the Earths surface.
describe applications of atmospheric pressure
solve problems involving atmospheric pressure and gaspressure.
Discuss the effect of altitude on the magnitude of atmosphericpressure.Research and report on the applications of atmospheric pressure.
Solve problems involving atmospheric and gas pressure includingbarometer and manometer reading
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
285/7 9/7
3.4 Applying Pascals principle state Pascals principle
explain hydraulic systems
Observe situations to form the idea that pressure exerted on anenclosed liquid is transmitted equally to every part of the liquid.
Discuss hydraulic systems as a force multiplier to obtain:
Output force = output piston areaInput force input piston area
describe applications of Pascals principle
solve problems involving Pascals principle
Research and report on the applications of Pascals principle(hydraulic systems).Solve problems involving Pascals principle
2912/7 16/7
3.5 Applying ArchimedesPrinciple
explain buoyant force
relate buoyant force to the weight of the liquid displaced
state Archimedes principle
Carry out an activity to measure the weight of an object in air andthe weight of the same object in water to gain an idea on buoyantforce.
Conduct an experiment to investigate the relationship between theweight of water displaced and the buoyant force.
Discuss buoyancy in term of.
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a. an object that is totally or partially submerged in a fluidequal to the weight of fluid displaced.
b. the weight of a freely floating object being equal to theweight of the fluid in which it is floating.
c. a floating object has a density of the fluid in which it isfloating.
describe applications of Archimedes principle.
solve problem involving Archimedes
Research and report on the applications of Archimedes principle,e.g. submarines, hydrometers, hot-air balloons.
Solve problems involving Archimedes principles
Build a Cartesian diver. Discuss why the diver can be made to moveup and down.
3019/7 23/7
3.6 Understanding BernoullisPrinciple
state Bernoullis principle
explain that a resultant force exist due to a difference influid (bendalir) pressure
Carry out activities to gain the idea that when the speed og aflowing fluid increases its pressure decreases. E.g. blowing above astrip of paper, blowing through straw between two ping-pong ballssuspended on strings.Discuss Bernoullis principle.Carry out activities to show that a resultant force exist due to adifference in fluid pressure.
describe applications of Bernoullis principle
solve problem involving Bernoullis principleView a computer simulation to observe air flow over an aerofoil togain an idea on lifting force (daya angkat)
Research and report on the applications of Bernoullis principle.Solve problem involving Bernoullis principle
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
LEARNING AREA:4. HEAT
3126/7 30/7
4.1 Understanding thermalEquilibrium ( keseimbanganterma)
explain thermal equilibrium
explain how a liquid-in-glass thermometer works.Carry out activities to show that thermal equilibrium is a condition inwhich there is no nett heat flow between two objects in thermalcontact.
Use the liquid-in-glass thermometer to explain how the volume of afixed mass of liquid may be used to define a temperature scale.
322/8 6/8
MONTHLY TEST
339/8 13/8
4.2 Understanding specific heatCapacity define specific heat capacity )(c
state thatmQ
Qc =
11( CJkg o )
Observe the change in temperature when :a. the same amount of heat is used to heat different masses
of waterb. the same amount of heat is used to heat the same mass
of different liquids.Discuss specific heat capacity.
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determine the specific heat capacity of a liquid
determine the specific heat capacity of a solid
describe applications of specific heat capacity
solve problems involving specific heat capacity
Plan and carry out an activity to determine the specific heat capacityof
a) a liquidb) a solid
Research and report on applications of specific heat capacity.
Solve problems involving specific heat capacity.
3416/8 20/8
4.3 Understanding specific latentHeat
state that transfer of heat during a change of phasedoes not cause a change in temperature.
Define specific latent heat )(l
State that,m
Ql=
Carry out an activity to show that there is no change in temperaturewhen heat is supplied to:
a. a liquid at its boiling pointb. a solid at its melting point
With the aid of cooling and heating curve, discuss melting,solidification, boiling and condensation as processes involvingenergy transfer without a change in temperature.Discuss
a. latent heat in terms of molecular behaviourb. specific latent heat.
Determine the specific latent heat of fusion
Determine the specific latent heat of vaporization.
Solve problems involving specific latent heat.Plan and carry out an activity to determine the specific latent heatof:
c. fusiond. vapor ization
Solve problems involving specific latent heat.
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
3523/8 27/8
4.4 Understanding the gas laws explain gas pressure, temperature an volume in term ofthe behaviour of gas molecules.
determine the relationship between pressure and
volume at constant temperature for a fixed mass of
gas i.e. =pV constant.
determine the relationship between volume andtemperature at constant pressure for a fixed mass of
gas i.e. =T
Vconstant.
determine the relationship between pressure and
temperature at constant volume for a fixed mass of gas
Use a model or view computer simulation on the behaviour ofmolecules of a fixes mass of gas to gain an idea about gaspressure, temperature and volume.
Discuss gas pressure, volume and temperature in term of thebehaviour of molecules based on the kinetic theory.
Plan and carry out an experiment on a fixed mass of gas todetermine the relationship between :
a. pressure and volume at constant temperatureb. volume and temperature at constant pressurec. pressure and temperature at constant volume
Extrapolate P-T and V-T graphs or view computer simulations toshow that whwn pressure and volume are zero the temperature on
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i.e. =T
Pconstant.
a P-T and V-T graphs is -273 oC.
explain absolute zero
explain the absolute / Kelvin scale of temperature.
solve problems involving pressure, temperature andvolume of a fixed mass.
Discuss absolute zero and the Kelvin scale of temperatureSolve problems involving pressure, temperature and volume of afixed mass.
LEARNING AREA :5. LIGHT
3630/8 -3/9 5.1 Understanding reflection of
light describe the characteristics of the image formed by
reflection of light.
state the laws of reflection of light.
draw ray diagrams to show the position andcharacteristics of the image formed by a
i. plane mirror ii. convex mirror iii. concave mirror
describe applications of reflection of light. solve problems involving reflection of light.
construct a device based on the application of reflectionof light.
Observe the image in a plane mirror. Discuss that the image is :a. as far behind the mirror as theobject is in front and the line joining the object and imageis perpendicular to the mirror.
the same size as the objectvirtuallaterally inverted.
Discuss the laws of reflection.
Draw ray diagrams to determine the position and characteristics ofthe image formed by a
a. p lane mir ror b. convex mirror c. concave mirror
Research and report on applications of reflection of light.Solve problems involving reflection of light.Construct a device based on the application of reflection of light.
Learning Objective Learning OutcomesA student is able to:
Suggested Learning Activities
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5.2 Understanding refraction oflight
explain refraction of light
define refractive index as,
r
xn
sin
sin=
determine the refractive index of a glass or Perspex
block.
State the refractive, n, asSpeed of light in a vacuumSpeed of light in a medium
describe phenomena due to refraction
Observe situation to gain an idea on refraction.
Conduct an experiment to find the relationship between the angle of
incidence and angle of refraction to obtain Snells law.
Carry out an activity to determine the refractive index of a glass orPerspex block.
Discuss the refractive index, n, asSpeed of light in a vacuumSpeed of light in a medium
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solve problems involving the refraction of light. Research and report on phenomena due to refraction, e.g. apparentdepth ( dalam ketara) , the twinkling of stars.
Carry out activities to gain an idea of apparent depth. With the aid ofdiagrams, discuss real depth and apparent depth.
Solve problems involving the refraction of light.
3920/9 24/9
5.3 Understanding total internalreflection of light
explain total internal reflection of light
define critical angle )(c
relate the critical angle to the refractive index i.e.
cn
sin
1=
describe natural phenomenon involving total internalreflection.
describe application of total internal reflection.
Carry out activities to show the effect of increasing the angle ofincidence on the angle of refraction when light travels from a densermedium to a less dense medium to gain an idea about total internalreflection and to abtain the critical angle.
Discuss with the aid of diagrams:a. total internal reflection and critical angle.b. The relationship between critical angle and refractive
index.Research and report on
a. natural phenomenon involving total internal reflectionb. the applications of total internal reflection, e.g. in
telecommunication using fibre optics.Solve problems involving total internal r eflection.
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5.4 Understanding lenses
explain focal point and focal length
determine the focal point and focal length of a convexlens.
determine the focal point and focal length of a concavelens.
Draw ray diagrams to show the position and
characteristics of the images formed by a convex lens.
Draw ray diagrams to show the positions andcharacteristic of the images formed by a concave lens.
Use an optical kit to observe and measure light rays traveling
through convex and concave lenses to gain an idea of focal pointand focal length.With the help of ray diagrams, discuss focal point and focal length.Draw ray diagrams to show the positions and characteristic of theimages formed by a
a. convex lensb. concave lens.
Define magnification asu
vm =
Relate focal length )( f to the object distance )(u
and image distance ),(v
vuf
111+=
describe, with the aid of ray diagrams, the use of lensesin optical devices.
construct an optical device that uses lenses
solve problems involving to lenses
Carry out activities to gain an idea of magnification.With the help of ray diagrams, discuss magnification.Carry out an activity to find the relationship betweenu, vand f.
Carry out activities to gain an idea on the use of lenses in opticaldevices.
With the help of ray diagrams discuss the use of lenses in opticaldevices such as a telescope and a microscope.
Construct an optical device that uses lenses
Solve problems involving to lenses.
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41-424/10 -15/10 REVISION WEEK
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FINAL EXAM
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