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XVIII Encontro SPPA

Text of Xviii Encontro Sppa

  • 69

    RPCV (2013) 108 (585-586) 69-91

    XVIII Meeting of the Portuguese Society of Animal Pathology - International Meeting of Leporidae Pathology

    Editorial

    The Portuguese Society of Animal Pathology (SPPA) is a small non-profit organization and a daughter So-ciety of the Portuguese Society of Veterinary Science (SPCV), which normally holds an annual meeting in the institutions from which its members belong (e.g. universities or government laboratories with activities in the field of Pathology).

    In an effort to decentralize their meetings, a tradition already started before, and both to aim at involving the community of teachers and students of the research in-stitutions that host the annual meeting and also to di-versify the main subject of its meetings, SPPA targeted new, younger and broader audiences, as well as new sectors and knowledge fields, trying to cover the pa-thology of a wide animal species range. Hence, to the present meeting we have chosen leporideae pathology as the main subject and a necropsy workshop, open to students and technicians - XVIII Meeting of the Por-tuguese Society of Animal Pathology. International Meeting of Leporidae Pathology, 9 and 10th of May 2013.

    Also, continuing the journey, already begun, of aiming evermore towards internationalization, this meeting will have reputable national and internation-al speakers, to whom above all I acknowledge their presence and immediate acceptance. Moreover, the scientific committee with national and international members, the three official languages, and the wid-est dissemination among technicians and students, will certainly make this meeting more open, more in-volved and more attractive. So we hope, so we wish, so we worked for!

    Our special guests will include an international ex-pert, who will share with us his scientific knowledge, Prof. Dr. Daniel Fernandez de Luco Martinez, profes-sor at the University of Zaragoza in the Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science. Graduated in Veterinary Medicine by the University of Zaragoza in 1985 and obtained a PhD by the same institution in 1991. He has developed his research in pathology of wildlife and wildlife hunting health con-trol in the region of Aragon in Spain. He has dozens of publications in international peer-review journals and was a guest speaker at dozens of conferences. He is responsible for several research projects, having juried several doctoral theses.

    Also, not forgetting nationals with high value and enriching practical experience in the field, an Europe-an expert, Dr. Jos Manuel Monteiro Azevedo. He has earned his degree in Veterinary Medicine in the Uni-versity of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro in 1999, and is currently a Veterinarian for Coren, Spain, being the Head of Industrial Rabbit Farming and the responsible for the Industrial Cuniculture in the Iberian Peninsula. His professional activity, since graduation, has been dedicated to rabbits having taken several positions at national and international companies. He collaborated in teaching several courses at the University of Trs-os-Montes and Alto Douro.

    We will have the opportunity to share and exchange experiences on animal pathology, results of research projects, discuss pathological diagnosis of difficult or rare cases, as well as the recent scientific advances in this field in Europe, which is undoubtedly the largest professional enrichment we could obtain. For the 18th time this small scale but dynamic meeting, constitutes an enrichment both scientifically, technically and pro-fessionally, and will allow us to grow a bit more pro-fessionally. Moreover, this will be also an excellent op-portunity to meet again our colleagues and friends and to discover Evora, one of the most interesting, beauti-ful and pleasant cities to visit in Portugal.

    The success of this meeting is already notorious by the number of members who decided to join us. Thank you for believing in this project, thank you for being here!

    In the name of SPPA and the Organizing Commit-tee, I want to acknowledge all those who contributed to make this event possible, namely the University of vora, in the person of its Rector Ex Sr. Prof. Dr. Carlos Alberto dos Santos Braumann and of its Vice-Rector, Prof. Dr. Marta Silvrio, for immediately wel-coming this endeavor, namely for all the logistical sup-port provided and specially the generous availability in providing their facilities. I would like to acknowledge the Portuguese Society of Veterinary Sciences who provided an important assistance in the financial man-agement, and all those who helped us, teachers, stu-dents, staff and sponsors.

    The President of SPPA

    Helena Maria Vala Correia

  • SUPLEMENTO RPCV (2013) 108 (585-586) 69-91

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    Common gross lesions in farmed rabbits

    Fernndez de Luco D. *

    Departamento de Patologa Animal. Facultad de Vete-rinaria. Universidad de Zaragoza. C/ Miguel Servet 177. 50013 Zaragoza. Spain.

    * [email protected]

    Introduction: The identification of rabbit gross le-sions by systems and organs in association with a dis-ease, syndrome, aetiology or unknown cause is very important for veterinary practitioners.

    Material and methods: Necropsy has been made in several farmed rabbits with mainly respiratory or di-gestive problems, as well as delayed growth.

    Results: Dermatitis associated to myxomatosis, ringworm, mange or staphylococci are common.

    The respiratory system problems are localized in the nasal cavity and lungs mainly associated to Pasteurella multocida and Bordetella bronchiseptica. Young rab-bits are especially sensitive to acute and chronic pneu-monia. Haemorrhages can be seen in cases of rabbit calicivirus disease.

    Probably, digestive processes are the most important problems in growing rabbits. Epizootic rabbit enterop-athy, with still unknown aetiology, is a relatively recent process that has become the main cause of mortality in farmed rabbit. Other enteritis processes are princi-pally associated to coccidia, E. coli, Clostridium spp., C. spiroforme, C. piliforme (Tyzzers disease), Salmo-nella spp., as well as nematodes (Passalurus spp.). In-flammation and necrosis of the liver can be observed as small white spots associated to Eimeria stiedae (hepatic coccidiosis), Salmonella spp., C. piliforme, Cysticercus pisiformis, etc. Necrosis with karyorrhexis of the hepatocytes is a common finding in rabbit cali-civirus disease.

    Testis, uterus and mammary gland are the main or-gans affected in the reproductive system, as well as dystocia in pregnant rabbits. Processes and agents mainly involved are mixomatosis, syphilis (Treponema cuniculi), P. multocida, Staphylococcus spp., etc

    Finally, encephalitozoonosis by Encephalitozoon cuniculi is present in many rabbitries. Nervous signs, granulomatous encephalitis and interstitial nephritis are present in the affected animals.

    Situaes de urgncia em cunicultura industrial

    Monteiro J.M.1*, Alegria N.2, Coelho A.C.2

    1 Sumicor Portugal Lda; Coren S. C. G.2 Dept. de Cincias Veterinrias, CECAV, Universidade

    de Trs-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD)

    * [email protected]

    Introduo: O mdico veterinrio durante a sua atividade contribui para a reduo das perdas associa-das morbilidade e mortalidade em cunicultura, para a melhoria dos resultados produtivos, atuando como consultor e orientando o produtor nos investimentos.

    O presente trabalho teve como objetivo reportar a atuao do mdico veterinrio na sua vertente clnica, dando nfase s principais situaes de emergncia em cunicultura.

    Material e mtodos: Procedeu-se realizao de um estudo observacional retrospetivo da actividade clnica na Pennsula Ibrica, durante os anos de 2009 a 2012.

    Foi efectuado o exame clnico dos animais prove-nientes de 76 exploraes, tendo-se procedido rea-lizao de necrpsias, com recurso a exames laborato-riais e elaborao dos respetivos registos que serviram de base ao presente estudo.

    Resultados: Determinou-se que a maioria das cha-madas de urgncia, se deveram s condies clnicas de enteropatia mucide, colibacilose, pasteurelose, po-dodermatite, mixomatose e enterotoxemia cujas leses anatomopatolgicas foram documentadas.

    As exploraes com maternidade e engorda no mes-mo pavilho, mau maneio, sem controlo ambiental e sujeitas a variaes climticas, situaes potencialmen-te geradoras de maior stresse e consequente reduo da imunidade, apresentaram aumento da morbilidade e menor produtividade, enquanto as exploraes com ambiente controlado e bom maneio, revelaram menos situaes de emergncia clnica e boa produtividade.

    Concluso: Foi possvel verificar que as exploraes onde as medidas de bem-estar animal e de controlo am-biental rigoroso j se encontravam implementadas, apre-sentaram melhores resultados produtivos e menor mor-bilidade em todas as fases de produo. Os resultados sugerem que a actuao do mdico veterinrio dever in-cidir tambm nas vertentes atrs referidas, pois s assim se conseguir aumentar a rentabilidade das exploraes.

    Emergency Situations in Industrial Rabbit Farming

    Introduction: The veterinary doctor in the course of his activities contributes to the reduction of losses as-

    Plenary sessions

  • SUPLEMENTO RPCV (2013) 108 (585-586) 69-91

    71

    sociated with morbidity and mortality, by improving the results of production, acting as a consultant, and orienting the producer in his investments.

    The present paper has as its objective to report on the performance of the veterinary doctor in the clini-cal aspect of his work, giving emphasis to the princi-pal emergency situations in rabbit farming.

    Material and methods: A retrospective observa-tional study was carried out of the clinical activity in the Iberian Peninsula during the years 2009 to 2012.

    The clinical exam