WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION HONDIALE
DE LA SANT~ ORGANIZATION
REG IONAL COMMrr'l'EE
12-17 August 1960
Agenda Item 8
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR THE WESTERN PACIFIC
BUREAU R~GIONAL DU PACIFIQUE OCCIDENTAL
P.O. Box. 2932, MANILA
18 August 1960
BRlEF REPORTS RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENTS
ON THE PROGREBS OF THEm HEALTH ACTIVITlES
Attached are brief reports received from the following governments
in the Region on the progress of their health activities:
Netherlands New Guinea
Papua and New Guinea
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
* Available in English only.
In addition to the attached report of the Forty Ninth
Session of the National Health and ~iedical Research Council, the
Government of Australia has submitted a copy of the ItReport of
the D~rector General of Health" for the period 1 July 1956 -
30 June 1958.
Representatives wishing to review this report are referred
to the Enquiry Desk.
NATIONAL HEALTH AND MEDICAL RESEARCH C(lulTCIL
FORTY NINTH SESSION, MkY 1960
Immigration !1edical Service - Annual Report 1959
The Department continued to conduct the Hospitals o'f the Immigration
Medical Service in Migrant Reception Centres controlled by the Department
Six hospitals with 348 beds, cots and bassinettes were in use at the
beginning of the period under review. The bed complement was reduced to
281 at the end of the year •.
The migrant intake decreased during 1959. In January 4 789 were
accalllloda ted in the various Centres, whereas in December the number was
3 414 • •
No babies were born in the Centre Hospitals, but 11.4 were born, in
local hospitals, to Centre residents.
A total of 3 552 in-patients were hospitalised for a total of
21 923 bed days. 59 097 out-patient treatments were given and a totalo!
838 infectious cases were treated, either as in or out-patients. 3 581
immunizations were effected.
SUrgery was carried out in four Centres where 111 minor operations
1st January 1959 to 31st December, 1959
The Quarantine Service authorised under the Quarantine Act 1908-1950
was maintained during the year ended 31st December, 1959.
There were no cases of quarantinable cliGet.::w dincovt;rcd by
Quarantine examinations during 1959.
Cases of non-quarantinable infectious diseases continued to arrive
regularly on passenger vessels from Europe. The figures for the year were _
Chicken pox 73
German measles 1
Scarlet Fever 3
REVIEW OF PUBLIC HEAI1I'H DEVEIDPNENT DURING 1959
International - The World Health Organisation
During the year, Colombia and the Republic of Guinea were admitted
as members. There are now 87 Hember states and :3 Associate Members.
There are three organos of 'YlHO - the World Health Assembly, the
Executive Board, and the Secretariat. World Health Assemblies are held
annually, where decisions are taken on policy programme and budget. The
twelfth Assembly was held in Geneva in 1959. The Executive Board, a
third of which is elected each year, consists of eighteen persons, and
it meets twice a year. The Australian representative on the Board is
Dr. A.J. Metoal.1'e.
Regions of the World Health Organisation
There is a central Secretariat, and smaller regional staffs far
each of the six regions. Australia belongs to the Western Pacifio region,
the headquarters of' which a re in Manila. Countries of the region meet
annually and consider regional programme and budgets for subw.ission to
the subsequent meeting of the World Health Assembly., The last meeting ot
the Western Pacific Region took place in Taipei in September, 1959.
Australia was represented at this meeting by Dr. G. M. Redshaw.
Financing of International Health Projects
The regular budget of WHO is decided by the Assembly, the member
nations contributing on a fixed scale. Other funds available to vlHO are
the Malaria Eradication Special Account, United Nations Technical Assistance
Funds and Other Extra-budgetary Furlds. The sources of such other extra-
budgetary :funds include the United nations Children'sFund and the Pan
American Health Organization.
The estimated eJq>enditure under these headings in 1959 is as
~uuaria Eradication Account
Other Extra-budgetar,y funds
~ 15 482 000
4 238 000
4 991 000
22 477 000
!jp 47 188 000
/Field Projects •••
Field Proj cts
During 1959 Expert Committees met on addiction producing drugs,
biological standardisation, cancer, insecticides, leprosy, mental health,
organisation of medical care, public health administration, rabies, radia-
tion, specifications for phannaceutical preparations, non-proprietary names,
tuberculosis, venereal infections and treponematoses, food additives, milk
hl'giene, teacher preparation for health.education. The Committee on
International quarantine and the Advisory Canmittee on medical research
Malarial Eradication Programme
WHO during the year gave considerable emphasis to malarial eradica-
tion campaigns in an endeavour to encourage countries to eradicate the
diseu as speedily as possible before the mosquito vector becomes resist-
ant to the new insecticides.
During 1959 eradication was in progress in 61 countries, pre-
eradication in 9 countries and pilot projects in 14 countries.
CCH1ONWEAI:rH 1959 IEGISIATIal
The National Health Act was amended in 1959 so as to increase
Canmonweal th medical beneli t tor maj or surgery and certain other medical
services. As a result of this legislation, the maxillllll1 combined Govermnant
and fund benelit . payable tor a major operation is now £60 by comparison with
the Jrevious max1DUlIl of £:30.
The pharmaceutical benefits provisions of the National Health Act
were also amended so as to extend co~iderably the list of drugs which IftB¥
be pr scribed under the scheme and at the same time to provide tor a charge
of 5/- to be paid by the patient to chemist tor each prescription received.
A minor amendment was also made to the Thera~utio Substances Act
so as to provide that, in future, amendments to the British Pharmacopoeia
will not take elfect for the purposes of the Therapeutic Substances legis-
lation until such time as a date is fixed by the Minister by proclamation
in the Gazette.
• II (t
Report on the FrogI' ss of Health Activities during 196C*
1 A GENERAL SURVEY
There has been a stea~ development in most branches of the health
work conducted within the state of Brunei where well-established facilities
and modern aspects have been added to meet the clearly defined needs of the
The rapid develO}Dent in the government, education, comrmmications and
buildings throughout the state have been going on hand in hand with the
development of environmental health services designed to provide the basic
conditions of health¥ living.
The rural health services are being improved tremendously with the
vigorous support of fund and staff in an endeavour to slash down the high
infant mortality rate in the State. The improved rural health services
have shown reflection in the vital statistics. The activities of the
maternal and child health clinics have been expanded in 1959.
There is an acceleration in the development of buUding, equipment and
staffing. ReDDVat10n and re-equipping of less modern bU'jJd 1ngs are cont1 ..
nuing with the object of providing a higher stamard of working cond1t1ons
for staff and the patients.
Two IIII1lti-m1lJ.1on dollar hospi tala are being planned for the state.
More health clinics have been cons tructed for the rural areas. HabU
and static dispensaries are being increased.
In the field of communicable diseases vaccination against po~eliti8
is a welcomed duty following the recent epidemic of poliolYW'el1t1s in th
A vigorous campaign against tuberculosis, using mass miniature radio-
graphy has been prosecuted since 1959.
Malaria has been almost entirely eliminated in 1959, -there being only
66 cases in the whole State.
- 2 -
an increase of 4 950 on the total populaUon of SO 277 for 1958. This
inorease was made up by a natural increase of population of 3 267 persons,
and an excess of immigrants aver emigrants at 1 683 persons. The last
census was taken in 1947 and revealed a countec;' population of 40 670 persons.
A census is due to be ~en this year.
2.2 Vital statistics: Please refer sWl'llllary of vital statistics (See Annex 1).
2.3 Maternal and Child Care .
The int'ant mortality rate of 93.29 for 1959 is stUl high. The neonatal
rate of 24.51 for the same year compares Wlfavourably with the figures of
16.5 for the United Kingdan.. Out of 4 201 babies born in the State 1 614