World Environment Magazine, Issue 2

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WE Magazine is entirely dedicated to cover worldwide environmental issues such as Global Warming, Water, Energy, Global Warming, Waste Management, Sustainable Development, Green Economy and Biodiversity. Through, articles and interviews to the most in fluent environment experts we aim to educate and promote an awareness and respect of the environment.







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    1 Historic moment of Recognition towards two Great Leaders of the Arab Nation

    2 His Royal Highness King Abdullah Speech at the G20 summit

    6 Because we should | by Mark William Lowe

    8 Low-energy houses in southern Mediterranean countries: success stories and lessons learnt | by Klaus Wenzel

    14 The First Saudi Think Tank

    17 Remarks on the isotopic composition of holy - Water of Zamzam, Mecca area | by Samir Anwar Al-Gamal

    22 Groundwater resources and climatic changes in Africa | by Youba Sokona - Samir Al-Gamal - Abdel-Kader Dodo

    34 Africa: Atlas of Our Changing Environment | by Ashbindu Singh

    47 Planting Trees la Tree-Nation | by W.F. Hulzebosch

    49 American University of Beiruts Nature Conservation Center for Sustainable Futures (IBSAR) | by Simba Russeau

    56 Wildlife conservation society reports: argentina bans commercial fishing in key marine wildlife area

    58 French Initiative A Sustainable vision launched to protect nature reserves in Lebanon | by Elsa Sattout

    61 To What Extent Are Contemporary Policies for the Protection of Coral Reefs in Saudi Arabia Effective?

    by Prince Faisal al Faisal

    72 Ecovillage | by Roula Yammine

    74 Discover nature with fun unique environmental experience | by Roula Yammine

    76 Auric Colors and Chakras | by Gabriella Porilli

    78 Baghdad Marathon | by Gabriella Porilli

    79 When will Saudis go green? | by Jennifer Seligman

    84 Global Strategic Studies Institute

    WORLdENvIRONmENT mAgAzINEs policy is to use papers that are natural, renewable, recyclable and made from wood grown in sustainable forests. In addition, all waste is sent for recycling

    BiodiversityEnergy Water Global Warming8 17 22


    92 World Future Energy Summit: 19-21 January 2009, Abu Dhabi98 Technology pavillions from international governments

    101 Abu Dhabi water and electicity authority to set up a solar energy trial in the Emirates

    106 Water Resources Strategy for Abu Dhabi Emirate

    110 Air Quality Management

    112 Towards a Sustainable Environment for a Sustainable Future

    116 The Mohamed Bin Zayed species conservation fund

    120 The Arabian Oryx Freed Spirit of the Desert

    122 Abu Dhabi Marine Protected Areas

    126 United Arab Emirates environmental TIPS

    Biodiversity Eco-Tourism Eco-Living Special ABU DHABI47 72 74 91

  • T he geographical area represented by the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, also known as Gulf Cooperation Council, is generally considered as being one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The six states that comprise the Council, namely Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, have the fortune to possess considerable economic reserves derived primarily from oil and natural gas. According to the International Monetary Fund the measures in place to protect these reserves will maintain the areas spectacular growth and, in some experts opinions, lead to Qatar shortly overtaking Luxembourg in

    terms of nominal GDP per capita.So what is sustaining this growth and what particular ambitions do Council members have for the future? The answer to the first question is relatively simple; a building and investment boom sustained by saved petroleum revenues, a surge in financial and investment services, and the constant expansion of the tourist industry, to name but three important growth areas. As regards plans for the future the answer is something of a surprise; a leadership role in the energy revolution and the battle against climate change.The second World Future Energy Summit will be held in Abu Dhabi on 19 - 21 January 2009 under the patronage of H.H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. The event represents an opportunity for attendees to discuss a wide range of themes ranging from Energy Policy and Environmental Strategy to Green Buildings and Ocean Power. With over 15.000 attendees expected the Summit will merge representatives of government, science, civil society, and industry creating an environment that will foster and encourage debate between policy-makers and venture capitalists, technicians and consumers, industry leaders and environmentalists.For a region that possesses approx-imately 40% of the worlds proven oil reserves and around 22% of the worlds proven gas reserves, the exhibitions objectives highlight the Gulfs firm commitment to renewable energy

    and the environment. One particular example of this commitment is Emirates Airlines recent experiment in reducing fuel consumption and carbon emissions on the companys inaugural DubaiSan Francisco flight. Cooperation between government agencies in Dubai, Russia, Iceland, Canada, and the United States allowed Emirates to test the efficiency of an environmentally sound north-south flight path. Over time it is hoped that the use of this route in conjunction with the real-time calculation of prevailing winds and aircraft weight will allow a saving of an estimated 2.000 gallons of fuel and 30.000 pounds of carbon emissions.Other examples of the regions commitment to renewable energy and the environment include important experiments such as the Solar Village Project and the Solar Controlled Agricultural Environment Project in Saudi Arabia. Although a major oil producer the Kingdom has openly stated its wish to play a positive role in tackling global warming through the development of new and innovative technology. The Emir of Qatar has introduced the Green Qatar Goal, an initiative that, amongst many other things, has led to the invention of a solar mat to be used while camping instead of a generator. On a far larger scale it was announced earlier this year that Qatar was considering building a 3,500 megawatt capacity solar power complex. Slightly more recently plans for the construction of a $12 million solar thermal power station were made public. If successful the plant




  • would be scaled up considerably and would represent a regional case study in the use of renewable energy. Qatar has also introduced penalties for the wastage of water and electricity, and in an effort to reduce air pollution has defined a series of air quality laws, an initiative adopted by a number of Gulf states.The most recent US Energy Informa- tion Administrations global emissions figures, released in early December 2008, show that carbon emissions in Europe have diminished considerably in recent years. The more cynical would argue that this can be attributed to slowing economies, others, inclu-ding the author, would argue that the reduction is also in great part due to the commitment of European governments to implementing carbon emission reducing measures and policies. If carbon emissions have been reduced in Europe unfortunately the same cannot be said for other regions. Government commitment to, and

    leadership in, environmental issues is fundamental. Climate change, pollution, and future energy resources all require government led and sponsored solutions.Masdar, the host and organiser of the forthcoming World Future Energy Summit, was established by H. H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, with the ambitious goal of developing a global centre of excellence for renewable energy research, development, and innovation. Last November, during an official visit to Abu Dhabi by the British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, a coopera-tion agreement was signed by Ed Miliband, the UKs Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, and Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, Masdars Chief Executive Officer. The agreement, a clear recognition of Masdars strategic role and importance, opens the door to a series of forms of collaboration vital to the renewable energy and

    sustainable technology sectors. The results of the agreement will be significant, experts are confident that the benefits of future investments and knowledge transfer processes tied to the initiative will help develop the growth of the renewable energy sector at a global level.The return to Abu Dhabi of the worlds largest conference and exhibition on renewable and future energy solutions, innovations, policy and vision underlines the fact that the future of the energy revolution and the battle against climate change will see the Gulf states playing an ever more central role. There are a number of reasons for this, however, Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber recently summarised them very simply and eloquently when he stated that You may be asking why Abu Dhabi would proactively seek a key role in alternative energy, the short answer is because we can, and because we should.



  • Why low-energy houses?

    L ow-energy houses havent been an issue in the southern Mediterranean countries for long; when energy prices were low, the first priority was keeping down investment costs and constructing swiftly for a quickly increasing ur-ban population. But since oil world market prices doubled within one year, individuals suffer from high invoices and most countries in the region are struggling with the heavy burden of energy subsidies on the state budget. Countries like Tunisia, Lebanon and Syria spent billions of Dollars on energy subsidies.According to several recent studies, the building sector is

    the biggest singl