World Automobile Industry

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  • 8/3/2019 World Automobile Industry


    Automotive industryFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    This article is about production of automobiles. For sales, seeAutomotive market.

    The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sellsmotor vehicles, and is one of

    the world's most importanteconomic sectorsbyrevenue.

    The term automotive industryusually does not include industries dedicated to automobiles after delivery to the

    customer, such asrepair shopsandmotor fuelfilling stations.



    1 History

    2 Economy

    3 World motor vehicle production

    o 3.1 By year

    o 3.2 By country

    o 3.3 By manufacturer

    4 Company relationships

    5 Top vehicle manufacturing groups (by volume)

    o 5.1 Notes

    6 Minor automotive manufacturers

    7 See also

    8 References

    9 External links


    The first practical automobile with apetrol enginewas built byKarl Benzin 1885 inMannheim, Germany. Benz

    was granted a patent for his automobile on 29 January 1886, and began the first production of automobiles in

    1888, afterBertha Benz, his wife, had proved with the first long-distance trip in August 1888

    (fromMannheimtoPforzheimand back) that the horseless coach was absolutely suitable for daily use. Since

    2008 aBertha Benz Memorial Routecommemorates this event.

    Soon after,Gottlieb DaimlerandWilhelm MaybachinStuttgartin 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be

    an automobile, rather than ahorse-drawn carriagefitted with an engine. They also are usually credited as

    inventors of the firstmotorcycle, theDaimler Reitwagen, in 1885, butItaly'sEnrico Bernardi, of theUniversity of
  • 8/3/2019 World Automobile Industry


    Padua, in 1882, patented a 0.024horsepower(17.9 W) 122cc(7.4cu in) one-cylinder petrol motor, fitting it into

    his son'stricycle, making it at least a candidate for the first automobile, and first motorcycle;.[1]:p.26


    enlarged the tricycle in 1892 to carry two adults.[1]:p.26

    Until 2005, the U.S.A. was leading the world in total automobile production. In 1929 before the Great

    Depression, the world had 32,028,500 automobiles in use, and the US automobile industry produced over 90%

    of the automobiles in the world, ie 28,551,500. And over one half the cars in foreign lands were of U.S. make.

    At that time the U.S. had one car per 4.87 persons.[2]

    In 2006, Japan narrowly passed the U.S. in production

    and held this rank until 2008. In 2009, China took the top spot with 13.78 million units produced. With 18.3

    million units produced 2010, China produced nearly twice the amount of second place Japan (9.6 million units),

    the U.S. trailed in place 3 with 7.8 million units.[3]

    Main article:Automotive industry by country


    About 250 million vehicles are in use in the

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