Working with English language learners:

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Working with English language learners:. An overview of policy and practice for educating ESL students. Important Terminology. ESL:English as a second language program designed to instruct students whos first language is not English in reading, writing, speaking and listening. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


<ul><li><p>Working with English language learners:An overview of policy and practice for educating ESL students</p></li><li><p>Important TerminologyESL:English as a second language program designed to instruct students whos first language is not English in reading, writing, speaking and listening.ELL:English language learner (the student who is learning English)LEP:Limited English proficient student </p></li><li><p>English language learners in PennsylvaniaApproximately 43,000 students throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania have a language other than English as their first languageThese students speak about 175 different languagesMost commonly spoken language other than English is Spanish</p></li><li><p>Legal obligations of school districtsNo Child Left BehindTitle VI and Title IXPennsylvania School Code of 1949Chapter 4 Curriculum RequirementsBasic Education Circular of 2001Local school district policy</p></li><li><p>Types of ProgramsBilingual Education: Seeks to educate students in core content areas using native language instruction and support with an English componentESL or ESOL: Uses specific teaching techniques to instruct the English language learners in reading, writing listening and speaking English</p></li><li><p>Considerations when working with English language learnersCultureLanguageInstructional backgroundAssessment Communication with parents/caregiversParent and student rights</p></li><li><p>Cultural ConsiderationsGet to know about the culture of the ELL students in the classroomUnderstand the perspective that is driving their reaction to the school experienceEncourage the ELL students to share information about their culture Create an atmosphere of acceptance of differing cultures in the classroom</p></li><li><p>Linguistic ConsiderationsLearn about the language of the ESL students in your classroomLearn about the pitfalls that they may exhibit in English based on the structure of their native languageDevelop an understanding of the stages of language acquisitionEncourage the students to keep their native language alive while they are acquiring English</p></li><li><p>Instructional ConsiderationsGather as much information about the students previous school experiences Using a language assessment tool, the ESL teacher will evaluate the students skills in English and assign the student to one of the levels of English proficiencyEntering, Beginning, Developing, Expanding, Bridging and Reaching</p></li><li><p>Instructional ConsiderationsWork alongside the ESL teacher to learn about some appropriate and general educational expectations of the student based on the level of English proficiencyBecome familiar with the ESL curriculum for students in your district and how it aligns with the general education curriculum</p></li><li><p>Instructional ConsiderationsInstruction with students at the lowest levels of English proficiency must be explicit and direct with a great deal of background scaffolding, picture support and simplified vocabularyInstructional materials and assessments will need to be modified to meet the instructional and language needs of the students</p></li><li><p>Instructional ConsiderationsUse instructional techniques that support all areas of language developmentGuided Reading/Choral Reading/Taped ReadingLabel items in the classroom and throughout the school with the word written in EnglishGraphic organizersSimplified study guidesBuddy system/partneringDifferentiated instruction practicesVocabulary instruction with picture support</p><p>Adjusting the amount of language needed to complete assignments Reducing the amount of language by modifying textsUse different shades of highlighters to focus on main ideas and supporting detailsFocus directly on skills of particular lessonsFind a text that is linguistically less challenging, but not insulting to the student</p></li><li><p>Assessment ConsiderationsConsider alternative methods of assessing studentsAllow graphic organizers to demonstrate understanding of key conceptsAllow students to draw picturesAllow the student to orally answer questions in lieu of providing a lengthy written responseAllow students to complete a project</p></li><li><p>Assessment ConsiderationsStudents will always need to complete the PSSA Math assessmentStudents are permitted a one time exemption for the PSSA Reading assessment if they are in their first year of school in the U.S.School districts generally follow these same guidelines for local assessmentsESL students are allowed accommodations during testing </p></li><li><p>Communication with ParentsSchools are required by numerous federal legislative pieces to communicate with the parents in the language and mode that is most accessible to themPennsylvania Department of Education provides each district free access to TransAct document servicesOral interpretation is the responsibility of the school districtOnly in cases of emergency should children be used as translators between the school and home</p></li><li><p>Parent and Student RightsESL instruction must be provided to students if it is indicated that they are not fluent in EnglishESL services may not be refused by the parentA designation of English language learner does not indicate that the student also qualifies for special educationAn ESL student does not have an IEPStudents must continue to attend content classes while they are acquiring EnglishStudents may not be placed in a lower grade level due to lack of English proficiency</p></li><li><p>Help for the classroom teacherThere are thousands of websites that are available for the classroom teacher to assist with instructionMany school districts throughout the nation with large ESL populations have many interesting links to assist classroom teachersContact school district ESL personnel or I.U. ESL personnel for specific questions </p></li><li><p>GOOD LUCK!!!You will do a great job with ESL students and find that you will learn as much from them as they will from you!</p></li></ul>


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