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WORKBOOK ANSWER KEYS - english-

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Unit 1 Page 3 • Key Words
A. B. 1. protect 5. protect 2. secure 6. young 3. young 7. secure 4. communicates 8. communicates
Page 4 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. b 4. goal 2. c 5. challenge 3. a 6. involve
C. Possible responses 7. I have never said no to a challenge. I
like to accomplish things. 8. I wanted to make an A in math.
Page 5 • Phonics Students should circle: 2. short a 7. short i 3. short o 9. short a 5. short e 10. short e
Page 6 • Comprehension Recall 1. They cannot fly for many months after
they are born. 2. They leave the babies in their den. 3. A baby wallaby is called a joey. Comprehend 4. They take turns watching them while
the other parent goes out in search of food.
Analyze 5. They both take care of their young and
protect them from harm.
Page 7 • Reader’s Companion Possible responses Use What You Know Racoons are nocturnal; their faces look like masks; they are about cat-size. Reading Strategy Raccoon babies are very small when they are born. They cannot stand or open their eyes. Comprehension Check Only female raccoons take care of the babies. A mother might have four babies to take care of alone.
Page 8 Possible responses Use the Strategy The mother raccoon worries that other animals might find her den. Retell It! Raccoons are small when they are born.
Their mother teaches them to care for themselves. After a few months, she moves the family to a new den. Reader’s Response Students should name an animal discussed in the selection and explain why they would like to know more about it.
Page 9 • Learning Strategies 1. A seahorse’s head looks like a horse’s
head. 2. Seahorses can curl their tails up under
them and use the tail to hold onto things. 3. The father seahorse has a pouch.
Page 10 • Grammar 2. does not speak / doesn’t speak 3. is 4. live 5. Are 6. are not 7. lives
Page 11 • Spelling Possible responses
A. 1. hat, hit, hot, hut 2. cap, cop, cup 3. pan, pen, pin, pun 4. rag, rig, rug
B. 5. nod, not 6. cab, cad, can, cap, cat 7. bit, fit, hit, kit, lit, nit, pit, sit, wit 8. ban, can, fan, man, pan, ran, tan, van Possible responses The pan is hot. That man is wearing a cap.
Page 12 • Writing 1. B 3. C 2. D 4. A
Page 13 • Key Words
A. B. 1. shimmer 7. glowed 2. warm 8. warm 3. glowed 9. companion 4. frisky 10. breath 5. breath 11. shimmer 6. companion 12. frisky
Page 14 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. bond 4. bond 2. encounter 5. occur 3. occurs 6. encounter
C. Possible responses 7. My best friend and I like to watch
movies.
Page 15 • Word Study
-ed sounds like d
-ed sounds like t
-ed adds a syllable
2. planted √ √
3. filled √
4. rushed √
Possible responses 5. My friend eats vegetables every day. 6. Beth walked to school yesterday.
Page 16 • Comprehension Possible responses 1. They walked many miles looking for a
home. 2. He buried the llama next to an icy
stream. 3. The star took the shape of the old
llama. 4. Bits of llama wool fell from the sky. 5. He took the llama wool to the city and
sold it. 6. As the boy was crying by the stream,
the sky filled with a bright light and one star began to shimmer. It then floated to the ground beside the stream and turned into the shape of the old llama. The star llama drank from the stream for a long time and then looked at the boy and smiled. She jumped back into the sky.
7. The old llama and the star llama were similar in that they both cared for the boy and wanted him to be happy.
Page 17 • Reader’s Companion Genre Students should underline “Then she looked at the sad Inca boy and smiled.” Reading Strategy Possible response: The llama jumped into the sky. Llama wool fell from the sky. Comprehension Check Students should draw a box around “With the money, he bought a house and two frisky young llamas.”
Page 18 Possible responses Use the Strategy Bits of llama wool fell from the sky. Fantasy. Retell It! A star llama visited a lonely boy. When she left she gave the boy some silver wool. He sold the wool and bought a house and two llamas.
Answer Keys 75
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Reader’s Response The boy was lonely, but after the star llama visited him, he was never lonely again.
Page 19 • Learning Strategies 1. F 5. F 2. R 6. R 3. R 7. F 4. F 8. R
Page 20 • Grammar 2. were 3. was not 4. was 5. were not
Page 21 • Spelling
A. B. 1. asks 6. growled 2. pushes 7. liked 3. hands 8. washed 4. claps 9. played 5. watches 10. jumped Possible response: I played with my dog at the beach. He jumped into the water. On the way home, he growled at a squirrel.
Page 22 • Writing 1. C 3. C 2. B 4. D
Page 23 • Key Words
A. B. 1. adopt 6. TRUE 2. banned 7. FALSE 3. captured 8. TRUE 4. volunteers 9. TRUE 5. rainforest 10. FALSE
Page 24 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. strategy 4. recover 2. recover 5. strategy 3. establish 6. establish
C. Possible responses 7. You would need people to be a part of
the team to establish a supermarket. 8. My strategy for doing well at school is
to study and listen to my teacher.
Page 25 • Phonics
A. B. 1. nose 5. mad/made 2. face 6. tub/tube 3. tune 7. hop/hope 4. rice 8. hid/hide
Page 26 • Comprehension Possible responses 1. More than 10% of all the plants
and animals in the world are in the Amazon.
2. Ecuador banned the practice of capturing wild animals and selling them as pets.
3. The World Wildlife Fund called the area near Mera “A Gift to the Earth.”
4. The first animal only arrived in 2009 because it took several years of hard work to prepare the sanctuary.
5. People volunteer to help others and to feel good about themselves.
Page 27 • Reader’s Companion Possible responses Reading Strategy The passage could be about wild animals. The passage could be about saving animals. Genre A Place for Wild Animals; Animal Rescue in the Rainforest Comprehension Check Underline: But some animals cannot return to the wild.
Page 28 Possible responses Use the Strategy Merazonia saved these wild animals. Retell It! Merazonia is an animal sanctuary in the Amazon rainforest. Volunteers help rescue and care for wild animals. You can help by adopting a wild animal online. Reader’s Response Volunteers can help people, animals, or the Earth. Volunteers can clean up a beach or feed people.
Page 29 • Learning Strategies Possible responses 1. I learned that the story is about a
guest that doesn’t usually visit a house.
2. I predict that Melinda will make friends with the new animal and make it her pet.
Page 30 • Grammar 2. returned 3. Did; try 4. did not study / didn’t study 5. did; arrive 6. dropped 7. did; like 8. did not play; didn’t play 9. Did; recover
Page 31 • Spelling
A. B. 1. bake 5. wave 2. made 6. home 3. hope 7. game 4. time 8. line Possible response: This week I played a game of soccer. I scored three goals.
Page 32 • Writing 1. C 3. B 2. A 4. A
Pages 33–34 • Review
A. 1. C 2. Possible Response: The clownfish
guards the eggs. 3. D 4. Possible Response: The boy gathered
the wool. He sold the wool and bought a house.
5. Underline: established; didn’t open 6. Merazonia gives wild animals food
and shelter. The animal sanctuary helps wild animals survive.
7. C 8. B
B. 9. was 10. Possible response: Fantasy: Slowly
the star took the shape of the old llama. Reality: The boy cried for a very long time.
Page 36 • Writing Workshop 1. C 4. A 2. A 5. B 3. D
Page 39 • Test Preparation 1. B 3. A 2. G 4. H
Page 40 1. A 3. D 2. G 4. G
Unit 2 Page 41 • Key Words
A. B. 1. ash 6. erupts 2. volcano 7. crater 3. crater 8. volcano 4. lava 9. lava 5. erupts 10. ash
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Page 42 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. consist of 4. evidence 2. evidence 5. consists of 3. similar 6. similar
C. Possible responses 7. Responses will vary. 8. I do math, reading, science, social
studies, art, gym, and music.
Page 43 • Word Study
-ed sounds like d
-ed sounds like t
-ed adds a syllable
2. jumped √
3. called √
4. wanted √ √
5. looked √
6. barked √
7. tasted √ √
8. pulled √
9. needed √ √
10. missed √
Page 44 • Comprehension Possible responses 1. The family is in Hawaii, USA. 2. Lava consists of melted rock. 3. Hot water evaporated and caused the
steam that they saw. 4. The island gets bigger when melted
rock flows into the ocean. It cools and the land grows.
5. Yes, the writer would recommend a trip to the Big Island. The writer enjoyed the trip.
Page 45 • Reader’s Companion Possible responses Use What You Know Lava flows when it is hot. Lava consists of melted rock. Lava hardens when it cools. Genre She handed it to me; it was scratchy and rough, and full of holes. Reading Strategy Students should circle the title. The title tells me that the reading will be about a lava boat tour.
Page 46 Possible responses Use the Strategy I could understand the passage even though I didn’t understand every sentence right away.
Retell It! Today I took a group of tourists out to see the lava flows. The volcano was erupting gently, and we saw the lava flowing into the ocean. Everyone loved it! Reader’s Response I would make sure that people knew about the dangers. I could use the internet to inform people. I could explain what to do and where to go when there is danger.
Page 47 • Learning Stategies 2, 5, 4, 3, 1
Page 48 • Grammar 2. became 3. read 4. Did; tell 5. were not / weren’t 6. threw 7. ran 8. did not see / didn’t see 9. came 10. did; go
Page 49 • Spelling 1. barked 4. waited 2. covered 5. played 3. watched 6. liked Possible response: When the snow ended, the kids played outside. They sledded down the hill. They skated on the ice. Then they walked home.
Page 50 • Writing 1. C 3. A 2. A
Page 51 • Key Words
A. 1. lightning 6. FALSE 2. electricity 7. TRUE 3. evaporate 8. TRUE 4. temperature 9. FALSE 5. thunder
Page 52 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. C 4. feature 2. A 5. demonstrate 3. B 6. appropriate
C. Possible responses 7. running away 8. the library
Page 53 • Word Study
A. 1. moon; light 4. skate; board 2. be; come 5. pop; corn 3. under; stand
B. Possible responses: 6. someone, sometimes 7. bookstore 8. airplane / airport 9. lightbulb 10. goodbye
Page 54 • Comprehension Possible responses 1. Lightning is a big flash of electricity. 2. There are more storms in the summer. 3. Thunder is the sound we hear when
lightning heats the air around it so quickly that the air explodes.
4. Find shelter in a strong building or in a car with a hard roof. Do not stand under trees that are alone in the middle of a field. Do not stand under tall trees when there are shorter trees close by. Do not stand near things that are made of metal.
5. He will tell her how to do the lightning crouch.
Page 55 • Reader’s Companion Possible responses Use What You Know They are rainstorms with thunder and lightning; lightning is electricity; thunder comes after lightning. Reading Strategy There are numbered step-by-step instructions. Comprehension Check On a lone tree; near large metal things; on a strong building.
Page 56 Possible responses Use the Strategy I saw a poster in the cafeteria that said what to do if someone is choking. Retell It! I was in a field when a thunderstorm started. First I went into the forest. Then I walked to a big building. Reader’s Response 1. You should try not to go where there are hurricanes. 2. If a hurricane comes, get to a strong building. 3. Do not stand on the beach.
Page 57 • Learning Strategies 1. Email. Possible response: friendly
greeting 2. Informational article. Possible
response: tells facts about subject
Page 58 • Grammar 2. Don’t 6. wait 3. First 7. Finally 4. Then 8. Follow 5. bring
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Page 59
A. B. 1. quickly 5. building 2. outside 6. underground 3. somebody 7. backyard,
backing 4. cloudy 8. untie Possible response: I play catch in the backyard with my dad.
Page 60 • Writing 1. B 3. A 2. A
Page 61 • Key Words
A. 1. hurricane 2. bolt 3. shelter 4. breeze
B. 5. onesbbt bolt caturnsh 6. der breeze fhsthuirk 7. od hurricane ooningq 8. zerrfi shelter msltw
Page 62 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. assistance 4. major 2. major 5. assistance 3. impact 6. impact
C. Possible responses 7. I spend the major part of my day in
school. 8. I ask either my mother or my father for
help, or assistance, with homework.
Page 63 • Phonics 2. beaches 6. wash 3. catch 7. three 4. shore 8. mother 5. fishing 9. with
Page 64 • Comprehension Possible responses 1. A man from the hotel told them. 2. The wood would protect the house
from wind and rain. 3. They stayed at a hotel. 4. The shore was pounded by angry
waves. The waves were strong and high. It was afternoon, but the sky was as dark as night. The roads were crowded with cars.
5. The narrator learned what to do during a bad storm.
Page 65 • Reader’s Companion Possible responses Use What You Know They are dangerous. They have strong winds. They bring rain. Reading Strategy Students should circle examples in the passage that indicate setting. Comprehension Check Students should underline the first paragraph.
Page 66 Possible responses Use the Strategy “Hurricanes are dangerous,” and “sand flew all around the beach” are clues about what a hurricane is like. Retell It! Here on the beach, I can feel the wind getting very strong. People are leaving for the shelter. Reader’s Response I would protect my house. Then I would go to a shelter until the storm was over.
Page 67 • Learning Strategies 1. Clue words may include summer, sand,
hot, waves, breeze, salty, water. Jerry and Caleb are at the beach.
2. Clue words may include parking lot, shoppers, favorite stores. Dad and Joanie are at a mall.
Page 68 • Grammar 2. We have a small metal camping stove. 3. He loves to wear his white leather
running shoes. 4. Did you see that huge blue tour bus
that went by? 5. The baby has gorgeous big brown
eyes.
Page 69 • Spelling 1. books; k 2. pick; ck 3. like; k 4. cold; c Possible response: There was a black cat who thought she was a kangaroo. She hopped around and tried to put her babies in a pouch.
Page 70 • Writing 1. A 3. D 2. A
Page 71 • Review 1. A 2. B 3. Possible response: Hot lava flows to
the ocean. When the hot lava cools, it
becomes rock. The island grows little by little.
4. Underlined words may include sea, shore, sand.
Page 72 5. strong 6. A, B, D 7. flash 8. C 9. “They often have charts to make the
facts clear” is incorrect.
Page 74 • Writing Workshop 1. A 4. D 2. B 5. D 3. C
Page 77 • Test Preparation 1. A 3. A 2. H 4. G
Page 78 1. B 3. A 2. F 4. J
Unit 3 Page 79 • Key Words
A. B. 1. c 5. nonsense 2. b 6. duty 3. d 7. council 4. a 8. mischief 9. satisfied 10. tidbit
Page 80 • Academic Words
A. B. 1. respond 4. responds 2. emerge 5. emerge 3. respond 6. react
C. Possible responses 7. Dolphins look like shiny gray moving
rocks when they emerge from the water.
8. I jump and scream.
Page 81 • Phonics
A. B. 2. long o; oe 9. oa (boat) 3. long u; ue 10. ay (May) 4. long e; ee 11. ue (glue) 5. long i; ie 12. ie (pies) 6. long o; oa 7. long a; ai 8. long u; ui
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Page 82 • Comprehension Possible responses 1. He tried to tell him that the farmer
grew a carrot as large as an elephant. 2. She ran from her home. 3. She saw that one of her eggs was
missing. 4. The lion felt that all of the mischief
started with Mosquito. 5. He wanted to find out what happened
in the forest. He made the decision to not let Mosquito talk anymore.
Page 83 • Reader’s Companion Use What You Know Possible responses: You hurt people’s feelings; people won’t like you; gossip is sometimes not true. Genre Students should underline “Even today mosquitoes want to talk. But all they can do is buzzzzz!” Reading Strategy Students should circle “Turtle removed the leaves from her ears.”
Page 84 Possible responses Use the Strategy I could understand how each event in the plot helped me understand that whole passage. Retell It! Lion asked me why I didn’t answer Snake. I said it was because of Mosquito. Then Lion made it so Mosquito can’t talk anymore. Reader’s Response This passage taught me that gossip can cause a lot of trouble. It can make people mad at you.
Page 85 • Learning Strategies 3, 5, 1, 6, 2, 4
Page 86 • Grammar 2. The kids swim in the lake. 3. His stories are always interesting. 4. The buses to the city leave early. 5. The knives are sharp and dangerous. 6. The tomatoes taste salty. 7. The boxes are on the table.
Page 87 • Spelling 1. annoy 5. gossip 2. rock 6. dangerous 3. jumped 7. nonsense 4. tallest 8. leaves Possible response: Fox wanted to eat a chicken, even though it was dangerous. He hid under some leaves. Then at night, he jumped into the barn, and tried to catch a chicken. Fox didn’t catch the chicken. The chicken was too fast.
Page 88 • Writing 1. C 3. A 2. B
Page 89 • Key Words
A. B. 1. bare 7. fine 2. fine 8. wink 3. wink 9. bare 4. whisk 10. stitches 5. stitches…