Why is Latin America Known as Latin America?. Unit: Latin America. Where is Latin America?. Mexico, The Caribbean, Central America, and South America make up Latin America Latin America is located in the Western Hemisphere and in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Why is Latin America Known as Latin America?
Why is Latin America Known as Latin America?Unit: Latin AmericaMexico, The Caribbean, Central America, and South America make up Latin AmericaLatin America is located in the Western Hemisphere and in the Southern and Northern HemispheresWhere is Latin America?
The most commonly spoken language in Latin America is SpanishThroughout Latin America, there are different dialects of SpanishEnglish is also a major language in Latin AmericaLanguage of Latin America
The major religion in Latin America is ChristianityReligion of Latin America
Hernando Cortes landed on the Mexican coast in 1519, this became known as the Spanish ConquestGold and silver contributed to the success of the Spanish empireThe Spanish brought their language and their religionColonization of Mexico
Central America is a cultural hearth a place from which important ideas spreadAfter the Spanish conquered Mexico, they conquered Central America and ruled until the 19th centuryAlthough Central America was ruled by Spain, the Caribbean was settled and claimed by many European powersThe Spanish, French, British, Dutch, and Danish all claimed islands in the CaribbeanColonial Central AmericaThe Incas built their civilization in the Andes Mountain region in South AmericaThe Spanish conquered the Incas with the hopes of claiming the gold and silverThe Spanish forced the natives to work and also forced their language and religion on the nativesSpanish rule lasted for almost 300 yearsColonization of South America
The Portuguese colonized Brazil beginning in 1500The Portuguese conquered Brazil in the hope of finding gold or silverWhen they did not find gold or silver, they cleared the forests and created sugar plantationsThe Portuguese put the natives to work and also brought in slaves from Africa to help work the sugar plantations
Colonization of BrazilIn 1821, Mexico achieved independence from SpainBecause Spain controlled Mexico, Mexico controlled Central America. So, when Mexico became independent, Central America declared its independence in 1823Many nations in South America gained their independence in the 1800s, but hundreds of years of colonialism did have effects such as strong militaries, underdeveloped economies, and social class divisionsBrazil remained a colony of Portugal until 1822