Why Design Matters - Boston Society of Architects ?? Why design matters • Design principles ... Architectural composition tells a ... courtesy Creative Commons

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  • Why

    Design

    Matters

  • Boston is home to the worlds most innovative thinkers. Our citys built environment should reflect this culture of imagination.

    Boston Mayor Marty Walsh, 2014

  • How do we create a built environment that reflects our culture of imagination?

  • And how will we know when we have achieved a standard of excellence?

  • In the next few pages well explore Why design matters Design principles Case studies Design process

  • Why design matters We shape our buildings; thereafter they shape us. Winston Churchill

  • For thousands of years architecture has represented societys

    highest aspirations. Buildings provide more than shelter; they are enduring testaments to human values.

    Why design matters

  • Some forms seem to have a universal meaning that resonates across oceans and millennia. Times may change, but our need to create order and harmony endures.

    Why design matters

  • Architecture provides connections to the past, but it also reflects the

    ways in which a society changes. We face new challenges, and need to develop new forms and materials to meet them.

    Why design matters

  • Today there are endless possibilities for the design of buildings and civic spaces, but the goals remains the same. Form, function, and technologies need to work together to create meaningful places.

    Why design matters

  • Architects, engineers, clients, community members, and regulatory

    authorities must engage in thoughtful conversations about the kind of built environment we want to create for ourselves.

    Why design matters

  • Buildings and their sites are inseparable

    Buildings are shaped from the outside in, and the inside out

    Architecture choreographs movement through space

    Building envelopes create a dialogue between interior and exterior

    Buildings stimulate physical and emotional responses

    Architecture has an expressive dimension

    Tradition and innovation work hand in hand

    Innovative thinking fosters civic renewal

    We might agree on a few design principles

    to guide us

  • The best buildings relate to their contexts in clear and meaningful ways. Their forms and spaces are part of larger patterns of urban development, transportation planning and landscape design.

    Design principles: Buildings and their sites are inseparable

  • Buildings may have their own life and vitality, but they are also a

    backdrop for open spaces where people can gather.

    Design principles: Buildings and their sites are inseparable

  • Architecture can establish a strong relationship to the natural world as walkways, walls, and roofs reach out to engage it.

    Design principles: Buildings and their sites are inseparable

  • Buildings are shaped from the outside by landscape and urban conditions, and from the inside by their uses. Their forms express the

    forces that act on themhuman and environmental.

    Design principles: Buildings are shaped from the outside in, and the inside out

  • Architectural composition tells a compelling story about how different parts of a building and site are used. Every building gesture suggests how we can relate to each other and our environment.

    Design principles: Buildings are shaped from the outside in, and the inside out

  • Solid walls, expanses of glass, light screens and elements that seem to float

    can all make connections between the interior life within buildings and the world all around them.

    Design principles: Buildings are shaped from the outside in, and the inside out

  • Windows can dematerialize walls and roofsallowing unexpected connections between inside and outside. By breaking out of the box, people can relate to their contexts in new and interesting ways.

    Design principles: Buildings envelopes mediate between interior and exterior

  • Small windows can define places for individuals, while larger windows represent collective spaces. Terraces welcome the public. Together

    they reflect our need for a diverse range of experiences.

    Design principles: Buildings envelopes mediate between interior and exterior

  • Buildings can have a civic scale that represents their place in the larger social order. Windows and smaller

    elements remind us of the scale of the human body, and the builders hand.

    Design principles: Buildings envelopes mediate between interior and exterior

  • Entries celebrate the relationship between inside and outside and can dramatize the passage from one to the other.

    Design principles: Architecture choreographs movement through space

  • Walls, stairs, railings, and functional elements organize interior spaces and establish relationships between them.

    This spatial orchestration responds to function while creating delightful experiences.

    Design principles: Architecture choreographs movement through space

  • Circulation spaceslike stairs and

    hallwaysdramatize the movement from one place to another. They create myriad possibilities for human interactions.

    Design principles: Architecture choreographs movement through space

  • Architecture needs to resist gravity and the force of the wind. Building structures heighten our perception of the work buildings do, and how

    these forces act on our own bodies.

    Design principles: Buildings stimulate physical and emotional responses

  • We experience architectural forms and spaces with all of our senses. Proportions and compositional relationships can have a dynamic

    qualitysuggesting taking flight.

    Design principles: Buildings stimulate physical and emotional responses

  • Other buildings are more static, creating a sense of peace and tranquility, and offering a momentary respite from the demands of the world around us.

    Design principles: Buildings stimulate physical and emotional responses

  • Buildings must meet functional requirements, but like music, dance, or sculpture, architecture can transcend utilitarian concerns. Forms and

    spaces can be shaped to create a shared emotional impact.

    Design principles: Architecture has an expressive dimension

  • Animated forms and quirky shapes can make buildings stand out. This gives them, their component parts, and the activities they accommodate

    a memorable character.

    Design principles: Architecture has an expressive dimension

  • Materials have their own characters. Like the instruments in an orchestra they can be combined to create a rich environment that

    satisfies the senses while meeting pragmatic requirements.

    Design principles: Architecture has an expressive dimension

  • The best buildings make connections to the past, the present, and the opportunities of the future. Architects use drawings to make

    evocative allusions that can help clarify intentions.

    Design principles: Tradition and innovation work hand in hand

  • Architects, engineers, their clients and citizen groups can work together to reinvent our civic institutions. Architecture can

    inspire fresh thinking about how we serve the public.

    Design principles: Tradition and innovation work hand in hand

  • Through design we can reinforce enduring patterns of city building and

    inhabitation, while recognizing that society must evolve.

    Design principles: Tradition and innovation work hand in hand

  • Big budgets and large scale cant replace innovative thinking in creating meaningful places. Shape, color, and proportion may be more important than expensive materials in energizing buildings.

    Design principles: Innovative thinking fosters civic renewal

  • Design professionals and their clients can work together to meet the challenges and opportunities of a changing worldand use land and resources in more sustainable and inspiring ways.

    Design principles: Innovative thinking fosters civic renewal

  • Our schools, universities, and businesses foster creativity and critical thinking. Design can support that effort, while maintaining a connection to history and tradition.

    Design principles: Innovative thinking fosters civic renewal

  • Those who choose architects, commission buildings, or just want to understand the physical environments that surround them, should think about design as a process as well as product.

    Great design is a process as well

    as a product

  • What are the features in the context that could or should shape a new or renovated building?

    What aspects of the buildings use can help create a sense of community by welcoming people to the site and inside?

    Can broader participation in the design process improve the character and quality of what is designed?

    Are there opportunities for innovation that will inspire building users and the public?

    What kind of flexibility can be built into buildings so that they can evolve over time and meet a variety of needs?

    Asking questions helps shape excellent

    buildings

  • Experience matters. But having completed commissions nearly identical to the one under consideration may not be necessarily as critical as exceptional design skills. When selecting architects it may useful to ask:

    Does the architect have the flexibility to look at every project in new and inventive ways based on a real understanding of the client and context?

    Can the architect bring in