Where do we go from here?Heaven & Hell
Jean Fouquet,The Blessed Virgin and the Trinity15th CenturyAnd I thought church was boring!
The blessed in adoration of the Trinity, 1569Maerten van HeemskerckDoes my bottom look big in this?
If the choice is between being bored in heaven or burning in hell; Im opting out now!
Where do we go from here?the view from the Old TestamentIn the beginning earth is home
Personal hope after death?Sheol Resurrection?
National future hope?The meek shall inherit the land
Global future hopeIsaiah 65:17; 66:22; Habakkuk 2:14
Theres a new world a-comin6The wolf will live with the lamb,the leopard will lie down with the goat,the calf and the lion and the yearling together9They will neither harm nor destroyon all my holy mountain,for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORDas the waters cover the sea.Isaiah 11
Three views from the time of JesusSaducees: The soul perishes with the bodyPharisees: Gods going to boot out Israels enemies and re-establish Israel in her own land. The faithful dead may participate in the future renewalEssenes: Your body rots, but your soul rises, released from its prison in the body to a place of refreshment beyond the oceans
Jesus on the futurereturn to earth31When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. 32All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goatsMatthew 25
Jesus on the futurereturn to earth30At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory.Matthew 24
Jesus on the futurereturn to earth10They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. 11Men of Galilee, they said, why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.Acts 1
Jesus on the futurethe renewal of all things28Jesus said to them, I tell you the truth, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.Matthew 19
Jesus on the futurerewards from heaven19Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. 20But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moth and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. Matthew 6
Jesus on the future rewards from heaven19After a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. 20The man who had received the five talents brought the other five. Master, he said, you entrusted me with five talents. See, I have gained five more.21His master replied, Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your masters happiness!22The man with the two talents also came. Master, he said, you entrusted me with two talents; see, I have gained two more.23His master replied, Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your masters happiness!Matthew 25
Jesus on the future rewards from heaven12Behold, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to everyone according to what he has done. Revelation 22
Jesus on the futureresurrection day26For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son to have life in himself. 27And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man.28Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29and come outthose who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned.John 5
Jesus on the futureremoval of faithless47Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds of fish. 48When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. Then they sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the bad away. 49This is how it will be at the end of the age. Matthew 13
Jesus on the future removal of faithless36No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 37As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; 39and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away.Matthew 24
Paul on the future18I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. 19The creation waits in eager expectation for the sons of God to be revealed. 20For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope 21that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the glorious freedom of the children of God.22We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time. Romans 8
Paul on the future16For by [Jesus] all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him. 17He is before all things, and in him all things hold together 19For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, 20and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.Colossians 1
Peter on the future10But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed (dissolved) by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare (discovered).11Since everything will be destroyed (dissolved) in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives 12as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction (disintegration) of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat. 13But in keeping with his promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness.2 Peter 3
John on the future1Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea... 3And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.5He who was seated on the throne said, I am making everything new! Then he said, Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.6He said to me: It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To him who is thirsty I will give to drink without cost from the spring of the water of life. 7He who overcomes will inherit all this, and I will be his God and he will be my son.
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the way to the future22The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abrahams side. The rich man also died and was buried. 23In hades, where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far away, with Lazarus by his side. 24So he called to him, Father Abraham, have pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, because I am in agony in this fire.25But Abraham replied, Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony. 26And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.Luke 16
the way to the future39One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: Arent you the Christ? Save yourself and us!40But the other criminal rebuked him. Dont you fear God, he said, since you are under the same sentence? 41We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.42Then he said, Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.43Jesus answered him, I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.
RighteousUnrighteousHADES(world of departed spirits)
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Fire alarm!Hell = Gehenna (not Hades)
11 times in Gospels; once in James; never contrasted with heaven
a place associated with evil in Old Testament days, and in Jesus days, the smouldering rubbish dump outside Jerusalem
Fire alarm! 7By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.2 Peter 3
Fire alarm!1The LORD reigns, let the earth be glad;let the distant shores rejoice.2Clouds and thic