What tools do historians use?

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What tools do historians use?. Primary Sources Diaries Oral Accounts Photographs Maps, Art, Drawings Autobiographies Secondary Sources Textbooks Library books Biographies. Chapter One: The Peopling of the World. Human Origins In Africa. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • What tools do historians use?Primary SourcesDiariesOral AccountsPhotographsMaps, Art, DrawingsAutobiographiesSecondary SourcesTextbooksLibrary booksBiographies

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory the time before humans began recording their events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early human settlements.

    Please note: Archaeologists dont study the human skeletal remains, they study the remains humans left behind their settlements, their objects.

    ologyArchae- = the study of= old thingsCareers InSocial StudiesCan you break the word down?PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory the time before humans began recording their events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early human settlements.

    Please note: Archaeologists dont study the human skeletal remains, they study the remains humans left behind their settlements, their objects.

    ology = the study ofArchae = old things The Leakey FamilyFamous ArchaeologistsMarys son, Richard Leakey Mary Leakey 1913-1996 was one of the world's most famous hunters of early human fossils, credited with many discoveries that have changed the way scientists view human evolution. She is considered the preeminent contributor to the field of human origins.Marys daughter Meave Leakey recently impressed the world with her 1999 discovery of a 3.5 million-year-old skull.

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory the time before humans began recording their events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early human settlements.

    Please note: Archaeologists dont study the human skeletal remains, they study the remains humans left behind their settlements, their objects.

    ology = the study ofArchae = old things PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory before humans began recording past events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early human settlements.3. artifacts remains such as tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects.PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

    Please note: Archaeologists dont study the human skeletal remains, they study the remains humans left behind their settlements, their objects.

    ology = the study ofArchae = old things

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory before humans began recording past events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early settlements.3. artifacts remains such as tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects.4. anthropologists scientists who study the cultural behaviors of humankind.-ology = Anthro- =

    the study ofmanAnthropology has many branches of study. physical anthropology, also known as biological anthropology, studies primate behavior, human evolution, and population genetics. cultural anthropology, also known as social anthropology, studies the social networks formed by our ancestors, their social behaviors, kinship patterns, politics, beliefs, patterns in production and consumption, and other ways they expressed their culture. linguistic anthropology studies variation in human languages across time and geographic regions, the uses of language, and the relationship between language and culture.- forensic anthropology analyzes skeletal remains in to determine how people might have lived or died.Careers InSocial StudiesPP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory before humans began recording past events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early settlements.3. artifacts remains such as tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects.4. anthropologists scientists who study the cultural behaviors of humankind.5. culture a peoples unique way of life.CULTUREForms of ExpressionArt / MusicRelationshipsFamily / social lifeRitualsCustoms / Traditions / BeliefsForms of CommunicationLanguage / Symbols PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World Human Origins In AfricaA. Understanding Important Terms in the Science of searching for Human Origins1. prehistory before humans began recording past events2. archaeologists scientists who learn about early humans by excavating and studying the traces of early settlements.3. artifacts remains such as tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects.4. anthropologists scientists who study the cultural behaviors of humankind.5. culture a peoples unique way of life.6. paleontologist scientists who study how life developed on earth based on studies of fossils. -ology = the study of Paleo- = old period

    Careers InSocial Studies Poop, anyone? Its not always fossilized bones! Some of you may not be cut out for this vocation! Besides bones, one of the things paleontologists examine quite often is .well, poop! Thats right, fossilized feces (coprolites) can be quite revealing about our ancestors diet and eating habits, what chemical elements they may have been exposed to, their health, diseases, and life spans. PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

  • Chapter One: The Peopling of the World I. Human Origins in Africa (continued)1. hominids humans and our human-like ancestors that walked upright. B. Discovery of early hominids

    The scientific evidence!All of the oldest hominid fossils those dating back farther than 3 million years have been found in only one place on earth the fossil-rich region known as the Great Rift Valley of Africa.

    Here is where man began.Check out these websites guaranteed to wow you!http://www.archaeologyinfo.com - Click on Human Ancestry amazing graphics and interactive opportunities for ya!

    http://www.becominghuman.org - the official website of archaeologist Donald Johanson and his Institute of Human Origins.

    PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.Both sites do a great job of explaining what we now know about humankinds evolution.How do we know all Humans originated in Africa?

  • *Human Beings Almost Everywhere200,000 10,000 BCEPopulating the Planet

  • *When did we appear?

  • Creation MythsMesopotamiaAborigenes IndianChineseNative AmericanHebrewDarwinian

  • *What happened before humans developed?The Universe popped up 13 billion years ago. (Thats where you are, right?) Stars and Galaxies popped up from about 12 billion years ago. Our Sun and Earth popped up about 4.6 billion years ago. Life popped up on Earth about 3.8 billion years ago.

  • *What happened before humans developed?Complicated life-forms showed up after about 600 million years. Some organisms got onto the land from about 400 million years ago. Dinosaurs ruled the earth until about 67 million years ago. Then our hominid ancestors showed up.

  • The Stone AgeStone Age split into three distinct periods:Paleolithic (Old Stone) Age roughly 2 million years ago until 12,000 B.C.E.

    Mesolithic (Middle Stone) Age about 12,000 to 8,000 B.C.E.

    Neolithic (New Stone) Age about 8,000 to 3,000 B.C.E.

  • *Ice Age; Old Stone Age; Paleolithic AgeThe Paleolithic Age is the era that covers the period from 2.5 million yrs ago to 10,000 years ago.It wasfraught with change.

  • Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light. - Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist

  • Australopithecus southern ape Homo Habilis 3. Homo Erectus upright man 4. Homo Sapiens wise man-Neanderthal Man-Homo Sapiens Sapiens wise, wise man US! Paleolithic Age: ( Old Stone Age )2,500,000 BCE to 8,000 BCE

  • Paleolithic --> Old Stone Age2,500,000 BCE 10,000 BCEhunting (men) & gathering (women)

    NOMADIC (moving from place to place)Made simple toolsTravelled in small groups based on bonds of kinship

  • 4,000,000 BCE 1,000,000 BCE Hominids --> any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans. Australopithecines An