What are context clues? How can I figure out what unknown words mean?

Embed Size (px)

Text of What are context clues? How can I figure out what unknown words mean?

Slide 1

What are context clues?How can I figure out what unknown words mean?

1Notes:Context Clues: Hints an author gives in a text to help you define difficult or unusual words

2Context clues will give you a good guess about what the word means.

Use the dictionary to look up how to spell, not the meaning of words.Types of GuessesEducated guess: a guess based on some thought or logic.

Blind guess: a guess made randomly or by closing eyes and picking an answer.

Context clues allow you to make educated guesses which are MUCH more likely to be correct.Why use context clues?The best way to excel on the TCAP is to have a large vocabulary.

The more words you know, the easier it is to understand the passages and the questions.

Your independent reading is a huge source of new vocabulary to be learned. Tip 1:Reread around the unknown word looking for words with similar meanings

6Example: His father did not intend to be cruel, but he was himself a hard-working man, an early riser, and a swift workman, and it seemed a natural and necessary thing to have his sons work. He himself had been bound out at nine years of age, and he had never known a weeks release from toil.

Underline words similar in meaning to toilGuess what does toil mean?7What words are similar in meaning to toil?His father did not intend to be cruel, but he was himself a hard-working man, an early riser, and a swift workman, and it seemed a natural and necessary thing to have his sons work. He himself had been bound out at nine years of age, and he had never known a weeks release from toil.

Underline words similar in meaning to toilGuess what does toil means: Hard work

8Example: Moe was obviously vexed; Larry never had seen him looking so annoyed with Curly

Underline the word similar to vexed?Guess what vexed means.9Example: Moe was obviously vexed; Larry never had seen him looking so annoyed with Curly

Underline the word similar to vexed?Guess vexed means: upset, frustrated10 Moe was obviously vexed; Larry never had seen him looking so annoyed with Curly

Vexed means:BoredIrritatedIdioticEntertained

11Tip 2:Look for signal words to tell you the unknown words opposite. Sample signal words: except, but, unlike, instead.

12Example:Not all commercial websites are untrustworthy. Indeed, many sites are reputable sources of information on the topics they discuss.

Circle the signal word.Underline the opposite meaning words.Guess what does reputable mean?

13Example:Not all commercial websites are untrustworthy. Indeed, many sites are reputable sources of information on the topics they discuss.

Circle the signal word.Underline the opposite meaning words.What does reputable mean? Trustworthy

14Example:What a shock! We had expected him to be morose, but he showed up at the party and danced until dawn, wearing a constant smile on his untroubled face. Circle the signal words.Underline the words or phrases mean the opposite of morose?Guess what does morose mean?15What words or phrases mean the opposite of morose?

What a shock! We had expected him to be morose, but he showed up at the party and danced until dawn, wearing a constant smile on his untroubled face.

Morose means: sad

16Tip 3:Look for hints from the author a definition in the text or footnotes, restatement of the idea in a different way.17ExampleThe coulter (cutting part of the plough) went into the ground.

Underline the authors hint for the meaning of coulter

ExampleThe coulter (cutting part of the plough) went into the ground.

Underline the authors hint for the meaning of coulter

Tip 4:Dont be fooled by multiple meaning wordsSome words have several meanings. (Craft can mean a skill requiring use of the hands, a small boat, or clever trickiness

Go back to the passage and read how the word was used. Dont be fooled by the most common definition of a word.20Example:Hillary knew that Big Ed meant to court her the moment he offered her the first drink from his diet root beer.Guess which of the following definitions of court is used in the sentence? Circle your answer.Place where trials are heldSurface for playing tennisTo provoke or inciteTo seek the affections or love of a person21Example:Hillary knew that Big Ed meant to court her the moment he offered her the first drink from his diet root beer.Which of the following definitions of court is used in the sentence?Place where trials are heldSurface for playing tennisTo provoke or inciteTo seek the affections or love of a person22Example:His heart was sometimes very bitter and rebellious, because of the relentless drag of his daily toil.

From the dictionary, Drag meansA slow, deliberate motionA motion pulling against somethingA burden that creates much hardshipA device used to pull something along the ground

These are all definitions of drag. Guess which makes sense in the sentence? Circle the best answer.23Example:His heart was sometimes very bitter and rebellious, because of the relentless drag of his daily toil.

From the dictionary, Drag meansA slow, deliberate motionA motion pulling against somethingA burden that creates much hardshipA device used to pull something along the ground

These are all definitions of drag. Which makes sense in the sentence?24Tip 5:Determine the category of words in a list

You might not know every word in the list, but the words will be part of the same category.25Example:Jeb thought that if he could play the trumpet, then he could play them all: trombone, French horn, flugelhorn, tuba, bugle and cornet.

Underline the other words in the categoryGuess what is a flugelhorn?A type of drumA brass instrumentAn electronic pianoA stringed instrument

26Example:Jeb thought that if he could play the trumpet, then he could play them all: trombone, French horn, flugelhorn, tuba, bugle and cornet.

Underline the other words in the categoryGuess what is a flugelhorn?A type of drumA brass instrumentAn electronic pianoA stringed instrument

27Tip 6:Use cause-and-effect relationships to understand new words. (One thing happened because of another or one thing caused another.)28Example:George dropped a smoking match in the forest, and the next day there was a conflagration.

Underline what caused the conflagrationGuess what word youd use for the effect.

Conflagration meansA disastrous fireA group of flagsA church meetingA harsh warning29Example:George dropped a smoking match in the forest, and the next day there was a conflagration.

Underline what caused the conflagrationGuess what word youd use for the effect. FIRE!

Conflagration meansA disastrous fireA group of flagsA church meetingA harsh warning30Example:The amateur magician grew more and more chagrined as members of her audience yelled out the supposed secret to every trick.

Underline what is the cause of the chagrin.Guess how would you feel if this happened to you in front of an audience?

Chagrined meansEnthusiasticFrightenedConfidentEmbarrassed31Example:The amateur magician grew more and more chagrined as members of her audience yelled out the supposed secret to every trick.

Underline what is the cause of the chagrin.Guess how would you feel if this happened to you in front of an audience? Upset.

Chagrined meansEnthusiasticFrightenedConfidentEmbarrassed32Tip 7:Use the meaning of roots, prefixes and suffixes to help you guess the meaning of a word33Example: Take the word prehistoricGuess what is the root?

Guess what does the prefix mean?

Guess what does prehistoric mean?

34Example: Take the word prehistoricGuess what is the root?Prehistoric - historyGuess what does the prefix mean?Prehistoric - beforeGuess what does prehistoric mean?Before history35Tip 8:For multiple choice questions, plug in the answer choices to see which one makes the most sense in the sentence36Example:At last it began to grow cold, so cold that in the early morning he was obliged to put one hand in his pocket to keep it warm, while holding the plough with the other.

Obliged means: A. ToldB. ForcedC. AskedD. Honored

37Example:. . . His fathers imperious voice rang out, Come Lincoln, time to hitch up.

Imperious means:SoftHesitantReluctantCommanding

38Example:Melvin believed that someday the finger holes in bowling balls would be obsolete; people would simply bowl telepathically, with their minds.

obsolete means:CreativeDifficultOutdatedPlentiful

39Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

Sammy is in charge of purchasing the salt, pepper, ketchup and other condimentsTip: Determine the category40Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

The voracious dog hadnt eaten in two daysTip: Cause and Effect41Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

Julie used to procrastinate when it was time to practice her trumpet; she always had trouble getting started.Tip: Hints from the author42Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

Susanna went to a dermatologist for medicine to control an itchy rashTip: Cause and effect43Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

Richard suffered from agoraphobia so he had a fear of leaving his home.Tip: Hints from the author44Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

Jeans voice was almost inaudible. I couldnt hear her if I was more than a few inches away.Tip: Look for words with similar meanings45Test you knowledge what tip will you use to define the underlined word?

There is an abundance of theaters in Miami, but very f