WELCOME TO SOCIAL STUDIES!!!. Why Study Social Studies? Who cares about the past anyway?

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WELCOME TO SOCIAL STUDIES!!! Slide 2 Why Study Social Studies? Who cares about the past anyway? Slide 3 OK, its time to think!!!!! Why do you think its important to study Social Studies? Slide 4 Reasons why Social Studies is important Cause its way cool Slide 5 Welcome to the World!!!!! We will learn about the world and many of its regions this year by studying its geography, history, economics, government, and culture. Slide 6 The Worlds Culture Regions The world has seven culture regions: U.S. and Canada Latin America Europe and former U.S.S.R. North Africa and Southwest Asia Africa south of the Sahara South Asia East Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands Slide 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 Before we move on, can you name the continents? Slide 8 This year we will learn about the History, Geography, Government, Economics, and the Culture Of only 4 regions in the entire World!!!! Europe Latin America Canada Australia & the Pacific Islands Slide 9 The 4 regions we will learn about Slide 10 What is Social Studies About? What I want to Know What are the 5 fields of Social Studies? What is history? What is geography? Define government. Define economics What I Know Slide 11 The Peoples of the World Getting Along with Each Other Knowledge of other countries is the key to understanding them Five Fields of Learning Social studies teaches about the world; The 5 fields of Social Studies include: Geography History Economics Government Culture Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 History and Geography What is it? History is a record of the past the past shapes the present Geography is the study of people, places, and the environment The study of geography focuses on five themes: - location where the place is - region several countries with the same features - place an areas characteristics - movement study of the migrations of people and animals - human-environment interaction how people change and are changed by the Earth Slide 18 Government How do Countries Govern? Every country has lawsrules that govern behavior Government makes and enforces laws A Citizen is a legal member of a country with rights and duties Limited and Unlimited Governments Limitedeveryone obeys laws, including rulers Unlimitedrulers have absolute authority over everyone, everything Slide 19 Economics Economics is the study of how people manage resources like money Economists identify three types of resources: natural: gifts of nature like water human: production skills capital: goods and services produced Slide 20 Culture Ways of Living Cultureshared beliefs, customs, laws, art, ways of living Culture traitsthose specific things people share Slide 21 The Five Themes of Geography How do Geographers Think About the World? Geographers study five themes: - location - place - region - movement - human-environment interaction Slide 22 Location Location describes where a place is located Geographers locate places on Earth using system of imaginary lines: latitudelines parallel to equator; show distance north and south of Equator longitudelines between North and South Poles; show distance east and west of prime meridian Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Place An Areas Distinguishing Characteristics Physical characteristics of an area include an areas climate, landforms, bodies of water, plant and animal life Human characteristics of an area include cities, towns, governments, cultural traditions Why might a place change? Slide 26 Which is it? Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 Slide 30 Region Common Characteristics A region is a group of places with common characteristics common physical features common human characteristics Geographers compare regions to understand differences and similarities World has ten natural regions Natural region has unique climate; combination of plant, animal life Slide 31 Movement A Planet on the Move People, goods, ideas, plants, animals, and physical features move! Migrateto move from one place and settle in another Reasons for Moving Push factors make people leave home - poverty, overcrowding, lack of jobs, war, political oppression Pull factors draw people to an area - employment, education, rights, freedom, peace Slide 32 Human-Environment Interaction Earth is a unified system humans depend on, adapt to, and modify their environment Environment influences human life - environmental influences can be harmful: hurricanes, earthquakes People interact with the environment through everything they do In the past, how did people adapt their ways of life to the environment? Slide 33 Human-Environment Interaction Adaptation Humans often adapt their way of life to the local environment learn to fish near water; farm on fertile land build dwellings using local materials wear clothing suitable for local conditions Technology has lessened the need to adapt to local environments