WELCOME TO COMPUTER ERGONOMICS Ergonomics...آ  Microsoft PowerPoint - Office Ergonomics Powerpoint1

  • View
    1

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of WELCOME TO COMPUTER ERGONOMICS Ergonomics...آ  Microsoft PowerPoint - Office Ergonomics...

  • WELCOME TO COMPUTER WELCOME TO COMPUTER

    ERGONOMICS TRAININGERGONOMICS TRAINING

  • WHY ARE WE HERE?WHY ARE WE HERE?

    Annual injuries

    • 1,800,000 workers injured

    • 600,000 require time off work

  • TRAINING OBJECTIVESTRAINING OBJECTIVES

    • Identify optimal body position

    • Identify workstation adjustments

    • Demonstrate exercises

    • Understand roles and responsibilities

  • ERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICS

    IT’S GREEK TO ME!IT’S GREEK TO ME!

  • ERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICS

    IT’S GREEK TO MEIT’S GREEK TO ME!!

    ERGOSERGOS = WORK= WORK

    NOMOSNOMOS = NATURAL = NATURAL

    LAWSLAWS

  • ERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICSERGONOMICS

    • The study of the relationship of the individual, the material, the equipment and the environment

    • Addresses human performance and well being in relation to the job or activity.

  • Fit the Fit the jobjob to the workerto the worker

    NOTNOT

    the the workerworker to the job.to the job.

  • BENEFITS?BENEFITS?

    � Increase productivity

    � Increase quality

    � Avoid injury

    Comfort

  • RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY RULES OF BODY MECHANICSMECHANICSMECHANICSMECHANICSMECHANICSMECHANICSMECHANICSMECHANICS

    • Use each joint to its best mechanical advantage.

    • Avoid static or sustained positions.

    • Use your body symmetrically.

    • Keep extremities close to vertical axis of body.

    • Avoid tight grasp.

    • Use stronger/larger joints when possible.

    • Respect pain!

  • NEUTRAL POSTURESNEUTRAL POSTURES

    • mid-range

    • strength

    • comfort

  • RISK FACTORSRISK FACTORSRISK FACTORSRISK FACTORSRISK FACTORSRISK FACTORSRISK FACTORSRISK FACTORS

    • Static posture

    • Awkward posture

    • Repetition

    • Force

    • Pressure (physical contact)

    • Vibration

    • Temperature extremes

  • • Discomfort

    • Fatigue

    • Lack of stamina

    PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF

    DISCOMFORTDISCOMFORTDISCOMFORTDISCOMFORTDISCOMFORTDISCOMFORTDISCOMFORTDISCOMFORT

  • • Static muscles - particularly under load

    • Awkward postures

    • Physical contact

    • Vibration

    • Temperature extremes

    • Poor physical condition

    • Illness/Disease

    • Smoking

    • Exposure to certain chemicals/gasses

    • Lung obstruction

    • Anemia

    IMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATIONIMPAIRED CIRCULATION

  • PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGY OF

    COMFORTCOMFORTCOMFORTCOMFORTCOMFORTCOMFORTCOMFORTCOMFORT

    • Healthy tissue

    • Oxygen and nutrition

    • Waste product removal

  • CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERSDISORDERSDISORDERSDISORDERSDISORDERSDISORDERSDISORDERSDISORDERS

    NERVE

    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

    NEUROVASCULAR

    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Raynaud’s Syndrome

    MUSCULOSKELETAL

    Bursitis Back strain/sprain Neck strain/sprain

    TENDON

    Tendonitis Epicondylitis Golfer’s Elbow Tennis Elbow Tenosynovitis De Quervain’s Trigger Finger Rotator Cuff Tendonitis

    Ganglion Cyst

    OTHER

  • SYMPTOMSSYMPTOMSSYMPTOMSSYMPTOMSSYMPTOMSSYMPTOMSSYMPTOMSSYMPTOMS

    • Discomfort

    • Pain

    • Tingling

    • Numbness

    • Swelling

    • Weakness

    • Loss of dexterity

  • WORKSTATION WORKSTATION WORKSTATION WORKSTATION WORKSTATION WORKSTATION WORKSTATION WORKSTATION

    EXERCISESEXERCISESEXERCISESEXERCISESEXERCISESEXERCISESEXERCISESEXERCISES

  • BENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISEBENEFITS OF EXERCISE

    • Improved circulation

    • Improved flexibility

    • Improved muscle strength and endurance

    • Reduced muscle fatigue

    • Reduced stress

  • EXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINESEXERCISE GUIDELINES

    • Breathe while

    exercising

    • Stretch gently

    • Pace yourself

    • Move slowly and

    smoothly

    • Exercise regularly

    •• STOPSTOP if pain occurs

  • ROLES & ROLES & ROLES & ROLES & ROLES & ROLES & ROLES & ROLES &

    RESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIESRESPONSIBILITIES

    • Everyone

    • Supervisor/manager

    • Ergonomic Coordinator

  • BE SAFEBE SAFEBE SAFEBE SAFE

    WORK IN COMFORT