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Webelos Program - Skill 4 Communicator Badge
Communicating Belt Loop
A communicator is a person who shares information. We all do that constantly. We tell or show what we know how we feel, and what we think. When you speak or write, you communicate. And when you yawn, smile, or frown, youre showing other people that youre sleepy, happy, or unhappy. You can communicate by drawing pictures and by using sign language and codes. We communicate over long distances by mail, telephone and computer. Communications keep our personal, business, and government worlds going.
What does it mean to communicate? Communication is the art of transmitting and receiving information. How do we as human beings go
about this exchange of information? We tell or show what we know, how we feel, and what we think. We communicate with words, facial
expression, and body language. When you speak or write, you communicate
As the human race developed so did our communicative skills. Early man drew pictures on the walls of caves. With the development of
language came a better way to keep records and tell stories writing. With the discovery of electricity came the telegraph, telephone, radio,
television, computers, microwave transmission, optical fibers, lasers, and on and on and on. We communicate over long distances by
telephone and computer.
With all of the modern technology at our fingertips today it is still important for us to learn basic communication skills - skills that will be with
us throughout our entire lives. Things like how to talk to one another with respect; how to listen to one another. Silly things, like saying
please and thank you. Things like learning good telephone manners, and practicing being polite and courteous to others.
Ancient Means of Communication. Anciently, communication was primarily pictures painted on cave walls or other rock surfaces to tell
about a successful hunt or a travel route or a spiritual belief. Oral language followed and then the written word.
Humans have been inventive in their systems of communication. Greek soldiers sent messages by turning their shields toward the sun. The flashes of reflected light could be seen several miles away.
Romans built long rows of signal towers, and soldiers shouted messages from tower to tower.
Peoples from Africa sometimes sent messages by beating on a series of large drums. Each drum was kept within hearing distance of the next one. The drum beats were sent out in a special code that all the drummers understood. Though the messages were simple, they could be sent at great speed for hundreds of miles.
Communication also has a creative aspect. Art has the ability to communicate feelings and ideas with a variety of media. Visual artists communicate through pictures, dancers through dance, musicians through music, and writers and poets through words.
Pigeon post: The Homing pigeon was a one way postal service. People would write a small note and tie it around the foot of a pigeon. The pigeon would fly back to the place it was born (hence the name) Genghis Khan, the swiftest and most wide-ranging conqueror of medieval history, used these pigeons to carry news of each new conquest to his homeland in Mongolia.
Gutenberg: A German who was responsible for inventing printing, and making multiple copies for mass communication.
Optical signals: The telescope was used to pick up a wide range of signals and secret codes from afar.
Mail Coaches: It was time for better postal service, so the price to deliver a letter by coach and protected guards was high. If you were poor, you would send your letter with whomever and it could take several days, months, even years before your letter would reach its destination.
Flags on ships
Reflective glass or shields: were used to reflect the suns rays in some kind of code.
Covering a lantern's light: in code like fashion
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Communicator 1: Play the Body Language Game with your den. Webelos Book Page 168
Body Language Sheet
We often send messages without meaning to do it. People can see how we feel by our frown or smile or by a shrug of our shoulders. Such facial expressions and gestures are called body language. Animals use body language too. When a dog wags its tail, you know the dog is happy. When a cat arches its back or bares its claws, you know the cat is prepared to fight.
Body Language Game Option 1: Give your den members paper and pencils. Ask them to think about feelings they can show by body language only without making a sound. Have them make a list of at least five feelings they can show Option 2: Cut up the Body Language Game Sheet Den members take turns showing these feelings without using any words or verbalizations. The others try to guess what the feeling is. The den leader or den chief can be referee and decide whether the body language really does show the feeling. If a den member guesses correctly, he gets on point. If nobody guesses correctly, the boy who performed the body language gets one point. The final winner is the boy with the most points.
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The Body Language Game Not all communication is verbal. Cut the cards. Place the cards in a container so that the boys
can draw them out. Each boy, in turn, draws a card and then must convey what it says without
using any verbal language or sounds. The boys may use body language and facial expressions
bored confused curious
excited happy hurt
interested mad relaxed
sad scared shy
surprised tired Help!
Come here! Stop! That Smells Good
That smells bad Im choking! What time is it?
OK I agree! Be quiet!
Im hungry Go away! Watch out!
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Communicator 3: Invent a sign language or a picture writing language and use it to tell someone a story. Webelos Book Page 172
Sign language sheet
Paper, two per scout
If you met a French boy, how could you communicate with him? You couldnt talk with him unless he knew English or you knew French. You would try signs or gestures. Maybe you would draw pictures, too. Thats what American Indians did when they wanted to communicate with people form a tribe that spoke a different language. See Wolf Handbook for American Sign Language, the language used by people with hearing impairments. Youll also find signs used by American Indians and samples of picture writing. Cub Scout Promise in sign language. Now see if you can invent your own sign language or pictures writing and use it to communicate with your den. First explain the meaning of each sign or picture. Then tell a simple story using them. Here is a sample story in an invented sign language.
Ask the scouts to try to invent their own picture language. Stick figures and simple signs are acceptable.
Once the scout has come up with a simple language have them write a short story using their language.
Each scout should explain their language.
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American Sign Language
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Emoticons These are ways of communicating emotions in email. Using characters that one can type on the keyboard (such as the colon, dash and right parenthesis), you can convey that you are happy (smiley face). To read an emoticon, you need to look at it sideways. Look at the As Typed text that is how it will appear in the email. Now look at the Turned sideways column so that you can see what the emoticon is saying about how you feel. www.boyscouttrail.com/webelos/w2/otherresources/communicator.pdf
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Native American Indian Rock Art
Native American Indian rock art includes two styles of creation: pictographs, which are drawings or paintings made on rocks,
and petroglyphs, which is when the images have been carved into the rock.
These images were usually created in order to record the history of tribal events, but also included ceremonial images and even
maps of hunting areas.
The greatest concentration of Native American Indian rock can be found in the southwestern United States. Eastern Utah alone
has over one thousand known rock art sites, and New Mexico and Texas also contain a wealth of sites.
Look at the image to the left, found in Utah. Do you see the person riding a horse hunting a deer with his bow and arrow? Do
you see the buffalo grazing behind him? Would you guess that the presence of a wheel might suggest this rock art was done at a
time after contact with Anglo settlers? What else do you see?
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