Web 2.0 Robert Cormia Foothill College. Web 2.0 Overview What is Web 2.0? Generations of the Web Web 2.0 tools Web 2.0 properties Future Web generations

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  • Web 2.0 Robert Cormia Foothill College
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  • Web 2.0 Overview What is Web 2.0? Generations of the Web Web 2.0 tools Web 2.0 properties Future Web generations Future technical directions
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  • What is Web 2.0? Web 2.0 is made of people It is both human and emergent Augmented social cognition A lot like pre-web AOL and BBS More powerful, and generational Web 2.0 tools and process
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  • Web 2.0 Meme Map http://oreilly.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html
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  • Eras of the Web Content Web (1995-2005) HTML for browsers Process Web (2000-2010) XML for machines Semantic Web (2005-2015) RDF for humans / machines The Metaweb (2010-2025) Networked machines / applications
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  • http://novaspivack.typepad.com/nova_spivacks_weblog/metaweb_graph.jpg
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  • Made of People People are the secret to Web 2.0 Bottom up swarming of content Power mass knowledge consensus? Building actives, collective wisdom Emergent nodes / human network
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  • Process Tools Wikis RSS Blogging Tagging Collaboration tools P2P networks File / application sharing Presence / TelePresence
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  • Content Tools YouTube Flickr Napster BitTorrent Wikipedia MediaWiki
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  • Web 1.0 vs. Web 2.0 Web 1.0 Web 2.0 DoubleClick-->Google AdSense Ofoto-->Flickr Akamai-->BitTorrent mp3.com-->Napster Britannica Online-->Wikipedia personal websites-->blogging evite-->upcoming.org and EVDB domain name speculation-->search engine optimization page views-->cost per click screen scraping-->web services publishing-->participation content management systems-->wikis directories (taxonomy)-->tagging ("folksonomy") stickiness-->syndication
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  • Wikis MediaWiki Wikipedia Wikibooks Wikiversity WikiProject http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki
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  • Blogs Personal and group publishing You publish readers comment Basis of citizen journalism Early and informal reporting Bottom up vs. top down Easy web publishing / templates Blogger.com WordPress.org
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  • RSS Really Simple Syndication Publishing news and content alerts CNN news alerts Snippet publishing News, alerts, lists iTunes top 10 list Addendum to blogging Notification of new posts
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  • Collaboration Tools Video conferencing Application sharing TeamViewer and WebEx Google Docs Electronic communication (IM, email) Electronic conferencing (TelePresence) Collaborative management tools
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  • Google Docs Collaborative authoring / work No emailing of attachments A full suite of documents: Word processing Spreadsheets Presentation tools / sketching Calendaring http://docs.google.com/http://docs.google.com/
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  • New Tools for Democracy Blogs YouTube Citizen journalism Email campaigns Fund raising
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  • Citizen journalism, also known as public or participatory journalism, is the act of citizens "playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information," according to the seminal report We Media: How Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and Information, by Shayne Bowman and Chris Willis. They say, "The intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-ranging and relevant information that a democracy requires." [1] Citizen journalism should not be confused with civic journalism, which is practiced by professional journalists. Citizen journalism is a specific form of citizen media as well as user generated content. [1]civic journalism citizen mediauser generated content http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizen_journalism Citizen Journalism
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  • The Web as a Platform A network to support applications XML and Web Services Connections that add meaning Semantic Network Going beyond HTML and markup XHTML and RDF metadata A meta web of connected machines Power networks and the IntelliGrid
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  • Cloud Computing Web services Grid computing Network resources Grid computing is a technology approach to managing a cloud. In effect, all clouds are managed by a grid but not all grids manage a cloud. More specifically, a compute grid and a cloud are synonymous, while a data grid and a cloud can be different. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
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  • Cloud Computing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
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  • Properties of Note YouTube MySpace Facebook Wikipedia Del.ico.us StumbleUpon Second Life
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  • Tagging Digg Collective site ranking Del.icio.us Adding tags Tag clouds Collection of tags on a site StumbleUpon Site discovery by user type
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  • Tag Clouds A tag cloud is a set of related tags with corresponding weights. Typical tag clouds have between 30 and 150 tags. The weights are represented using font sizes or other visual clues. Meanwhile, histograms or pie charts are most commonly used to represent approximately a dozen different weights. Hence, tag clouds can represent many more weights, though less accurately so. Also, frequently, tag clouds are interactive: tags are hyperlinks typically allowing the user to drill down on the data.tagspie chartsdrill down http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tag_cloud
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  • Folksonomies User built taxonomies Organization by: Emergence Convergence Consensus Built from tagging, clouds, and tools Freebase http://www.freebase.com/ http://www.freebase.com/ StumbleUpon - http://www.stumbleupon.com/ http://www.stumbleupon.com/
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  • FolksonomyCast http://careo.elearning.ubc.ca/~blamb/FolksonomyCast.mov
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  • Buzzillions
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  • Freebase A collective approach to an open, shared database of the world's knowledge Collective database taxonomy API for import / export of ontologies An early Semantic Web milestone Part of Metaweb Technologies http://www.freebase.com/
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  • Web 3.0 Semantic Web applications Building machine knowledge Machine and user driven Collective taxonomies / ontologies RDF and XHTML Parsing tools
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  • Semantic MediaWiki The WikiProject "Semantic MediaWiki" provides a common platform for discussing extensions of the MediaWiki software that allow for simple, machine-based processing of Wiki content. This usually requires some form of "semantic annotation," but the special Wiki environment and the multitude of envisaged applications impose a number of additional requirements. http://semantic-mediawiki.org/wiki/Semantic_MediaWiki
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  • Future Trends Presence Active democracy Prediction markets Collaborative science Virtual Worlds Intelligent agents The MetaWeb
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  • Shift ID - Presence Staying connected Messaging GPS awareness Forwarding Elastic Contact http://www.presenceco.com/
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  • http://novaspivack.typepad.com/RadarNetworksTowardsAWebOS.jpg
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  • Summary Web 2.0 is made of people Publishing tools RSS Wikis Multimedia Process tools Application / file sharing Augmented social cognition
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  • References Freebase http://www.freebase.com/http://www.freebase.com/ TeamViewer http://ww.wteamviewer.com/http://ww.wteamviewer.com/ MediaWiki http://www.mediawiki.org/http://www.mediawiki.org/ Powerset http://www.powerset.com/http://www.powerset.com/ Predictify http://www.powerset.com/http://www.powerset.com/ PARC http://www.parc.com/http://www.parc.com/ W3C http://www.w3c.org/http://www.w3c.org/