We children plant around the world. Photo: Arne Naevra / Naturbilder. 1980. 2012. Alpine Glacier. 1948. 2002. 2006. Rise of the sea level. Climate refugees. The world in terms of land area . The world in terms of autos. in terms of population. People with < $1 per day. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
124.10.2013DO NOT MEMORIZE THESE WORDS! This is not a book or movie script. This slideshow is more like a persuasive conversation. ONLY use this script as a guide. Speak in your own way to share the ideas on each slide. ONLY share ideas that are important for each particular audience. Young students need longer explanations to understand ideas, but climate experts will understand all the detailed science without explanation. You can edit out slides to shorten the presentation. For instance The Greenhouse Effect is well understood, but many people have never seen the melting North Pole. Rearrange the slides to emphasize a different story. Just make sure what you say, still makes a good, easy to understand story start to finish.
Hi, my name is ____________ and I am ____ years old. I come from ___________ and have been involved with Plant-for-the-Planet for _________months/years. I received my training in the Academy in _________ (Seattle). I am involved with Plant-for-the-Planet because I think it is important that as children we are actively involved in shaping our future and that we dont leave everything to the adults. (OR Share why you care in your own words.)For the adults the future may only be another 30-40 years but for us children it could be as long as 80-90 years. Many adults think that the climate crisis is simply a scientific phenomenon, but for us children the climate crisis creates our future. I have joined Plant-for-the-Planet because, along with more than 19,000 (CHECK the website for the updated number!) Climate Justice Ambassadors, I want to work to save our future.I am excited to be here today to talk to you about this initiative and to help train you to become Plant-for-the-Planet Climate Justice Ambassadors too!
We children plant around the world
22Plant-for-the-Planet was started in 2007 in Felix Finkbeiners 4th grade class in Germany. He gave a presentation about the climate crisis, which ended with the idea to plant 1 million trees in every country of the world. In 2013, only six years after Felixs presentation, we are already active in more than 193 countries. (ATTENTION! Always compare this number with the website and update it!)
Photo: Arne Naevra/Naturbilder33In the past, we children thought it was about saving the polar bears. Thats why Felix Finkbeiners first climate project in January 2007 was titled The End of the Polar Bear. But the polar bear is only one of the first victims of the climate crisis. In reality, we are concerned about our own future!
4We can already see consequences of the climate crisis, such as here, in the form of rising tides and frequent floods in Bangladesh...4
5and, at the same time, in the form of extreme droughts in other areas such as China and the USA...5
6Everywhere in the world people suffer from extreme climate conditions. Record dryness in many areas burns the forests. The wildfires in Russia during one heat wave were directly attributed to climate change.
7In many countries around the world, drinking water is scarce and polluted. This boy is not looking at his reflection he is drinking!01/29/107
8Polar bears are not the only ones impacted by a warmer planet. You can see that on this sticker of polar bears holding signs saying Save the Human.
9In this picture of the earth without an atmosphere, all of the warm sunshine that comes down to earth, immediately shoot off into space. It would then be too cold for us to live on earth the average temperature would be far below Zero. The transparent gas surrounding Earth that makes our atmosphere, makes life possible.9
10Rays of sunshine come down to earth through the atmosphere. Some rays are reflected off the face of the earth and back up into space, but not all. A very thin layer of greenhouse gases holds heat close to the surface of the planet. Enough heat gets stored in the atmosphere by water vapor, CO2, and other greenhouse gases so that the temperature stays warm enough but not too hot for life on the earth, the Goldilocks planet, its Just right!
So how does warming actually happen? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience) A process called the greenhouse effect. Invisible gases in the atmosphere, such as CO2, trap heat much like inside a greenhouse.
11Over this century humans added more greenhouse gases, making the atmosphere thicker. The thicker the atmosphere, the more heat gets trapped near the surface. The extra insulation causes the temperature to rise.Like a thick layer of clothing: What happens if you put on an extra sweater, thick jacket, wool hat, scarf and mittens in your bedroom, where it is comfortable? After a while you begin to sweat. The clothing is too thick and your body heat cannot escape. More CO2 causes the atmosphere to trap more heat. Fewer heat rays escape back into space. This leads to significant warming of the average temperature worldwide. We children call this the climate crisis. 11
19801212Melting arctic ice is one example of global warming. The picture shows the Arctic sea ice and the Greenland ice at the North Pole as it looked in 1980.
SOURCE: NASA Goddard - minimum Arctic sea ice extent from September 1980 (http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a003400/a003464/index.html)
2012By September, 2012 the ice had melted this far. The yellow line shows the average over 3 decades. The area of ice that melted in 2012 was bigger than the USA. 80% of the sea ice is now gone, while the ice that is left is thinner and melting more quicklyAmbassadors: You can find more current data and information about sea ice and glaciers on the NASA and NOAA websites, along with great ideas for science reports and projects.13
What happens if these enormous cold white surfaces, the refrigerator of the earth, disappear? Dark blue water absorbs more solar energy. If the ice melts and the sun shines on the water, the water will absorb 90% more heat rays. This heat then stays in the earths system. Instead of a refrigerator with ice, the North Pole becomes like an oven storing warmth in the water. Then the mainland glaciers, primarily the neighboring Greenland ice, will melt into the ocean even faster, causing the sea level to rise even faster. 141948
15The increase in manmade CO2 over the last 100 years has already made temperature rise by almost 1C (or 1.6F)In this picture you can see an alpine glacier which has almost completely disappeared over the last 60 years.In one century, Mt Rainier lost one-fourth of its glacier ice and North Cascades National Park has lost half of its ice cover. The glaciers in Glacier National Park are disappearing.
Rise of the sea level
16Here you see the State of Florida which is very close to sea level. A NASA climate scientist predicts that in one hundred years sea level could rise enough to make Florida look like this. (Click for picture #2)Around the world, cities like London and Paris, and countries like Bangladesh would be flooded. Because 40% of the world population lives near the coast, almost every second person would be affected by the rise in sea level. People would lose their homes and would have to find a new home in another country! They would become climate refugees.
Climate refugees17This is what it could look like when climate refugees search for a new home.
Many people get drinking water from rivers and streams that get their water from glaciers. If they no longer get fed by melt water, because there are no more glaciers, then large streams could become small rivers or even only rivulets, which are only intermittently filled by rain water. Drinking water will become scarce, and famines will break out. Millions of people will flee from drought and hunger and try to find areas with better living conditions. It will become very crowded in countries that are wealthier and less severely affected, such as in Europe and North America. Wars will break out over food and drinking water.
17The world in terms of land area...
1818Why are we in a climate crisis? And how did we get into this situation?
The world can be viewed in many different ways. Here you see the world as pictured in an atlas. The more land a country has, the larger it is on this map.
The world in terms of autos
19Now the country sizes are distorted to show countries with the most automobiles. The countries with few automobiles are very small. Europe and the USA are huge, but Africa and Asia are tiny.
in terms of population
20Here you see where the most people live. Asia and Africa are much larger than North America. Only 1.2 billion people live in the rich countries of North America and Europe.
People with < $1 per day
ATTENTION: If the animation does not work, you can explain the slide as follows.The largest countries are those with the most people living on less than 1 dollar per day. The countries with many rich people are shown as very small. Half of the worlds population lives on less than 2 dollars per day. Can you imagine that? Every second child lives on less than 2 dollars per day.IF the animation does work, use the following explanation:This map moves from those places where people have less than 1 dollar a day, to those places where people have more than 100 dollars a day. 21
People with > $100 per day
This shows the countries basically in reverse because this is countries with people living on more than $100 dollars a day.
in terms of CO2 emissions
23 Here we see countries according to CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels like oil coal and gas.North America and Europe are very large. Africa and South America, on the other hand, are harder to see. This means that North America produces a lot of CO2, and Africa and South America, by comparison, produce very little.
But why do people produce such varying levels of CO2 worldwide? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)Its our standard of living, the more money we have, the more we can buy things that pollute, like big gas cars, and buy things that cause pollution when they are made, like food from far away.Approximately 10% of the worlds population lives in Europe, but it produces 20% of the CO2. North America, which has 5% of the worlds population, produces 20% of the CO2. Together these continents have 15% of the worlds population and generate 40% of the worlds CO2 emissions. Africa, on the other hand, represents 15% of the worlds population and produces only 3% of the CO2.
You can clearly see that the northern part of the world produces the most CO2.
End your narration of this slide now, unless you EDIT OUT the slide on CO2 emissions per person per year in America, Europe, China, and Africa. If you EDIT OUT the slide on CO2 emissions per person per year then you can share that information while showing this slide instead, with the following ideas:How much CO2 would you guess one American produces every year? Any ideas? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)1 ton? 5 tons? More, maybe 10 or 20 tons?It is 20 tons! One American produces 20 tons of CO2 per year. Europeans produce half that amount. (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)And one person living in China? What do you think? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience) One Chinese person produces 6 tons of CO2 per year.
The original slide in German says a Chinese puts out 4 tons of CO2, but slide 20 says 6 tons. The actual value needs to be verified and replaced consistently.
Sources of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)NaturalHuman24Where does the CO2 even come from? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)
CO2 gets released from burning things, from volcanoes, and from decaying biomass.
However, that is only a tiny, tiny amount compared to how much humans produce. Humans cause way more CO2 emissions than nature. We produce greenhouse gases every day: we burn fossil fuels to make things, to travel, to heat our home or use electrical devices. Agriculture, transportation and industry, burn oil, coal and gas, fossil fuels that emit CO2 into the sky.
Worldwide transportation, in particular, by automobile, truck, airplane and ship, creates 25% of the CO2 emissions. An additional 22% of CO2 emissions are produced by slash-and-burn, burning forests just to clear land. These cleared areas become farming operations or cities.
In the last 600,000 years the CO2 concentration has never been as high as it is today25This chart shows 600,000 years of temperature (blue) and CO2 (purple). What we call civilization written history and agriculture -- has only been around for 10,000 years, the very tail end of this chart, when temperatures warmed up after the last ice age and glaciers slowly receded northward.
CO2 parts per million, or ppm for short, indicates how many CO2 particles are found in one million air particles. Scientists have discovered that during the last 600,000 years the amount of CO2 in the air has never been higher than 280 ppm. Today, the levels are more than 395 ppm! The picture shows that in all of human history we have never lived in a climate like the one we made from our pollution. If we continue to produce on average 5 tons of CO2 per person worldwide, as we have until now, scientists predict CO2 will rise to 600 ppm in the next 35 years, almost twice as high as today. (NOTE: the chart says 45 years, but new reports show emissions keep going up faster, because we pollute more than ever before.)More CO2 in the air leads to a greater greenhouse effect and increases the global temperature, like putting another jacket on the planet, which will keep warming until we remove the extra CO2.WBGU (2003)
So knnte es in wenigen Jahren aussehen.5
6AmericaChinaEurope AfricaPer Person CO2 emissions per year26One American produces 20 tons of CO2 every year. Thats the weight of 4 African elephants. Europeans produce only half as much. How much CO2 do you think each European releases into the atmosphere every year? (question to the audience) 15 tons? It is 10 tons! And one Chinese person? What do you think? (question to the audience) One Chinese person produces only 6 tons of CO2 per year. That amount goes up as more people in China move from farms to working in factories to make stuff for you and me.) One African produces only about a half ton of CO2 in a year. Can you imagine that? One American produces 20 tons of CO2 every year and one African only a half ton.
American CO2 is going down only slightly while China pollutes more to make things for the USA.WBGU (2003)
So knnte es in wenigen Jahren aussehen.
Reduction in CO2 emissions neededto reach a maximum of 1.5 tons per person per year!18.5 t8.5 t4.5 t The number of tons that need to be cut:1 American1 Chinese1 European1 AfricanOn this slide you see how many tons each of us must cut in order to prevent the Greenland ice sheet from melting. If we significantly reduce the amount of CO2 to a maximum of 1.5 tons per person per year, even though the temperature will still rise close to 2 degrees Celsius, this will allow us to narrowly avoid a much greater catastrophe. To be equal citizens of the earth, and preserve life on this planet, we must not pollute more than other people. Thats only fair. Wealthy people do not own the right to risk life on earth more than someone who has less money to burn. Each American must cut 18.5 tons, each European 8.5 tons, each Chinese 4.5 tons and, since an African produces only a half ton of CO2, he or she doesnt have to cut anything.
Scientific Case for Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change to Protect Young People and NatureJames Hansena,1,23, Pushker Kharechaa, Makiko Satoa, Frank Ackermanb, Paul J. Heartyc, Ove Hoegh-Guldbergd, Shi-Ling Hsue, Fred Kruegerf, Camille Parmesang, Stefan Rahmstorfh, Johan Rockstromi, Eelco J. Rohlingj, Jeffrey Sachsk, Pete Smithl, Konrad Steffenm, Lise Van Susterenn, Karina von Schuckmanno, James C. Zachosp,a NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia University Earth Institute, New York, NY 10025, bStockholm Environment Institute-US Center, Tufts University, Medford, MA, cDepartment of Environmental Studies, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, NC, dGlobal Change Institute, University of Queensland, St.Lucia, Queensland, Australia, eFaculty of Law, University of British Columbia, Canada, fNational Religious Coalition on Creation Care, Santa Rosa, CA 95407-6828, gIntegrative Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX, and Marine Institute, University of Plymouth, UK, hPotsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany,iStockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Sweden, jSchool of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, kColumbia University Earth Institute, New York, NY 10027, lUniversity ofAberdeen, United Kingdom, mCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, nAdvisory Board, Center for Health and Global Environment, Harvard Medical School, oCentre National de la Recherche Scientifique, LOCEAN, Paris (hosted by Ifremer, Brest), France, pEarth and Planetary Science, University of California at Santa Cruz
Global warming due to human-made gases, mainly CO2, is already 0.8C and deleterious climate impacts are growing worldwide. More warming is "in the pipeline" because Earth is out of energy balance, with absorbed solar energy exceeding planetary heat radiation. Maintaining a climate that resembles the Holocene, the world of relatively stable climate and shorelines in which civilization developed, requires rapidly reducing fossil fuel CO2 emissions. Such a scenario is economically manageable and has multiple benefits for humanity and other species. Yet fossil fuel extraction is expanding, including highly carbon-intensive sources that can push the climate system beyond tipping points such that amplifying feedbacks drive further climate change beyond humanity's control. This situation raises profound moral issues in that young people, future generations, and nature, with no possibility of protecting their future well-being, will bear the principal consequences of actions and inactions of today's adults.A 6%/year decrease of fossil fuel emissions beginning in 2013, with 100 GtC reforestation, achieves a CO2 decline to 350 ppm near the end of this centuryThe worlds leading climatologists determined how quickly we need to reduce emissions to prevent a catastrophe for young people now living and nature as it currently exists on earth. By reducing CO2 emissions 6% a year beginning in 2013, and by planting about a trillion trees worth of reforestation, if we are lucky, our generation might live long enough to see CO2 decline from almost 400ppm today to 350ppm near the end of the century, the upper limit of what is safe for life as we know it on earth (according to fossil records).But instead of decreasing in 2012, CO2 emissions increased by 1.5%.If we delay getting started until 2020, we will need to reduce emissions by 15% per year every year.Learning to live without polluting so much CO2 gives us a long healthy future, but only if we make drastic changes quickly.The Plan vs. Business As Usual(A) Atmospheric CO2 if fossil fuel emissions are cut 6%/year beginning in 2013 and 100 GtC reforestation drawdown occurs in 2031-2080, (B) effect of delaying onset of emissions reduction.
Here we see a comparison of 2 possible futures. The first chart shows what happens to CO2 if we follow the plan worked out by scientists, drastic cuts in emissions every year and massive reforestation efforts like Plant-For-The-Planet beginning today. The 21st century we live in will be dangerously changing but when we make it through, well restore the planets climate to a stable pattern, cooler than today.
On the second chart you can see how much longer we stay above the safe limit if we delay action. Waiting until 2020 to begin CO2 reductions extends unstable dangerous climate until 2300. Thats 200 years more dangerous climate and generations suffering simply by delaying action 7 years! In 2020 we can start, but too late to help our closest descendants.The longer we stay above 350ppm, the more we increase the chances of triggering runaway climate change. Because a portion of CO2 pollution stays suspended in the atmosphere for centuries, if we delay until 2030 the CO2 suspended in the atmosphere will not return to a safe level in the next 500 years or more (green line). By starting today, instead of 2030, we prevent 500 years of suffering simply by reducing our emissions and planting more trees to take CO2 out of the atmosphere much faster.29
Carbon dioxide (CO2) cycle30Felix Finkbeiner ended his 4th grade presentation saying: plant one million trees in every country on earth because the incredible thing about trees is that they convert the CO2 produced by animals and people back into oxygen. Only green plants have this incredible ability. For us, trees are the symbol of climate justice.
3124.10.2013So weve just talked a lot about the climate crisis. But do you actually know what Plant-for-the-Planet is and how it was created?
Wangari MaathaiThe little things people do have an impact.
Over time that will make the difference.
My little things are the trees I plant.
32In 2007, a 9 year old boy named Felix Finkbeiner did a project about the climate crisis for his class. To prepare, Felix watched Al Gores movie An Inconvenient Truth. While researching on the internet, he stumbled across the story of Wangari Maathai, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate from Kenya (in Africa). With many other women she planted 30 million trees in 30 years, helping women and poor people who depend on forests in villages all over Africa.
Wangari Maathai is our role model. Sadly, she passed away in September 2011, but we are taking her idea further!
The first tree on March 28, 2007, in front of the school in Starnberg
33Felix ended his presentation with the sentence: Lets plant a million trees in every country of the world. His teacher thought his idea was important and sent him to the other classes to give his presentation. His principal then sent him to other schools in the area. After that, many students wanted to support Felix and begin planting trees.
The first tree was planted in front of Felixs school in Starnberg, 2 months after Felixs presentation. Additional planting activities soon followed in other schools, and a competition began to see who could plant the most trees 100, 500 or even 1000 trees.
You can see how many trees Plant-for-the-Planet has counted so far by looking at the worldwide tree counts on our website.
The million tree promise to Achim Steiner, UNEP
34Felix promised the executive director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), that we children would plant 1 million trees in every country of the world. After that, many adults invited Felix to give presentations.
Kofi Annan June 2009
35Here you see Felix together with Kofi Annan, the person with the dark tie to the left of Felix. Kofi Annan, the former UN Secretary General (leader of the United Nations), won the Nobel Peace Prize for his commitment to a better world.35
Childrens conference in South Korea in August 2009 with the promise to plant one million trees in every country of the world
3636In 2008, Felix was elected to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Junior Board. He was allowed to give a presentation in front of 800 children from 100 countries during the International Children and Youth Conference in South Korea. Felix talked about the actions in Germany. At the end, Felix requested that anyone who pledged to plant 1 million trees in their own country come up onto the stage. Felix hoped that maybe 3 or 4 children would come onto the stage and make a pledge, but nobody moved for the first 10 seconds. Then a girl from India came up on the stage, 2 seconds later a boy from South Korea came up, and within 3 minutes there were 500 children from 58 countries up on the stage pledging to plant trees in their own countries.
We Children plant worldwide37Now, children around the world join Plant-for-the-Planet. 37
today in 193 countries
38Speaking different languages and all of us planting trees.
39Children in Germany, Nigeria, Mexico, the Philippines, and many more countries give presentations and plant trees with Plant-For-The-Planet. They, just like you today, learned to speak out as ambassadors for climate justice.01/29/1039
Children motivate children at Academies4001/29/104040By July 2013, more than 19,000 children had trained as ambassadors.Plant-for-the-Planet academies have already taken place in many countries of the world.
Academies in Africa, July 2011Academies in Africa, July 2011And in July 2011, the first academies took place in Africa, in which almost 6000 children were trained as ambassadors for climate justice.Academies have also taken place in South America in 2011 and 2012.
Training to become ambassadors for climate justice42At the end of this academy you will be appointed as ambassadors for climate justice and be presented with a certificate. You will pledge to be active in Plant-for-the-Planet. You can give presentations, organize a tree planting, or simply tell friends and family about Plant-for-the-Planet and spread the message.
This certificate is the official recognition that you are an ambassador for climate justice.
42Our Global Board 2012/13
Children's Global BoardYouth Global Board43In March, 2011, the Plant-for-the-Planet Foundation was established. The children and youth on the Global Board oversee worldwide activities and determine the direction of the foundation.
Our Global Board is made up of 14 children on the Childrens Board and 14 young people on the Youth Board. It also includes one adult who is absolutely essential for financial and legal matters.
01/29/1043GOALS by 2020
1,000 Billion Trees150 Trees per Person on Earth1 Million Ambassadors44With Wangari Maathai as our role model, we children want to plant 1,000 billion trees worldwide by 2020 to help solve the climate crisis. We also want to reach 1 million Climate Justice Ambassadors by 2020, a worldwide network to multiply tree-planting.
01/29/1044Pflanzt 1.000 Milliarden Bume!
Lasst die fossilen Energietrger im Boden!Bekmpft Armut mit Klimagerechtigkeit!123
3-Point-PlanLeave thefossil fuels in the groundPlant 1,000 billion treesCombat poverty with climate justiceDuring worldwide discussions, the children and young people developed a 3-Point-Plan to save our future.
In this 3-Point-Plan, we explain how we children and young people will save the world. Our 3 points are: first, that 1,000 billion trees be planted, second, that fossil fuels remain in the ground and third, that we fight poverty with climate justice.
453-Point-Plan of Plant-for-the-Planet
Plant 1,000 billion trees. As an additional carbon sink For an additional 10 billion tons of CO2 per yearWe children are already planting!How much is 1,000 billion trees?China alone planted approx. 2.7 billion trees in 2009The number of trees cut down in the last 100 yearsThe amount if every person plants 150 treesThe world is large enough for 1,000 billion new trees46We can plant 1,000 billion trees around the world to serve as an additional carbon sink and absorb an additional 10 billion tons of CO2 every year from the atmosphere. How much do you think 10 billion tons of CO2 is? How many times can one person fly back and forth between Seattle and Los Angeles before producing 10 billion tons? 10 times, 100 times, 1,000 times or even more? (question to the audience) 5 billion times!
Taking 10 billion tons of CO2 out of the air acts like a time bonus that provides a buffer to reduce our CO2 emissions more quickly.
At first, 1,000 billion trees sounds like an extremely large amount, but it really is not. In 2009, China alone planted 2.7 billion trees as part of the UNEP Billion Tree Campaign. On the other hand, 1,000 billion is also the number of trees that were cut down in the last 100 years but not replanted. Over 4 times more than all the trees we have living in the USA now. If every person on Earth plants 150 trees, thats 1,000 billion, but its better if we plant more, especially wealthy countries, which is only fair.By planting trees in the tropics where they grow all year, and in countries where healthy forests have been lost, wealthy nations help fight erosion and poverty. We children are already planting trees in every country of the world. Leave the fossil fuels in the ground!The technology for a CO2- free future already exists. By 2050 at the latest, we must reduce our lifestyle-related CO2 emissions to zero worldwide.
3-Point-Plan of Plant-for-the-Planet
47As a second point, we children ask that the fossil fuels remain in the ground because the technology for a CO2-free future already exists. Energy can be obtained from wind, sun or water. The world must obtain 100% of its energy from renewable sources and without nuclear power stations by 2050 at the latest.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Source: German Federal Environmental Agency press release, July 2010 (http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/uba-info-presse/2010/pd10-039_energieziel_2050_100_prozent_strom_aus_erneuerbaren_quellen.htm) Fight poverty with climate justice!In order to limit further warming to the promised 2C only another 600 billion tons of CO2 can be produced. 600 40 = 15 (600 billion tons of CO2 divided by 40 years)15 10 = 1.5 (15 billion tons of CO2 divided by 10 billion people) 3-Point-Plan of Plant-for-the-Planet
Everyone gets the same: 1.5 tons of CO2 per person per year, whoever wants more must pay!48As a third point, we want to fight poverty with climate justice. Climate justice means that all people in the world have equal CO2 emissions.
In order to limit further warming to 2 degrees Celsius, scientists have calculated that we can only produce 600 billion more tons of CO2 by 2050. But why exactly 2 degrees Celsius? (question to the audience)We must limit warming to at worst 2 degrees Celsius by 2050 because at 2 degrees the Greenland ice will melt and the sea level will rise over 20 feet. Some research shows that we must stay below 1.5 degrees Celsius warming. Therefore, we definitely must not reach 2 degrees Celsius!
For us children there is only one solution: to be fair, every person in the world can emit the same amount of CO2. Now well do a little math: 600 billion tons divided by 40 years (calculated from 2010 to 2050) and then by the world population (approximately 10 billion people by 2050), equally distributed, gives 1.5 tons per person per year. Whoever wants to pollute more CO2 must pay those who polluted less than the fair share. As a result, the overall amount of CO2 emissions will not increase; instead, the cost to pollute more acts like a tax on countries who pollute too much and have more money to pollute, that gets paid into countries who pollute less than 1.5 tons, the fair amount per person.To use more, we must pay more.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Source: German Scientific Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) (http://www.wbgu.de/fileadmin/templates/dateien/veroeffentlichungen/factsheets/fs2009-fs3/wbgu_factsheet_3.pdf)
Climate justice = a price on CO249Americans, who pollute an average of 20 tons, could pay Africans, who pollute only half a ton, much less than the fair amount. This way, Africans would receive much-needed money in exchange for keeping their fossil fuels and forests in the ground. We would have a good reason to reduce our too-high CO2 emissions: to save money! When burning fossil fuels costs more, people burn less. The overall amount of CO2 emissions would decline; instead, we exchange money to leave more carbon safely in the ground. Our Washington State government in Olympia, WA is researching a carbon tax right now (2013). And the carbon tax has been proposed in Washington DC, but they dont include international payments. Look for local news and get involved today to make the carbon tax a fair one that helps us reduce our CO2 emissions as much as possible all over the world.
Climate justice =pay more to leave carbon in the ground50Wealthy polluting nations can pay poor nations who pollute less than the fair amount, so they can invest in food, education, medical care and clean technologies, instead of trading their forests for food, or digging up fossil fuels to avoid poverty.
Many will say this is not fair, that the rich will continue to pollute, or that people in poor countries will waste all the money. However, once pollution is limited to 1.5 tons per person per year worldwide and the price on carbon gets high enough, most people will choose to stop burning carbon to save money. Anyway, we currently produce far too much CO2 without paying anything for it. Right now, we pollute 90 million tons of greenhouse gases a day into the atmosphere, but pay nothing. Why is it free to pour pollution into the sky that hurts our future? How is that fair?
51In 2010 and again in 2011, Felix and other Climate Justice Ambassadors presented our 3-Point-Plan in personal letters to government leaders and urged them to safeguard our future. But we only received responses from 12 countries, no real answers, only political blah, blah, blah, very disappointing.51
5252We decided to take direct action to spread the word. To be heard by adults, we are finding famous people to carry our message around the world.GermanyIndiaMalaysiaBotswanaZambiaLithuaniaUKHaitiChinaBoliviaPanamaPanamaGuyanaCanadaUSAIndonesiaCosta RicaNepalEcuadorMadagascarGambiaNorwayLebanonJapanNamibiaKazakhstanArgentinaUkraineMongoliaTrinidad & TobagoZimbaweVietnamSaudi ArabiaBahrainPhilippinesAzerbaijanFiji IslandsSri LankaCte dIvoireSouth KoreaVenezuelaDominican RepublicSwazilandBangladeshAustria5353for instance in Germany, Mexico, China, Gambia, Japan, the USA and all these countries.
Gisele Bndchen, model5454This is Giselle Bndchen, a world famous model, sending a message with Felix Finkbeiner.
Bill McKibben, author, activistBill McKibben the most important environmental activist in the USA, wrote the first book about climate change back in the 1980s. He befriended the Ambassadors at a United Nations climate conference.55
Prince Albert II of Monacoapl.de.ap, musician (Black Eyed Peas)
5656Here you see Prince Albert II of Monaco and apl.de.ap, a singer in the Black Eyed Peas.Harrison Ford, actorDr. Jane Goodall, researcher Prince Felipe of Spain
5757Here you see Harrison Ford (Indiana Jones actor), Dr. Jane Goodall (researcher) and Prince Felipe of Spain.
5858any many more.
5959We want to get more leaders and celebrities to pose for our Stop Talking. Start Planting campaign.
The Stop Talking. Start Planting pictures with famous people make great headlines. Felix and the prince of Spain made the cover page of a Spanish daily newspaper.60
We children have also written a book together: Tree by Tree (in German, Baum fr Baum Jetzt retten wir Kinder die Welt!). It explains exactly how this all started, what Plant-for-the-Planet is, and how an academy runs. The book has been translated from German, to English, Spanish, Italian, French and Portugese as well. 61I left the German translation of the book title because the book was originally written in Germany and the original title is actually somewhat different.
www.Plant-for-the-planet.orgOn our website you can learn about Ambassador activities all over the world, use the Tree Counter, and find new ways to take action.62
What can you do?63You may ask yourself: what can I do? Everyone can take action and help change the world! 01/29/1063 x 150 trees per person =95,180,250 trees by 2020634,535 Seattle residents???Do the MathOur fair share of 1,000 billion treesIf every person in the city of Seattle plants the minimum fair share of 1,000 billion trees, 150 trees each, do the math, that comes to 95,180,250 trees. Thats how many trees we need to plant or help plant. We dont have room for more than one or two million in the city. Well have to plant most of those trees overseas and in the wide open areas of our country, like in places where drought and wildfires have injured our forests.
641. Tell others about Plant-for-the-Planet2. Give presentations3. Plant trees4. Form a club5. Become a member65Everyone can give climate presentations and tell others, everyone can plant trees or raise money to plant trees in the tropics,everyone can form a club of their own or become a member, Or help us organize academies,and everyone can become an ambassador for climate justice.
6666Thank you very much for your attention! Now its time for discussion and your questions. Is there anything you didnt quite understand? Is there anything you would like to know more about?