We children plant around the world. Photo: Arne Naevra / Naturbilder. 1980. 2012. Alpine Glacier. 1948. 2002. 2006. Rise of the sea level. Climate refugees. The world in terms of land area . The world in terms of autos. in terms of population. People with < $1 per day. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
124.10.2013DO NOT MEMORIZE THESE WORDS! This is not a book or movie script. This slideshow is more like a persuasive conversation. ONLY use this script as a guide. Speak in your own way to share the ideas on each slide. ONLY share ideas that are important for each particular audience. Young students need longer explanations to understand ideas, but climate experts will understand all the detailed science without explanation. You can edit out slides to shorten the presentation. For instance The Greenhouse Effect is well understood, but many people have never seen the melting North Pole. Rearrange the slides to emphasize a different story. Just make sure what you say, still makes a good, easy to understand story start to finish.
Hi, my name is ____________ and I am ____ years old. I come from ___________ and have been involved with Plant-for-the-Planet for _________months/years. I received my training in the Academy in _________ (Seattle). I am involved with Plant-for-the-Planet because I think it is important that as children we are actively involved in shaping our future and that we dont leave everything to the adults. (OR Share why you care in your own words.)For the adults the future may only be another 30-40 years but for us children it could be as long as 80-90 years. Many adults think that the climate crisis is simply a scientific phenomenon, but for us children the climate crisis creates our future. I have joined Plant-for-the-Planet because, along with more than 19,000 (CHECK the website for the updated number!) Climate Justice Ambassadors, I want to work to save our future.I am excited to be here today to talk to you about this initiative and to help train you to become Plant-for-the-Planet Climate Justice Ambassadors too!
We children plant around the world
22Plant-for-the-Planet was started in 2007 in Felix Finkbeiners 4th grade class in Germany. He gave a presentation about the climate crisis, which ended with the idea to plant 1 million trees in every country of the world. In 2013, only six years after Felixs presentation, we are already active in more than 193 countries. (ATTENTION! Always compare this number with the website and update it!)
Photo: Arne Naevra/Naturbilder33In the past, we children thought it was about saving the polar bears. Thats why Felix Finkbeiners first climate project in January 2007 was titled The End of the Polar Bear. But the polar bear is only one of the first victims of the climate crisis. In reality, we are concerned about our own future!
4We can already see consequences of the climate crisis, such as here, in the form of rising tides and frequent floods in Bangladesh...4
5and, at the same time, in the form of extreme droughts in other areas such as China and the USA...5
6Everywhere in the world people suffer from extreme climate conditions. Record dryness in many areas burns the forests. The wildfires in Russia during one heat wave were directly attributed to climate change.
7In many countries around the world, drinking water is scarce and polluted. This boy is not looking at his reflection he is drinking!01/29/107
8Polar bears are not the only ones impacted by a warmer planet. You can see that on this sticker of polar bears holding signs saying Save the Human.
9In this picture of the earth without an atmosphere, all of the warm sunshine that comes down to earth, immediately shoot off into space. It would then be too cold for us to live on earth the average temperature would be far below Zero. The transparent gas surrounding Earth that makes our atmosphere, makes life possible.9
10Rays of sunshine come down to earth through the atmosphere. Some rays are reflected off the face of the earth and back up into space, but not all. A very thin layer of greenhouse gases holds heat close to the surface of the planet. Enough heat gets stored in the atmosphere by water vapor, CO2, and other greenhouse gases so that the temperature stays warm enough but not too hot for life on the earth, the Goldilocks planet, its Just right!
So how does warming actually happen? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience) A process called the greenhouse effect. Invisible gases in the atmosphere, such as CO2, trap heat much like inside a greenhouse.
11Over this century humans added more greenhouse gases, making the atmosphere thicker. The thicker the atmosphere, the more heat gets trapped near the surface. The extra insulation causes the temperature to rise.Like a thick layer of clothing: What happens if you put on an extra sweater, thick jacket, wool hat, scarf and mittens in your bedroom, where it is comfortable? After a while you begin to sweat. The clothing is too thick and your body heat cannot escape. More CO2 causes the atmosphere to trap more heat. Fewer heat rays escape back into space. This leads to significant warming of the average temperature worldwide. We children call this the climate crisis. 11
19801212Melting arctic ice is one example of global warming. The picture shows the Arctic sea ice and the Greenland ice at the North Pole as it looked in 1980.
SOURCE: NASA Goddard - minimum Arctic sea ice extent from September 1980 (http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a003400/a003464/index.html)
2012By September, 2012 the ice had melted this far. The yellow line shows the average over 3 decades. The area of ice that melted in 2012 was bigger than the USA. 80% of the sea ice is now gone, while the ice that is left is thinner and melting more quicklyAmbassadors: You can find more current data and information about sea ice and glaciers on the NASA and NOAA websites, along with great ideas for science reports and projects.13
What happens if these enormous cold white surfaces, the refrigerator of the earth, disappear? Dark blue water absorbs more solar energy. If the ice melts and the sun shines on the water, the water will absorb 90% more heat rays. This heat then stays in the earths system. Instead of a refrigerator with ice, the North Pole becomes like an oven storing warmth in the water. Then the mainland glaciers, primarily the neighboring Greenland ice, will melt into the ocean even faster, causing the sea level to rise even faster. 141948
15The increase in manmade CO2 over the last 100 years has already made temperature rise by almost 1C (or 1.6F)In this picture you can see an alpine glacier which has almost completely disappeared over the last 60 years.In one century, Mt Rainier lost one-fourth of its glacier ice and North Cascades National Park has lost half of its ice cover. The glaciers in Glacier National Park are disappearing.
Rise of the sea level
16Here you see the State of Florida which is very close to sea level. A NASA climate scientist predicts that in one hundred years sea level could rise enough to make Florida look like this. (Click for picture #2)Around the world, cities like London and Paris, and countries like Bangladesh would be flooded. Because 40% of the world population lives near the coast, almost every second person would be affected by the rise in sea level. People would lose their homes and would have to find a new home in another country! They would become climate refugees.
Climate refugees17This is what it could look like when climate refugees search for a new home.
Many people get drinking water from rivers and streams that get their water from glaciers. If they no longer get fed by melt water, because there are no more glaciers, then large streams could become small rivers or even only rivulets, which are only intermittently filled by rain water. Drinking water will become scarce, and famines will break out. Millions of people will flee from drought and hunger and try to find areas with better living conditions. It will become very crowded in countries that are wealthier and less severely affected, such as in Europe and North America. Wars will break out over food and drinking water.
17The world in terms of land area...
1818Why are we in a climate crisis? And how did we get into this situation?
The world can be viewed in many different ways. Here you see the world as pictured in an atlas. The more land a country has, the larger it is on this map.
The world in terms of autos
19Now the country sizes are distorted to show countries with the most automobiles. The countries with few automobiles are very small. Europe and the USA are huge, but Africa and Asia are tiny.
in terms of population
20Here you see where the most people live. Asia and Africa are much larger than North America. Only 1.2 billion people live in the rich countries of North America and Europe.
People with < $1 per day
ATTENTION: If the animation does not work, you can explain the slide as follows.The largest countries are those with the most people living on less than 1 dollar per day. The countries with many rich people are shown as very small. Half of the worlds population lives on less than 2 dollars per day. Can you imagine that? Every second child lives on less than 2 dollars per day.IF the animation does work, use the following explanation:This map moves from those places where people have less than 1 dollar a day, to those places where people have more than 100 dollars a day. 21
People with > $100 per day
This shows the countries basically in reverse because this is countries with people living on more than $100 dollars a day.
in terms of CO2 emissions
23 Here we see countries according to CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels like oil coal and gas.North America and Europe are very large. Africa and South America, on the other hand, are harder to see. This means that North America produces a lot of CO2, and Africa and South America, by comparison, produce very little.
But why do people produce such varying levels of CO2 worldwide? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)Its our standard of living, the more money we have, the more we can buy things that pollute, like big gas cars, and buy things that cause pollution when they are made, like food from far away.Approximately 10% of the worlds population lives in Europe, but it produces 20% of the CO2. North America, which has 5% of the worlds population, produces 20% of the CO2. Together these continents have 15% of the worlds population and generate 40% of the worlds CO2 emissions. Africa, on the other hand, represents 15% of the worlds population and produces only 3% of the CO2.
You can clearly see that the northern part of the world produces the most CO2.
End your narration of this slide now, unless you EDIT OUT the slide on CO2 emissions per person per year in America, Europe, China, and Africa. If you EDIT OUT the slide on CO2 emissions per person per year then you can share that information while showing this slide instead, with the following ideas:How much CO2 would you guess one American produces every year? Any ideas? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)1 ton? 5 tons? More, maybe 10 or 20 tons?It is 20 tons! One American produces 20 tons of CO2 per year. Europeans produce half that amount. (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)And one person living in China? What do you think? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience) One Chinese person produces 6 tons of CO2 per year.
The original slide in German says a Chinese puts out 4 tons of CO2, but slide 20 says 6 tons. The actual value needs to be verified and replaced consistently.
Sources of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)NaturalHuman24Where does the CO2 even come from? (rhetorical question or directly to the audience)
CO2 gets released from burning things, from volcanoes, and from decaying biomass.
However, that is only a tiny, tiny amount compared to how much humans produce. Humans cause way more CO2 emissions than nature. We produce greenhouse gases every day: we burn fossil fuels to make things, to travel, to heat our home or use electrical devices. Agriculture, transportation and industry, burn oil, coal and gas, fossil fuels that emit CO2 into the sky.
Worldwide transportation, in particular, by automobile, truck, airplane and ship, creates 25% of the CO2 emissions. An additional 22% of CO2 emissions are produced by slash-and-burn, burning forests just to clear land. These cleared areas become farming operations or cities.
In the last 600,000 years the CO2 concentration has never been as high as it is today25This chart shows 600,000 years of temperature (blue) and CO2 (purple). What we call civilization written history and agriculture -- has only been around for 10,000 years, the very tail end of this chart, when temperatures warmed up after the last ice age and glaciers slowly receded northward.
CO2 parts per million, or ppm for short, indicates how many CO2 particles are found in one million air particles. Scientists have discovered that during the last 600,000 years the amount of CO2 in the air has never been higher than 280 ppm. Today, the levels are more than 395 ppm! The picture shows that in all of human history we have never lived in a climate like the one we made from our pollution. If we continue to produce on average 5 tons of CO2 per person worldwide, as we have until now, scientists predict CO2 will rise to 600 ppm in the next 35 years, almost twice as high as today. (NOTE: the chart says 45 years, but new reports show emissions keep going up faster, because we pollute more than ever before.)More CO2 in the air leads to a greater greenhouse effect and increases the global temperature, like putting another jacket on the planet, which will keep warming until we remove the extra CO2.WBGU (2003)
So knnte es in wenigen Jahren aussehen.5
6AmericaChinaEurope AfricaPer Person CO2 emissions per year26One American produces 20 tons of CO2 every year. Thats the weight of 4 African elephants. Europeans produce only half as much. How much CO2 do you think each European releases into the atmosphere every year? (question to the audience) 15 tons? It is 10 tons! And one Chinese person? What do you think? (question to the audience) One Chinese person produces only 6 tons of CO2 per year. That amount goes up as more people in China move from farms to working in factories to make stuff for you and me.) One African produces only about a half ton of CO2 in a year. Can you imagine that? One American produces 20 tons of CO2 every year and one African only a half ton.
American CO2 is going down only slightly while China pollutes more to make things for the USA.WBGU (2003)
So knnte es in wenigen Jahren aussehen.
Reduction in CO2 emissions neededto reach a maximum of 1.5 tons per person per year!18.5 t8.5 t4.5 t The number of tons that need to be cut:1 American1 Chinese1 European1 AfricanOn this slide you see how many tons each of us must cut in order to prevent the Greenland ice sheet from melting. If we signific...