War and Peace in Literature and PhotographyMartin Donohoehttp://www.publichealthandsocialjustice.orghttp://www.phsj.org
Why LiteratureVicarious experienceExplore diverse philosophiesPromotes empathy, critical thinking, flexibility, non-dogmatism, self-knowledgeEncourages creative and ethical thinkingAllows for group discussion/debate
Valuable for educating health professionals
ThemesHonorFutilitySufferingDeathAbrogation of RightsProtestPeace
Famous Novels of War and PeaceWar and Peace, TolstoyRed Badge of Courage, CraneAll Quiet on the Western Front, RemarqueJohnny Got His Gun, TrumboA Rumor of War, CaputoA Canticle for Leibowitz, Miller
The War PrayerMark Twain (1835-1910)Written during the US war on the PhilippinesSubmitted to Harper's Bazaar (exclusive contract) in 1895 - rejected as "not quite suited to a woman's magazine.I don't think the prayer will be published in my time. None but the dead are permitted to tell the truth.Published posthumously in 1923
The War Prayer Mark Twain (aka Samuel Clemens)
Christopher ColumbusUpon meeting the Arawaks of the BahamasTheybrought usmanythingsThey willingly traded everything they ownedThey do not bear armsThey would make fine servantsWith fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.
John WayneI don't feel we did wrong in taking this great country away from them. There were great numbers of people who needed new land, and the Indians were selfishly trying to keep it for themselves.
William Tecumseh ShermanWar is hell.
Alexander PopeOur business in the field of fight, Is not to question, but to prove our might.
Horace Odes (III.2.13)
Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori
It is sweet and fitting to die for ones country
"Dulce Et Decorum Est"Wilfred Owen, 1917-18In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. If in some smothering dreams you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;
"Dulce Et Decorum Est"Wilfred OwenIf you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,- My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori.
Ernest HemingwayThey wrote in the old days that it is sweet and fitting to die for one's country. But in modern war, there is nothing sweet nor fitting in your dying. You will die like a dog for no good reason.
Josef StalinThe death of one man is a tragedy. The death of millions is a statistic.
SurvivorsSiegfried Sassoon, 1917No doubt they'll soon get well; the shock and strain Have caused their stammering, disconnected talk. Of course they're "longing to go out again," -- These boys with old, scared faces, learning to walk.
Survivors Siegfried Sassoon, 1917They'll soon forget their haunted nights; their cowed Subjection to the ghosts of friends who died, - Their dreams that drip with murder; and they'll be proud Of glorious war that shatter'd all their pride. . . Men who went out to battle, grim and glad; Children, with eyes that hate you, broken and mad.
Dwight D. EisenhowerEvery gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and not clothed.
The BibleBook of MatthewAll they that take the sword, shall perish with the sword.
Mahatma GandhiAn eye for an eye only makes the whole world blind.
Herbert HooverOlder men declare war. But it's the youth who must fight and die!
Issac AsimovViolence is the first refuge of the incompetent.
Jean-Paul SartreWhen the rich wage war, it's the poor who die.
Arthur PonsonbyWhen war is declared, Truth is the first casualty.
Hermann Goering(at the Nuremberg Trials, shortly before being sentenced to death) Of course the people don't want war. Butit is the leaders of the country who determine the policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship . . .
Hermann GoeringVoice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leadersAll you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger.
Samuel JohnsonPatriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel
George OrwellNineteen Eighty-FourWar is Peace.Freedom is Slavery.Ignorance is Strength.
Benjamin FranklinThey that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.
Will RogersYou can't say that civilization don't advance, however, for in every war they kill you in a new way.
Solomon ShortThe only winner in the War of 1812 was Tchaikovsky.
Mao ZedongWar can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun.
Albert EinsteinA country cannot simultaneously prevent and prepare for war.
Jeannette RankinFirst Female Member of CongressYou can no more win a war than you can win an earthquake.
Eleanor RooseveltWe have to face the fact that either all of us are going to die together or we are going to learn to live together and if we are to live together we have to talk.
Martin Luther King, Jr.Our only hope today lies in our ability to recapture the revolutionary spirit and go into a sometimes hostile world declaring eternal hostility to poverty, racism, and militarism.
Martin Luther King, Jr.Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.
John F. KennedyMankind must put an end to war before war puts an end to mankind.
R. Buckminster FullerEither war is obsolete or men are.
Albert EinsteinI know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.
John F. KennedyWar will exist until that distant day when the conscientious objector enjoys the same reputation and prestige that the warrior does today.
Gnter GrassThe first job of a citizen is to keep your mouth open.
First they came for the JewsPastor NiemollerFirst they came for the Jews, and I did not speak up, for I was not a Jew.Then they came for the communists, and I did not speak up for I was not a communist.Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak up, for I was not a trade unionist.Then they came for me, and there was no one left to speak up for me.
Bob DylanCome you masters of war You that build all the guns You that build the death planes You that build the big bombs You that hide behind walls You that hide behind desks I just want you to know I can see through your masks.
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870Julia Ward HoweArise then...women of this day! Arise, all women who have hearts! Say firmly: "We will not have questions answered by irrelevant agencies, Our husbands will not come to us, reeking with carnage, For caresses and applause.
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870Julia Ward HoweOur sons shall not be taken from us to unlearn All that we have been able to teach them of charity, mercy and patience. From the bosom of a devastated Earth a voice goes up with Our own. It says: "Disarm! Disarm!
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870Julia Ward HoweLet womenpromote the alliance of the different nationalities, The amicable settlement of international questions, The great and general interests of peace.
Margaret MeadNever doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.
African ProverbIf you think you are too small to have an impact, try going to bed with a mosquito in your tent
Contact Info, ReferencesMartin Donohoemartindonohoe@phsj.org
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