LENGASIT COMMUNITY ANIMAL HEALTH WORKERS TRAINING REPORT MARCH 2010
1.1 Course content: 1.2 Selection of participants for the program Ten community based members of Lengasit village were selected by general village meeting, initially
all participants were men but we asked the leader to rethink of include some women in the team.
Thanks to the leaders, at the second general meeting, three women were selected for training.
THE LIST OF MEMBERS ATTENDED TWELVE DAYS COMMUNITY ANIMAL HEALTH WORKERS TRAINING
HELD IN LENGASIT VILLAGE IN SIMANJIRO, MANYARA REGION.
S/N NAMES SEX SUBVILLAGE
1. Phillimon Merika MALE ENGUSERO
2. Baraka Labara MALE ENGUSERO
3. Salome Alais FEMALE ENDONYO NAPI
4. Peshuti Kutatoi MALE ENDONYO NAPI
5. Namayani Kariongi FEMALE ENDONYO NAPI
6. Saning Sandiko MALE ENDONYO NAPI
7. Lazaro Thomas MALE ENGUSERO
8. Maningo Saittoa MALE ENDONYO NAPI
9. Magilu Gitesoi MALE ENGUSERO
10. Elizabeth Paulo FEMALE ENGUSERO
TRAINING DURATION AND COVERAGE
The training was conducted for twelve days and was divided into two sessions the theory and
practical session. The course content was designed using the standard, Ministry of livestock
development and fisheries curriculum and incorporating new themes of HIV/AIDS prevention, control
and impact mitigation so as to try to meet trainees expectations on animal and public health
The first session was pure theories were trainees were taken through role of the community animal
health workers and reporting structure. Trainees were then taken to different animal diseases,
disease prevention, and control as well as different management procedures. We started with
introduction and orientation of community animal health workers to principals, role, responsibility
and reporting system from the village through the district. How they will be working, how to work
with livestock keepers and where to report diseases to and all necessary information regarding
handling of clients.
Trainees were further highlighted on body systems of the animals and their functions while the
animals are physiologically health as well as when the animals are sick. We managed to introduce
them to different routine examination equipments and measurements such as the use of
thermometer, weighing band and glass slide for blood and lymph smears. Trainees were thoroughly
trained on how to observe the animal for proper diagnosis of diseases. Participants were told to start
observing the animals at distant and later at closer examination to pick all necessary clinical signs.
The trainees were trained to use system by system examination while observing the animals for
proper diagnosis of diseases. Trainees were also introduced to the basic principles of pharmacology
and the use of drugs.
How to read manufacturer instructions on the drug bottles
o Route of administration
o Withdrawal period
o Expire dates
o Species indicated for the drug.
o Proper storage of drugs
o How to charge a client before and after treatment
o Blood smear
o Lymph smear
How to report disease incidence to the ward livestock field officers and to the village government:
the importance of disease surveillance systems
LIVESTOCK DISEASES COVERED
ECF, Anaplasmosis, Ormillo, heartwater, babesiosis, Nairobi sheep disease
TSETSE BORNE DISEASES; Trypanosomosis
Ticks and Tsetse control and Acaricides
Zoonotic diseases: RVF, Brucellosis, Tuberculosis, Anthrax, Zoonotic Cestodes, Rabies
Control of worm infestation and deworming
Stomatitis conditions: FMD, MCF and PPR
Clostridium diseases; black quarter
Parasitic pneumonia due to worms, CBPP and CCPP
Lameness condition; Foot rot, Ephemeral Fever and black leg
Skin condition; Mange, Pox and plant poisoning
Management procedure; Castration and dehorning methods
Calves management and feeding
Wounds and abscesses management
Newcastle disease control
The second part of the training was practical where trainees were practicing what they have been
trained in the class.
During our practical sessions the following diseases were observed and managed
Skin conditions; Mange
Viral cases; Sheep and goat pox
Above photo: Typical Goat Pox lesion on the skin taken at Lengasit Simanjiro by Dr.
Pneumonias in goats and cattle
Eyes infection in cattle with opacity and purulent discharges as well as impaired visibility.
Anaplasmosis and Trypanasomiasis
Cases of CCPP and CBPP
Abortion in goats and sheep
Abortion in cattle
Management and diagnostic procedures performed during practical session was
Prepare blood and lymph smears
The final session was closure of the training and handling over the drug kits to ten Community animal
health workers as shown below.
CHALLENGES FOR THE COMMUNITY ANIMAL HEALTH WORKES WITHIN LENGASIT VILLAGE
The remoteness of the village makes it extremely possible to collect sample and send them to nearby
diagnostic facility. This necessitates thinking about establishing a simple diagnostic facility to enable
them to perform their job effectively and serves the lives of livestock of the poor pastoralist
communities. This will require selection of two or four community animal health workers to be
trained for four weeks divided into two weeks sessions of two weeks each on simple laboratory
techniques and diagnostic procedures. This will allow them to diagnose Theilleria, Babesia,
Trypanosomes and Bacilli as well as Clostridia spp. at village level.
The village is highly infested with ticks and tick borne diseases are the major challenge and to some
extent trypanasomiasis is also a challenge to the area. Viral conditions such as Peste des Petit
Ruminants (PPR) and Pox in small stocks (goat and sheep) is increasingly become a threat to the
community. The government of Tanzania has supported the vaccination program in all pastoralist
areas for the PPR but sheep and goat pox has not yet supported and the disease is killing huge
number of kids and lambs as well as high abortion rate in infected flocks despite the fact that the
disease can be controlled easily by vaccination program.
Lengasit village has huge livestock population and like other pastoralist areas there is no reliable
disease control program for their livestock. I have observed lots of cattle and especially calves those
have been vaccinated against East Coast Fever (ECF) which was really good initiative from DIO
Netherland to support ECF vaccination program. I was told that livestock keepers also do send their
livestock for dipping. My concern is the dipping is not regular done and the quality of the acaricide in
the dip tank is not properly controlled.
During my stay in the village, I managed to work with community and discussed many issues from
disease prevention and control as well as management procedure of their livestock. The following
were my observations; Community has a number of traditional medicines/ ethno veterinary
knowledge of treating their animals. Some of those remedies cure their animals and some do not but
they still use them. This is partly because of being very far from conversional veterinary service
delivery system or as part of their rational coping strategy in remote areas.
I also observed that, community use variety of human preparation to treat their animal and
administer them using the wrong route to the animals. This is not only cause economic loss due to
increase cost of treatment of animals but also general loss due to mortalities caused by wrong
treatment of animals. This problem was thoroughly discussed and was effectively addressed during
our practical session with trainees.
The graduates of the community animal health worker training are now able to use the right drugs to
the correct disease condition and at correct dosage. We asked the graduates to become our
ambassador of proper utilization of veterinary drugs and they should use their knowledge to provide
extension services to livestock keepers in and outside Lengasit village within Simanjiro district.
I would like to thanks the people of Lengasit Village for giving us a wonderful opportunity to work
within their village, with their livestock and for cooperation they shown to the project. I would like
also to thank DIO for their financial support and design of the project