Vocab for Activity. Definitions Imperialism – the takeover of one country by another socially, economically, and politically. Racism – the belief that

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Introduction to Imperialism

Vocab for ActivityDefinitionsImperialism the takeover of one country by another socially, economically, and politically.Racism the belief that one race is superior (better than) another.Social Darwinism a version of Charles Darwins theory of evolution that the most fit of the societies/races will survive and dominate.What is imperialism & why do nations do it?Introduction to ImperialismWhat is imperialism?Imperialism is a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.Types of Imperialism1. Colony: A country or a region governed internally by a foreign powerExample: Somaliland in East Africa was a French colony

Types of Imperialism2. Protectorate: A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside powerExample: Britain established a protectorate over the Niger River Delta

Types of Imperialism3. Sphere of Influence: An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges Example: Liberia was under the sphere of influence of the United StatesTypes of Imperialism4. Economic Imperialism: Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments. Example: The Dole Fruit company controlled pineapple trade in HawaiiWhat things might make a person or group want to take control of others?Thought Question-Answer on Note SheetEmPIREMotives for ImperialismExploratoryGOALS: -map new territory-to locate indigenous (native) people-to identify natural resources available (i.e. animals, plants, coal, etc)Sketch map of Central African, showing Dr. Livingstones exploration

Exploratory(interest in unexplored territories, mapping geographic features of Africa)

POLITICALGOALS: -to claim land for the mother country-to make sure their country had more resources than other countries (competition)-to control another countrys governmentBritish cartoon The Rhodes Colossus showing Cecil Rhodes vision of making Africa all British from Cape to Cairo 1892

POLITICAL (desire to control African territory, desire to boost national pride and gain power by winning colonies, desire to have military presence) orEXPLORATORY (exploring or venturing into unknown territory)

Stopped here with B PeriodIDEOLOGICALGOALS:-to improve non Europeans way of life-to make others more like Europeans-to make them adopt a European perspective

Racism: the idea that one race is superior to others

Social Darwinism

-Came from Charles Darwins ideas on evolution & the survival of the fittest.-Was applied to social change/ situations-Those who were fittest enjoyed wealth & success & were superior to others

Social Darwinism

-Non-Europeans were considered lower than Europeans because they did not have the technology Europeans had-Eur0peans felt it was there job to bring European ways elsewhere

RELIGIOUSGOALS:-to convert native people to the Christian religion-to convince native people that their religion is wrong/ evil-to change the beliefs of the next generationECONOMICGOALS:-to obtain raw materials to produce goods-supply-to get the native people to purchase European goods and services-demand-to make moneyQuestionWhat motives of imperialism do you see in the following image? Do you think this image is for or against imperialism? Why?

British cartoon showing the Chinese being savaged by European powers, and the poem The Partition of China 1897

MOTIVESPOLITICAL (Europeans depicted as animals competing for piece of China) or ECONOMIC (desire to trade in China to make cash) orRELIGIOUS (Chinese depicted as heathen, calls on Christian duty to preach in China) orIDEOLOGICAL (belief that foreigners should be civilized by Europeans)