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Ministerul Culturii Agenția Națională Arheologică ARCHAEOLOGICAL REMAINS along the Sarateni-Soroca road Археологические исследовАния в зоне дороги сэрэтень-сорокА VESTIGII ARHEOLOGICE PE traseul sărăteni-soroca

Vestigii arheologice pe traseul Sărăteni Soroca

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  • Ministerul Culturii

    Agenia Naional Arheologic

    ArchAeologicAl remAins along the Sarateni-Soroca road

    -

    Vestigii arheologice pe traseul srteni-soroca

  • Autori:

    dr. Vlad Vornic, Sergiu Bodean

    Authors:

    Vlad Vornic, Sergiu Bodean

    :

    . ,

    Programul Compact, finanat de Guvernul SUA, a susinut cercetrile arheologice pe traseul reabilitat de drum Srteni-Soroca

    Chiinu 2014

    The U.S. Governments Compact supported archaeological research along the rehabilitated Sarateni-Soroca road segment

    Chisinau 2014

    Compact, , -

    2014

    Vestigii Arheologice pe trAseul Srteni-sorocA

    ArchAeologicAl remainS along the Sarateni-sorocA roAd

    -

  • Autori:

    dr. Vlad Vornic, Sergiu Bodean

    Authors:

    Vlad Vornic, Sergiu Bodean

    :

    . ,

    Programul Compact, finanat de Guvernul SUA, a susinut cercetrile arheologice pe traseul reabilitat de drum Srteni-Soroca

    Chiinu 2014

    The U.S. Governments Compact supported archaeological research along the rehabilitated Sarateni-Soroca road segment

    Chisinau 2014

    Compact, , -

    2014

    Vestigii Arheologice pe trAseul Srteni-sorocA

    ArchAeologicAl remainS along the Sarateni-sorocA roAd

    -

  • Drumul Srteni-Soroca a devenit veriga care unete trecutul cu viitorul

    Valentina BadrajanDirectorul executiv

    Fondul Provocrile Mileniului Moldova (FPM Moldova)

    Scopul principal al Programul Com-pact, cel mai mare program de asisten din ara noastr, finanat de ctre poporul Statelor Unite ale Ame-ricii, este s contribuie la catalizarea investiiilor n economia naional prin soluionarea, sau cel puin prin atenu-area unor costrngeri cheie n dezvol-tarea economic, cum ar fi infrastruc-tura defectuoas a drumurilor, accesul limitat la ap pentru irigare, ct i lipsa suportului pe anumite dimensiuni ale sectorului agricol. n acest scop, Guver-nul SUA, prin intermediul Corporaiei Provocrile Mileniului, a acordat 262 de milioane USD pentru reconstruc-ia i modernizarea a circa 93 de km ai traseului naional Srteni-Soroca, dar i pentru susinerea tranziiei la agri-cultura performant, inclusiv pentru reabilitarea a 10 sisteme de irigare, care va permite dezvoltarea accelerat a afacerilor agricole graiei accesului la apa pentru irigare. Se poate afirma cu certitudine, c Programul Compact este poate cel mai complex program implementat n prezent n Moldova, cu obiective ambiioase, care a generat a-teptri mari att la nivel naional, ct i internaional.

    Pe lng valoarea economic,

    the Sarateni-Soroca road has become the link that connects the past with the future

    Valentina BadrajanExecutive Director

    Millennium Challenge Account Moldova (MCA Moldova)

    The main goal of the U.S. Government-funded Compact, which is the largest assistance program that our country has ever received, is to catalyze investments in the national economy by addressing, or at least mitigating, the major constraints to economic development, such as the poor road infrastructure, limited access to water for irrigation and the missing support in specific sectors of agriculture. To this end, the U.S. Government, acting through the Millennium Challenge Corporation, provided 262 million USD for the reconstruction and modernization of about 93 km of the national Sarateni-Soroca road and for supporting the transition to high value agriculture through the rehabilitationo of 10 irrigation systems that will allow for a faster development of agricultural businesses due to the availability of water for irrigation. The Compact is certainly the most complex program implemented in Moldova today, with ambitious goals, which gave birth to high expectations both at national and international levels.

    Besides its economic value, the Compact also contributes to the conservation of our countrys cultural heritage.

    -

    ( )

    Compact - - - , - - , - - , . - 262 - 93 - -, - - . , - - , 10 , 9 000 - , . , - , , -, !

    Programul Compact contribuie i la conservarea patrimoniului cultural al rii noastre. A fost o surpriz plcut ca pe parcursul lucrrilor de reconstrucie a drumului s fie descoperite vestigii de o valoare istoric i cultural important, care vin s integreze imaginea despre viaa i activitatea oamenilor din acest spaiu geografic de acum 7 mii de ani, despre tradiiile i valorile predecesorilor notri. Aceste realizri se datoreaz n mare parte parteneriatului eficient dintre Fondul Provocrile Mileniului Moldova, instituia ce implementeaz Programului Compact, i Agenia Naional Arheologic.

    Suntem mndri c drumul Srteni-Soroca a devenit o legtur dintre viitorul acestei ri i trecutul ei, iar ndemnul lui Anatole France s nu pierdem nimic din trecut, deoarece cu trecutul se cldete viitorul, a cptat un sens deosebit n cadrul implementrii Programului Compact.

    We were pleasantly surprised that during the road reconstruction works remains of great historical and cultural value were found. These remains complete the picture of the life and occupation of the people that lived in this geographical region seven thousand years ago, the traditions and values of our predecessors. These achievements are largely due to the efficient partnership between the Millennium Challenge Account Moldova the implementing entity, and the National Agency for Archaeology.

    We are proud that the Sarateni-Soroca road makes the link between the future and the past of our country, while Anatole Frances quotation to try not to forget anything from the past, because it builds the future has taken on a special meaning under the Compact.

    Compact - . - -, , , . , - - - , , , - Compact.

    , Compact - --, - , , . - , Compact, A -. - - , , - -, .

    4 5

  • Drumul Srteni-Soroca a devenit veriga care unete trecutul cu viitorul

    Valentina BadrajanDirectorul executiv

    Fondul Provocrile Mileniului Moldova (FPM Moldova)

    Scopul principal al Programul Com-pact, cel mai mare program de asisten din ara noastr, finanat de ctre poporul Statelor Unite ale Ame-ricii, este s contribuie la catalizarea investiiilor n economia naional prin soluionarea, sau cel puin prin atenu-area unor costrngeri cheie n dezvol-tarea economic, cum ar fi infrastruc-tura defectuoas a drumurilor, accesul limitat la ap pentru irigare, ct i lipsa suportului pe anumite dimensiuni ale sectorului agricol. n acest scop, Guver-nul SUA, prin intermediul Corporaiei Provocrile Mileniului, a acordat 262 de milioane USD pentru reconstruc-ia i modernizarea a circa 93 de km ai traseului naional Srteni-Soroca, dar i pentru susinerea tranziiei la agri-cultura performant, inclusiv pentru reabilitarea a 10 sisteme de irigare, care va permite dezvoltarea accelerat a afacerilor agricole graiei accesului la apa pentru irigare. Se poate afirma cu certitudine, c Programul Compact este poate cel mai complex program implementat n prezent n Moldova, cu obiective ambiioase, care a generat a-teptri mari att la nivel naional, ct i internaional.

    Pe lng valoarea economic,

    the Sarateni-Soroca road has become the link that connects the past with the future

    Valentina BadrajanExecutive Director

    Millennium Challenge Account Moldova (MCA Moldova)

    The main goal of the U.S. Government-funded Compact, which is the largest assistance program that our country has ever received, is to catalyze investments in the national economy by addressing, or at least mitigating, the major constraints to economic development, such as the poor road infrastructure, limited access to water for irrigation and the missing support in specific sectors of agriculture. To this end, the U.S. Government, acting through the Millennium Challenge Corporation, provided 262 million USD for the reconstruction and modernization of about 93 km of the national Sarateni-Soroca road and for supporting the transition to high value agriculture through the rehabilitationo of 10 irrigation systems that will allow for a faster development of agricultural businesses due to the availability of water for irrigation. The Compact is certainly the most complex program implemented in Moldova today, with ambitious goals, which gave birth to high expectations both at national and international levels.

    Besides its economic value, the Compact also contributes to the conservation of our countrys cultural heritage.

    -

    ( )

    Compact - - - , - - , - - , . - 262 - 93 - -, - - . , - - , 10 , 9 000 - , . , - , , -, !

    Programul Compact contribuie i la conservarea patrimoniului cultural al rii noastre. A fost o surpriz plcut ca pe parcursul lucrrilor de reconstrucie a drumului s fie descoperite vestigii de o valoare istoric i cultural important, care vin s integreze imaginea despre viaa i activitatea oamenilor din acest spaiu geografic de acum 7 mii de ani, despre tradiiile i valorile predecesorilor notri. Aceste realizri se datoreaz n mare parte parteneriatului eficient dintre Fondul Provocrile Mileniului Moldova, instituia ce implementeaz Programului Compact, i Agenia Naional Arheologic.

    Suntem mndri c drumul Srteni-Soroca a devenit o legtur dintre viitorul acestei ri i trecutul ei, iar ndemnul lui Anatole France s nu pierdem nimic din trecut, deoarece cu trecutul se cldete viitorul, a cptat un sens deosebit n cadrul implementrii Programului Compact.

    We were pleasantly surprised that during the road reconstruction works remains of great historical and cultural value were found. These remains complete the picture of the life and occupation of the people that lived in this geographical region seven thousand years ago, the traditions and values of our predecessors. These achievements are largely due to the efficient partnership between the Millennium Challenge Account Moldova the implementing entity, and the National Agency for Archaeology.

    We are proud that the Sarateni-Soroca road makes the link between the future and the past of our country, while Anatole Frances quotation to try not to forget anything from the past, because it builds the future has taken on a special meaning under the Compact.

    Compact - . - -, , , . , - - - , , , - Compact.

    , Compact - --, - , , . - , Compact, A -. - - , , - -, .

    4 5

  • Cuvnt introductiv

    n anul 2012 a demarat proiectul Reabilitarea drumului M2 Sr-teni-Soroca-Intersecia Drochia (93 km) n cadrul Programului Compact al Guvernului SUA. Prospectarea ar-heologic a zonelor aferente drumu-lui menionat de ctre specialitii Ageniei Naionale Arheologice a scos n eviden necesitatea efecturii cer-cetrilor arheologice preventive i de supraveghere la opt situri arheologice situate n preajma diferitor localiti din raioanele Teleneti, oldneti i Soroca. Obiectivele dateaz din mai multe epoci istorice, ncepnd cu eneoliticul timpuriu (mil. V .Hr.) i

    pn n perioada modern (sec. XIX). Dintre siturile cercetate se remarc aezarea eneolitic de la Rogojeni i movilele funerare din epoca bronzu-lui de la Rogojeni i Brnzenii Noi.

    Realizate n anii 2013-2014, n con-formitate cu prevederile Legii nr. 218 din 17.09.2010 privind protejarea patri-moniului arheologic, investigaiile s-au soldat cu descoperiri arheologice valo-roase, ce aduc noi i importante contri-buii la cunoaterea istoriei comuniti-lor umane care au locuit n acest spaiu de-a lungul mai multor milenii.

    Pe parcursul desfurrii cercet-rilor, Agenia Naional Arheologic a beneficiat de sprijinul constant al Fondului Provocrile Mileniului Mol-dova, precum i al companiilor ONUR SUMMA JV i STRABAG.

    Aceast broura prezint o culegere de imagini i descrieri ale vestigiilor descoperite, i are drept scop informarea publicului larg cu privire la rezultatele cercetrilor arheologice efectuate n anii 2013-2014, relevndu-se importana i valoarea descoperirilor fcute pentru cultura i istoria naional.

    Foreword

    The road rehabilitation project of the U.S. Governments Compact started in 2012. The archaeological exploration of the areas near the M2 Sarateni-Soroca-Drochia Junction road segment (93 km) included in this project by the experts of the National Agency for Archaeology revealed the need for preventive and oversight archaeological research at eight archaeological sites in the Telenesti, Soldanesti and Soroca rayons. These sites date from different historical eras, starting with the early Eneolithic (5th millennium BC) and ending with the modern times (the 19th century).

    The researched sites include in particular the Eneolithic settlement at Rogojeni and the tumuli dating the Bronze Age at Rogojeni and Brinzenii Noi.

    The research conducted in 2013 and 2014 under Law no.218 of September 17, 2010 on the protection of the archaeological heritage made valuable and critical archaeological discoveries that help to know better the history of the human communities that lived in this area for thousands of years.

    During the research, the National Agency for Archaeology received permanent support from the Millennium Challenge Account Moldova and the construction companies ONUR SUMMA JV and STRABAG.

    This brochure is a collection of pictures and descriptions of the discovered remains. It aims to inform the public at large about the findings of the archaeological research conducted in 2013 and 2014 that revealed their importance and value for the national culture and history.

    2012 - 2 -- (93 ) - Compact. - , , - - - , - - , -. , (V ) (XIX ). - -

    - .

    , 2013-2014 - 218 17.09.2010 , , -- - .

    - - , - ONUR SUMMA JV STRABAG.

    - - -, 2013-2014 , , -, - .

    6 7

    Vlad Vornic

    Director general al Ageniei Naionale Arheologice.

  • Cuvnt introductiv

    n anul 2012 a demarat proiectul Reabilitarea drumului M2 Sr-teni-Soroca-Intersecia Drochia (93 km) n cadrul Programului Compact al Guvernului SUA. Prospectarea ar-heologic a zonelor aferente drumu-lui menionat de ctre specialitii Ageniei Naionale Arheologice a scos n eviden necesitatea efecturii cer-cetrilor arheologice preventive i de supraveghere la opt situri arheologice situate n preajma diferitor localiti din raioanele Teleneti, oldneti i Soroca. Obiectivele dateaz din mai multe epoci istorice, ncepnd cu eneoliticul timpuriu (mil. V .Hr.) i

    pn n perioada modern (sec. XIX). Dintre siturile cercetate se remarc aezarea eneolitic de la Rogojeni i movilele funerare din epoca bronzu-lui de la Rogojeni i Brnzenii Noi.

    Realizate n anii 2013-2014, n con-formitate cu prevederile Legii nr. 218 din 17.09.2010 privind protejarea patri-moniului arheologic, investigaiile s-au soldat cu descoperiri arheologice valo-roase, ce aduc noi i importante contri-buii la cunoaterea istoriei comuniti-lor umane care au locuit n acest spaiu de-a lungul mai multor milenii.

    Pe parcursul desfurrii cercet-rilor, Agenia Naional Arheologic a beneficiat de sprijinul constant al Fondului Provocrile Mileniului Mol-dova, precum i al companiilor ONUR SUMMA JV i STRABAG.

    Aceast broura prezint o culegere de imagini i descrieri ale vestigiilor descoperite, i are drept scop informarea publicului larg cu privire la rezultatele cercetrilor arheologice efectuate n anii 2013-2014, relevndu-se importana i valoarea descoperirilor fcute pentru cultura i istoria naional.

    Foreword

    The road rehabilitation project of the U.S. Governments Compact started in 2012. The archaeological exploration of the areas near the M2 Sarateni-Soroca-Drochia Junction road segment (93 km) included in this project by the experts of the National Agency for Archaeology revealed the need for preventive and oversight archaeological research at eight archaeological sites in the Telenesti, Soldanesti and Soroca rayons. These sites date from different historical eras, starting with the early Eneolithic (5th millennium BC) and ending with the modern times (the 19th century).

    The researched sites include in particular the Eneolithic settlement at Rogojeni and the tumuli dating the Bronze Age at Rogojeni and Brinzenii Noi.

    The research conducted in 2013 and 2014 under Law no.218 of September 17, 2010 on the protection of the archaeological heritage made valuable and critical archaeological discoveries that help to know better the history of the human communities that lived in this area for thousands of years.

    During the research, the National Agency for Archaeology received permanent support from the Millennium Challenge Account Moldova and the construction companies ONUR SUMMA JV and STRABAG.

    This brochure is a collection of pictures and descriptions of the discovered remains. It aims to inform the public at large about the findings of the archaeological research conducted in 2013 and 2014 that revealed their importance and value for the national culture and history.

    2012 - 2 -- (93 ) - Compact. - , , - - - , - - , -. , (V ) (XIX ). - -

    - .

    , 2013-2014 - 218 17.09.2010 , , -- - .

    - - , - ONUR SUMMA JV STRABAG.

    - - -, 2013-2014 , , -, - .

    6 7

    Vlad Vornic

    Director general al Ageniei Naionale Arheologice.

  • aezarea eneolitic de la rogojeni (r-nul oldneti)

    Aezarea culturii Precucuteni de la Rogojeni (cca 4900-4750 .Hr.), cunoscut nc de la mijlocul secolului XX, este situat la 1,2 km nord-est de staia de cale ferat Rogo-jeni, pe versantul stng al vii r. Cior-na. Suprafaa ei este traversat de drumului naional M2 Chiinu-So-roca i suprapus parial de inter-secia lui cu drumul R13 Bli-ol-dneti-Rezina. Primele spturi de salvare n acest sit au fost ntreprinse n anul 1972 de Vsevolod Marchevici. n anul 2013, cu prilejul lucrrilor

    de reabilitare a drumului naional Chiinu-Soroca, Agenia Naional Arheologic n colaborare cu Muze-ul Naional de Istorie a Moldovei au efectuat noi cercetri arheologice de salvare, coordonate de Sergiu Bodean i Veaceslav Bicbaev. Drept rezultat, au fost descoperite ase complexe ar-heologice (o locuin de suprafa, un bordei i patru gropi), din care a fost recuperat o bogat i variat colec-ie de obiecte: vase ceramice, unelte de silex, piatr, os i corn, podoabe. Ceramica de prestigiu, modelat ma-nual cu mult miestrie, este repre-zentat de vase frumos decorate cu motive geometrice adncite, canelate i imprimate (pahare, vase piriforme, fructiere, capace, linguri etc.).

    eneolithic Settlement at rogojeni (Soldanesti rayon)

    The settlement at Rogojeni that belongs to the Precucuteni culture (about 4 900 4750 BC), known since the middle of the 20th century, is located 1.2 km northeast of the Rogojeni railway station on the left side of the valley of the Ciorna River. It is crossed by the national M2 Chisinau-Soroca road and partially by its junction with the R13 Balti-Soldanesti-Rezina road. The first rescue excavations were carried out at this site in 1972 by Vsevolod Markevich. In 2013, due to the rehabilitation of the Chisinau-Soroca road, the National

    Agency for Archaeology jointly with the National Museum of History of Moldova conducted new archaeological rescue research led by Sergiu Bodean and Veaceslav Bicbaev. The archaeologists found six archaeological complexes (a surface dwelling, a hut and four pits) and recovered a rich and varied collection of items pottery; flint, stone, bone and antler tools; finery. The outstanding handmade pottery, skilfully manufactured, includes bowls nicely decorated with grooved and printed geometric patterns (glasses, pear-shaped dishes, fruit bowls, lids, spoons etc.). The pottery for common use has a simpler look and is decorated with pinched-up fingernail impressions, projections. The flint items include core tools, scrapers, blades and hammers. The

    ( 4900-4700 ), - , 1,2 -- , . 2 --. - 1972 . 2013 ,

    -, - - , - . - ( -, - ), - : -, , , , . - - , -

    8 9

    Bordeiul 3.

    Hut no.3.

    3.

    Vestigiile locuinei de suprafa.

    Remains of surface dwelling.

    1.

    Vedere asupra antierului arheologic.

    View of the archaeological site.

    2

    Vase ceramice.

    Pottery.

    .

  • aezarea eneolitic de la rogojeni (r-nul oldneti)

    Aezarea culturii Precucuteni de la Rogojeni (cca 4900-4750 .Hr.), cunoscut nc de la mijlocul secolului XX, este situat la 1,2 km nord-est de staia de cale ferat Rogo-jeni, pe versantul stng al vii r. Cior-na. Suprafaa ei este traversat de drumului naional M2 Chiinu-So-roca i suprapus parial de inter-secia lui cu drumul R13 Bli-ol-dneti-Rezina. Primele spturi de salvare n acest sit au fost ntreprinse n anul 1972 de Vsevolod Marchevici. n anul 2013, cu prilejul lucrrilor

    de reabilitare a drumului naional Chiinu-Soroca, Agenia Naional Arheologic n colaborare cu Muze-ul Naional de Istorie a Moldovei au efectuat noi cercetri arheologice de salvare, coordonate de Sergiu Bodean i Veaceslav Bicbaev. Drept rezultat, au fost descoperite ase complexe ar-heologice (o locuin de suprafa, un bordei i patru gropi), din care a fost recuperat o bogat i variat colec-ie de obiecte: vase ceramice, unelte de silex, piatr, os i corn, podoabe. Ceramica de prestigiu, modelat ma-nual cu mult miestrie, este repre-zentat de vase frumos decorate cu motive geometrice adncite, canelate i imprimate (pahare, vase piriforme, fructiere, capace, linguri etc.).

    eneolithic Settlement at rogojeni (Soldanesti rayon)

    The settlement at Rogojeni that belongs to the Precucuteni culture (about 4 900 4750 BC), known since the middle of the 20th century, is located 1.2 km northeast of the Rogojeni railway station on the left side of the valley of the Ciorna River. It is crossed by the national M2 Chisinau-Soroca road and partially by its junction with the R13 Balti-Soldanesti-Rezina road. The first rescue excavations were carried out at this site in 1972 by Vsevolod Markevich. In 2013, due to the rehabilitation of the Chisinau-Soroca road, the National

    Agency for Archaeology jointly with the National Museum of History of Moldova conducted new archaeological rescue research led by Sergiu Bodean and Veaceslav Bicbaev. The archaeologists found six archaeological complexes (a surface dwelling, a hut and four pits) and recovered a rich and varied collection of items pottery; flint, stone, bone and antler tools; finery. The outstanding handmade pottery, skilfully manufactured, includes bowls nicely decorated with grooved and printed geometric patterns (glasses, pear-shaped dishes, fruit bowls, lids, spoons etc.). The pottery for common use has a simpler look and is decorated with pinched-up fingernail impressions, projections. The flint items include core tools, scrapers, blades and hammers. The

    ( 4900-4700 ), - , 1,2 -- , . 2 --. - 1972 . 2013 ,

    -, - - , - . - ( -, - ), - : -, , , , . - - , -

    8 9

    Bordeiul 3.

    Hut no.3.

    3.

    Vestigiile locuinei de suprafa.

    Remains of surface dwelling.

    1.

    Vedere asupra antierului arheologic.

    View of the archaeological site.

    2

    Vase ceramice.

    Pottery.

    .

  • A doua categorie ceramic, de uz co-mun, are un aspect mai modest i este decorat cu impresiuni i ciupituri executate cu unghia, proeminene. Piesele de silex sunt reprezentate de nuclee, gratoare, lame, percutoare. Din piatr lefuit erau confeciona-te topoarele i teslele. Rniele din gresie i alte roci au prile lucrtoa-re concave, cu urme caracteristice de utilizare la mcinatul cerealelor. Pie-sele de os i corn descoperite se m-part n dou categorii: unelte i po-doabe. Din prima categorie fac parte strpungtoarele, ciocanele, spli-gile i lustruitoarele. Podoabele sunt reprezentate de un pandantiv i de o mrgic lucrat dintr-un os tubular.

    axes and adzes were made of polished stone. The working parts of grinders made of sandstone and other rocks are concave with traces that are specific to the tools used to mill grain. The bone and antler items can be split into two categories tools and jewellery. The tools include piercing tools, hammers, mattocks and polishers. The jewellery includes a pendant and a bead made of tubular bone.

    The main occupation of the Eneolithic community at Rogojeni was farming. The archaeological-botanical measurements revealed that it grew two types of wheat and barley. The zoological measurements found that the Eneolithic community kept cattle, pigs, sheep and goats.

    (, , , , ..). - . -, , , , , -. . - - . - : .

    10 11

    Vas ceramic decorat cu linii incizate, caneluri i proeminene (locuina 1).

    Ceramic bowl decorated with incised lines, grooves and protrusions (dwelling no.1).

    , ( 1).

    Picior de fructier cu decor excizat (bordeiul 3).

    Leg of a fruit bowl with excised decorations (hut no.3).

    ( 3).

    Capac cu decor imprimat i incizat (strat).

    Lid with printed and incised decorations (layer).

    ( ).

    Strachin cu patru piciorue (bordeiul 3).

    Four leg dish (hut no.3).

    ( 3).

    Pahar decorat cu caneluri i incizii (locuina 1).

    Glass decorated with grooves and incisions (dwelling no.1).

    ( 1).

    Castron (groapa 4).

    Bowl (pit no. 4).

    ( 4).

  • A doua categorie ceramic, de uz co-mun, are un aspect mai modest i este decorat cu impresiuni i ciupituri executate cu unghia, proeminene. Piesele de silex sunt reprezentate de nuclee, gratoare, lame, percutoare. Din piatr lefuit erau confeciona-te topoarele i teslele. Rniele din gresie i alte roci au prile lucrtoa-re concave, cu urme caracteristice de utilizare la mcinatul cerealelor. Pie-sele de os i corn descoperite se m-part n dou categorii: unelte i po-doabe. Din prima categorie fac parte strpungtoarele, ciocanele, spli-gile i lustruitoarele. Podoabele sunt reprezentate de un pandantiv i de o mrgic lucrat dintr-un os tubular.

    axes and adzes were made of polished stone. The working parts of grinders made of sandstone and other rocks are concave with traces that are specific to the tools used to mill grain. The bone and antler items can be split into two categories tools and jewellery. The tools include piercing tools, hammers, mattocks and polishers. The jewellery includes a pendant and a bead made of tubular bone.

    The main occupation of the Eneolithic community at Rogojeni was farming. The archaeological-botanical measurements revealed that it grew two types of wheat and barley. The zoological measurements found that the Eneolithic community kept cattle, pigs, sheep and goats.

    (, , , , ..). - . -, , , , , -. . - - . - : .

    10 11

    Vas ceramic decorat cu linii incizate, caneluri i proeminene (locuina 1).

    Ceramic bowl decorated with incised lines, grooves and protrusions (dwelling no.1).

    , ( 1).

    Picior de fructier cu decor excizat (bordeiul 3).

    Leg of a fruit bowl with excised decorations (hut no.3).

    ( 3).

    Capac cu decor imprimat i incizat (strat).

    Lid with printed and incised decorations (layer).

    ( ).

    Strachin cu patru piciorue (bordeiul 3).

    Four leg dish (hut no.3).

    ( 3).

    Pahar decorat cu caneluri i incizii (locuina 1).

    Glass decorated with grooves and incisions (dwelling no.1).

    ( 1).

    Castron (groapa 4).

    Bowl (pit no. 4).

    ( 4).

  • Ocupaia de baz a comunitii ene-olitice de la Rogojeni o constituia agri-cultura. Determinrile arheobotanice efectuate atest prezena a dou soiuri de gru i orz cultivate. Conform deter-minrilor arheozoologice, s-a stabilit c locuitorii aezrii creteau vite cornute mari, porci, oi i capre. n aezare era pre-zent i cinele domestic. Din zonele afe-rente sitului oamenii vnau cerbul nobil, cpriorul, mistreul, vulpea, iepurele de cmp, castorul, bursucul i jderul.

    Comunitile precucuteniene-tripo-liene timpurii, formate ntr-un areal lo-calizat n sud-estul Transilvaniei i Mol-dova Subcarpatic, ctre sfritul ultimei faze de evoluie locuiau pe un teritoriu ce se ntindea de la Carpai pn n bazinul r. Bugul de Sud.

    Descoperirile de la Rogojeni prezint o valoare istoric i cultural deosebit, dat fiind faptul c ele aparin perioadei de nceput a celei mai importante civilizaii preistorice europene prin prisma stadiu-lui nalt de dezvoltare atins cultura Cu-cuteni-Tripolie.

    The domestic dog was also present. In the areas around the site people used to hunt noble deer, roes, wild boars, foxes, hares, beavers, badgers and martens.

    The early Cututeni-Tryppilian communities that appeared in the south-east of Transylvania and the Sub-carpathian Moldova by the end of their last phase of evolution lived on an area stretching from the Carpathians to the basin of the Southern Buh River.

    The findings at Rogojeni have a great historical and cultural value, given that they belong to the early period of the most important European prehistoric civilization, due to the high level of development it reached the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture.

    -, , , . - , .

    . - . , - , , . - , , -, , , , .

    , - - , , - .

    , , - , - .

    12 13

    Rni de piatr (strat).

    Stone grinder (layer).

    ( ).

    Strpungtor de os (groapa 4).

    Bone awl (pit no.4).

    ( 4).

    Pandantiv din colte de mistre (bordeiul 3).

    Boar tusk necklace (hut no.3).

    ( 3).

    Ciocan din corn de cerb nobil (strat).

    Antler hammer (layer).

    ( ).

    Topor de piatr lefuit (strat).

    Polished stone axe (layer).

    ( ).

    Fragment de splig de corn (groapa 3).

    Piece of antler hoe (pit no.3).

    ( 3).

  • Ocupaia de baz a comunitii ene-olitice de la Rogojeni o constituia agri-cultura. Determinrile arheobotanice efectuate atest prezena a dou soiuri de gru i orz cultivate. Conform deter-minrilor arheozoologice, s-a stabilit c locuitorii aezrii creteau vite cornute mari, porci, oi i capre. n aezare era pre-zent i cinele domestic. Din zonele afe-rente sitului oamenii vnau cerbul nobil, cpriorul, mistreul, vulpea, iepurele de cmp, castorul, bursucul i jderul.

    Comunitile precucuteniene-tripo-liene timpurii, formate ntr-un areal lo-calizat n sud-estul Transilvaniei i Mol-dova Subcarpatic, ctre sfritul ultimei faze de evoluie locuiau pe un teritoriu ce se ntindea de la Carpai pn n bazinul r. Bugul de Sud.

    Descoperirile de la Rogojeni prezint o valoare istoric i cultural deosebit, dat fiind faptul c ele aparin perioadei de nceput a celei mai importante civilizaii preistorice europene prin prisma stadiu-lui nalt de dezvoltare atins cultura Cu-cuteni-Tripolie.

    The domestic dog was also present. In the areas around the site people used to hunt noble deer, roes, wild boars, foxes, hares, beavers, badgers and martens.

    The early Cututeni-Tryppilian communities that appeared in the south-east of Transylvania and the Sub-carpathian Moldova by the end of their last phase of evolution lived on an area stretching from the Carpathians to the basin of the Southern Buh River.

    The findings at Rogojeni have a great historical and cultural value, given that they belong to the early period of the most important European prehistoric civilization, due to the high level of development it reached the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture.

    -, , , . - , .

    . - . , - , , . - , , -, , , , .

    , - - , , - .

    , , - , - .

    12 13

    Rni de piatr (strat).

    Stone grinder (layer).

    ( ).

    Strpungtor de os (groapa 4).

    Bone awl (pit no.4).

    ( 4).

    Pandantiv din colte de mistre (bordeiul 3).

    Boar tusk necklace (hut no.3).

    ( 3).

    Ciocan din corn de cerb nobil (strat).

    Antler hammer (layer).

    ( ).

    Topor de piatr lefuit (strat).

    Polished stone axe (layer).

    ( ).

    Fragment de splig de corn (groapa 3).

    Piece of antler hoe (pit no.3).

    ( 3).

  • tumulul preistoric de la Brnzenii noi (r-nul teleneti)

    Tumulul este situat la marginea de sud-est a localitii, n partea dreapt a drumului naional M2 (km 72). La momentul demarrii cercetrilor sectorul de nord-vest al sitului se afla n zona de reabilitare a drumului. nlimea tumulului constituia 5,6 m, iar diametrul 55 m. Prin spturi arheologice a fost cercetat numai jumtatea vestic a tumulului, n total fiind excavat o suprafa de 1140 m.p. Responsabili de cercetare au fost arheologii Serghei Agulnicov i Eugen Mistreanu.

    n urma investigaiilor s-au descoperit patru morminte datnd din perioade istorice diferite i un an ritual.

    Mormntul 1 aparine culturii Noua din perioada trzie a epocii bronzului (sec. XVI-XIII .Hr.). A fost descoperit n sectorul de nord-vest al tumulului, sub o aglomeraie de pietre. Groapa funerar avea form oval, cu dimensiunile de 2,6x2,0 m, fiind orientat nord-est sud-vest. Scheletul, atribuit unui brbat matur de circa 45-50 ani, se gsea n centrul camerei funerare, n poziie chircit pe stnga, cu craniul orientat spre nord-est. Lng schelet i sub el au fost semnalate urme de putregai de la aternutul vegetal. Ca inventar mormntul coninea un vas de lut modelat cu mna, gsit n dreapta scheletului, i oase de bovin de la ofranda depus la nmormntare, aflate n vasul ceramic.

    Mormntul 2 se atribuie culturii Iamnaia din perioada timpurie a epocii bronzului (mil. III .Hr.). Camera funerar avea form oval, cu dimensiunile de 1,9x1,1 m, fiind orientat aproximativ nord-sud. Decedatul, un brbat matur cu vrsta de 40-45 ani, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate, cu capul orientat spre nord. Scheletul era vopsit cu ocru rou, o concentraie mai mare de ocru atestndu-se pe craniu. Sub schelet a fost semnalat un strat de putregai ce provine de la un aternut vegetal. n zona gtului au fost gsite dou inele de bucl.

    Prehistoric tumulus at Brinzenii noi (telenesti rayon)

    The tumulus is located at the south-eastern border of the village on the right side of the M2 national road (km 72). When the research started the north-western part of the site was in the road rehabilitation area. The tumulus with a diameter of 55 m was 5.6 m high. Excavations were carried out only at the western part of the tumulus on a total area of 1140 square meters. The research was led by the archaeologists Sergei Agulnicov and Eugen Mistreanu. The investigations

    found four graves dating from different times and a ritual ditch.

    Grave no.1 belongs to the New culture dating from the late Bronze Age (16th-13th centuries BC). It was discovered in the north-western part of the tumulus under a crowd of stones. The funeral pit was oval, 2.6x2.0 m, and oriented towards northeast and southwest. The skeleton, apparently belonging to a 45-50 year old man, was placed in the center of the burial room, on its left side, in a crouched position, with the skull facing northeast. Beside and under the skeleton researchers found traces of rot from plant bedding. There was a handmade clay pot on the right side of the skeleton and a ceramic dish with cattle bones from the offering made for burial.

    Grave no.2 belongs to the Iamnaia culture dating from the early Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC). The 1.9x1.1 m funeral room was oval oriented northwards and southwards. The deceased was a 40-45 year old man, crouched on his back, with his head northwards. The skeleton was painted with red ochre with a bigger amount of ochre on his skull.

    -- - , - 2 (72 ). -- - . 5,6 , 55 . , 1.140 2. - - . - - , .

    1 - (XVI-XIII ). -- , - . 2,62,0 -- -. , - 45-50 , - - , - , -.

    - - . - - , , , -, .

    2 (III - ). - 1,91,1 - . , - -, 40-45 , - , -. , -. . .

    3, - (III ), , . - - . 1,31,53 - -. .

    14 15

    Vedere asupra tumulului n proces de cercetare.

    View of tumulus during research.

    .

    Cercetarea mormntului 2.

    Gave no.2 during research

    2.

  • tumulul preistoric de la Brnzenii noi (r-nul teleneti)

    Tumulul este situat la marginea de sud-est a localitii, n partea dreapt a drumului naional M2 (km 72). La momentul demarrii cercetrilor sectorul de nord-vest al sitului se afla n zona de reabilitare a drumului. nlimea tumulului constituia 5,6 m, iar diametrul 55 m. Prin spturi arheologice a fost cercetat numai jumtatea vestic a tumulului, n total fiind excavat o suprafa de 1140 m.p. Responsabili de cercetare au fost arheologii Serghei Agulnicov i Eugen Mistreanu.

    n urma investigaiilor s-au descoperit patru morminte datnd din perioade istorice diferite i un an ritual.

    Mormntul 1 aparine culturii Noua din perioada trzie a epocii bronzului (sec. XVI-XIII .Hr.). A fost descoperit n sectorul de nord-vest al tumulului, sub o aglomeraie de pietre. Groapa funerar avea form oval, cu dimensiunile de 2,6x2,0 m, fiind orientat nord-est sud-vest. Scheletul, atribuit unui brbat matur de circa 45-50 ani, se gsea n centrul camerei funerare, n poziie chircit pe stnga, cu craniul orientat spre nord-est. Lng schelet i sub el au fost semnalate urme de putregai de la aternutul vegetal. Ca inventar mormntul coninea un vas de lut modelat cu mna, gsit n dreapta scheletului, i oase de bovin de la ofranda depus la nmormntare, aflate n vasul ceramic.

    Mormntul 2 se atribuie culturii Iamnaia din perioada timpurie a epocii bronzului (mil. III .Hr.). Camera funerar avea form oval, cu dimensiunile de 1,9x1,1 m, fiind orientat aproximativ nord-sud. Decedatul, un brbat matur cu vrsta de 40-45 ani, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate, cu capul orientat spre nord. Scheletul era vopsit cu ocru rou, o concentraie mai mare de ocru atestndu-se pe craniu. Sub schelet a fost semnalat un strat de putregai ce provine de la un aternut vegetal. n zona gtului au fost gsite dou inele de bucl.

    Prehistoric tumulus at Brinzenii noi (telenesti rayon)

    The tumulus is located at the south-eastern border of the village on the right side of the M2 national road (km 72). When the research started the north-western part of the site was in the road rehabilitation area. The tumulus with a diameter of 55 m was 5.6 m high. Excavations were carried out only at the western part of the tumulus on a total area of 1140 square meters. The research was led by the archaeologists Sergei Agulnicov and Eugen Mistreanu. The investigations

    found four graves dating from different times and a ritual ditch.

    Grave no.1 belongs to the New culture dating from the late Bronze Age (16th-13th centuries BC). It was discovered in the north-western part of the tumulus under a crowd of stones. The funeral pit was oval, 2.6x2.0 m, and oriented towards northeast and southwest. The skeleton, apparently belonging to a 45-50 year old man, was placed in the center of the burial room, on its left side, in a crouched position, with the skull facing northeast. Beside and under the skeleton researchers found traces of rot from plant bedding. There was a handmade clay pot on the right side of the skeleton and a ceramic dish with cattle bones from the offering made for burial.

    Grave no.2 belongs to the Iamnaia culture dating from the early Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC). The 1.9x1.1 m funeral room was oval oriented northwards and southwards. The deceased was a 40-45 year old man, crouched on his back, with his head northwards. The skeleton was painted with red ochre with a bigger amount of ochre on his skull.

    -- - , - 2 (72 ). -- - . 5,6 , 55 . , 1.140 2. - - . - - , .

    1 - (XVI-XIII ). -- , - . 2,62,0 -- -. , - 45-50 , - - , - , -.

    - - . - - , , , -, .

    2 (III - ). - 1,91,1 - . , - -, 40-45 , - , -. , -. . .

    3, - (III ), , . - - . 1,31,53 - -. .

    14 15

    Vedere asupra tumulului n proces de cercetare.

    View of tumulus during research.

    .

    Cercetarea mormntului 2.

    Gave no.2 during research

    2.

  • Mormntul 3, atribuit culturii Iamnaia din bronzul timpuriu (mil. III .Hr.), reprezenta o nmormntare simbolic din care lipsea scheletul. A fost identificat n partea sud-vestic a tumulului. Camera funerar avea form rectangular, cu dimensiunile de 1,3x1,53 m, i orientarea nord-vest sud-est. Pe fundul gropii s-au semnalat dou achii de silex nistrean de culoare cenuie i dou pete de ocru rou.

    Mormntul 4 (cultura Iamnaia) avea groapa de form oval, cu dimensiunile de 1,7x2,4 m i orientarea general sud-nord. De

    jur-mprejur groapa era prevzut cu o treapt, pe care erau aezate longitudinal cinci brne de stejar, susinute la margine de rui de lemn. Defunctul, de sex masculin, cu vrsta de aproximativ 30-35 ani, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate, cu capul orientat spre sud. Scheletul, n special craniul, era vopsit cu ocru rou-nchis. Pe fundul gropii se aflau resturile unei rogojini din fibre vegetale.

    anul 1 a fost semnalat la baza tumulului, fiind adncit n lutul galben. Complexul, semicircular n plan, avea diametrul de 28,5 m, limea de 0,65-0,75 m i adncimea de 0,65-0,70 m de la nivelul identificrii. anul delimita simbolic, probabil, spaiul sacru de sub mantaua movilei funerare. Acest element ritualic a fost nregistrat i la amenajarea altor tumuli atribuii culturii Iamnaia, cum ar fi, de exemplu, cei de lng s. Gvnoasa, r-nul Cahul.

    Dintre cele patru morminte descoperite n tumulul de la Brnzenii Noi, trei aparin culturii Iamnaia, care reprezint orizontul epocii bronzului timpuriu din zona de step i silvostep a sud-estului Europei. Acest complex cultural, rspndit pe un spaiu vast, s-a constituit pe parcursul celei de-a doua jumti a mil. IV .Hr. n interfluviul Nipru-Volga. La nceputul mil. III .Hr. comunitile culturii Iamnaia ncep s se extind, ajungnd de la munii Urali pn la Dunrea Mijlocie.

    There was a layer of rot under the skeleton that comes from plant bedding. Two lock-rings were found around the neck.

    Grave no.3, belonging to the Iamnaia culture dating from the early Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC), represents a symbolic place with a missing skeleton. It was found in the south-western part of the tumulus. The rectangular 1.3x1.53 m funeral room was oriented towards northwest and southwest. Two grey Nistrean flint chips and two spots of red ochre were found on the bottom of the pit.

    Grave no.4 (Iamnaia culture).

    The oval 1.7x2.4 m pit was oriented southwards and northwards and had one stair around it where five oak beams were laying lengthwise supported by wooden stakes. The 30-35 year old male deceased was lying crouched on his back with the head southwards. The skeleton, in particular the skull, was painted with dark red ochre. Remains of a mat made of plant fibers were found on the bottom of the pit.

    Ditch no.1 was found at the base of the tumulus, steeped into yellow clay. The half-round structure had a 28.5 m diameter and was 0.65-0.75 m wide and 0.65-0.70 m deep from the identification level. The ditch possibly separated symbolically the sacred space under the tumulus mantle. This element was also found in other tumuli belonging to the Iamnaia culture, such as, the tumuli near the Gavanoasa village, Cahul rayon.

    Three of the four graves discovered in the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi belong to the Iamnaia culture that represents the horizon of the early Bronze Age in the steppe and forest steppe areas in the south-east Europe. This cultural complex, covering a large area, was formed during the second half of the 4th millennium BC in the interfluve between Dnieper and Volga. The communities belonging to the Iamnaia culture start expanding in the early 3rd millennium BC from the Urals reaching the Middle Danube.

    4 ( ) - 1,72,4 , -. - , , - . , - - 30-35 , - , . , , - - . .

    . - 28,5 , 0,650,75 0,65-0,70 . , - - . - - .

    , , , - - - . , - , -

    IV . III - - . - XXVII-XXI . - , - -. - , - . , , . -: , -, , -. - , , , , - , , .

    16 17

    Cercetarea mormntului 1.

    Exploration of grave no.1.

    1.

    Mormntul 2.

    Gave no. 2.

    2.

  • Mormntul 3, atribuit culturii Iamnaia din bronzul timpuriu (mil. III .Hr.), reprezenta o nmormntare simbolic din care lipsea scheletul. A fost identificat n partea sud-vestic a tumulului. Camera funerar avea form rectangular, cu dimensiunile de 1,3x1,53 m, i orientarea nord-vest sud-est. Pe fundul gropii s-au semnalat dou achii de silex nistrean de culoare cenuie i dou pete de ocru rou.

    Mormntul 4 (cultura Iamnaia) avea groapa de form oval, cu dimensiunile de 1,7x2,4 m i orientarea general sud-nord. De

    jur-mprejur groapa era prevzut cu o treapt, pe care erau aezate longitudinal cinci brne de stejar, susinute la margine de rui de lemn. Defunctul, de sex masculin, cu vrsta de aproximativ 30-35 ani, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate, cu capul orientat spre sud. Scheletul, n special craniul, era vopsit cu ocru rou-nchis. Pe fundul gropii se aflau resturile unei rogojini din fibre vegetale.

    anul 1 a fost semnalat la baza tumulului, fiind adncit n lutul galben. Complexul, semicircular n plan, avea diametrul de 28,5 m, limea de 0,65-0,75 m i adncimea de 0,65-0,70 m de la nivelul identificrii. anul delimita simbolic, probabil, spaiul sacru de sub mantaua movilei funerare. Acest element ritualic a fost nregistrat i la amenajarea altor tumuli atribuii culturii Iamnaia, cum ar fi, de exemplu, cei de lng s. Gvnoasa, r-nul Cahul.

    Dintre cele patru morminte descoperite n tumulul de la Brnzenii Noi, trei aparin culturii Iamnaia, care reprezint orizontul epocii bronzului timpuriu din zona de step i silvostep a sud-estului Europei. Acest complex cultural, rspndit pe un spaiu vast, s-a constituit pe parcursul celei de-a doua jumti a mil. IV .Hr. n interfluviul Nipru-Volga. La nceputul mil. III .Hr. comunitile culturii Iamnaia ncep s se extind, ajungnd de la munii Urali pn la Dunrea Mijlocie.

    There was a layer of rot under the skeleton that comes from plant bedding. Two lock-rings were found around the neck.

    Grave no.3, belonging to the Iamnaia culture dating from the early Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC), represents a symbolic place with a missing skeleton. It was found in the south-western part of the tumulus. The rectangular 1.3x1.53 m funeral room was oriented towards northwest and southwest. Two grey Nistrean flint chips and two spots of red ochre were found on the bottom of the pit.

    Grave no.4 (Iamnaia culture).

    The oval 1.7x2.4 m pit was oriented southwards and northwards and had one stair around it where five oak beams were laying lengthwise supported by wooden stakes. The 30-35 year old male deceased was lying crouched on his back with the head southwards. The skeleton, in particular the skull, was painted with dark red ochre. Remains of a mat made of plant fibers were found on the bottom of the pit.

    Ditch no.1 was found at the base of the tumulus, steeped into yellow clay. The half-round structure had a 28.5 m diameter and was 0.65-0.75 m wide and 0.65-0.70 m deep from the identification level. The ditch possibly separated symbolically the sacred space under the tumulus mantle. This element was also found in other tumuli belonging to the Iamnaia culture, such as, the tumuli near the Gavanoasa village, Cahul rayon.

    Three of the four graves discovered in the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi belong to the Iamnaia culture that represents the horizon of the early Bronze Age in the steppe and forest steppe areas in the south-east Europe. This cultural complex, covering a large area, was formed during the second half of the 4th millennium BC in the interfluve between Dnieper and Volga. The communities belonging to the Iamnaia culture start expanding in the early 3rd millennium BC from the Urals reaching the Middle Danube.

    4 ( ) - 1,72,4 , -. - , , - . , - - 30-35 , - , . , , - - . .

    . - 28,5 , 0,650,75 0,65-0,70 . , - - . - - .

    , , , - - - . , - , -

    IV . III - - . - XXVII-XXI . - , - -. - , - . , , . -: , -, , -. - , , , , - , , .

    16 17

    Cercetarea mormntului 1.

    Exploration of grave no.1.

    1.

    Mormntul 2.

    Gave no. 2.

    2.

  • Vestigiile culturii Iamnaia de pe teritoriul Moldovei se dateaz n sec. XXVII-XXI .Hr., fiind mprite n dou variante locale. Purttorii culturii erau populaii nomade, ocupaia lor principal fiind creterea animalelor. Elementele definitorii ale acestei culturi arheologice sunt mormintele funerare tumulare, poziia chircit a scheletelor i depunerea de ocru asupra defuncilor. Se presupune c ocrul rou simboliza sngele, de care cel decedat ar fi avut nevoie n ,,lumea de dincolo. Inventarul mormintelor este compus din vase de lut modelate cu mna, precum oale, amforete sferoidale, ceti i cupe, multe dintre ele fiind ornamentate cu decor nurat. Se ntlnesc, dar mai rar, i cuite de bronz, dltie, ace, sule, inele de bucl, realizate din bronz, argint sau chiar aur.

    Mormntul 1 din tumulul de la Brnzenii Noi a fost atribuit cultu-rii Noua din perioada trzie a epocii bronzului (sec. XVI-XIII .Hr.), rs-pndit n zona de silvostep a inter-fluviului Prut-Nistru. Cultura Noua reprezint rezultatul interaciunilor dintre complexul cultural Srubna-ia din nordul Mrii Negre cu cultura Monteoru, cunoscut n Moldova de peste Prut i Muntenia. Monumen-tele culturii Noua sunt caracteriza-te prin aezri de lung durat, care erau alctuite din 10-20 locuine i diverse anexe gospodreti. Ritul fu-nerar practicat de purttorii culturii Noua din regiunea pruto-nistrean a

    The vestiges of the Iamnaia culture on the territory of Moldova date from the 27th-21st centuries BC and are split into two local variants. The representatives of this culture were nomadic populations and their main occupation was animal breeding. The defining elements of this archaeological culture are the tumuli, the crouched position of skeletons and the red ochre on the deceased. It is assumed that the red ochre symbolized the blood that the deceased will need in the afterlife. Handmade clay dishes, such as pots, small spheroidal amphorae, cups and goblets were found in tombs, many of them ornamented with cord decorations. Bronze knives, chisels, needles, awls, lock rings made of bronze, silver or even gold were also found, although not so many.

    The grave no.1 in the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi belongs to the New culture dating from the late Bronze Age (16th-13th centuries BC) and prevailing in the forest steppe of the interfluve between the Prut and Nistru rivers. The New culture is the result of the interactions between the Srubnaya cultural complex in the north of the Black Sea with the Monteoru culture spread in the part of Moldova that is across the Prut River and in Muntenia. The monuments of the New culture are characterized by long-lasting settlements made of 10-20 dwellings and various outbuildings. The funeral rite practiced by the representatives of the New culture in

    1, , (XVI-XIII ), - -. -

    - , - , . - -, 10-20 - . - - -, -, , - . - - , , . - -. 1 . - - , . - , , .

    fost nhumaia, atestat ntr-o serie de necropole plane, precum i la mai multe descoperiri funerare izolate, deseori amplasate n mantalele unor tumuli mai vechi. Defuncii erau ae-zai n poziie chircit, de regul pe partea stng. Predomin orienta-rea spre est i nord-est a scheletelor. n cazul mormntului 1 din tumulul de la Brnzenii Noi, camera funerar a fost acoperit cu o aglomeraie de pietre. Prezena mormntului respec-tiv ne-ar putea indica existena unei necropole plane a culturii Noua, afe-rente tumulului cercetat. innd cont de caracteristicile mormintelor cerce-tate, movila funerar de la Brnzenii Noi a funcionat ca loc de nmormn-tare n perioadele timpurie i trzie ale epocii bronzului.

    the region between Prut and Nistru was inhumation, as evidenced by a number of plane necropolises and isolated funeral discoveries, often found in the mantels of older tumuli. The deceased were in a crouched position, as a rule on their left side, most often oriented towards east and northeast. The funeral room of the grave no. 1 in the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi was covered with stones. This grave could indicate the existence of a plane necropolis belonging to the New culture related to the researched tumulus. Given the characteristics of the researched graves, the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi was used as a burial place in the early and late Bronze Age.

    18 19

    Vas ceramic de tip borcan (mormntul 1).

    Jar-like ceramic pot (grave no.1).

    ( 1).

    Inel de bucl din bronz (mormntul 2).

    Bronze lock-ring (grave no.2).

    ( 2).

    Mormntul 4. Vedere dinspre nord.

    Grave no. 4. View from north.

    4. .

  • Vestigiile culturii Iamnaia de pe teritoriul Moldovei se dateaz n sec. XXVII-XXI .Hr., fiind mprite n dou variante locale. Purttorii culturii erau populaii nomade, ocupaia lor principal fiind creterea animalelor. Elementele definitorii ale acestei culturi arheologice sunt mormintele funerare tumulare, poziia chircit a scheletelor i depunerea de ocru asupra defuncilor. Se presupune c ocrul rou simboliza sngele, de care cel decedat ar fi avut nevoie n ,,lumea de dincolo. Inventarul mormintelor este compus din vase de lut modelate cu mna, precum oale, amforete sferoidale, ceti i cupe, multe dintre ele fiind ornamentate cu decor nurat. Se ntlnesc, dar mai rar, i cuite de bronz, dltie, ace, sule, inele de bucl, realizate din bronz, argint sau chiar aur.

    Mormntul 1 din tumulul de la Brnzenii Noi a fost atribuit cultu-rii Noua din perioada trzie a epocii bronzului (sec. XVI-XIII .Hr.), rs-pndit n zona de silvostep a inter-fluviului Prut-Nistru. Cultura Noua reprezint rezultatul interaciunilor dintre complexul cultural Srubna-ia din nordul Mrii Negre cu cultura Monteoru, cunoscut n Moldova de peste Prut i Muntenia. Monumen-tele culturii Noua sunt caracteriza-te prin aezri de lung durat, care erau alctuite din 10-20 locuine i diverse anexe gospodreti. Ritul fu-nerar practicat de purttorii culturii Noua din regiunea pruto-nistrean a

    The vestiges of the Iamnaia culture on the territory of Moldova date from the 27th-21st centuries BC and are split into two local variants. The representatives of this culture were nomadic populations and their main occupation was animal breeding. The defining elements of this archaeological culture are the tumuli, the crouched position of skeletons and the red ochre on the deceased. It is assumed that the red ochre symbolized the blood that the deceased will need in the afterlife. Handmade clay dishes, such as pots, small spheroidal amphorae, cups and goblets were found in tombs, many of them ornamented with cord decorations. Bronze knives, chisels, needles, awls, lock rings made of bronze, silver or even gold were also found, although not so many.

    The grave no.1 in the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi belongs to the New culture dating from the late Bronze Age (16th-13th centuries BC) and prevailing in the forest steppe of the interfluve between the Prut and Nistru rivers. The New culture is the result of the interactions between the Srubnaya cultural complex in the north of the Black Sea with the Monteoru culture spread in the part of Moldova that is across the Prut River and in Muntenia. The monuments of the New culture are characterized by long-lasting settlements made of 10-20 dwellings and various outbuildings. The funeral rite practiced by the representatives of the New culture in

    1, , (XVI-XIII ), - -. -

    - , - , . - -, 10-20 - . - - -, -, , - . - - , , . - -. 1 . - - , . - , , .

    fost nhumaia, atestat ntr-o serie de necropole plane, precum i la mai multe descoperiri funerare izolate, deseori amplasate n mantalele unor tumuli mai vechi. Defuncii erau ae-zai n poziie chircit, de regul pe partea stng. Predomin orienta-rea spre est i nord-est a scheletelor. n cazul mormntului 1 din tumulul de la Brnzenii Noi, camera funerar a fost acoperit cu o aglomeraie de pietre. Prezena mormntului respec-tiv ne-ar putea indica existena unei necropole plane a culturii Noua, afe-rente tumulului cercetat. innd cont de caracteristicile mormintelor cerce-tate, movila funerar de la Brnzenii Noi a funcionat ca loc de nmormn-tare n perioadele timpurie i trzie ale epocii bronzului.

    the region between Prut and Nistru was inhumation, as evidenced by a number of plane necropolises and isolated funeral discoveries, often found in the mantels of older tumuli. The deceased were in a crouched position, as a rule on their left side, most often oriented towards east and northeast. The funeral room of the grave no. 1 in the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi was covered with stones. This grave could indicate the existence of a plane necropolis belonging to the New culture related to the researched tumulus. Given the characteristics of the researched graves, the tumulus at Brinzenii Noi was used as a burial place in the early and late Bronze Age.

    18 19

    Vas ceramic de tip borcan (mormntul 1).

    Jar-like ceramic pot (grave no.1).

    ( 1).

    Inel de bucl din bronz (mormntul 2).

    Bronze lock-ring (grave no.2).

    ( 2).

    Mormntul 4. Vedere dinspre nord.

    Grave no. 4. View from north.

    4. .

  • tumulul 1 de la rogojeni (r-nul oldneti)

    Tumulul face parte dintr-un grup alctuit din trei movile, situate pe un platou de pe malul stng al r. Rut. Deoarece se afla n zona aferent drumului n curs de reabilitare, anume la tumulul 1, n toamna anului 2013 au fost ntreprinse cercetri arheologice de salvare i de supraveghere, realizate de Serghei Agulnicov, Eugen Mistreanu i Sergiu Popovici.

    Tumulul investigat avea nlimea de 2 m i diametrul de 56 m, sectorul de vest fiind parial distrus de lucrrile de construcie a drumului din anii 70 ai secolului trecut. Prin

    spturi a fost cercetat o arie de circa 670 m.p. din partea vestic a movilei, unde s-au descoperit dou morminte de tip Iamnaia din perioada timpurie a epocii bronzului (mil. III .Hr.) i o platform din pietre datnd probabil din aceeai perioad.

    Mormntul 1, atribuit etapei trzii a culturii Iamnaia, a fost descoperit n zona central-sud-vestic a tumulului. Groapa funerar avea o form dreptunghiular, prag de jur-mprejur i orientarea general nord-vest sud-est. Scheletul, aparinnd unui brbat matur, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate. Oasele scheletului au fost acoperite cu ocru de nuan roie nchis.

    tumulus 1 at rogojeni (Soldanesti rayon)

    This tumulus is part of a group made of three mounds located on a plateau on the left bank of the Raut River. Since it is neighbouring the road under construction, the tumulus no.1 was chosen in the autumn of 2013 for rescue and oversight archaeological research led by Eugen Mistreanu and Sergiu Popovici.

    It was 2 m high and had a diameter of 56 m, its western part being partially destroyed by the road construction works carried out in the 70s of the last century. Excavations were carried out on an area of about 670 square meters

    in the western part of the mound where two Iamnaia-type graves dating from the early Bronze Age (3rd mil. BC) were discovered along with a stone platform, possibly dating from the same period.

    Grave no.1, dating from the late stage of the Iamnaia culture, was discovered in the central-south-western part of the tumulus. There was a threshold all around the rectangular burial pit that was generally oriented towards northwest and southeast. The skeleton of an adult man was lying in a crouched position on his back. The skeleton bones were covered with dark red ochre. A layer of rot was found under the skeleton coming from plant bedding. There was a clay pot at the north-west of the skull.

    , - , . , 1, - , 2013 - , - - - .

    - 2 , 56 , 70-

    . - 670 2 , , - - (III ) - .

    1, , - . - , - ---. , - . - .

    20 21

    Vedere asupra tumulului.

    View of tumulus.

    .

    Vas ceramic in situ (mormntul 1).

    Ceramic pot in situ (grave no.1).

    in situ ( 1).

    Mormntul 1 n proces de cercetare.

    Grave no.1 during research.

    1 .

  • tumulul 1 de la rogojeni (r-nul oldneti)

    Tumulul face parte dintr-un grup alctuit din trei movile, situate pe un platou de pe malul stng al r. Rut. Deoarece se afla n zona aferent drumului n curs de reabilitare, anume la tumulul 1, n toamna anului 2013 au fost ntreprinse cercetri arheologice de salvare i de supraveghere, realizate de Serghei Agulnicov, Eugen Mistreanu i Sergiu Popovici.

    Tumulul investigat avea nlimea de 2 m i diametrul de 56 m, sectorul de vest fiind parial distrus de lucrrile de construcie a drumului din anii 70 ai secolului trecut. Prin

    spturi a fost cercetat o arie de circa 670 m.p. din partea vestic a movilei, unde s-au descoperit dou morminte de tip Iamnaia din perioada timpurie a epocii bronzului (mil. III .Hr.) i o platform din pietre datnd probabil din aceeai perioad.

    Mormntul 1, atribuit etapei trzii a culturii Iamnaia, a fost descoperit n zona central-sud-vestic a tumulului. Groapa funerar avea o form dreptunghiular, prag de jur-mprejur i orientarea general nord-vest sud-est. Scheletul, aparinnd unui brbat matur, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate. Oasele scheletului au fost acoperite cu ocru de nuan roie nchis.

    tumulus 1 at rogojeni (Soldanesti rayon)

    This tumulus is part of a group made of three mounds located on a plateau on the left bank of the Raut River. Since it is neighbouring the road under construction, the tumulus no.1 was chosen in the autumn of 2013 for rescue and oversight archaeological research led by Eugen Mistreanu and Sergiu Popovici.

    It was 2 m high and had a diameter of 56 m, its western part being partially destroyed by the road construction works carried out in the 70s of the last century. Excavations were carried out on an area of about 670 square meters

    in the western part of the mound where two Iamnaia-type graves dating from the early Bronze Age (3rd mil. BC) were discovered along with a stone platform, possibly dating from the same period.

    Grave no.1, dating from the late stage of the Iamnaia culture, was discovered in the central-south-western part of the tumulus. There was a threshold all around the rectangular burial pit that was generally oriented towards northwest and southeast. The skeleton of an adult man was lying in a crouched position on his back. The skeleton bones were covered with dark red ochre. A layer of rot was found under the skeleton coming from plant bedding. There was a clay pot at the north-west of the skull.

    , - , . , 1, - , 2013 - , - - - .

    - 2 , 56 , 70-

    . - 670 2 , , - - (III ) - .

    1, , - . - , - ---. , - . - .

    20 21

    Vedere asupra tumulului.

    View of tumulus.

    .

    Vas ceramic in situ (mormntul 1).

    Ceramic pot in situ (grave no.1).

    in situ ( 1).

    Mormntul 1 n proces de cercetare.

    Grave no.1 during research.

    1 .

  • Sub defunct se gsea un strat de putregai, provenind de la un aternut vegetal. Ca inventar, nmormntarea coninea un vas de lut, aflat la nord-vest de craniu.

    Mormntul 2, aparinnd culturii Iamnaia, a fost descoperit n sectorul de sud-vest al tumulului. Camera funerar, cu treapt, era orientat pe direcia sud-est nord-vest. La nivelul treptei, groapa era acoperit cu nou brne de lemn. Scheletul, atribuit unei femei, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate. Oasele erau vopsite cu ocru de nuan roie-aprins, o intensitate mai mare atestndu-se pe craniu. Sub schelet, ct i pe toat suprafaa fundului gropii, au fost semnalate resturile unei rogojini. Lng braul stng a fost gsit un recipient de

    lut fragmentat.Platforma de piatr a fost identificat

    n urma demantelrii tumulului. Avea n plan o form dreptunghiular-neregulat, cu dimensiunile de 6,0x14 m, i era alctuit din pietre neprelucrate de calcar. Dup toate probabilitile, construcia a avut dimensiuni mai mari, dar partea ei de vest a fost deranjat n procesul de construcie i reabilitare a drumului.

    Grave no.2 that belongs to the Iamnaia culture was discovered in the south-western part of the tumulus. The burial room, with a stair, was oriented towards south-east and north-west. At the stair level the pit was covered with nine wooden beams. The skeleton, belonging to a woman, was lying on her back in a crouched position. The bones were painted with bright red ochre, more intensely on the skull. Under the skeleton and on the entire pit bottom remains of a mat were found. A broken clay pot was found beside the left arm.

    A 6,0x14 m stone platform was found after the tumulus was demolished. It had an uneven rectangular shape and was made of raw limestone rocks.

    The construction most likely had been bigger, but its western part had been destroyed during the road construction and rehabilitation process.

    . , -- .

    2, , - . - - ---. . , , - . - , - . , ,

    . .

    - . - 6,014 , . , , - .

    22 23

    Vas de tip amforet, prevzut cu dou tortie-proeminene (mormntul 1).

    Amphora-shaped bowl with two protruding handles (grave no.1).

    - ( 1).

    Amforet miniatural cu dou tortie-proeminene (mormntul 2).

    Miniature amphora with two protruding handles (grave no. 2).

    -

    ( 1).

  • Sub defunct se gsea un strat de putregai, provenind de la un aternut vegetal. Ca inventar, nmormntarea coninea un vas de lut, aflat la nord-vest de craniu.

    Mormntul 2, aparinnd culturii Iamnaia, a fost descoperit n sectorul de sud-vest al tumulului. Camera funerar, cu treapt, era orientat pe direcia sud-est nord-vest. La nivelul treptei, groapa era acoperit cu nou brne de lemn. Scheletul, atribuit unei femei, a fost depus n poziie chircit pe spate. Oasele erau vopsite cu ocru de nuan roie-aprins, o intensitate mai mare atestndu-se pe craniu. Sub schelet, ct i pe toat suprafaa fundului gropii, au fost semnalate resturile unei rogojini. Lng braul stng a fost gsit un recipient de

    lut fragmentat.Platforma de piatr a fost identificat

    n urma demantelrii tumulului. Avea n plan o form dreptunghiular-neregulat, cu dimensiunile de 6,0x14 m, i era alctuit din pietre neprelucrate de calcar. Dup toate probabilitile, construcia a avut dimensiuni mai mari, dar partea ei de vest a fost deranjat n procesul de construcie i reabilitare a drumului.

    Grave no.2 that belongs to the Iamnaia culture was discovered in the south-western part of the tumulus. The burial room, with a stair, was oriented towards south-east and north-west. At the stair level the pit was covered with nine wooden beams. The skeleton, belonging to a woman, was lying on her back in a crouched position. The bones were painted with bright red ochre, more intensely on the skull. Under the skeleton and on the entire pit bottom remains of a mat were found. A broken clay pot was found beside the left arm.

    A 6,0x14 m stone platform was found after the tumulus was demolished. It had an uneven rectangular shape and was made of raw limestone rocks.

    The construction most likely had been bigger, but its western part had been destroyed during the road construction and rehabilitation process.

    . , -- .

    2, , - . - - ---. . , , - . - , - . , ,

    . .

    - . - 6,014 , . , , - .

    22 23

    Vas de tip amforet, prevzut cu dou tortie-proeminene (mormntul 1).

    Amphora-shaped bowl with two protruding handles (grave no.1).

    - ( 1).

    Amforet miniatural cu dou tortie-proeminene (mormntul 2).

    Miniature amphora with two protruding handles (grave no. 2).

    -

    ( 1).

  • tumulul de la Stoicani (r-nul Soroca)

    Tumulul este situat la 1 km nord-est de localitate, pe partea stng a drumului naional M2 Chiinu-Soroca. O parte din movil a fost distrus n anii 60-70 ai sec. XX. Partea pstrat a sitului actualmente are nlimea de 3,65 m i diametrul de 54 m. Lucrrile de reabilitare a drumului n zona aferent tumulului prevedeau intervenii de anvergur n sol. n procesul de supraveghere a acestor lucrri de ctre specialitii Ageniei Naionale Arheologice (responsabil Ion Ceban), au fost surprinse integral dou nivele i parial al treilea de constituire a

    movilei. La baza tumulului, care se afla sub partea carosabil a drumului, a fost descoperit un mormnt de inhumaie aparinnd culturii Iamnaia (mil. III .Hr.). Mormntul era parial distrus probabil, n procesul construciei drumului n a doua jumtate a sec. XX. A fost semnalat doar jumtatea inferioar a camerei funerare, rectangular n plan, cu colurile rotunjite. Scheletul defunctului se afla pe fundul gropii, n poziie chircit, cu nclinare spre stnga. Printre resturile scheletice au fost semnalate urme de ocru, iar pe fundul gropii resturi de putregai care proveneau de la un aternut vegetal. Conform determinrilor antropologice, scheletul aparinea unui individ cu vrsta de 20-25 ani.

    tumulus at Stoicani (Soroca rayon)

    This tumulus is 1 km north-east of the locality, on the left side of the Chisinau-Soroca road. Part of the mound was destroyed in the 60s-70s of the 20th century. The preserved part of the site is 3.65 m high and has a diameter of 54 m. The road rehabilitation works in the area neighbouring the tumulus included large-scale interventions in soil. While supervising the works, the experts of the National Agency for Archaeology (led by Ion Ceban) found two full levels and parts of the third level of the mound. At the tumulus base, located under the road, they

    found a grave for inhumation belonging to the Iamnaia culture (3rd mil. BC). The grave was partially destroyed, possibly during the road construction works carried out in the second half of the 20th century. Only the lower half of the burial room was found. It was rectangular, with rounded corners. The skeleton was on the bottom of the pit, in a crouched position, tilted to the left. Traces of ochre were found among the skeletal remains and rot coming from plant bedding was found on the bottom of the pit. The anthropological investigations found that the skeleton belongs to a 20-25 year old individual.

    - - , 2 -. 60-70 . - - 3,65 , 54 . , - , - -.

    - ( ) - 3 - . , , (III ). , , , - . - - . - -, . , - . , - 20-25 .

    24 25

    Mormntul 1 n proces de cercetare.

    Grave no.1 during research.

    1 .

    Vedere asupra tumulului.

    View of tumulus.

    .

    Mormntul 1 n proces de cercetare.

    Gave no. 2 during research.

    1 .

    Mormntul 1.

    Gave no. 1.

    1.

  • tumulul de la Stoicani (r-nul Soroca)

    Tumulul este situat la 1 km nord-est de localitate, pe partea stng a drumului naional M2 Chiinu-Soroca. O parte din movil a fost distrus n anii 60-70 ai sec. XX. Partea pstrat a sitului actualmente are nlimea de 3,65 m i diametrul de 54 m. Lucrrile de reabilitare a drumului n zona aferent tumulului prevedeau intervenii de anvergur n sol. n procesul de supraveghere a acestor lucrri de ctre specialitii Ageniei Naionale Arheologice (responsabil Ion Ceban), au fost surprinse integral dou nivele i parial al treilea de constituire a

    movilei. La baza tumulului, care se afla sub partea carosabil a drumului, a fost descoperit un mormnt de inhumaie aparinnd culturii Iamnaia (mil. III .Hr.). Mormntul era parial distrus probabil, n procesul construciei drumului n a doua jumtate a sec. XX. A fost semnalat doar jumtatea inferioar a camerei funerare, rectangular n plan, cu colurile rotunjite. Scheletul defunctului se afla pe fundul gropii, n poziie chircit, cu nclinare spre stnga. Printre resturile scheletice au fost semnalate urme de ocru, iar pe fundul gropii resturi de putregai care proveneau de la un aternut vegetal. Conform determinrilor antropologice, scheletul aparinea unui individ cu vrsta de 20-25 ani.

    tumulus at Stoicani (Soroca rayon)

    This tumulus is 1 km north-east of the locality, on the left side of the Chisinau-Soroca road. Part of the mound was destroyed in the 60s-70s of the 20th century. The preserved part of the site is 3.65 m high and has a diameter of 54 m. The road rehabilitation works in the area neighbouring the tumulus included large-scale interventions in soil. While supervising the works, the experts of the National Agency for Archaeology (led by Ion Ceban) found two full levels and parts of the third level of the mound. At the tumulus base, located under the road, they

    found a grave for inhumation belonging to the Iamnaia culture (3rd mil. BC). The grave was partially destroyed, possibly during the road construction works carried out in the second half of the 20th century. Only the lower half of the burial room was found. It was rectangular, with rounded corners. The skeleton was on the bottom of the pit, in a crouched position, tilted to the left. Traces of ochre were found among the skeletal remains and rot coming from plant bedding was found on the bottom of the pit. The anthropological investigations found that the skeleton belongs to a 20-25 year old individual.

    - - , 2 -. 60-70 . - - 3,65 , 54 . , - , - -.

    - ( ) - 3 - . , , (III ). , , , - . - - . - -, . , - . , - 20-25 .

    24 25

    Mormntul 1 n proces de cercetare.

    Grave no.1 during research.

    1 .

    Vedere asupra tumulului.

    View of tumulus.

    .

    Mormntul 1 n proces de cercetare.

    Gave no. 2 during research.

    1 .

    Mormntul 1.

    Gave no. 1.

    1.

  • tumulul Movila Uriaului de la rublenia (r-nul Soroca)

    Tumulul, cunoscut cu denumirea de Movila Uriaului, se afl la 3,3 km vest de satul Rublenia i 2 km est de localitatea olcani, pe partea stng a drumului R7. Are form alungit, asemntoare cu cea a unui val de pmnt. Lungimea tumulului este de circa 118 m, iar nlimea de 2-2,5 m. Captul nord-estic al movilei a fost distrus n anii 70 ai secolului trecut de lucrrile de construcie a drumului R7. Suprafaa sitului este acoperit

    giants mound tumulus at rublenita (Soroca rayon)

    This tumulus, also known as The Giants Mound, is 3.3 km westward of the Rublenita village and 2 km eastward of Solcani, on the left side of the R7 road. It is elongated and looks like a ground wave. The tumulus is about 118 m long and 2-2.5 m high. Its north-eastern edge was destroyed in the 70s of the last century during construction works at the R7 road. The site is covered by crops with a row of trees at its north-eastern edge.

    de culturi agricole, n marginea lui nord-estic fiind plantat un rnd de arbori. nc de la nceputurile epocii moderne tumulul a cptat faima unui monument istoric nsemnat pentru inutul pruto-nistrean. n anul 1864 a fost nregistrat i publicat o legend despre Movila Uriaului, care este povestit i n prezent de oamenii din partea locului. Cu ocazia lucrrilor de reabilitare a drumului, n toamna anului 2013 la tumulul de la Rublenia au fost efectuate cercetri arheologice de supraveghere. Deoarece suprafaa movilei practic nu a fost afectat, morminte sau alte vestigii nu s-au semnalat.

    Since the beginning of the Modern Age the tumulus has become famous as an important historical monument for the region between the Prut and Nistru rivers. There is also a legend about the Giants Mound the locals have been telling since 1864. In the autumn of 2013 oversight research was conducted at the tumulus at Rublenita as part of road rehabilitation works. Since the mounds surface was not affected almost at all, no graves or other remains were found.

    -

    , - , - 3,3 - 2 , R7. - , . 118 , 2-2,5 . -- - 70-

    R7. - , - . XIX - . 1864 - , . 2013 , - - . , - , - , .

    26 27

    Vedere asupra tumulului.

    View of tumulus.

    .

  • tumulul Movila Uriaului de la rublenia (r-nul Soroca)

    Tumulul, cunoscut cu denumirea de Movila Uriaului, se afl la 3,3 km vest de satul Rublenia i 2 km est de localitatea olcani, pe partea stng a drumului R7. Are form alungit, asemntoare cu cea a unui val de pmnt. Lungimea tumulului este de circa 118 m, iar nlimea de 2-2,5 m. Captul nord-estic al movilei a fost distrus n anii 70 ai secolului trecut de lucrrile de construcie a drumului R7. Suprafaa sitului este acoperit

    giants mound tumulus at rublenita (Soroca rayon)

    This tumulus, also known as The Giants Mound, is 3.3 km westward of the Rublenita village and 2 km eastward of Solcani, on the left side of the R7 road. It is elongated and looks like a ground wave. The tumulus is about 118 m long and 2-2.5 m high. Its north-eastern edge was destroyed in the 70s of the last century during construction works at the R7 road. The site is covered by crops with a row of trees at its north-eastern edge.

    de culturi agricole, n marginea lui nord-estic fiind plantat un rnd de arbori. nc de la nceputurile epocii moderne tumulul a cptat faima unui monument istoric nsemnat pentru inutul pruto-nistrean. n anul 1864 a fost nregistrat i publicat o legend despre Movila Uriaului, care este povestit i n prezent de oamenii din partea locului. Cu ocazia lucrrilor de reabilitare a drumului, n toamna anului 2013 la tumulul de la Rublenia au fost efectuate cercetri arheologice de supraveghere. Deoarece suprafaa movilei practic nu a fost afectat, morminte sau alte vestigii nu s-au semnalat.

    Since the beginning of the Modern Age the tumulus has become famous as an important historical monument for the region between the Prut and Nistru rivers. There is also a legend about the Giants Mound the locals have been telling since 1864. In the autumn of 2013 oversight research was conducted at the tumulus at Rublenita as part of road rehabilitation works. Since the mounds surface was not affected almost at all, no graves or other remains were found.

    -

    , - , - 3,3 - 2 , R7. - , . 118 , 2-2,5 . -- - 70-

    R7. - , - . XIX - . 1864 - , . 2013 , - - . , - , - , .

    26 27

    Vedere asupra tumulului.

    View of tumulus.

    .

  • Situl arheologic de la alexandru cel Bun (com. Volovia, r-nul Soroca)

    Monument arheologic cu urme de locuire din eneolitic (mil. IV .Hr., cultura Cucuteni-Tripolie) i epoca roman trzie (sec. III-IV d.Hr., cultura Sntana de Mure-Cerneahov), situat n marginea de sud-vest a satului Alexandru cel Bun, pe versantul stng al vii unui pru fr nume, afluent de dreapta al r. Nistru. Aezarea din epoca roman trzie a fost descoperit n anul 1950 de arheologul G.B. Fiodorov, iar resturile de vieuire uman atribuite culturii Cucuteni-Tripolie au fost identificate n martie 2013

    de specialitii Ageniei Naionale Arheologice. Aezarea cucutenian ocup partea de nord-vest a sitului, iar cea din epoca roman trzie prezint dimensiuni mai mari, de circa 90x600 m. n primvara-vara anului 2013 n zona de protecie a sitului, afectat de lucrrile de reabilitare a drumului, a fost efectuat supravegherea arheologic corespunztoare, iar n perimetrul lui a fost executat un sondaj arheologic.

    Materialele descoperite n sptur i prin prospectrile de suprafa aparin la dou epoci diferite: eneolitic i roman trzie.

    Vestigiile atribuite culturii Cucuteni-Tripolie cuprind cteva fragmente ceramice corodate, o rni din piatr de gresie i cteva piese de silex. Judecnd dup materialul descoperit pn acum, reiese c locuirea din epoca eneolitic nu s-a ntins spre zona vestic i limita sudic a staiunii.

    Materialele de tip Sntana de Mure din perioada roman trzie sunt mai numeroase, incluznd o piatr de ascuit din gresie, mai multe fragmente de vase ceramice i buci de lut ars de la construcii de suprafa. Ceramica cuprinde cteva categorii distincte: oale lucrate cu mna din past grosier, vase (castroane, cni, vase de provizii) lucrate la roat din past fin, oale lucrate la roat din past zgrunuroas i recipiente (amfore i amforete) romane de import.

    archaeological Site at alexandru cel Bun (Volovita Commune, Soroca rayon)

    This is an archaeological monument, where traces of habitation dating from the Eneolithic (4th mil. BC, Cucuteni-Trypillian culture) and the late Roman Era (3rd-4th centuries AD, Santana de Mures-Chernyakhov culture) were found. It is located at the south-western border of the Alexandru cel Bun village, on the left side of the valley of a nameless creek, which is the right tributary of the Nistru River. The late Roman Era settlement was discovered in 1950 by G.B. Fiodorov, archaeologist, while remains of human inhabitation

    belonging to the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture were found in March 2013 by the experts of the National Agency for Archaeology. The Cucuteni settlement covers the north-western part of the site, while the late Roman Era settlement is larger, about 90x600 m. In the spring and summer of 2013 in the sites protected area affected by road rehabilitation works, appropriate efforts of archaeological oversight were made, and an archaeological survey was conducted within its perimeter.

    The remains found following excavations and surface explorations belong to two different ages Eneolithic and the late Roman.

    The remains belonging to the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture include several pieces of etched pottery, a grinder made of sandstone and several flint pieces. Judging by the remains discovered so far, the Eneolithic settlement did not expand towards the western area and southern border of the site.

    There are more remains belonging to the Santana de Mures culture dating from the late Roman Age, including a sharpening stone made of sandstone, pieces of pottery and clay from surface constructions. The pottery includes several distinct categories handmade pots made of coarse paste, dishes (bowls, cups, storage pots) made of fine paste and pots made of rough paste with the help of the wheel and imported Roman containers (amphorae).

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    Cute din gresie i ceramic lucrat la roat local i de import

    Whetstone and pottery manufactured using local and imported wheels.

    , .

    Vedere asupra sitului.

    View of the archaeological site.

    .

  • Situl arheologic de la alexandru cel Bun (com. Volovia, r-nul Soroca)

    Monument arheologic cu urme de locuire din eneolitic (mil. IV .Hr., cultura Cucuteni-Tripolie) i epoca roman trzie (sec. III-IV d.Hr., cultura Sntana de Mure-Cerneahov), situat n marginea de sud-vest a satului Alexandru cel Bun, pe versantul stng al vii unui pru fr nume, afluent de dreapta al r. Nistru. Aezarea din epoca roman trzie a fost descoperit n anul 1950 de arheologul G.B. Fiodorov, iar resturile de vieuire uman atribuite culturii Cucuteni-Tripolie au fost identificate n martie 2013

    de specialitii Ageniei Naionale Arheologice. Aezarea cucutenian ocup partea de nord-vest a sitului, iar cea din epoca roman trzie prezint dimensiuni mai mari, de circa 90x600 m. n primvara-vara anului 2013 n zona de protecie a sitului, afectat de lucrrile de reabilitare a drumului, a fost efectuat supravegherea arheologic corespunztoare, iar n perimetrul lui a fost executat un sondaj arheologic.

    Materialele descoperite n sptur i prin prospectrile de suprafa aparin la dou epoci diferite: eneolitic i roman trzie.

    Vestigiile atribuite culturii Cucuteni-Tripolie cuprind cteva fragmente ceramice corodate, o rni din piatr de gresie i cteva piese de silex. Judecnd dup materialul descoperit pn acum, reiese c locuirea din epoca eneolitic nu s-a ntins spre zona vestic i limita sudic a staiunii.

    Materialele de tip Sntana de Mure din perioada roman trzie sunt mai numeroase, incluznd o piatr de ascuit din gresie, mai multe fragmente de vase ceramice i buci de lut ars de la construcii de suprafa. Ceramica cuprinde cteva categorii distincte: oale lucrate cu mna din past grosier, vase (castroane, cni, vase de provizii) lucrate la roat din past fin, oale lucrate la roat din past zgrunuroas i recipiente (amfore i amforete) romane de import.

    archaeological Site at alexandru cel Bun (Volovita Commune, Soroca rayon)

    This is an archaeological monument, where traces of habitation dating from the Eneolithic (4th mil. BC, Cucuteni-Trypillian culture) and the late Roman Era (3rd-4th centuries AD, Santana de Mures-Chernyakhov culture) were found. It is located at the south-western border of the Alexandru cel Bun village, on the left side of the valley of a nameless creek, which is the right tributary of the Nistru River. The late Roman Era settlement was discovered in 1950 by G.B. Fiodorov, archaeologist, while remains of human inhabitation

    belonging to the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture were found in March 2013 by the experts of the National Agency for Archaeology. The Cucuteni settlement covers the north-western part of the site, while the late Roman Era settlement is larger, about 90x600 m. In the spring and summer of 2013 in the sites protected area affected by road rehabilitation works, appropriate efforts of archaeological oversight were made, and an archaeological survey was conducted within its perimeter.

    The remains found following excavations and surface explorations belong to two different ages Eneolithic and the late Roman.

    The remains belonging to the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture include several pieces of etched pottery, a grinder made of sandstone and several flint pieces. Judging by the remains discovered so far, the Eneolithic settlement did not expand towards the western area and southern border of the site.

    There are more remains belonging to the Santana de Mures culture dating from the late Roman Age, including a sharpening stone made of sandstone, pieces of pottery and clay from surface constructions. The pottery includes several distinct categories handmade pots made of coarse paste, dishes (bowls, cups, storage pots) made of fine paste and pots made of rough paste with the help of the wheel and imported Roman containers (amphorae).

    -

    - - (IV , -) (III-IV , ). -- , - . 1950 . . ,