VERSION 3.1 CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED PRODUCT STANDARD 2016-01-08¢  Figure 2 Continuous Improvement

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  • VERSION 3.1 CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED PRODUCT STANDARD i

  • COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2016 by Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. All rights reserved. Prepared by MBDC in collaboration with Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency, GmbH. No part of this publication is to be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, without prior written permission from the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute.

    TRADEMARK Cradle to Cradle® and C2C® are registered trademarks of McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, LLC (MBDC). Cradle to Cradle CertifiedTM is a certification mark licensed exclusively by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. For more information about the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute and the Cradle to Cradle Certified Products Program, visit www.c2ccertified.org.

  • VERSION 3.1 CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED PRODUCT STANDARD iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    The Cradle to Cradle Certified Standard Revision History .................................................................... vi

    Foreword .................................................................................................................................................... vii

    Supporting Documents .............................................................................................................................viii

    1 Introduction to Cradle to Cradle® .................................................................................................... 1 1.1 What is Cradle to Cradle® Design? ........................................................................................................ 2

    1.2 The Cradle to Cradle® Principles ........................................................................................................... 3

    1.3 Complementary Metabolisms ................................................................................................................ 4

    2 Overview of the Standard .................................................................................................................. 8 2.1 Product Scope .......................................................................................................................................... 8

    2.2 Standard Categories and Their Scope ................................................................................................... 9

    2.3 Certification Levels ................................................................................................................................. 10

    2.4 Summary of Standard Requirements ................................................................................................... 12

    2.5 Continuous Improvement and Optimization ....................................................................................... 16

    2.6 Certification Marks ................................................................................................................................. 16

    2.7 Certification cycle and Recertification Requirement ......................................................................... 17

    3 Material Health .................................................................................................................................. 18 3.1 Generic Material Type and Inputs Subject to Review ........................................................................ 19

    3.2 Identifying Appropriate Metabolism(s) ................................................................................................ 20

    3.3 Determining Absence of Banned List Chemicals................................................................................ 21

    3.4 Collection of Material Composition Data ............................................................................................ 31

    3.5 Material Assessments............................................................................................................................. 38

    3.6 Determining Percentage Assessed ...................................................................................................... 38

    3.7 Material Optimization Strategy ............................................................................................................. 40

    3.8 Determining Absence of CMR Substances .......................................................................................... 42

    3.9 Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions Testing....................................................................... 43

    3.10 Process Chemicals ................................................................................................................................. 44

    4 Material Reutilization ........................................................................................................................ 46 4.1 Material Reutilization Score ................................................................................................................... 46

    4.2 Nutrient Management Strategy ............................................................................................................ 50

    4.3 Nutrient Cycling ...................................................................................................................................... 51

    5 Renewable Energy and Carbon Management ............................................................................ 53 5.1 Quantifying Electricity Use and Emissions ............................................................................................ 54

    5.2 Renewable electricity and Carbon Management Strategy .............................................................. 56

    5.3 Using Renewable Electricity and Addressing Greenhouse Gas Emissions ...................................... 57

  • iv CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED PRODUCT STANDARD VERSION 3.1

    5.4 Embodied GHG Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 61

    5.5 Addressing Embodied Energy Use with Offsets or Other Projects ..................................................... 63

    6 Water Stewardship ............................................................................................................................ 65 6.1 Regulatory Compliance for Effluent ..................................................................................................... 66

    6.2 Local and Business-Specific Water Issues ........................................................................................... 67

    6.3 Water Stewardship Intentions ................................................................................................................ 69

    6.4 Water Audit ............................................................................................................................................. 69

    6.5 Characterizing and Assessing Product-related Process Chemicals in Effluent ............................... 71

    6.6 Supply Chain Water Issues and Strategy ............................................................................................. 72

    6.7 Optimizing Process-related Chemicals in Effluent .............................................................................. 74

    6.8 Addressing Supply Chain Water Issues ................................................................................................ 74

    6.9 Drinking Water Quality ........................................................................................................................... 75

    7 Social Fairness ................................................................................................................................... 76 7.1 Streamlined Self-Audit ........................................................................................................................... 77

    7.2 Management Procedures to Address High Risk Issues and Opportunities ...................................... 78

    7.3 Full Self-Audit .......................................................................................................................................... 79

    7.4 Material-specific or Issue-specific Audit ............................................................................................. 80

    7.5 Supply Chain Social Issues and Impact Strategy ............................................................................... 82

    7.6 Innovative Social Project ....................................................................................................................... 83

    7.7 Facility-Level Third Party Audit or Certification .................................................................................... 85

    8 Continuous Improvement and Optimization ................................................................................. 86

    9 Site Visit of Production Facility ......................................................................................................... 88

    10 Certification Disclaimer .................................................................................................................... 89

    11 Acronyms........................................................................................................................................... 90

    12 Terms and Definitions ................................................................................................................