VerbTense Recovered]

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  • 8/3/2019 VerbTense Recovered]


    Verb TenseVerb Tense

    Tense denotes the time of the actionTense denotes the time of the actionindicated by a verb. The time is not alwaysindicated by a verb. The time is not always

    the same as that indicated by the name of thethe same as that indicated by the name of thetense.tense.

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    99 TypesTypes

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    Present TensePresent Tense

    Present tense may expressPresent tense may express

    action which is going on at theaction which is going on at the

    present time or which occurspresent time or which occursalways, repeatedly, oralways, repeatedly, or


    Examples: HeExamples: He seessees the train.the train.

    HeHe eatseats cereal for breakfastcereal for breakfast

    every day.every day.

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    Present TensePresent Tense

    When you are talking aboutWhen you are talking about

    facts, or saying something youfacts, or saying something you

    know about a person or thing,know about a person or thing,you use the simple presentyou use the simple present


    Example: TimExample: Tim likeslikes bananas.bananas.

    MaryMary enjoysenjoys singing. Mumsinging. Mum

    hateshates cockroaches.cockroaches.

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    Present TensePresent Tense

    You use the simple presentYou use the simple present

    tense to talk about things thattense to talk about things that

    have been arrangedhave been arrangedfor thefor thefuturefuture..

    Examples: MaryExamples: Mary startsstarts schoolschool

    tomorrow. Wetomorrow. Wejoinjoin the seniorthe senior

    school next year. My big brotherschool next year. My big brother

    leaves school in July this year.leaves school in July this year.

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    Past TensePast Tense

    Past tense expresses actionPast tense expresses action

    completed at acompleted at a definitedefinite time intime in

    the past.the past. Examples: HeExamples: He wrotewrote the letterthe letter

    yesterday. Sheyesterday. She livedlived to be 90to be 90

    years old.years old.

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    Future TenseFuture Tense

    Future tense expresses actionFuture tense expresses actionwhich will take place in thewhich will take place in thefuture.future.

    It uses the helping verbsIt uses the helping verbs willwillororshall*shall* and the present tenseand the present tenseform of the verb).form of the verb).

    Examples: HeExamples: He will sendwill send thethe

    letter tomorrow. Iletter tomorrow. I shall waitshall wait herehereuntil you return.until you return.

    * Traditionally,* Traditionally, shallshallis used foris used for11stst person andperson and willwillfor 2for 2ndnd and 3and 3rdrd


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    Present Perfect TensePresent Perfect Tense

    Present perfect tense expresses actionPresent perfect tense expresses actioncompleted at the present time (perfectcompleted at the present time (perfectmeans complete) or begun in the past andmeans complete) or begun in the past andcontinuing into the present.continuing into the present.

    This tense uses the helping verbsThis tense uses the helping verbs hashas andandhavehave and the past participle of the verb.and the past participle of the verb.

    Examples:Examples: HeHe has writtenhas written a letter to his uncle. (completeda letter to his uncle. (completed


    TheThe WaltonsWaltons have livedhave lived here for seven for seven years.(continuing(continuing))

    II have madehave made you a cup of tea. (completedyou a cup of tea. (completedaction)action)

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    Past Perfect TensePast Perfect Tense

    Past perfect tense expresses actionPast perfect tense expresses action

    completedcompleted beforebefore certain time in thecertain time in the

    past. (This is thepast. (This is the beforebefore--past tense.)past tense.)

    It uses the helping verbIt uses the helping verb hadhadand theand the

    past participle of the verb.past participle of the verb.


    SheShe had writtenhad written the letter before I sawthe letter before I sawher.her.

    We hadnt been at the party long whenWe hadnt been at the party long when

    Jack arrived.Jack arrived.

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    Future Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Tense

    Future perfect tense expressesFuture perfect tense expresses

    action which will be completedaction which will be completed

    before a certain time in the future.before a certain time in the future.

    (This is the(This is the beforebefore--future tense)future tense)

    It uses the helping verbsIt uses the helping verbs will havewill have oror

    shall haveshall have and the past participle ofand the past participle of

    the verb.the verb.


    HeHe will have finishedwill have finished the paper beforethe paper before

    next Friday.

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    Present Continuous TensePresent Continuous Tense

    You use the present continuousYou use the present continuous

    tense to talk abouttense to talk about actions in theactions in the

    presentpresent, or, orthings that are goingthings that are going

    onon ororhappening nowhappening now.. Examples:Examples:

    II am learningam learning how to to swim.

    SheShe is readingis reading a story book.a story book.

    The blackbirdThe blackbird isis feedingfeeding its young.its young.

    YouYou are singingare singing too loudly.too loudly.

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    Present Continuous TensePresent Continuous Tense

    You also use the presentYou also use the present

    continuous tense to talk aboutcontinuous tense to talk about

    things that you have planned tothings that you have planned to

    dodo in the futurein the future..


    WeWe are goingare going camping tomorrow.camping tomorrow.

    Im startingIm starting piano lessons soon.piano lessons soon.

    Jim's parentsJim's parents are takingare taking him tohim to

    Australia next week.Australia next week.

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    Grammar HelpGrammar Help

    You form theYou form the present continuouspresent continuous

    tensetense like this:like this:

    Am + present participleAm + present participle

    Is + present participleIs + present participle

    Are + present participleAre + present participle

    You form the present participle byYou form the present participle by

    addingadding inging to the verb. Forto the verb. For


    Learn +Learn + inging = learning= learning

    Sing +Sing + inging = singing= singing Present ParticiplePresent Participle

    Read +Read + inging = reading= reading

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    Past Continuous TensePast Continuous Tense

    You use past continuous to talkYou use past continuous to talk

    about actions that were goingabout actions that were going

    on, or happening at a certainon, or happening at a certain

    moment in the past.moment in the past.


    Ms.Ms. MuneebaMuneeba was cleaningwas cleaning thethe


    AliAli was makingwas making the model of a bridge.the model of a bridge.

    SaraSara was finishingwas finishing her sums.her sums.

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    Grammar HelpGrammar Help

    You form the past continuousYou form the past continuous

    tense like this:tense like this:

    Was + present participle.Was + present participle. Were + present participle.Were + present participle.

    Was drawingWas drawing

    Were drivingWere driving

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    Future Continuous TenseFuture Continuous Tense

    You use the future continuous tenseYou use the future continuous tense

    to talk about things thatto talk about things that have beenhave been

    plannedplannedor areor are likely to happenlikely to happen..

    Sometimes these areSometimes these are continuouscontinuousactionsactions and sometimesand sometimes singlesingle


    Examples: IExamples: I shall be sendingshall be sending

    invitations for the concert to all yourinvitations for the concert to all your

    parents. Iparents. I will be waitingwill be waiting at the gateat the gate

    when you come out of school.when you come out of school.

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    Grammar HelpGrammar Help

    You form the future continuousYou form the future continuous

    tense like this:tense like this:

    Shall + be+ present participleShall + be+ present participle Will + be + present participleWill + be + present participle

    Shall be leavingShall be leaving

    Will be openingWill be opening

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    Verb FormsVerb Forms

    Verb Forms

    Regular Irregular

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    Regular VerbsRegular Verbs

    Regular verbs form their pastRegular verbs form their pasttense and past participle bytense and past participle byaddingadding ed ored or d to their presentd to their present

    tense form.tense form. More than 95% of all EnglishMore than 95% of all English

    verbs are regular.verbs are regular.

    Regular verbs cause fewRegular verbs cause fewproblems in speaking andproblems in speaking andwriting.writing.

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    Regular verbs and theirRegular verbs and their

    Principal PartsPrincipal Parts










    To callTo call call,call,


    callingcalling calledcalled (have)(have)


    To dustTo dust dust,dust,


    dustingdusting dusteddusted (have)(have)


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    Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs

    Irregular verbs can form theirIrregular verbs can form theirpast tense and past participlepast tense and past participleforms in various way.forms in various way.

    These forms cause even nativeThese forms cause even nativespeakers innumerablespeakers innumerableproblems.problems.

    The most irregular verb of all isThe most irregular verb of all isthe verbthe verb to beto be..

    Another irregular verb that isAnother irregular verb that isimportant for its use with otherimportant for its use with other

    verbs is the verbverbs is the verb to haveto have..

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    FourPrincipal/Main PartsFourPrincipal/Main Parts










    To BeTo Be be, am,be, am,

    are, isare, is

    beingbeing was,was,




    To HaveTo Have have,have,


    havinghaving hadhad (have)(have)


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    Other Common IrregularOther Common Irregular

    Verbs and theirPrincipal PartsVerbs and theirPrincipal Parts








    Past TensePast Tense PastPast


    To seeTo see see,see,


    seeingseeing sawsaw (have)(have)


    To doTo do do, doesdo, does doingdoing diddid (have)(have)

    donedoneTo flyTo fly fly, fliesfly, flies flyingflying flewflew (have)(have)


    To runTo run run, runsrun, runs runningrunning ranran (have)(have)