UST GN 2011 - Legal and Judicial Ethics Preliminaries

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<p> LEGAL&amp;JUDICIALETHICS GOLDENNOTES2011 UNIVERSITYOFSANTOTOMAS FACULTYOFCIVILLAW MANILA</p> <p>AcademicYear20112012CIVILLAWSTUDENTCOUNCIL LesterJohnA.Lomeda WilfredoT.Bonilla,Jr. RaissaS.Saipudin BernadetteFaustineC.Balao MarcMikhaeleJ.Santos VictorLorenzoL.Villanuea President VicePresident Secretary Treasurer Auditor PublicRelationsOfficer</p> <p> TEAM:BAROPS2011 DianeCamillaR.Borja CarloArtemusV.Diaz MaryGraceL.Javier RonnRobbyD.Rosales MarkArthurM.Catabona AngeliP.Albaa VicenteO.PlatonIII KimverlyA.Ong Chairperson ViceChairperson Secretary LogisticsCommitteeHead Asst.LogisticsCommitteeHead FinanceCommitteeHead HotelAccommodationsHead Asst.HotelAccommodationsHead</p> <p>The UST GOLDEN NOTES is a student-edited work of the University of Santo Tomas, Faculty of Civil Law. It is updated annually. Communications regarding the NOTES should be addressed to the Academics Committee of the Team: Bar-Ops. ADDRESS: Team Bar-Ops Academics Committee Faculty of Civil Law University of Santo Tomas Espaa, Manila 1008 (02) 731-4027 (02) 4061611 loc. 8578</p> <p>TEL. NO.:</p> <p> 2011ACADEMICSCOMMITTEE </p> <p>LesterJayAlanE.FloresII KarenJoyG.Sabugo JohnHenryC.Mendoza JeanelleC.Lee TheenaC.Martinez EarlLouieM.Masacayan Chairperson ViceChairforAcademics ViceChairforAcademics ViceChairforAdministrationandFinance ViceChairforLayoutandDesign ViceChairforLayoutandDesign</p> <p>LEGALANDJUDICIALETHICSCOMMITTEE TheenaC.Martinez JeanelleC.Lee DivineC.Tee MarinethEasterD.Ayos MarcRobyG.DeChavez JoannaD.Peada GretchenC.Sy LegalEthicsCommitteeHead Asst.LegalEthicsCommitteeHead Asst.LegalEthicsCommitteeHead Member Member Member Member </p> <p>ADVISERS JudgePhilipA.Aguinaldo Atty.MarianJoanneK.CoPua</p> <p> FACULTYOFCIVILLAW UNIVERSITYOFSANTOTOMAS AcademicYear20112012</p> <p>ACADEMICOFFICIALS Atty.NILOT.DIVINA Dean Rev.Fr.ISIDROC.ABAO,O.P. Regent Atty.ARTHURB.CAPILI FacultySecretary Atty.ELGINMICHAELC.PEREZ LegalCounsel USTChiefJusticeRobertoConcepcionLegalAidClinic JudgePHILIPA.AGUINALDO SWDBCoordinator LENYG.GADIANA,RGC GuidanceCounselor </p> <p> Ourdeepestappreciationtoour Mentors&amp;Inspiration JudgePhilipA.Aguinaldo Atty.MarianJoanneK.CoPua JonasT.Sahagun JasminMangona </p> <p>For activating our magnets of curiosity, knowledge and wisdom and helping us understand the intricate sphere of Legal and Judicial Ethics. AcademicsCommittee2011</p> <p>DISCLAIMER Theriskofuse,nonuseandmisuseof thismaterialshallbebornesolely bytheuser.</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTSSYLLABUS FOR 2011 BAR EXAMINATIONS ETHICS November 20, 2011 (Third Sunday, Morning) LEGALETHICS..... I.PRACTICEOFLAW... A. Concept............ B. Qualifications.............. C. AppearanceofNonlawyersinCourt................................. 1. LawStudentPractice....................................................................................................... 2. NonLawyersinCourt....................................................................................................... 3. NonLawyersinAdministrativeTribunal.......................................................................... 4. ProceedingsWhereLawyersareProhibitedfromAppearing.......................................... D.SanctionsforAppearingwithoutAuthority.... 1. SanctionsAgainstUnauthorizedPracticeofLawofLawyers........................................... 2. SanctionsAgainstUnauthorizedPracticeofLawof PersonsWhoareNotLawyers......................................................................................... E.PublicOfficialsandthePracticeofLaw................................................................................... ProhibitionorDisqualificationofFormerGovernmentAttorney......... F.LawyersAuthorizedtoRepresenttheGovernment................................................................ G.LawyersOath........................................................................................................................... II.DUTIESANDRESPONSIBILITESOFALAWYER.. A. LawyerandtheSociety............................................................................................................ 1. RespectforLawandLegalProcesses............................................................................... 2. EfficientandConvenientLegalServices............................................. AnActProvidingaMechanismForFreeLegalAssistance andForOtherPurposes(R.A.No.9999).......................................................................... 3. True,Honest,Fair,DignifiedandObjective InformationonLegalServices......................................................................................... 4. ParticipateintheImprovementoftheLegalSystem....................................................... 5. ParticipationinLegalEducation....................................................................................... B. TheLawyerandtheLegalProfession....................................................................................... 1. IntegratedBarofthePhilippines...................................................................................... a. TheBoardofGovernors........................................................................................... b. MembershipandDues............................................................................................. 2. UpholdingtheDignityandIntegrityoftheProfession.................................................... a. PrivilegesandDutiesofaLawyer............................................................................ 3. Courtesy,FairnessandCandorTowardsProfessionalColleagues.................................. 4. NoAssistanceinUnauthorizedPracticeofLaw C. TheLawyerandtheCourts. 1. Candor,FairnessandGoodFaithTowardstheCourt 2. RespectforCourtsandJudicialOfficers. 3. AssistanceintheSpeedyandEfficientAdministrationofJustice 4. RelianceonMeritsofCaseNotfromImproperInfluenceUpontheCourts. D. TheLawyerandtheClient 1. AvailabilityofServiceWithoutDiscrimination.. a. ServicesRegardlessofPersonsStatus. b. ServicesasCounseldeOfficio c. ValidGroundsforRefusal. 2. Candor,FairnessandLoyaltytoClients. a. ConfidentialityRule.. b. PrivilegeCommunication.. c. ConflictofInterest. 1 1 1 4 8 8 9 9 11 11 11 12 15 16 16 17 19 20 20 27 31 35 37 37 40 40 40 43 45 46 47 49 51 51 54 59 65 66 68 69 69 71 73 73 73 76</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTSd. CandidandHonestAdvicetoClients. ClientsMoneysandProperties a. FiduciaryRelationship.... b. CoMinglingofFunds... c. DeliveryofFunds. d. BorrowingorLending.. 4. FidelitytoClientsCause 5. CompetenceandDiligence.. a. CollaboratingCounsel.. b. Negligence c. DutytoAppraisetheClient.. 6. RepresentationwithSealWithinLegalBounds. a. DutytoRestrainClientfromImpropriety................................................................. b. DutyofLawyerinCaseofKnowledgeofClientsFraud........................................... c. AuthorityofaLawyer............................................................................................... 7. AttorneysFees................................................................................................................ a. ConceptsofAttorneysFees.................................................................................... OrdinaryConceptofAttorneysFees....................................................................... ExtraordinaryConceptofAttorneysFees............................................................... b. AcceptanceFees....................................................................................................... c. ContingencyFeeArrangements............................................................................... d. AttorneysLien.......................................................................................................... e. FeesandControversieswithClients......................................................................... 8. PreservationofClientsConfidences................................................................................ 9. WithdrawalofServices..................................................................................................... a. DischargeofAttorneybytheClients........................................................................ b. WithdrawaloftheAttorney..................................................................................... c. LiabilitiesofaLawyer............................................................................................... III.DISCIPLINEOFLAWYERS A. NatureandCharacteristicsofDisciplinaryActionsAgainstLawyer... B. Grounds... C. DisbarmentProceedings.......................................................................................................... a. ProcedureforDisbarment............................................................................................... ProcedureforDisbarmentorDisciplineofAttorneysbytheIBP (Rule139B,RRC)......................................................................................................... ProcedureforDisbarmentorDisciplineofAttorneys bytheSupremeCourtMotuPropio(Rule139B,RRC)............................................... b.Defenses.......................................................................................................................... D.DisciplineofFilipinoLawyersPracticeinForeignJurisdiction.................................................. IV.READMISSIONTOTHEBAR..................................................................................................... A. ReadmissiontotheBarofLawyersWhoHaveBeenSuspended............................................. B. ReadmissiontotheBarofLawyersWhoHaveBeenDisbarred............................................... C. ReadmissiontotheBarofLawyersWhoHaveBeenRepatriated............................................ V.MANDATORYCONTINUINGLEGALEDUCATION(MCLE)............................................................ A. PurposeofMCLE...................................................................................................................... B. Requirement............................................................................................................................. C. Compliance............................................................................................................................... D. Exemptions............................................................................................................................... E. Sanctions.................................................................................................................................. 3. 80 82 83 85 85 87 87 89 89 90 90 92 93 94 94 95 98 98 99 99 101 103 105 106 109 110 111 112 114 114 115 118 119 120 121 125 126 127 127 128 129 131 131 131 131 131 132 VI.NOTARIALPRACTICE............................................................................................................. 133 A. QualificationsofNotaryPublic................................................................................................. 133 B. TermofOfficeofaNotaryPublic............................................................................................. 135 C. PowersandLimitationsofaNotaryPublic............................................................................... 136</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTS141 143 144 145 JUDICIALETHICS........... 147 I.PRELIMINARY........................................................................................................................... 147 A. Concept.................................................................................................................................... 147 B. QualificationsofJusticesandJudges...................................................................................... 147 II.NEWCODEOFJUDICIALCONDUCT........................................................................................ 148 Independence....................................................................................................................... 148 Integrity................................................................................................................................ 152 Impartiality........................................................................................................................... 154 Propriety............................................................................................................................... 161 Equality................................................................................................................................. 170 CompetenceandDiligence................................................................................................... 172 III.CODEOFJUDICIALCONDUCT................................................................................................. 177 IV.DISCIPLINEOFMEMBERSOFTHEJUDICIARY......................................................................... 184 A. DisciplineofMembersoftheJudiciary.................................................................................... 184 a.Impeachment................................................................................................................. 184 B. DisciplineofMembersofLowerCourtJudgesandJustices.................................................... 184 C. GroundsforDisciplineofMembersoftheJudiciary................................................................ 184 D. SanctionsimposedbytheSupremeCourtonErringMembersoftheJudiciary................... 190 E. ReinstatementofaJudgePreviouslyDisciplined..................................................................... 190 ProcedureforDisciplineofJudgesofRegularandSpecialCourtsandJusticesofthe CourtofAppealsandtheSandiganbayan(A.M.No.01810SC)........................................ 191 LEGALFORMS.................. 192 I. COMMONFORMS..................................................................................................................... 192 A. Acknowledgment FORM1:GeneralFormofAcknowledgment.... 192 B. Jurat FORM2:Jurat... 194 C. Pleadings FORM3:GeneralFormatofaPleading.... 195 D. Prayer FORM4:Prayer..... 196 E. ProofofService FORM5:ProofofService....... 196 FORM6:ProofofServiceThroughRegisteredMailwithExplanation... 196 F. CertificationofNonForumShopping FORM7:CertificationofNonForumShopping...... 197 G. Verification FORM8:Verification...... 198 FORM9:VerificationofNonforumShopping.. 198 II. BUSINESSFORMS...................................................................................................... 199 A. Contracts FORM10:ContractofleaseofPersonalProperty.......... 119 FORM11:ContractofLeaseofRealProperty... 200 FORM12:ContractofRealEstateMortgage.... 201 FORM13:ChattelMortgage.......... 202 FORM14:PledgeAgreement... 203 D. E. F. G. NotarialRegister....................................................................................................................... JurisdictionofnotaryPublicandPlaceofNotarization............................................................</p>