UST GN 2011 - Legal and Judicial Ethics Preliminaries

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LEGAL&JUDICIALETHICS GOLDENNOTES2011 UNIVERSITYOFSANTOTOMAS FACULTYOFCIVILLAW MANILAAcademicYear20112012CIVILLAWSTUDENTCOUNCIL LesterJohnA.Lomeda WilfredoT.Bonilla,Jr. RaissaS.Saipudin BernadetteFaustineC.Balao MarcMikhaeleJ.Santos VictorLorenzoL.Villanuea President VicePresident Secretary Treasurer Auditor PublicRelationsOfficer TEAM:BAROPS2011 DianeCamillaR.Borja CarloArtemusV.Diaz MaryGraceL.Javier RonnRobbyD.Rosales MarkArthurM.Catabona AngeliP.Albaa VicenteO.PlatonIII KimverlyA.Ong Chairperson ViceChairperson Secretary LogisticsCommitteeHead Asst.LogisticsCommitteeHead FinanceCommitteeHead HotelAccommodationsHead Asst.HotelAccommodationsHeadThe UST GOLDEN NOTES is a student-edited work of the University of Santo Tomas, Faculty of Civil Law. It is updated annually. Communications regarding the NOTES should be addressed to the Academics Committee of the Team: Bar-Ops. ADDRESS: Team Bar-Ops Academics Committee Faculty of Civil Law University of Santo Tomas Espaa, Manila 1008 (02) 731-4027 (02) 4061611 loc. 8578TEL. NO.: 2011ACADEMICSCOMMITTEE LesterJayAlanE.FloresII KarenJoyG.Sabugo JohnHenryC.Mendoza JeanelleC.Lee TheenaC.Martinez EarlLouieM.Masacayan Chairperson ViceChairforAcademics ViceChairforAcademics ViceChairforAdministrationandFinance ViceChairforLayoutandDesign ViceChairforLayoutandDesignLEGALANDJUDICIALETHICSCOMMITTEE TheenaC.Martinez JeanelleC.Lee DivineC.Tee MarinethEasterD.Ayos MarcRobyG.DeChavez JoannaD.Peada GretchenC.Sy LegalEthicsCommitteeHead Asst.LegalEthicsCommitteeHead Asst.LegalEthicsCommitteeHead Member Member Member Member ADVISERS JudgePhilipA.Aguinaldo Atty.MarianJoanneK.CoPua FACULTYOFCIVILLAW UNIVERSITYOFSANTOTOMAS AcademicYear20112012ACADEMICOFFICIALS Atty.NILOT.DIVINA Dean Rev.Fr.ISIDROC.ABAO,O.P. Regent Atty.ARTHURB.CAPILI FacultySecretary Atty.ELGINMICHAELC.PEREZ LegalCounsel USTChiefJusticeRobertoConcepcionLegalAidClinic JudgePHILIPA.AGUINALDO SWDBCoordinator LENYG.GADIANA,RGC GuidanceCounselor Ourdeepestappreciationtoour Mentors&Inspiration JudgePhilipA.Aguinaldo Atty.MarianJoanneK.CoPua JonasT.Sahagun JasminMangona For activating our magnets of curiosity, knowledge and wisdom and helping us understand the intricate sphere of Legal and Judicial Ethics. AcademicsCommittee2011DISCLAIMER Theriskofuse,nonuseandmisuseof thismaterialshallbebornesolely bytheuser.TABLE OF CONTENTSSYLLABUS FOR 2011 BAR EXAMINATIONS ETHICS November 20, 2011 (Third Sunday, Morning) LEGALETHICS..... I.PRACTICEOFLAW... A. Concept............ B. Qualifications.............. C. AppearanceofNonlawyersinCourt................................. 1. LawStudentPractice....................................................................................................... 2. NonLawyersinCourt....................................................................................................... 3. NonLawyersinAdministrativeTribunal.......................................................................... 4. ProceedingsWhereLawyersareProhibitedfromAppearing.......................................... D.SanctionsforAppearingwithoutAuthority.... 1. SanctionsAgainstUnauthorizedPracticeofLawofLawyers........................................... 2. SanctionsAgainstUnauthorizedPracticeofLawof PersonsWhoareNotLawyers......................................................................................... E.PublicOfficialsandthePracticeofLaw................................................................................... ProhibitionorDisqualificationofFormerGovernmentAttorney......... F.LawyersAuthorizedtoRepresenttheGovernment................................................................ G.LawyersOath........................................................................................................................... II.DUTIESANDRESPONSIBILITESOFALAWYER.. A. LawyerandtheSociety............................................................................................................ 1. RespectforLawandLegalProcesses............................................................................... 2. EfficientandConvenientLegalServices............................................. AnActProvidingaMechanismForFreeLegalAssistance andForOtherPurposes(R.A.No.9999).......................................................................... 3. True,Honest,Fair,DignifiedandObjective InformationonLegalServices......................................................................................... 4. ParticipateintheImprovementoftheLegalSystem....................................................... 5. ParticipationinLegalEducation....................................................................................... B. TheLawyerandtheLegalProfession....................................................................................... 1. IntegratedBarofthePhilippines...................................................................................... a. TheBoardofGovernors........................................................................................... b. MembershipandDues............................................................................................. 2. UpholdingtheDignityandIntegrityoftheProfession.................................................... a. PrivilegesandDutiesofaLawyer............................................................................ 3. Courtesy,FairnessandCandorTowardsProfessionalColleagues.................................. 4. NoAssistanceinUnauthorizedPracticeofLaw C. TheLawyerandtheCourts. 1. Candor,FairnessandGoodFaithTowardstheCourt 2. RespectforCourtsandJudicialOfficers. 3. AssistanceintheSpeedyandEfficientAdministrationofJustice 4. RelianceonMeritsofCaseNotfromImproperInfluenceUpontheCourts. D. TheLawyerandtheClient 1. AvailabilityofServiceWithoutDiscrimination.. a. ServicesRegardlessofPersonsStatus. b. ServicesasCounseldeOfficio c. ValidGroundsforRefusal. 2. Candor,FairnessandLoyaltytoClients. a. ConfidentialityRule.. b. PrivilegeCommunication.. c. ConflictofInterest. 1 1 1 4 8 8 9 9 11 11 11 12 15 16 16 17 19 20 20 27 31 35 37 37 40 40 40 43 45 46 47 49 51 51 54 59 65 66 68 69 69 71 73 73 73 76TABLE OF CONTENTSd. CandidandHonestAdvicetoClients. ClientsMoneysandProperties a. FiduciaryRelationship.... b. CoMinglingofFunds... c. DeliveryofFunds. d. BorrowingorLending.. 4. FidelitytoClientsCause 5. CompetenceandDiligence.. a. CollaboratingCounsel.. b. Negligence c. DutytoAppraisetheClient.. 6. RepresentationwithSealWithinLegalBounds. a. DutytoRestrainClientfromImpropriety................................................................. b. DutyofLawyerinCaseofKnowledgeofClientsFraud........................................... c. AuthorityofaLawyer............................................................................................... 7. AttorneysFees................................................................................................................ a. ConceptsofAttorneysFees.................................................................................... OrdinaryConceptofAttorneysFees....................................................................... ExtraordinaryConceptofAttorneysFees............................................................... b. AcceptanceFees....................................................................................................... c. ContingencyFeeArrangements............................................................................... d. AttorneysLien.......................................................................................................... e. FeesandControversieswithClients......................................................................... 8. PreservationofClientsConfidences................................................................................ 9. WithdrawalofServices..................................................................................................... a. DischargeofAttorneybytheClients........................................................................ b. WithdrawaloftheAttorney..................................................................................... c. LiabilitiesofaLawyer............................................................................................... III.DISCIPLINEOFLAWYERS A. NatureandCharacteristicsofDisciplinaryActionsAgainstLawyer... B. Grounds... C. DisbarmentProceedings.......................................................................................................... a. ProcedureforDisbarment............................................................................................... ProcedureforDisbarmentorDisciplineofAttorneysbytheIBP (Rule139B,RRC)......................................................................................................... ProcedureforDisbarmentorDisciplineofAttorneys bytheSupremeCourtMotuPropio(Rule139B,RRC)............................................... b.Defenses.......................................................................................................................... D.DisciplineofFilipinoLawyersPracticeinForeignJurisdiction.................................................. IV.READMISSIONTOTHEBAR..................................................................................................... A. ReadmissiontotheBarofLawyersWhoHaveBeenSuspended............................................. B. ReadmissiontotheBarofLawyersWhoHaveBeenDisbarred............................................... C. ReadmissiontotheBarofLawyersWhoHaveBeenRepatriated............................................ V.MANDATORYCONTINUINGLEGALEDUCATION(MCLE)............................................................ A. PurposeofMCLE...................................................................................................................... B. Requirement............................................................................................................................. C. Compliance............................................................................................................................... D. Exemptions............................................................................................................................... E. Sanctions.................................................................................................................................. 3. 80 82 83 85 85 87 87 89 89 90 90 92 93 94 94 95 98 98 99 99 101 103 105 106 109 110 111 112 114 114 115 118 119 120 121 125 126 127 127 128 129 131 131 131 131 131 132 VI.NOTARIALPRACTICE............................................................................................................. 133 A. QualificationsofNotaryPublic................................................................................................. 133 B. TermofOfficeofaNotaryPublic............................................................................................. 135 C. PowersandLimitationsofaNotaryPublic............................................................................... 136TABLE OF CONTENTS141 143 144 145 JUDICIALETHICS........... 147 I.PRELIMINARY........................................................................................................................... 147 A. Concept.................................................................................................................................... 147 B. QualificationsofJusticesandJudges...................................................................................... 147 II.NEWCODEOFJUDICIALCONDUCT........................................................................................ 148 Independence....................................................................................................................... 148 Integrity................................................................................................................................ 152 Impartiality........................................................................................................................... 154 Propriety............................................................................................................................... 161 Equality................................................................................................................................. 170 CompetenceandDiligence................................................................................................... 172 III.CODEOFJUDICIALCONDUCT................................................................................................. 177 IV.DISCIPLINEOFMEMBERSOFTHEJUDICIARY......................................................................... 184 A. DisciplineofMembersoftheJudiciary.................................................................................... 184 a.Impeachment................................................................................................................. 184 B. DisciplineofMembersofLowerCourtJudgesandJustices.................................................... 184 C. GroundsforDisciplineofMembersoftheJudiciary................................................................ 184 D. SanctionsimposedbytheSupremeCourtonErringMembersoftheJudiciary................... 190 E. ReinstatementofaJudgePreviouslyDisciplined..................................................................... 190 ProcedureforDisciplineofJudgesofRegularandSpecialCourtsandJusticesofthe CourtofAppealsandtheSandiganbayan(A.M.No.01810SC)........................................ 191 LEGALFORMS.................. 192 I. COMMONFORMS..................................................................................................................... 192 A. Acknowledgment FORM1:GeneralFormofAcknowledgment.... 192 B. Jurat FORM2:Jurat... 194 C. Pleadings FORM3:GeneralFormatofaPleading.... 195 D. Prayer FORM4:Prayer..... 196 E. ProofofService FORM5:ProofofService....... 196 FORM6:ProofofServiceThroughRegisteredMailwithExplanation... 196 F. CertificationofNonForumShopping FORM7:CertificationofNonForumShopping...... 197 G. Verification FORM8:Verification...... 198 FORM9:VerificationofNonforumShopping.. 198 II. BUSINESSFORMS...................................................................................................... 199 A. Contracts FORM10:ContractofleaseofPersonalProperty.......... 119 FORM11:ContractofLeaseofRealProperty... 200 FORM12:ContractofRealEstateMortgage.... 201 FORM13:ChattelMortgage.......... 202 FORM14:PledgeAgreement... 203 D. E. F. G. NotarialRegister....................................................................................................................... JurisdictionofnotaryPublicandPlaceofNotarization............................................................ CompetentEvidenceofIdentity............................................................................................... RevocationofCommissionandDisciplinarySanctions............................................................TABLE OF CONTENTSDeed FORM15:DeedofSaleofPersonalProperty.. FORM16:DeedofSaleofUnregisteredLand. FORM17:DeedofSalewithPactodeRetro FORM18:DeedofRepurchaseofLandSoldUnderPactodeRetro.. FORM19:DeedofAssignment.. FORM20:DeedofDonationIntervivos... FORM21:DeedofDonationMortisCausa... C. PowerofAttorney FORM22:GeneralPowerofAttorney.. FORM23:SpecialPowerofAttorney... FORM24:RevocationofPowerofAttorney... D. Corporation FORM25:ArticlesofIncorporation... FORM26:WaiverofPreemptiveRight.. FORM27:SecretarysCertificate.. FORM28:TreasurersAffidavit. E. Partnership FORM29:ArticlesofGeneralPartnership. FORM30:ArticlesofLimitedPartnership.. F. NegotiableInstrument FORM31:PromissoryNote.. FORM32:BillofExchange. G. Will FORM33:HolographicWill FORM34:NotarialWill. III.JUDICIALFORMS...................................................................................................................... A. Affidavit FORM35:Affidavit.... FORM36:AffidavitofMerit...... FORM37:AffidavitofGoodFaith.............. B. Motions FORM38:MotiontoDeclareDefendantinDefault...... FORM39:MotiontoDeclareDefendantinDefault...... FORM40:MotiontoLiftanOrderofDefault..... FORM41:MotionforPostponementofHearing..... FORM42:MotiontoDismiss........ FORM43:MotiontoIntervene....... FORM44:MotionforNewTrial. FORM45:MotionforExtension... FORM46:MotionforBail.. FORM47:MotionforQuash... FORM48:DemurrertoEvidence.. C. Complaint FORM49:Complaint.... FORM50:ComplaintofUnlawfulDetainer FORM51:ComplaintforReplevin FORM52:ComplaintforInterpleader. B. 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 216 216 217 218 219 220 220 220 221 223 223 224 225 226 226 227 227 227 228 228 228 229 229 229 230 231 232 233TABLE OF CONTENTS 234 235 236 E. 236 237 237 238 239 241 242 243 243 244 245 246 246 F. 248 249 250 IV.OTHERFORMS..................................................................................................................... 254 FORM72:SubstitutionofCounsel.. 254 FORM73:NoticeofAppeal.. 254 FORM74:Comment/OppositiontoOffer.. 255 A. CriminalComplaint FORM75:CertificateofCandidacy.... 256 FORM76:ElectionProtest 257 V.LEGALOPINION................................................................................................................... 258 259 Illustration1:LegalOpinion............................................................................................... 264 Sample:LegalOpinion....................................................................................................... VI.MEMORANDUMWRTING.................................................................................................... 267 268 Illustration2:Memorandum............................................................................................. 277 TERMINDEX.. 280 BIBLIOGRAPHY. D. Answer FORM53:AnswerwithSpecialandAffirmativeDefensesandCounterclaim FORM54:AnswerwithThirdPartyComplaint FORM55:AnswerwithSpecificDenialofDocumentUnderOath.. Petition FORM56:PetitionforAdoption FORM57:PetitionforGuardianship.. FORM58:PetitionforHabeasCorpus.. FORM59:PetitionforWritofAmparo. FORM60:PetitionforHabeasData FORM61:PetitionforChangeofName.. FORM62:PetitionforCertiorari.. FORM63:ComplaintforDeclaratoryRelief.... FORM64:PetitionforProhibition FORM65:Mandamus FORM66:ProbateofWill.. FORM67:QuoWarranto FORM68:PetitionforExtradition CriminalComplaint FORM69:CriminalComplaintAffidavit.. FORM70:CounterAffidavit. FORM71:GeneralFormofInformation.