Using Perspective in Narrative Learning Environments

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Using Perspective in Narrative Learning Environments. Ana Vaz and Ana Paiva INESC-ID. Summary. Motivation question Approach followed Victec and the FearNot! demonstrator Perspective Filter Implementation in FearNot! Future work. Motivation Question. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Using Perspective in Narrative Learning EnvironmentsAna Vaz and Ana PaivaINESC-IDAIED'05SummaryMotivation questionApproach followedVictec and the FearNot! demonstratorPerspective FilterImplementation in FearNot! Future workAIED'05Motivation QuestionHow can we influence the emotional reactions of users of a virtual storytelling environment through the use of perspective? AIED'05Perspective in Narrative[Branigan92]:Narrative level represents the events that occur in a story; Changing the perspective implies altering the events and therefore the story.Narration level how the story is presented.Different perspectives of the same story can be provided through the presentation.AIED'05Approach FollowedIntroduce perspective without changing the actions of the characters (i.e., influencing the narration level);Exaggeration. Leads to more impact, which leads to different perceptions of the same events.AIED'05Victec and the Bullying Problem[Paiva04]:Goal: the prevention of bullying behaviour.Approach: Virtual Learning Environment;Simulate bullying situations;Induce empathic relations between the child and the characters.AIED'05FearNot![Dias05]:Demonstrator of the ideas proposed by Victec;Software program aimed at children from 8 to 12;Interactive environment with intelligent autonomous agents;Emergent narrative is a consequence of characters behaviour (which is generated using an emotional model);Episodic narrative.AIED'05Perspective FilterAllows the generation of perspective in a narrative environment;Filters the visualisation of the story as it unfolds, which means it can be used with emergent narratives;Main concepts:Perspective types;Character roles and personality traits;Perspective parameters.AIED'05Perspective Filter (cont.)Determines the focalizor [Bal85, Branigan92];Receives an instruction to an action and looks at:who performs it;what his relationship with the focalizor is;his personality traits (to see what is expected from him).Returns the appropriate perspective parameters.AIED'05Perspective TypesSelf-perspective the focalizor emphasises his own actions.Friendly perspective the focalizor enhances positive/neutral actions of his friends.Unfriendly perspective - the focalizor enhances negative actions of his enemies.AIED'05Character Roles and Personality TraitsCharacters are identified with their functional roles;Each role is defined by a pattern in the 5 personality traits (Aggression, Hot-temper, Self-esteem, Shyness and Anxiety);Relationships between the roles are established, either friendly or unfriendly. Eg.: bully and victim unfriendly bully and assistant friendlyAIED'05Perspective ParametersCamera Information: shot, angle, target.Allows:to give more or less detail;to change the level of impact on the participant.Action Intensity: shapes the perception of intentionality. (E.g., we can see slight push or a violent one.)AIED'05Implementing in FearNot!The agents control module communicates with the world module;The Perspective Filter sees the changes that will affect the world and generates the appropriate parameters, that he send to the world module.AIED'05Personality Traits of Victec CharactersBullyVictimBully\VictimAssistantDefenderOutsiderAggressionHot-temper Self-esteem ShynessAnxietyHighNormalHighLowLowLowLowLowHighHighHighHighLowLowHighHighNormalNormalLowLowLowLowNormalNormalNormalNormalNormalNormalNormalNormalAIED'05Relation between Personality Traits and Actions in VictecNegative (or non-prestigious) Actions:Cry Anxiety, Self-esteem;Mock Aggression, Shyness;Punch Aggression, Hot-temper;Push Aggression, Hot-temper. Slap Aggression, Hot-temper;Swipe Aggression, Anxiety;Neutral Actions:Walk Self-esteem, Shyness;Pick Aggression.AIED'05Example in FearNot!Walk with high confidenceWalk with low confidenceAIED'05Without the Perspective FilterAIED'05The Perspective of the VictimAIED'05The Perspective of the BullyAIED'05Future WorkImprove the camera module,Influence speech,Evaluate the Perspective Filter;Include new parameters, such as sound.AIED'05Some References[Bal85] M. Bal. Narratology: Introduction to the Theory of Narrative. University of Toronto Press Inc., 1985. [Branigan92] E. Branigan. Narrative Comprehension and Film. Routledge, 1992. [Dias05] J. Dias. Fearnot!: Creating emotional autonomous synthetic characters for empathic interactions. Masters thesis, Instituto Superior Tcnico, March 2005. [Paiva04] A. Paiva, J. Dias, D. Sobral, R. Aylett, P. Sobreperez, S. Woods, C. Zoll, and L. Hall. Caring for agents and agents that care: Building empathic relations with synthetic agents. In Proceedings of the Third International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems (AAMAS 2004). ACM Press, July 2004. AIED'05

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