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Upstream Upper Intermediate

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APPENDICESAppendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Appendix 5 Appendix 6 Appendix 7 Appendix 8 Appendix 9 Appendix 10 Appendix 11 Appendix 12a Appendix 12b Appendix 12c Appendix 12d Appendix 12e Appendix 12f Appendix 12g Appendix 12h Appendix 12i Laws and regulatory documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structural breakdown of Lithianian education system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ministry recommended coursebooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 4 6

The map of the survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 The questionnaire for school teachers. . . . . . . . . . . . 14 The questionnaire for tertiary teachers . . . . . . . . . . . 17 The interview questionnaire for school administrators The interview questionnaire for tertiary administrators 20 23

Lesson observation sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 School Teacher Salaries in Primary and Secondary Education Module II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Focus group interview with college and university lecturers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Focus group interview with university lecturers I . . . . 46 Focus group interview with university lecturers II . . . . 58 Focus group interview with iauliai and Paneveys university lecturers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Focus group interview with school teachers I . . . . . . 84 Focus group interview with iauliai region school teachers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Focus group interview with college students . . . . . . . 114 Focus group interview with university students I . . . . 128 Focus group interview with iauliai, Klaipda and Paneveys university students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

APPENDIX 1 Laws and regulatory documentsSince the period of independence began firm legal foundations have been laid for the Lithuanian system of education. In accordance with the General Concept of Education (1991), the Law on Education No. I-1489 to provide for the creation and functioning of the system of education was passed in 1991 with the following amendments in 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1999. In 2003 the Amendment of the Law of Education of the Republic of Lithuania No. IX-1630 was passed. The Law on Higher Education 2000 No. VIII-1586 replaced the Law on Research and Higher Education 1991 No. I-1052 and is currently replaced by the Amendment of the Law on Research and Higher Education 2002 No. IX-945. Law on Vocational Education and Training 1997 No. VIII-450; Law on Non-Formal Adult Education 1998 No. VIII-822 and Law on Special Education 1998 No. VIII-969 provide for the institutional responsibility of teaching. National Standards and General Curriculum Framework 2003 devotes a chapter to the languages and foreign languages at the basic school level (109311 pp.). Here goals, objectives, value orientations, skills, didactic concepts, and teaching structures for foreign language instruction are defined.

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APPENDIX 2 Structural breakdown of Lithianian education system

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APPENDIX 3 FinancingThe main sources of financing for general secondary education are the state and local administration budgets. The Seimas allots budgets to the Ministry and local authorities in addition to sums received from local taxes. The budget varies from one municipality to the other and is controlled by local authorities. The teachers salary level is set by the Government and administered by local authorities. Financial reform started in 2001 with the Resolution No. 1520 of 14 December of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. The key goals of the reform were the following: to improve the quality of education, to create a transparent system of financing, to give students the opportunity to choose an education institution, to assure universal access to quality education, to ensure the financial security of individual schools, to reduce the number of students who do not attend schools, to assure accountability from school administrations. Educational financial resources consist of the following components: students basket, means allocated to finance the teaching environment. The students basket consists of: salaries for teachers, allocations for teachers qualifications, allocations for textbooks and teaching aids. The reform defined the annual amount of resources that need to be spent on the education for one student depending on the type of school, location, number of students with special needs and the number of students in national minority schools as well as other indicators. The teaching environment (maintenance of the building, salaries of the technical staff, social insurance, etc.) is financed by the founder of the school, which can be the ministry, municipality, physical person, religious community, etc. The students basket defines the amount of resources to be spent on the education of one student when the average number of students per class is 25. For 2004 the sum 4

allocated for one student was 1555 litas per year. For certain areas of education the sum can be increased. Examples would be national minority schools, small rural schools, and schools integrating learners with special needs. Vocational schools and colleges are financed from the state. The budget of each individual institution is the responsibility of the central authorities. Higher educational institutions are financed from the state budget and managed in accordance with university statutes. For each state-funded student, universities may have one student who pays tuition. The fees constitute extra income for universities.

References LR vietimo ir mokslo ministerija www.smm.lt Statistikos departamentas prie Lietuvos Vyriausybs www.std.lt Summary on Education Systems in Europe www.eurydice.org

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APPENDIX 4 Ministry recommended coursebooks

Coursebook V. Rupainien et al. Early School English I. Grade 2 V. Rupainien et al. Early School English II. Grade 3 R. Stokien, A. Timofejevien, V. Rupainien. School English I. Early language learning Year One R. Stokien, A. Timofejevien. School English II. Early language learning Year Two A. Stokien, A. Timofejevien. School English III. Early language learning Year Three R. Stokien, A. Timofejevien. School English IV. Early language learning Year Four R. Stokien, A. Timofejevien. School English V. Early language learning Year Five R. Stokien, A. Timofejevien. School English VI. Early language learning Year Six T. Kriliuvien. Hello! 1. Early language learning Year One T. Kriliuvien. Hello! 2. Early language learning Year Two T. Kriliuvien. Hello! 3. Early language learning Year Three T. Kriliuvien. Hello! 4. Early language learning Year Four T. Kriliuvien. Hello! 5. Early language learning Year Five T. Kriliuvien, S. Shaw. Hello! 6. Early language learning Year Six L. Bergman et al. Focus on Year 12 Kaleidoscope. Students Book. Materials for teaching British Cultural Studies in Lithuania R. imukauskien. What is what in the World of Catering. ESP for catering 6

Year of publication 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2002 2003 2003

Publisher viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa viesa

Coursebook I. Rozgien, E. leinotien. Business English for Schools D. Crovitz, T. Ross. Classroom Literature Reader E. leinotien et al. Limelight 11. Grade 11 C. Skinner. Excellent ! Starter C. Bradshaw, J. Hadfield. Excellent! Pupils Book 1 C. Bradshaw, J. Hadfield. Excellent! Pupils Book 2 M. Herrera, T. Zanatta. New English Parade Starter A M. Herrera, T. Zanatta. New English Parade Starter B M. Herrera, T. Zanatta. New English Parade 1 M. Herrera, T. Zanatta. New English Parade 2 M. Herrera, T. Zanatta. New English Parade 3 S. Elsworth, J. Rose. Get up and Go! S. Elsworth, J. Rose. Go! 1 S. Elsworth, J. Rose. Go! 2 S. Elsworth, J. Rose. Go! 3 M. Harris, D. Mower, A. Sikorzynska. Opportunities Beginner M. Harris, D. Mower, A. Sikorzynska. Opportunities Elementary M. Harris, D. Mower, A. Sikorzynska. Opportunities Pre-Intermediate M. Harris, D. Mower, A. Sikorzynska. Opportunities. Intermediate M. Harris, D. Mower, A. Sikorzynska. Opportunities Upper-Intermediate B. Abbs, I. Freebairn, Ch. Barker. Snapshot Starter B. Abbs, I. Freebairn, Ch. Barker. New Snapshot Starter B. Abbs, I. Freebairn, Ch. Barker. Snapshot Elementary B. Abbs, I. Freebairn, Ch. Barker. New Snapshot Elementary B. Abbs, I. Freebairn, Ch. Barker. New Snapshot Pre-Intermediate

Year of publication 2001 2000 2004 2004 2003 2003 2000 2000 2000 2000 1999 1999 1999 1999 2002 2001 2000 2001 2002 1998 2003 1998 2003 2003 2000

Publisher viesa viesa viesa Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman

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Coursebook B. Abbs, I. Freebairn, Ch. Barker. New Snapshot Intermediate. Students Book. J. Copade, L. Mortimer. Get on Track to FCE A. Stanton, M. Stephens. Fast Track to FCE R. Acklam, A. Crace. Going for Gold Intermediate R. Acklam, A. Crace. Going for Gold Upper Intermediate. Coursebook J. Bell, R. Gower. First Certificate Expert. Coursebook

Year of publication 2004 2002 2003 2001 2003 2000 2003 2000 2000 2000 2000 1999 2000 2000 2000 2002 2002 2002 1997 1997 1998 1998 1998 1998 2001

Publisher Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Longman Macmillan Heinemann Macmillan Heinemann Macmillan Heinemann Macmillan Heinemann Macmillan Heinemann Macmillan Heinemann Longman

R. Acklam, S. Burgess. First Certificate Gold

F. Scott-Barre

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