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    Upper intermediate

    Companion

    German 1st Edition

    Sue Kay, Vaughan Jones & Jil l Leatherbarrow

    Inside Out

    New

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    Welcome to the New Inside OutUpper intermediate Companion!

    Wh frm h NewInside OutCm v yu?

    a summary of ky wr hr frm ch u f NewInside OutUr rmStudents Book

    pronunciation of the key words and phrases translations of the key words and phrases sample sentences showing the words and phrases in context ummry of he GrammarExtra Reference from New Inside OutUpper intermediate Students Book

    (art) article

    (v) vrb(v*) irregular verb

    (j) jcv

    () u

    (phr v) phrasal verb

    (r) ru(r) r

    () rmr

    (f) fm

    (m) masculine

    (pl n) plural noun(v) vrb

    (cj) cjuc

    // bi fih /b f/

    /i/ ree bea /grin binz//U/ hould look /d lk//u / blue moo /blu mun//e/ e e /ten egz/

    // abu mher /bat m/

    // lear wor /ln wdz/// hor alk /t tk/// fa ca /ft kt/

    // mu com /mst km/

    // calm ar /km stt/

    // ho o /ht spt/

    // ear ///e/ fac /fes/

    // ure /pj/

    // boy /b/

    // o /nz/

    /e/ hair /he/

    /a/ eye /a/

    /a/ mouh /ma/

    /p/ p /pen/

    /b/ b /bd/

    /t/ t /ti//d/ d /dg/

    /t/ church /tt/

    /d/ jzz /dz/

    /k/ c /kst/

    /g/ girl /gl//f/ fr /fr/

    /v/ vc /vos/

    // th /n/

    // th /en/

    /s/ snake /snek//z/ s /noz/

    // sh /p/// msur /mer/

    /m/ make /mek//n/ nn /nan/

    // ng /a/

    /h/ hu /has/

    /l/ l /leg/

    /r/ r /red/

    /w/ w /wet/

    /j/ y /jes/

    VoWels and dipHtHongs Consonants

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    1

    U 1 ( 4)

    adopt a child /dpt ald/ M hr hub adopted a child from Malawi, called David

    B.

    y (v) /n/ i annoys Belinda that some people think the royal family had

    mh wh d h.

    c () /sent/ sm ascent rm h wy whch hy rr

    wr r chv fm.

    rc crcm /trkt krtsz()m/ th attracted criticism from people who felt Madonna had

    used her fame to fast-track it.

    bleach (v) /bli/ People who bleach their hair use a special product to make it blonde.

    brh bu /z brat z bt()n/ sm wh as bright as a button is very intelligent.

    buckle down (phr v) /bk()l dan/ Wh yu buckle down, you start to work hard to achieve something.

    calm down (phr v) /km dan/ d ry ju calm down!

    crr-w (j) /krwaz/ Career-wise, Madonna is as successful now as shes ever been.celebrity (n) /slebrti/ M ju celebrity shes a real pop icon.

    chry () /rti/ Princess Diana raised a lot of money for charity.

    chilly (adj) /li/ Chilly is a word that means cold.

    collar (v) /kl/ if yu collar someone, you find someone and force them to talk or

    listen to you.

    consolidator (n) /knsldet/ Wh w y h M consolidator of trends, we mean she

    makes them more popular and well known.

    crvry () /kntrvsi; kntrvsi/ M rr controversy and has shocked many people

    vr h yr.

    cowgirl (n) /kagl/ a cowgirl is a girl or woman whose job is to look after cows on a ranch.

    crcm () /krtsz()m/ Criticism is a comment or comments that you think something is

    wr r b.

    /t det/ To date is an expression meaning until now.

    h () /de/ Belinda thinks that Dianas death w rc cc.

    K r

    rr

    auf

    Kritik ernten

    bleichen

    blitzgescheit

    sich dahinter klemmen

    ch bruh

    karrieremigberhmte Persnlichkeit

    Wohlttigkeitszwecke;

    Wohlfahrt

    khl; frostig

    f; ch

    jemand, der/die etwas festigt

    r vr

    Krvr

    Cowgirl

    Kritik

    b hu; b

    t

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    2

    cv (j) /dstktv/ smh h distinctive y rcz bcu ffr

    frm hr h.

    dreadful (adj) /dredf()l/ Im sorry were so late the traffic was dreadful.

    rh mhr () / m/ a earth mother is someone who prefers natural methods of living

    and likes to look after people.

    ever-evolving (adj) /evrvlv/ smh h ever-evolving changes all the time and stays

    fashionable.

    exceptionally (adv) /ksep()nli/ M exceptionally talented singer.

    an existing look /n gzst lk/ Madonna picks up on an existing look and makes it her own.

    explode (v) /kspld/ At midnight, fireworks exploded across the sky it was spectacular.

    b u yur y h /bi p t jr az n if yu are up to your eyes in work, you are extremely busy.

    /sm/

    fm () /fem/ Some people felt Madonna had used her fame to fast-track the

    .

    feature film (n) /fi flm/ a feature film is a film that is made for the cinema.

    f (hr v) /ft n/ M w ffr fit in with the popular group.

    h () /ge/ a geisha is a Japanese woman, whose job is to entertain men.u () /inis/ a genius is someone who is extremely clever or talented.

    global (adj) /glb()l/ smh h global is well known all over the world.

    gracefully (adv) /gresf()li/ if yu mh gracefully, you do it in a quiet way without

    drawing attention to yourself.

    highlight (n) /halat/ Seeing the Great Wall was the highlight f d r Ch.

    hitchhike (v) /hhak/ M hitchhiked to New York with $35 in her pocket.

    hu (v) /hand/ If journalists hound a famous person, they do not leave them alone.

    hu (j) /hju/ Watching the first man land on the Moon made a huge mr

    on Alec.

    c () /akn/ Madonna is not just a celebrity shes a real pop icon.

    cc (j) /aknk/ Hw M chv hr iconic u?

    the key to sth / ki t sm/ She realised that marketing was the key to her success.

    kid (n) /kd/ a kid is an informal word meaning a child.

    leotard (n) /litd/ a leotard is a tight piece of clothing that people wear when they

    dance or exercise.

    aufllig; unverkennbar

    schrecklich

    ermur

    ch mmr wr

    entwickelnd

    auergewhnlich

    bh im

    explodieren

    b br b ohr

    etwas stecken

    Ruhm

    Spielfilm

    r

    ghg

    global

    anstandslos

    Hhepunkt

    trampen; per Anhalter

    fhr

    verfolgen

    r

    Ikone

    ikonisch

    der Schlssel zu etwas

    K

    Trikot; Gymnastikanzug

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    lingering (adj) /lgr/ a lingering kiss is one that lasts for quite a long time.

    look back (phr v) /lk bk/ sh h hr fr h wh Holiday 1984 h vr looked back.

    mrm (j) /menstrim/ somehn h mainstream is used, liked, or accepted by most people.

    make an impression on sb /mek n mpre()n n/ Watching the first man land on the Moon made a hu impression on

    /smbdi/ Alec.

    market (v) /mkt/ Madonna is brilliant at marketing hr m.

    mrff () /mdrf/ Yur midriff h fr r f yur by bw yur w

    yur ch.

    millennium celebrations (n pl) /mlenim th millennium celebrations took place on 31st December 1999.

    selbre()nz/

    mmu (j) /mments/ a momentous event is extremely important.

    moon landing (n) /mun lnd/ th fr moon landing w h cc whch h fr m

    walked on the Moon.

    mhrh () /mhd/ Madonna has three children and enjoys motherhood.

    ff-h-cuff (j) /fkf/ a off-the-cuff remark is one that you make without planning it or

    thinking about it.

    ff /f ste/ Off stage is an expression for describing what an actor or singer isreally like when they are not performing.

    /n ste/ Madonna has known controversy both on stage ff .

    h r () / pres/ The press is an expression meaning newspapers and magazines, or the

    people who work for them.

    pick up on sth (phr v) /pk p n sm/ if yu pick up on something, you notice it and react to it.

    pride yourself on sth /prad jself n sm/ M prides herself on her ever-evolving look, style and sound.

    ru (j) /prad/ The fireworks were spectacular I fel t proud to be Australian.

    the queen of ... / kwin v/ A woman who is known as the queen of cvy vry

    h cvy.

    r my (fr h) /rez mni (f sm) / prc d raised a lot of money fr chry.

    recall (v) /rkl/ Yu recall M crr r f m.

    rcr r () /rkd tst/ a recording artist is a professional singer.

    rr h ( h) (v) /rest sm (z i 1979 h registered Madonna as a trademark.

    /sm) /

    3

    lange dauernd; innigzurckblicken

    Mrm-

    auf jmd einen Eindruck

    mch

    vermarkten

    Taille; Bauch

    Jhrufr

    bum

    Mondlandung

    Murchf

    u m srf

    hr r Bh

    uf r Bh

    pr

    w ufrf

    ch r sch rhm

    stolz

    K v.;

    knigin

    Geld auftreiben

    ch rr

    Musiker(-in); Plattensnger

    (-)

    eintragen lassen als

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    4

    keine hnlichkeit mit jmd

    hb

    die knigliche Familie

    Selbstachtung

    Selbstbild

    ausverkauft sein

    sein Image verkaufen

    spektakulr

    jdm zum Verwechseln

    hnlich sein

    still stehen

    Ruhm

    su

    zurcktretench r

    Kmf

    Super-Marke

    zurckdenken an

    den Grtel enger schnallen

    Wrzch

    rch

    Urm;

    Urrbu

    Vrm

    Hrz uf r Zu

    r

    bear no resemblance to sb /be n rzemblns t/ if m bears no resemblance to another person, they do not look

    smbdi/ like that person at all.

    the royal family (n) / rl fm()li/ Belinda doesnt think the royal family h yh wh d

    h.

    self-esteem (n) (TS) /selfstim/ Clothes that are clean and neat say that you care about yourself and

    hv self-esteem.

    self-image (n) (TS) /selfm/ CHaps mz r urvy bu m self-image.

    sell out (phr v) /sel at/ if ccr sells out, people buy all the tickets and there are none left.

    sell your image /sel jr m/ Shes a talented business woman whos brilliant at selling her image.

    spectacular (adj) /spektkjl/ At midnight, fireworks exploded across the sky it was spectacular.

    h m f b / spt m v sm wh the spitting image of another person looks exactly

    /smbdi/ like them.

    stand still /stnd stl/ a u h stands still stops developing.

    rm () /stdm/ Stardom h f b vry fmu.

    u () /stets/ M chv hr cc status by constantly changing and

    staying fashionable.

    w (hr v) /step dan/ i w step down i w crry wh my crr. u (hr v) /step p/ sh stepping up career-wise and has no exit plan.

    struggle (n) /strg()l/ a struggle is a difficult period of time during which you have to work

    vry hr.

    ur-br () /supbrnd/ The name Madonna is a global super-brand.

    think back (on) (phr v) /k bk (n) / Think backon her career its not the songs you remember, its the

    m.

    tighten your belt /tat()n j belt/ if yu tighten your belt, you spend less money.

    trademark (n) /tredmk/ In 1979 she registered Madonna as a trademark.

    rc (j) /trk/ d h w tragic cc.

    urm () /ndstetmnt/ a understatement is something that you say that makes something

    seem less important than it is.

    wealth (n) /wel/ sm wealth h mu f my hy hv.

    wear your heart on your sleeve /we j ht n j sliv/ if yu wear your heart on your sleeve, you show your feelings to other

    people.

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    wr (j) (ts) /wd/ smh h weird is strange in an unexpected or slightly

    frh wy.

    w u (hr v) /wand p/ if m y wind up, it is easy to make them angry or upset.

    Clothing and appearanCe

    bangles (n) /bg()lz/ a bangle is a big circular bracelet that you wear around your wrist.

    belt (n) /belt/ a belt is a narrow piece of leather or cloth that you wear around your

    w.

    buckle (n) /bk()l/ a buckle is a metal object used for fastening a belt.

    bu () /bt()n/ a button is a small round object that you push through a hole to

    fasten clothes.

    casual (adj) /kul/ Casual clothes are comfortable and suitable for informal situations.

    change your style /en j stal/ if yu change your style, you change the type of clothes you wear.

    collar (n) /kl/ a collar is the part of a shirt or coat that goes around your neck.

    cool (adj) /kul/ Clothes that are cool are fashionable and attractive.

    cuff () /kf/ a cuff is the part of a sleeve that goes around your wrist.hm () /hem/ a hem is the bottom edge of a dress, skirt or coat.

    m () /m/ th u f M h wy h m hr image.

    m-ccu (j) /mkns/ sm wh image-conscious cares about their clothes and

    rc.

    lacy gloves (n pl) /lesi glvz/ Lacy gloves are made of fine material and have small holes in them.

    professional (adj) /prfe()nl/ Someone who looks professional wears smart clothes that are suitable

    for work.

    () /stn/ Satin is a smooth, shiny expensive material.

    sleeves (n pl) /slivz/ th sleeves are the part of a piece of clothing that covers your arms.

    ry (j) /spti/ Sporty clothes are designed for doing sport or for informal occasions.

    ry (j) /trendi/ sm wh trendy wears fashionable and attractive clothes.

    z () /zp/ a zip is a long piece of metal or plastic used for opening or closing a

    piece of clothing.

    5

    unheimlich; seltsam

    ufzh

    armrf

    Grtel

    Schnalle; Spange

    Kf

    leger

    den Stil ndern

    Kr

    cool

    Mchsum

    im

    mbwu

    szhchuh

    professionnell

    s

    rmel

    sportlich

    schick; modebewusst

    Reiverschluss

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    ColloCations

    designer/old-fashioned/scruffy /dzn/ldf()nd/ Designer clothes are expensive and fashionable;

    clothes /skrfi klz/ old-fashioned clothes r mr; scruffy clothes r uy r

    ry.

    bright/close-set/staring eyes /brat/klsset/ster Bright eyes look lively and intelligent; close set y r vry r ch

    /az/ hr; staring eyes seem to look at you in a very fixed way.

    expressive/impassive/round fac /kspresv/mpsv/ a expressive face shows what you are feeling; an impassive face

    rand fes/ not show what you are feeling; a round face has the shape of a circle.

    sleek/spiky/tousled hair /slik/spaki/taz()ld he/ Sleek hair mh hy; spiky hair sticks up; tousled hair looks

    uy.

    firm/hearty/limp handshake /fm/hti/lmp hndek/ a firm r hearty handshake feels strong; a limp handshake feels weak.

    abrasive/charming/mild manner /bresv/m/mald a abrasive manner m ru; charming manner is friendly and

    mn/ pleasant; a mild manner is kind and gentle.

    fake/forced/warm smile /fek/fst/wm smal/ a fake r forced smile is not natural or genuine; a warm smile is kindand friendly.

    deep/husky/shrill voice /dip/hski/rl vs/ a deep r husky voice is low; a shrill voice is high and unpleasant.

    Word formation

    rrr (v) /riren/ if yu rearrange people or things, you put them in a different place.

    rebuild (v) /ribld/ if yu rebuild something, you build it again after it has been damaged

    r ry.

    rcr (v) /riknsd/ if yu reconsider a decision, you think about it again in order to

    decide whether you should change it.

    rcruc (v) /riknstrkt/ if yu reconstruct something, you build it again.

    rcvr (v) /ridskv/ if yu rediscover something, you discover it again.

    r (v) /ridu / if yu redo something, you do it again in a different way in order to

    mrv .

    rrf (v) /ridrft/ if yu redraft something, you write it again in order to make changes

    .

    6

    Designer- / altmodische /

    schlampige Kleidung

    strahlende / eng

    zummh

    Augen; starrer Blick

    ausdrucksvolles / rundes

    Gesicht; gelassener

    Gesichtsausdruck

    glattes / hoch stehendes /

    zrzu Hr

    fester / krftiger / schlaffer

    Hndedruck

    rv / chrm /

    f ar

    falsches / gezwungenes /warmes Lcheln

    tiefe / heisere / schrille

    smm

    umstellen; neu ordnen

    wr ufbu

    noch mal berdenken

    rekonstruieren; wieder

    ufbu

    wieder entdecken

    u mch

    umchrb; u wrf

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    re-examine (v) /rigzmn/ if yu re-examine something, you look at or think about it carefully

    .

    rv (v) /rinvent/ if yu reinvent something, you change something that already exists

    v ffr ur.

    rv () /rinven()n/ Madonna is known as the queen of reinvention!

    relocate (v) /rilket/ if yu relocate, you move to a different place.

    remake (v) /rimek/ if yu remake something, you make it again in a different way.

    rr (v) /rignaz/ if you reorganise something, you organise something in a different wy.

    repackage (v) /ripk/ if yu repackage something, you present it in a different way to make

    it look more attractive.

    reschedule (v) /riedjul/ if yu reschedule something, you, you change the time when it was

    planned to happen.

    rethink (v) /rik/ if you rethink something, you think about it again in order to improve it.

    ru (v) /rijunat/ if yu reunite people, you bring them together again.

    rwr (v) /riwd/ if yu reword something, you express it using different words.

    rwr (v) /rirat/ if yu rewrite something, you write it using different words in order tomrv .

    U 2 ( 14)

    academic qualifications (n pl) /kdemk/ Yur academic qualifications are the exams you have passed at school,

    /kwlfke()nz/ college or university.

    c () /kt/ a act is a short performance of singing, dancing etc.

    adolescence (n) /dles()/ Adolescence h r f m wh yu r r.

    adulthood (n) /dlthd; dlthd/ Adulthood is the period of life when you are an adult.

    all-in-one (adj) /lnwn/ a all-in-one piece of clothing is made up of separate parts that look

    like one part.

    u () /pttjud/ if yu hv aptitude for something, you are good at it.

    backroad (n) /bkrd/ th backroads are small, quiet roads with less traffic.

    ball girl (n) /bl gl/ a ball girl is a girl whose job is to throw a ball back to a player during

    mch.

    7

    ru brrf

    ru rf

    ru erfu

    umsiedeln; den Standort

    wechseln

    u mch

    u rr

    neu verpacken

    neu planen

    erneut durchdenken

    wr vr

    neu formulieren

    umchrb; u chrb

    akademische Qualifikationen

    Akt; Auffhrung

    Adoleszenz

    Erwachsenenalter

    einteilig

    Talent; Begabung

    kleine Landstrae

    Ballmdchen

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    bu () /bs ps/ a bus pass is a special ticket that allows older people to travel by bus

    whu y.

    childhood (n) /aldhd/ Childhood is the period of time when you are a child.

    clown around (phr v) /klan rand/ if yu clown around, you act in a silly or stupid way.

    comically (adv) /kmk()li/ Comically is an adverb that means in a way that seems amusing.

    cm (v) /kmpnset/ if omehn compensates for something else, it makes it seem less bad.

    cmc urry () /kzmetk sri/ Cosmetic surgery is a medical operation to improve someones

    rc.

    cuddle (v) /kd()l/ if yu cuddle someone, you put your arms around them to show that

    you love them.

    b fvur /du smbdi fev/ if yu do someone a favour, you do something in order to help them.

    b (hr v) /dt n smbdi/ if yu dote on someone, you love them very much.

    r (v) /dred/ if yu dread something, you are very frightened that it might happen.

    r (v) (ts) /drp/ As soon as we told Sarah we liked Jeremy, she dropped hm.

    dull (adj) /dl/ Dull is an adjective that means boring.to good/excellent etc effect /t gd/ekslnt fekt/ if yu u mh to good effect, you use it in a way that impresses

    people.

    sbs elders (n pl) /smbdiz eldz/ Your elders are people who are older than you.

    exchange (=a person) () /ksen/ When she was 15, Viv went to stay with her German exchange, Frauke

    sch.

    (school) exchange (n) / (skul) ksen/ Hv yu vr school exchange?

    exoticism (n) /gztszm/ Viv loved the exoticism of new friends such as Axelle and Amalia.

    extended family (n) /kstendd fm()li/ a extended family is a large family group that includes grandparents,

    aunts, uncles, cousins etc.

    fake ID (n) /fek adi / Fake ID is an identity card that has been made to look real in order to

    trick people.

    family background (n) /fm()li bkgrand/ Yur family background is the type of family that you come from.

    faultline (n) /fltlan/ Faultlines are small problems that develop.

    8

    Buuw

    Kh

    herumkaspern

    komisch

    kompensieren

    kosmetische Chirurgie;

    schhr

    kuscheln; schmusen; in den

    arm hm

    jmd einen Gefallen tun

    abgttisch lieben

    ch vr w frch

    fallen lassen; Schluss machen

    m

    langweiligwirkungsvoll

    ltere; Leute, die lter sind

    als

    Austauschschler (-in)

    Schulaustausch

    Exotik

    Grofamilie

    geflschter Ausweis

    Herkunft;

    Familienverhltnisse

    Fehlerquelle;

    Verwerfungslinie

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    fluency (n) /flunsi/ Fluency in a language is the ability to speak it well.

    fool around (phr v) /ful rand/ if yu fool around, you act in a silly or stupid way.

    h fuy f h /si fni sad v/ if yu see the funny side of something, you see the amusing part of a

    sm/ difficult or embarrassing situation.

    hr bu h /get t hr bat/sm/ all Alexs friends got to hear about the fact that his father was a clown.

    rw r (hr v) /gr pt/ Viv and Axelle grew apart and eventually lost touch.

    have a wild side /hv wald sad/ Amalia was quiet but had a cr wild side.

    h (j) /hp/ sm wh hip is cool and trendy.

    host family (n) /hst fm()li/ Yur host family is the family that welcomes you into their home.

    humiliation (n) /hjumlien/ Humiliation is the state of feeling embarrassed and ashamed.

    mmr () /m()n/ Immersion is a way of learning another language in which you only

    use the foreign language in class.

    fcy () /nfnsi/ Infancy is the period of time when you are a baby or very young child.

    be on its last legs /bi n ts lst legz/ if mh is on its last legs, it is very old and no longer very useful.

    sbs loved ones (n pl) /smbdiz lvd wnz/ Yur loved ones are the people you love, especially members of your

    family.

    (club) mascot (n) / (klb) mskt/ Kayleighs mum is club mascot fr Crff Cy wr br

    cum mch.

    middle age (n) /md()l e/ Middle age is the period of time when you are no longer young, but

    are not yet old.

    music decks (n pl) (TS) /mjuzk deks/ Its easy for Andy, as a DJ, to hide behind his music decks at work.

    y () /npi/ a nappy is a thick piece of cloth that a baby wears between its legs

    before it has learned to use the toilet.

    nickname (v) /nknem/ Alexs friends nicknamed him Corky Junior.

    nightlife (n) /natlaf/ Nightlife is entertainment available in the evenings in clubs, bars,

    rur c.

    bjc (v) /bekt/ if yu object to something, you do not like it or approve of it.

    old age (n) /ld e/ Old age is the period of someones life when they are old.

    uru (j) /atres/ smh h outrageous is slightly shocking.

    rfrm (v) /pfm/ g mum r u Chr performs at clubs.

    9

    flieendes Sprechen

    Bldsinn machen;

    herumalbern

    lu w h

    jmd zu Ohren kommen

    sich auseinander entwickeln

    eine wilde Seite haben

    ch sz

    Gastfamilie

    dmu; erru

    euch

    frh Kh

    in den letzten Zgen liegen;

    aus dem letzten Loch

    ff lb

    (Vereins)maskottchen

    mittleres Lebensalter

    Musikanlage; - gerte

    Windel

    szm

    Nachtleben

    ablehnen; protestieren

    (hohes) Alter

    urhr; uvrchm

    ufr

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    poster-girl (n) /pst gl/ a poster-girl is a girl or woman who is a good advertisement for

    mh.

    rc () /prspekt/ if yu hv jb prospects, you are likely to get a good job and

    earn a lot of money.

    ruy (j) /rsti/ If your knowledge of a language is rusty, you have forgotten a lot of

    what you have learnt.

    -hruh (j) /siru/ See-through is an adjective that means transparent.

    sink or swim /sk swm/ if yu r u whr yu mu sink or swim, you must deal

    with problems on your own if you want to succeed.

    ur (v) /sa/ If a relationship between two people sours, the people stop liking

    ch hr.

    c () h /knt stnd du/sm/ g hy cant stand being h cr f f .

    y h /ste n ep/ if yu stay in shape, you stay fit and healthy.

    sticky (adj) /stki/ Sticky objects are covered with a substance that sticks to things.

    uy r () /stdi trp/ a study trip r f m h yu wy frm hm

    order to study or learn something.table manners (n pl) /teb()l mnz/ Yur table manners are the way you behave when you are at a table

    f.

    ultimate (adj) /ltmt/ Wh Vv y h h ultimate poster-girl for school exchanges, she

    means she is a perfect example of someone who enjoys them.

    urh (v) /ndni/ She wears a bird costume, but everyone knows its Mum underneath.

    urb (j) /bn/ sm wh urban is used to life in cities.

    w h ru u /wnt grand tu / if yu want the ground to open up, you feel extremely embarrassed.

    /pn p/

    wiggly (adj) /wgli/ a wiggly much rh yu c mv ru.

    w () /wtns/ a witness at a wedding is someone who also signs the official

    document that the married couple sign.

    sayings

    Birds of a feather flock /bdz v fe flk Birds of a feather flock together means that people of a similar type

    hr. tge/ m hr.

    10

    "Postergirl

    auch

    r

    urchch

    auf sich allein gestellt sein

    sich verschlechtern

    etwas nicht aushalten

    knnen

    fit, in Form bleiben

    klebrig

    sur

    tchmr

    ultimativ; perfekt

    rur

    ch; sbwhr

    wollen, dass man in den

    Boden versinkt

    wackelig

    Zu/Zu

    srchwrr

    Gleich und Gleich gesellt sich

    r.

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    Blood is thicker than water. /bld z k n wt/ Blood is thicker than water means that family relationships are the

    m mr.

    Chry b hm. /rti bgnz t hm/ Charity begins at home means that you should look after your family

    fr fr.

    Hm whr h hr . /hm z we ht z/ Home is where the heart is m h yur hm whrvr yur

    loved ones are.

    o ur rv /wn gd tn dzvz One good turn deserves another means that if someone is kind and

    hr. n/ helpful to you, you should also be kind and helpful to them.

    two compny. three crow. /tuz kmp()ni riz Twos company. Threes a crowd means that two people can be happy

    krad/ together, but a third person causes problems.

    shoWing someone aroUnd yoUr home

    Welcome to our home! /welkm tu hm/ Hello, Marie. Welcome to our home!

    Did you have a pleasant /dd ju hv plez()nt Did you have a pleasant journey? Yes, but Im feeling a bit tiredjury? ni/ now.

    l m ruc yu let mi ntrdjus ju tu Let me introduce you to the rest of the family.

    Then Ill show you around. /en al ju rand/ Ill introduce you to the rest of the family, then Ill show you around.

    You must call me /ju mst kl mi / You must call me Jill.

    Help yourself to /help jself tu / Help yourself to cff.

    Make yourself at home. /mek jself t hm/ if yu make yourself at home somewhere, you feel relaxed and

    comfortable.

    if here nyhn you nee /f ez n j nid/ If theres anything you need, just give me a shout.

    gv m hu. /gv mi at/ Give me a shout f hr yh yu .

    soCial registeri

    Hy! /haj/ Hiya! th r .

    th r . / dz pn/ The doors open. Cm .

    11

    Blut ist dicker als Wasser.

    M mu zur

    eigene Familie/sein eigenes

    Land etc. denken.

    Trautes Heim, Glck allein.

    e H wch

    r.

    d frf Rm w

    .

    Willkommen bei uns zu

    Hu.

    H s hmR?

    Darf ich Sie . vorstellen?

    d z ch ih

    z Hu.

    n s mch

    B b s ch .

    Fhlen Sie sich wie zu Hause.

    Sollten Sie etwas brauchen

    Ruf s mch fch.

    H!

    d tr h uf.

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    Chr h r! /z ts gret/ I remembered to bring you that CD. Cheers, thats great!

    Hows it going? /haz t g/ Hows it going? All right, but Im shattered.

    chill out (phr v) /l at/ i ju w chill out h v wch tV.

    d yu w ? /du j wnt tu / Do you want to wch dVd?

    Whvr. /wtev/ Do you want to watch TV or shall I get a DVD? Whatever.

    n . /n ad/ Whats on TV? No idea rubbish as usual, I expect.

    f

    Welcome! /welkm/ Welcome! d cm !

    d cm ! /du km n/ Welcome! Do come in!

    Thats very kind of you! /ts veri kand v ju / Thank you, thats very kind of you!

    relax /rlks/ Yu mu w relax.

    Would you prefer ? /wd j prf / Would you prefer r cff?

    i m. /a dnt mand/ Would you prefer tea or coffee? I dont mind.

    Im afraid I dont know. /am fred a dnt n/ How many miles is it exactly? Im afraid I dont know.

    U 3 ( 24)

    vurr () /dvenr/ an adventurer is someone who will take a risk in order to make money.

    antique (n) (TS) /ntik/ a antique is an object that is old and valuable.

    r cur /pr n kt/ if omeone appears in court, they go to a court of law so that people

    can ask you questions about something illegal they think you have done.

    b hr (hr v) /bnd tge/ If people band together, they work together in order to achieve

    mh.

    breathtaking (adj) /bretek/ smh h breathtaking is very is extremely impressive orbeautiful.

    capitalise on sth /kptlaz n sm/ if yu capitalise on something, you use it to get an advantage for

    yourself.

    b chr wh h /bi d w/ sm wh is charged with a crime is officially accused of it.

    12

    Schn groartig!

    W h?

    relaxen

    Willst du ?

    Ganz wie du willst.

    K ahu.

    Herzlich willkommen!

    tr s b !

    Das ist sehr freundlich von

    ih.

    Htten Sie lieber ?

    Mir ist es gleich.

    Ich wei es leider nicht.

    aburr

    Antiquitt

    vr grch rch

    sich zusammenschlieen

    mbrub

    Kapital aus etwas schlagen

    wegen etwas angeklagt

    wr

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    collapse (v) /klps/ if mh collapses, it fails completely.

    cmmuy rvc () /kmjunti svs/ Community service is work that someone does as a punishment

    f r.

    ccr () /knsn/ Concern is a feeling of worry or sympathy for someone who is in a bad

    u.

    c-m () /knmn/ a con-man is a criminal who tricks other people in order to get their

    my.

    corner the market (TS) /kn mkt/ if yu corner the market, you get complete control of an area of

    bu.

    crc () (ts) /kns/ a cornice vrh r f w h f mu.

    crops (n pl) /krps/ Crops are plants that farmers grow to produce food.

    cyc () /snk/ a cynic is a person who thinks that people are not sincere or honest.

    declare (v) /dkle/ if yu declare something, you say officially that it is true.

    cvry () /dskv()ri/ th discovery of gold attracted thousands of people to California.

    disillusion (n) /dslu()n/ Disillusion is a feeling of great disappointment when something is not

    yu huh.

    disillusioned (adj) /dslu()nd/ John Sutter eventually left California feeling disillusioned.rr () /istn/ Easterners are people who live in the east of a country or state.

    wr (v) /istwd/ If you travel eastward, you travel in a direction towards the east.

    rrur () /ntrprn/ a entrepreneur m wh u my r bu.

    c (j) /epk/ a epic journey is very long and exciting.

    mc () /epdemk/ a epidemic is a situation in which a feeling spreads very quickly.

    follow sbs tracks (TS) /fl smbdz trks/ if yu follow someones tracks, you follow where they are walking or

    mv.

    foolishness (n) /fulns/ Foolishness is a word that means the same as stupidity.

    fr () /ft/ a fort is a strong building that is used to defend a place.

    a gap in the market / gp n mkt/ A gap in the market is an opportunity to sell something that is notavailable but that people would like to have.

    glint (n) /glnt/ aglint of something is a quick flash of light from something that is shiny.

    hruh wh h (hr v) /g ru w sm/ if yu go through with something, you succeed in doing something

    difficult.

    gold (n) /gld/ i 1848 gold was discovered in California.

    13

    zummbrch

    Sozialdienst

    sr

    Schwindler

    monopolisieren

    Wch

    Feldfrchte

    Zyniker(-in)

    erklren

    Entdeckung

    Desillusion

    desillusioniertjmd, der aus dem Osten

    kommt

    wr

    Urhmr(-)

    lang und abenteuerlich

    em

    die Spur von jmd verfolgen

    dummh

    Fort

    eine Marktlcke

    Glitzern

    w urchzh

    Gold

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    gold fever (n) /gld fiv/ Gold fever was the wish to find gold that a lot of people felt in the

    19h cury.

    gold rush (n) /gld r/ th gold rush w h r h 19h century when a lot of people

    went to a place where gold had been discovered.

    gold strike (n) /gld strak/ a gold strike is the act of discovering that gold exists in a place.

    GPS (Global Positioning System) /ipies/ GPS is a system you install in your car that tells you where you are and

    () (ts) v yu rc.

    hammock (n) /hmk/ a hammock is a bed consisting of a piece of cloth tied to a tree.

    a handful (of) / hndfl (v) / A handful of people or things is a very small number of them.

    h- (j) (ts) /hndpentd/ Eric bought some beautiful hand-painted toy soldiers.

    hr ur () (ts) / hd tn/ A hard turn is a sudden movement you make to the right or left.

    a head of (cattle) / hed v kt()l/ A head is an expression used as a way of counting farm animals.

    h u (hr v) /ht p/ Wh cvy hots up, it becomes much more popular.

    mmr () /mgrnt/ sur w sw immigrant who came to California in 1848.

    b /bi ntent n/ sur was intent on building his own private empire.j (j) /nt/ ajoint cmy w by mr h r.

    keenly understand sth /kinli ndstnd sm/ if yu keenly understand a situation, you have thought about it and

    understand it well.

    kingdom (n) /kdm/ a kingdom is an area or activity that someone controls.

    lead to sbs downfall (TS) /lid t smbdz/ /danfl/ Alcoholism led to his downfall and Californias first millionaire died an

    uc h.

    life-affirming (adj) /laffm/ smh h life-affirming makes you feel happier or more

    positive about life.

    lifetime (n) /laftam/ The adventurers were willing to spend a difficult year in return for a

    lifetime f rch.

    m () /mdns/ If people think that something is madness, they think it is extremelyu.

    mid-life crisis (n) /mdlaf krass/ a mid-life crisis is when people who are middle-aged feel very anxious

    about their life.

    mr (v) /mg/ People mortgaged their farms in order to travel to California.

    wcmr () /njukm/ Sutter welcomed the newcomers as subjects for his new kingdom.

    14

    Goldfieber

    Goldrausch

    Goldfund

    gps

    Hm

    eine Handvoll

    handbemalt

    W; chrf

    ch bb

    Stck

    in Schwung kommen; richtig

    losgehen

    ewrr

    f abch hbmm

    w hr u vrh

    Krch

    zum Ru v jm fhr

    lebensbejahend

    lb

    Wh

    Midlifecrisis

    eine Hypothek aufnehmen

    Neuankmmling

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    ru () /ptjunst/ a opportunist is someone who always tries to get an advantage for

    themselves.

    u () /atpst/ a outpost is a place that is far away from other places.

    () /pn/ a pan is a large, flat bowl used for collecting gold.

    pick (n) /pk/ a pick is a tool used for breaking hard surfaces.

    rv mr () /pravt empa/ sm private empire bu h hy w.

    rcu (v) /prskjut/ if yu prosecute someone, you officially accuse them of a crime.

    b rr b m /bi restd n/ Christopher sold the car although it was registered in his mothers

    smbdz nem/ name.

    r () /rezd()nt/ Residents are the people who live in a particular place.

    risk-taker (n) /rsktek/ a risk-taker is someone who is not afraid of taking risks to get what

    hy w.

    h r f h /t rut v sm/ if mh at the root of a problem or situation, it is the thing

    h h cu .

    ru () /rg/ a rug is a very small carpet that you put on a floor.

    ru (j) /rund/ In 1850 Sutter had lost all his wealth and was a ruined m.satellite navigation (n) (TS) /stlat nvge()n/ Satellite navigation is a system that tells you where you are and gives

    yu rc.

    sawmill (n) /sml/ a sawmill is a building where wood is cut into pieces using a machine.

    chm () /skim/ a scheme is a plan that you make in order to get something.

    shovel (n) /v()l/ a shovel is a tool that is used for lifting and moving earth or snow.

    () /sp / a spa is a type of bath filled with water that you put your feet into in

    order to relax.

    special delivery (n) /spe()l dlv()ri/ a special delivery is a parcel that is delivered by a fast postal service.

    spotlight (n) /sptlat/ if yu r h spotlight, everyone is looking at you or is interested

    yu.

    r frh /stt fre/ Ian Usher has sold his life because he wants to start afresh.

    rv (j) /stv/ i hv c h mr im starving.

    m () /stetmnt/ a statement is something that you say or write publicly.

    stock company (n) /stk kmp()ni/ a stock company is one that is owned by several people.

    ubjc () /sbekt/ a subject is a person who works for someone who is very powerful.

    15

    oru(-)

    Vr

    pf

    Spitzhacke

    rv Rch

    verklagen ; strafrechtlich

    verfolgen

    uf nm v jm

    zugelassen sein

    Bwhr(-)

    ein risikofreudiger Mensch

    der eigentlicher Grund sein

    Lufer; Vorleger

    rurSatellitennavigation

    Sgewerk

    Plan; Idee; Strategie

    Schaufel

    Heilbad; Kurort

    Eilzustellung

    Rampenlicht

    v vr u f

    halb verhungert

    Aussage; Erklrung

    Aktiengesellschaft

    Ur(-)

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    supply and demand (n) /spla n dmnd/ The laws of supply and demand relate to the amount of a product

    that is available and how many people want to buy it.

    ur chry /spt rti/ if yu support a charity, you give money to it.

    w b u (hr v) (ts) /swip smbdi p/ if wr r w sweeps someone up, it moves over them quickly.

    sw (j) /sws/ sm wh Swiss is from Switzerland.

    r w (hr v) /te dan/ if yu tear down a building, you destroy it.

    telegraph (v) /telgrf/ News of the discovery of gold was telegraphed to every village and

    w.

    hum (v) /mp/ if yur hr thumps, it beats very fast.

    trample (v) /trmp()l/ If people trample something, they destroy it by walking all over it.

    rvr (v) (ts) /trvs/ if yu traverse an area, you move over or across it.

    trickle (v) /trk()l/ By the mid-1840s more and more Americans were trickling into California.

    undertake (v) /ndtek/ Other people have undertaken similar schemes to Ian Usher and profited.

    vru (j) /vg()rs/ if yu vigorous exercise, you exercise very hard.

    v () /v()n/ sur h vision of building his own private empire.

    vry () /vn()ri/ sm wh visionary has a clear idea of how things should be.

    w () /wgn/ a wagon is an old-fashioned vehicle pulled by horses.

    b h wy /bi n we/ if yu are in the way, you are stopping people from doing what they

    w .

    wealthy (adj) /weli/ Wealthy is a word meaning the same as rich.

    whr () /wsp/ Whispers of a gold strike drifted eastward across the country.

    Why rh? /wa n / Why on earth? is an expression that is used to emphasize the

    question word Why?.

    without sbs knowledge /wat smbdz/nl/ Without his mothers knowledge, Christopher sold her car.

    ColloCations

    hv ch /hv t/ if yu have a chat with someone, you talk to them for a short time.

    have difficulty /hv dfk()lti/ W had difficulty finding somewhere to park.

    hv uy /hv djuti/ We all have a duty to help each other.

    16

    ab u nchfr

    einen Wohlttigsverein

    urz

    jmd mitreien

    schwzr(-)

    abreien

    telegrafieren

    pochen; heftig schlagen

    niedertrampeln

    berqueren

    langsam eintrudeln

    urhm

    krftig; kraftvoll

    V

    Vr(-)

    (pfr)w

    m W h

    vrm

    Gercht; Geflster

    Warum in aller Welt?

    h jm W

    mit jmd plaudern

    Schwierigkeiten haben

    die Pflicht haben

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    hv /hv g/ if yu have a go at something, you try to do it.

    hv u /hv ges/ How many people live in the UK? I dont know. Have a guess.

    have a laugh /hv lf/ I like meeting friends and having a laugh.

    have a look /hv lk/ C i have a look yur w p?

    hv rh /hv rat/ People over 18 have the right v.

    have a think /hv k/ Well have a think and let you know what we decide.

    hv wr /hv wd/ C i have a quick word with you, please?

    make a fortune /mek fun/ Top football players can make a fortune.

    make a fuss /mek fs/ if yu make a fuss about something, you get too worried or excited

    bu .

    make a living /mek lv/ i c b hr make a living cr.

    make a loss /mek ls/ Banks have made hu losses rc mh.

    make a mess /mek mes/ I always make a mess when I cook.

    make money /mek mni/ Businessmen such as Bill Gates and Richard Branson have made a lot of money.

    make a profit /mek prft/ if yu make a profit, you sell something for more money than it cost

    buy.

    make sense /mek sens/ i ur my rm. thy vr make sense.

    make a start /mek stt/ Weve a lot of work to do we'd better make a start.

    take action /tek k()n/ Theres a time for talking and a time for taking action.

    take advice /tek dvas/ if yu take advice, you ask someone for their opinion about the best

    h .

    take a deep breath /tek dip bre/ Take a deep breath and calm down.

    take an exam /tek n gzm/ sh taking hr exam mrrw.

    take notes /tek nts/ Students listened to the teacher and took notes.

    take office /tek fs/ President Barack Obama took office in January 2009.

    take place /tek ples/ The 2012 Olympics take place l.

    17

    vruch

    r

    lachen

    h; ch chu

    Rch hb

    etwas berlegen

    jm rch

    Vrm vr

    viel Wirbel um etwas machen

    seinen Lebensunterhalt

    vr

    einen Verlust machen

    Uru mch

    Geld verdienen

    gw mch

    s hb

    sr mch

    handeln

    sich beraten lassen

    f m

    eine Prfung ablegen

    ch nz mch

    am r

    f

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    take responsibility /tek rspnsblti/ Shes 16 and old enough to take responsibility for herself.

    take a risk /tek rsk/ Yu mm hv take risks ucc.

    take sugar /tek g/ d yu take sugar cff?

    metaphors

    t = m

    b ru u f m /bi rn at v tam/ Hurry u! Wre running out of time.

    spare (sb) a couple of minutes /spe (smbdi) We need to talk. Can you spare a couple of minutes?

    /kp()l v mnts/

    b m rcu /smbdiz tam z pres/ if someones time is precious, they are busy and do not have a lot of time.

    use your time profitably /juz j tam prftbli/ You should use your time mr profitably rr jb.

    w yur m /west j tam/ Yur wasting your time if you think you can make money out of the

    ir.

    be worth sbs while /bi w smbdiz wal/ Just five minutes of your time I promise it will be worth your while!

    i = fchw h vr /u sm v/ Mrh h b chewing over the idea for the past few weeks.

    frm /daest nfme()n/ i m digest all this information.

    f fr huh /fud f t/ Thats interesting. Theres certainly food for thought hr.

    be a half-baked idea /bi hf bekt ad/ a half-baked idea is one that you have not thought about properly.

    money

    ffr (v) /fd/ if yu c afford something, you have enough money to buy it.

    b br (ts) /bi bgn/ if mh is a bargain it costs much less than normal.

    blow it on sth /bl t n sm/ He n ve he money ne he blew it all on new muc yem.brwr () /bredwn/ a breadwinner is the person who earns the money to support a family.

    broke (adj) /brk/ if yu r broke, you have spent all your money.

    bu () /bt/ a budget mu f my h yu ffr

    mh.

    cheap and cheerful (TS) /ip n f()l/ smh h cheap and cheerful does not cost a lot of money but

    is suitable for a particular purpose.

    18

    Vrwru brhm

    ein Risiko eingehen

    Zucker nehmen

    nicht mehr viel Zeit haben

    r Mu Z hb

    jmds Zeit ist sehr kostbar

    Ihre Zeit sinnvoll nutzen

    ihr Z vrchw

    sich fr einen lohnen

    ch w urch Kf

    gehen lassen

    ifrm vrrb

    Stoff zum Nachdenken

    uur sch

    sich etwas leisten

    schch

    verpulvernerhrr; Brvrr

    pleite

    Budget; Haushaltsplan; Etat

    rwr

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    earn a living /n lv/ d yu r h m jb earn a living? Theres no such

    thing as a free lunch m h yu c mh

    there no uch hn free /ez n s z whu y fr .

    lunch. /fri ln/

    hr-u (j) /hdp/ sm wh hard-up does not have a lot of money.

    hr (v) /nhert/ He told his girlfriend he had inherited the money from his grandfather,

    wh h .

    v (v) /nvest/ if yu invest money, you use it in order to make more money.

    loaded (adj) /ldd/ Loaded is an informal word meaning extremely rich.

    The love of money is the / lv v mni z The love of money is the root of all evil means that money makes

    root of of all evil. rut v l iv()l/ people do bad things to other people.

    b m f my /bi med v mni/ No, I cant afford to buy you a new car I m not made of money, you

    know!

    Money makes the world. /mni meks wld Money makes the world go round means that it is peoples desire to

    ru g rand/ make money that makes them do things.

    vrrf () /vdrft/ if you py off n overdraft, you pay the bank money that you owe to it.

    h fr u /get sm f pints/ Compuer re much cheper nowy you cn get them for peanuts.

    In for a penny, in for a pound. /n fr peni n fr In for a penny, in for a pound m h yu fh

    pand/ mh yu hv r .

    rcy (j) (ts) /prasi/ Pricey is a word that means expensive.

    uh h b u /p bt at/ if yu push the boat out, you decide to spend a lot of money on

    mh.

    pu yur my whr yur /pt j mni we j if yu put your money where your mouth is, you give money to

    muh . ma z/ m r mh hw h yu m wh yu y.

    v fr ry y /sev t fr reni de/ if yu save money for a rainy day, you save it for a time when you

    .

    splash out (on) (phr v) /spl at (n) / H splashed out on an extravagant champagne holiday for himself andhis girlfriend.

    rch h (hr v) /stre t sm/ How much can you afford to spend? I could stretch to bou 10,000.

    um f my / sm v mni/ Chropher he h nhere a sum of money from h rnfher.

    tax (v) /tks/ th vrm taxes cigarettes and alcohol heavily.

    19

    seinen Lebensunterhalt

    vr

    Man bekommt im Leben

    nichts geschenkt.

    knapp bei Kasse

    rb

    vr

    rch

    Geldgier fhrt immer zu

    b t.

    Kru

    Geld bringt die Welt zum

    luf.

    berziehungskredit

    w f umbekommen

    Wenn schon, denn schon.

    rch ur

    viel Geld ausgeben

    nicht nur reden, sondern

    auch handeln

    auf die hohe Kante legen

    ch w r

    ch w r ch

    leisten

    eine (grere) Geldsumme

    bur

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    Watch the pennies, and the /w penz n Watch the pennies and the pounds take care of themselves m

    pounds take care of pandz tek ke v that if you save small amounts of money, you will eventually have a

    themselves. mselvz/ large amount.

    be worth 100/$250 etc /bi w hndrd Win a holiday worth 6,000!

    pandz/tu hndrd n

    ffti dlz/

    rw a ( 34)

    vr /dvaz/ Louise wanted to save the bookshop and asked a business advisor

    for help.

    delighted /dlatd/ The bookshop is making a fortune and Louise is delighted.

    f-u /fedp/ If you feel fed-up, you feel bored and annoyed or sad.

    h c /get sm ntst/ i rr get the shop noticed, she painted it bright red.

    r f h /get rd v sm/ i c get rid of the old car and buy a new one.

    v u /gv p/ if yu give up, you stop doing something.

    pay sb back /pe smbdi bk/ I dont mind lending you the money, but I expect you to pay me back

    .

    hv rw (wh b) /hv ra (w smbdi)/ W had a row and now were not speaking.

    ru bu /rn bzns/ lu runs hr w business a bookshop.

    U 4 ( 36)

    chvm () /ivmnt/ Getting to the Pole was a tremendous achievement fr B.

    m (v) /em/ Claire is aiming r my fr br ccr chry.

    mmu () /mjn()n/ Ammunition is bullets that can be fired from a gun.

    h arcc () /i ntktk/ The Antarctic is the extremely cold region in the most southern part of

    the world.

    20

    Spare im Kleinen, dann hast

    du im Groen.

    100/$250 wert sein

    Brr(-)

    hr rfru

    die Nase voll haben

    dafr sorgen, dass etwas

    aufflltetwas loswerden

    ufb

    zurckzahlen

    m jm Krch hb

    gchf fhr

    Erfolg; Errungenschaft

    bbch

    Mu

    die Antarktis

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    h arcc () /i ktk/ The Arctic is the extremely cold region in the most northern part of

    the world.

    bear drill (n) /be drl/ a bear drill r f c h yu mu v b

    attacked by a bear.

    bloke (n) /blk/ Bloke is an informal word meaning a man.

    blood sugar level (n) /bld g lev()l/ i mr m blood sugar levels fr ry.

    bhr () /b/ Bother is an informal word meaning problems or difficulties.br () /br / a bra c f urwr h ur wm br.

    carbohydrates (carbs) (n pl) /kbhadrets/ Carbohydrates r carbs r ubc f uch br

    .

    cr () /kdi/ a cardio is an exercise to make the heart stronger.

    crvr () /knv/ Carnivores are animals who eat meat.

    crr () (ts) /ktr/ Pen reloaded the gun again with a fifth and sixth cartridge.

    cu () /kz/ Completing the MoonWalk means I will have contributed money to a

    cause.

    challenge (n) /ln/ Doing a walk for charity and giving up smoking are different types of

    challenge.clear sbs head /kl smbdiz hed/ if mh clears your head, it helps you to think more clearly.

    cmfr (v) /kmft/ if yu comfort someone, you make them feel better.

    crucial (adj) /kru()l/ Crbhyr r crucial for energy levels.

    look like death warmed up /lk lak de wmd p/ sm wh looks like death warmed up looks extremely ill.

    to sbs delight /t smbdiz dlat/ To my delight, the twenty cigarettes were intact!

    dial (v) /dal/ I should dial Shubentsov whenever I feel the urge to smoke.

    r (v) /drg/ if yu drag something heavy, you pull it with difficulty.

    vur () /endev/ Do you think that the achievements and endeavours of explorers have

    fcc fr h r f u?

    ry br () /eni b / a energy bar is a small piece of cake or biscuit that you eat to give

    yu ry.

    environmental scientist (n) /nvarnment()l a environmental scientist specialises in studying the environment.

    santst/

    expedition (n) /ekspd()n/ B w expedition to the North Pole.

    21

    die Arktis

    Brbu

    Kerl

    Blutzuckerspiegel

    rgerBH

    Kohlenhydrate

    Kr(bu)

    Fleischfresser

    pr

    (u) sch

    Hrufrru

    dafr sorgen, dass jmd

    wieder klar denken kann

    r

    ch

    wie der Tod auf Urlaub

    uh

    zu jmds Freude

    whlen

    schleppen

    Brb

    Energieriegel

    Umweltforscher(-in)

    Expedition

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    explorer (n) /ksplr/ Richard Branson, Ellen McArthur and Ben Saunders are all explorers.

    fr () /fgtp/ Yur fingertips r h r rh h f yur fr.

    finishing line (n) /fn lan/ th finishing line is a line on a track that marks the end of a race.

    fr (v) /fa/ Fire is an informal word meaning to make someone leave their job.

    fcu () /fks/ Focus h ffr ccr h yu v mh.

    frb () /frstbat/ Walking through snow and ice can give you frostbite.

    fundamentally (adv) /fndment()li/ Fundamentally means the same as basically.r () /g/ Ru gear is the type of clothes you wear for running.

    healing energy (n) /hil eni/ Healing energy is energy that helps to cure people.

    health freak (n) /hel frik/ a health freak is someone who is obsessed with keeping fit.

    hbr (v) /habnet/ Do polar bears hibernate wr?

    hooked (adj) /hkt/ if yu r hooked on cigarettes, you cannot do without them.

    hrz () /hraz()n/ Peoples horizons r h h hy ry chv.

    hyr (j) /hadretd/ i mr y hydrated so Ill be drinking a lot of water.

    mm (j) /mnnt/ smh h imminent h .

    inquisitive (adj) /nkwztv/ Inquisitive means the same as curious.

    c (j) /ntkt/ smh h intact is not damaged or broken.ru (v) /ntrig/ The question : How far can we go? intrigues B.

    j () /nt/ Yurjoints r h r f yur by h c b uch yur

    knees and hips.

    keep sb going /kip smbdi g/ th f v my cu keeps Claire going.

    Its killing me! /ts kl mi / My ankles hurting in fact its killing me!

    land-based (adj) /lndbest/ Land-based animals are animals that live on the land, not in the sea.

    m r () /midi ntrst/ Media interest is the interest shown by TV, newspapers in events.

    mmbrh () /membp/ gym membership can be quite expensive.

    motivational speaker (n) /mtve()nl spik/ a motivational speaker is someone who gives talks in public to try to

    encourage people to do something.muy (j) /mdi/ a muddy accent is deep and not very clear.

    v (v) /nvget/ sm wh navigates uses maps or other equipment to decide

    whch wy .

    obscenely (adv) /bsinli/ someone who obscenely rich is so rich that you think it is unacceptable.

    22

    Forscher(-in)

    Fingerspitze

    Ziellinie

    fur

    Aufmerksamkeit

    erfrru

    m gru mm

    Zu; sch

    Heilkraft

    Gesundheitsfanatiker(-in)

    Winterschlaf halten

    bh

    Hrz

    hyrr

    h bvrh

    ur; wbr

    intakt; unversehrtur mch

    Gelenk

    jm m lb/br Wr

    halten

    e u hr wh!

    auf dem Land lebend

    ir r M

    Mitgliedschaft

    rhetorisch geschickte(r)

    Rr(-)schwer verstndlich

    vr

    uvrchm

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    only have yourself to blame /nli hv jself t blem/ if yu only have yourself to blame, you are completely responsible for

    mh b.

    outline (v) /atlan/ if yu outline something, you give a quick description of it.

    uru (v) /atrn/ if yu outrun a person or animal, you run faster than them.

    pocket (v) /pkt/ I picked the cigarettes up and pocketed hm.

    pointless (adj) /pntls/ smh h pointless hv y m r u.

    power-walk/power-walking (n) /pawk/ a power-walk r power-walking is a form of exercise in which you pawk/ walk very quickly.

    quit (v) /kwt/ Once youve started smoking, its very difficult to quit.

    quitting technique (n) /kwt teknik/ l f quitting techniques are available to help you give up smoking.

    c rcr b /sns rekdz bgn/ C h arcc wr crb m f h wr since

    records began.

    relieved (adj) /rlivd/ I felt relieved wh wr h h.

    reload (v) /rild/ p reloaded the gun when he saw the bear walking towards them.

    h rvr () /rvs/ The reverse f mh .

    risky (adj) /rski/ smh h risky is slightly dangerous.

    seal (n) /sil/ Do polar bears eat seals?i rv yu rh. /t svz ju rat/ My back stings I didnt put any sunblock on. It serves you right

    then, doesnt it?

    shambolic (adj) /mblk/ smh h shambolic does not succeed because it is badly

    r.

    fcc () /sgnfkns/ Do the achievements of explorers have significance fr h r f u?

    not sleep a wink /nt slip wk/ if yu dont sleep a wink , you dont sleep at all.

    sledge (n) /sle/ Ben Saunders dragged a 180-kilogramme sledge over 1,420 miles.

    slip into sth /slp nt sm/ if yu slip into a particular way of behaving or speaking, you start

    behaving or speaking in that way.

    sole (n) /sl/ th soles of your feet are the flat parts underneath your feet.

    the South Pole (n) / sa pl/ th South Pole h r f h rh h h furh uh.r (v) /spns/ if yu sponsor something, you provide the money that is necessary to

    .

    m () /stmn/ Yur stamina is the ability to do something without getting tired.

    steadily (adv) /stedli/ Slowly and steadily most smokers get hooked on cigarettes.

    23

    etwas nur sich selbst

    vrzuwrf hb

    umreien

    schneller laufen als

    in die Tasche stecken

    sinnlos

    Power-Walking

    ufhr m; ufb

    aufbmh

    m aufzchu

    b h

    erleichtert

    nachladen

    das Gegenteil

    riskant

    shue chh r rch.

    chch

    Buu

    kein Auge zutun

    Schlitten

    w hruch

    Sohle

    Sdpolr; frr

    Durchhaltevermgen

    ch u ch

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    rm / strim nz/ if yu hv a streaming nose, liquid flows from your nose because you

    have a cold.

    rh-r () /stretren/ Claire does a combination of cardio, aerobics and strength-training

    rr fr h rc.

    stretch yourself (v refl) /stre jself/ th mr yu stretch yourself, the stronger your self-belief gets.

    supplies (n pl) /splaz/ Supplies are things such as food or medical equipment that you need.

    rm (v) /trnzmt/ shubv transmits his healing energy through his fingertips.

    ColloCations

    b chr f /bi n v/ if yu are in charge of something, you are responsible for it.

    close the barrel /klz brl/ if yu close the barrel of a gun, you close the part that the bullet is

    fr hruh.

    I couldnt quite figure out /a kd()nt kwat fg Something was wrong, but I couldnt quite figure out.

    t at/

    The guns still jammed. / gnz stl md/ The guns still jammed w fr.

    l h u /ld gn/ if yu load a gun, you put bullets in it.

    go into slow motion /g nt sl/m()n/ if vryh goes into slow motion, it seems to be happening very

    slowly.

    pull the trigger /pl trg/ if yu pull the trigger of a gun, you fire it.

    thr wy ... /ez n we/ Theres no way w c uru br!

    u h z /ndu zp/ My fingers were too cold to undo the zip.

    phrasal verbs

    call sb back /kl smbdi bk/ Leave a message and Ill call you back.

    ch b/h wy /es smbdi/sm Smoke chases away mosquitoes.

    we/cm u wh /km p w/ I wish someone would come up with non-fattening chocolate!

    cu w /kt dan n/ H ry cut down on the number of cigarettes he smokes a day.

    whu h /du wat sm/ Most smokers find it hard to do without cr.

    rv b wy /drav smbdi we/ Smoking can help drive away annoying people!

    vr h /get v sm/ if yu get over something difficult or upsetting, you recover from it.

    24

    rf n

    Krfr

    ch r

    Vrr

    brr

    Vrwru fr w

    hb

    den Gewehrlauf zumachen

    ich wur ru ch z

    schlau.

    d Wff h ch

    lhmmu.die Waffe laden

    in Zeitlupe laufen

    abdrcken

    Es gibt keine Mglichkeit

    den Reiverschluss

    ufmch

    jmd zurckrufen

    vrrb

    rf

    ruzr

    uf w vrzch

    vrrb

    ber etwas hinwegkommen

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    v /gv n/ if yu give in, you do something that you shouldnt.

    v h /gv sm n/ d fr give your homework in.

    h w /hp dan/ i hopped down from the doorstep and picked the cigarettes up from

    h vm.

    keep up with /kip p w/ i y keeping up with all the latest diets.

    let sb down /let smbdi dan/ if m lets you down, they disappoint you.

    light up /lat p/ Wh yu light up, you light a cigarette or cigar.look sth up /lk sm p/ Look h wr up cry.

    pick sth up /pksm p/ (Sense 1) H picked h cr up frm h vm.

    (Sense 2) Some people find it easier to pick up a new language than

    hr.

    u h h w /pt fn dan/ Wh h puts the phone down, he feels relieved.

    u h ff /pt sm f/ I need to lose weight but I keep putting it off.

    ru u f /rn at v/ During Bens first expedition they ran out of f.

    take sth up /tek sm p/ (Sense 1) Wh yu take up smoking?

    (Sense 2) Work takes up a lot of most peoples lives.

    Word formation-/-

    accessible /ksesb()l/ prc h r accessible can be afforded by most people.

    doable /dubl/ My Arctic expedition is just about doable, and thats whats exciting to me.

    edible /edb()l/ if f edible, it is not good enough to be eaten.

    enjoyable /nb()l/ W vry enjoyable v hr.

    feasible /fizb()l/ My Arctic expedition is just about feasible, and thats whats exciting

    m.

    reasonable /riz()nb()l/ smh h m reasonable seems sensible.

    unbearable /nberb()l/ i f vry h mrur unbearable.

    -

    self-belief (n) /selfblif/ Doing things that are risky or uncomfortable makes your self-belief

    rr.

    self-conscious (adj) /selfkns/ I feel self-conscious when I speak English to a native speaker.

    25

    chb

    bb

    b

    Schritt halten mit

    jmd im Stich lassen

    z

    nachschlagen

    ufhb

    lernen; sich aneignen

    auflegen

    vrchb

    jm uh

    f/

    aruch hm

    zugnglich

    mchbr

    br

    hm

    urchfhrbr

    vrf

    unertrglich

    Selbstvertrauen

    bf

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    self-discipline (n) /selfdspln/ Self-discipline is the ability to make yourself do things that are difficult.

    self-employed (adj) /selfmpld/ I dont like working for other people Id rather be self-employed.

    U 5 ( 46)

    accidentally (adv) (TS) /ksdent()li/ if yu mh accidentally, you do it without meaning to.

    ffrm () /fmen/ a affirmation m h mh ru.

    frhv () /ftev/ Aftershave is a liquid with a pleasant smell that men put on their face

    fr hv.

    um (v) /sjum/ if yu assume something, you think it is true even though you have no

    rf h .

    b ch h /bi tt tu / Some people are vry attached to hr ur.

    back out (phr v) /bk at/ Dad always backs out of the drive carefully.

    buc (v) /bans/ sr bounces the ball five times before the first serve.

    break a jinx /brek ks

    / if yu break a jink, you stop something that is bringing you bad luck.at breakneck speed /t breknek spid/ sm wh rv at breakneck speed drives extremely fast.

    bruh (hr v) (ts) /br genst/ Nobody is allowed in the garage in case they accidentally brush

    against h cr.

    ch (v) /nt/ if yu chant something, you sing a word or phrase many times.

    choking (adj) (TS) /k/ if yu r choking you cannot breathe properly and are coughing

    because of smoke or fumes.

    cm cr (hr v) /km krs/ if yu come across someone, you meet them by chance.

    cr (j) /kntrst/ Contrasting colours are colours such as black and white that are veryffr frm ch hr.

    convertible (n) /knvtb()l/ a convertible is a car with a roof that can be folded back or removed

    completely.

    cubicle (n) /kjubk()l/ a hwr cubicle is a small, enclosed area where you can have a

    hwr.

    26

    Selbstdisziplin

    selbststndig

    versehentlich

    Bu

    afrhv; Rrwr

    hm

    w h

    zurcksetzen; zurckfahren

    aufspringen lassen

    sich vom Unglck befreienmit halsbrecherischer

    Geschwindigkeit

    rf

    etwas wiederholt wie im

    Chr

    ersticken

    treffen auf; zufllig

    b

    kontrastierend

    Cabriolet

    Kb

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    cur () /ks/ a curse b u r v cu by m wh

    deliberately uses magic powers.

    w (ts) /dip dan/ If you feel something deep down, you feel it even though your

    bhvur my hw .

    rv frm (hr v) /drav frm/ sm f sr cfc derives from the knowledge that shes a

    super-talented player.

    v (v) /dvt/ if yu devote your time to doing something, you spend a lot of time h h.

    fall back on sth (phr v) /fl bk n sm/ Ana Ivanovic explains that she likes having rituals to fall back on.

    fr frm /fst n fmst/ A wedding, first and foremost, is a rite of passage to be shared with

    family and close friends.

    fcu (v) /fks/ if yu focus obsessively on one thing, you only think about or do that

    h.

    formula (n) /fmjl/ sur frm r f sr w formula.

    () /gg/ a gig is a performance of live music.

    hruh (hr v) /g ru / if yu go through a routine, ritual or procedure, you do a series of

    actions regularly.

    idyllic (adj) /dlk/ an idyllic situation is one that is perfect and makes you feel very happy.

    mmu (j) /mjun/ if yu r immune to something, you are affected by it.

    u (v) /nsad at/ smh h inside out h h r fc wr h

    u.

    jinx (n) /ks/ ajinx is something that causes bad luck.

    loopy (adj) /lupi/ sm wh loopy is slightly crazy.

    mch (v) /m/ if h match, they look good or attractive together.

    m m () /mand gem/ a mind game r f c ffc hw m

    thinks or feels.

    national anthem (n) /n()nl nm/ a national anthem is the official national song of a country.

    obsessive compulsive /bsesv kmplsv Obsessive compulsive disorder is a type of mental illness which makesrr () dsd/ yu r cr c.

    27

    Fluch

    m ir

    beruhen auf; sich ableiten

    v

    wm

    zurckgreifen auf

    zuallererst

    sich konzentrieren

    Formel

    Kzr; g

    urchh

    idyllisch

    mmu

    verkehrt herum

    Hexerei; Fluch

    bekloppt

    zumm

    psychologisches Spiel

    Nationalhymne

    zwhfVerhaltensstrung

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    obsessively (adv) /bsesvli/ if yu fcu obsessively on one thing, you only think about or do that

    h.

    () /pnnt/ a opponent in a game of sport is the person or team you are playing

    .

    (fr) (v) /pt (f)/ Some people dont want the stress of a big wedding and opt for

    low-key affair instead.

    uf () /atft/ Some football fans wear the same clothing to a match if that outfitbruh vcry h rvu m.

    w (hr v) (ts) /pt dan/ if yu pat mh down, you press it gently with your fingers.

    rfc (v) /pfekt/ if yu perfect a skill, you practise it until it is perfect.

    rfcm () /pfek()nzm/ Perfectionism is the state of being perfect and without any mistakes.

    ch () /p/ a pitch is a flat area of ground used for playing sports such as cricket

    or football.

    r (vr) (v) /przad v/ if yu preside over something, you are responsible or in charge of it.

    rcur () /prsi/ Dad always goes through exactly the same procedure bfr

    ff h cr.

    rational (adj) /r()nl/ sm wh rational is sensible and makes good decisions.

    relentlessly (adv) /rlentlsli/ if yu mh relentlessly, you do it again and again without

    .

    b rw fr h /bi rnand f sm/ if yu are renowned for something, you are associated with it and well

    known for it.

    reportedly (adv) /rptdli/ Beckham reportedly hur rh h furur hm.

    repulsive (adj) (TS) /rplsv/ smh h repulsive is extremely unpleasant.

    rf (j) /raf/ smh b h rife vry wr cmm.

    ritual (n) /rul/ a ritual is something that you do regularly and always in the same way.

    ritual-bound (adj) /rulband/ sm wh ritual-bound must do something regularly in order to

    feel happy.

    ritualistic (adj) /rulstk/ Victoria Beckham has had to get used to Davids ritualistic wy.b h r /bi n rd/ if yu are on the road a lot, you travel a lot.

    ru hruh () /rn ru / afer he run through for the wedding, we were ready for the real thing.

    ff (hr v) /set f/ Wh yu set off, you start a journey.

    shades (n pl) /edz/ Shades is an informal word that means sunglasses.

    by (hr v) /st ba/ If one building sits by another, it is situated next to that building.

    28

    w b

    gr(-)

    ch fr w ch

    Kleidung; Kluft

    festklopfen

    perfektionieren

    Perfektionismus

    Platz

    b w Vrz hb

    Vrfhr; Ru

    rational

    uchb

    brhm fr w

    angeblich

    abstoend; widerwrtig

    w vrbr

    Ritual

    ritualgebunden

    ritualistischurw

    Generalprobe

    losfahren

    Sonnenbrille

    b w h

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    skill (n) /skl/ a skill is the ability to do something, usually to do it well.

    skinny (adj) /skni/ sm wh skinny vry h.

    slam (v) /slm/ if yu slam a door, you shut it hard, usually because you are angry.

    z (v) /sniz/ Strong aftershave makes me want to sneeze.

    soloist (n) /slst/ Elvis is the most sought-after soloist n he l Ve wen nury.

    uh-fr (j) /stft/ sm wh sought-after is very popular.

    r r () / spe pe/ Mums always losing her glasses she should get a spare pair!take sth a stage further /tek sm ste f/ Beckham takes his rituals a stage further vryh h b ju

    right at home as well.

    rh (v) /stret()n/ if yu straighten something, you make it straight or put it in a straight

    line.

    stick thin (adj) /stk n/ sm wh stick thin is extremely thin.

    What strikes me is ... /wt straks mi z/ What strikes me is that so many celebrity marriages are short-lived.

    r (v) /strad/ if yu stride somewhere, you walk there quickly and confidently.

    ur () /supst()n/ a superstition is the belief that things such as magic or luck have the

    power to affect your life.

    uru (j) /supsts/ A lot of sports people are very superstitious.

    u (hr v) (ts) /tp at/ if yu tap out tobacco, you put it in a pipe.

    hrh (v) /r/ if yu thrash an opponent at sport, you beat them very easily.

    h f yur m /t tp v j gem/ sm wh at the top of their game is playing it better than

    anyone else.

    track (n) /trk/ a track on a CD is a particular song.

    tuck up (phr v) (TS) /tk p/ Wh yu tuck a child up, you put him or her into bed and put a

    duvet or blankets round them.

    w-r (j) /tuprd/ smh h two-pronged has two long, sharp points at the end

    f .

    uv (j) /niv()n/ 2,4,6,8 are even numbers; 1,3,5,7. are uneven umbr.

    hv h ur h /hv i p hnd/ if yu have the upper hand in a situation, you are in control of it.vandalise (v) /vndlaz/ if yu vandalise something, you deliberately damage or destroy it.

    29

    Fertigkeit

    hr

    zuknallen

    Solist(-in)

    bhr

    Ersatz(brille) suf wrfhr

    r mch/b/

    zh

    w Bh

    was mir auffllt

    mit groen Schritten gehen

    Aberglaube

    aberglubisch

    ausklopfen

    vernichtend schlagen

    in absoluter Hchstform

    sur

    jmd zudecken

    zweizackig

    ur

    obrh hbmutwillig beschdigen

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    30

    UsefUl phrases

    t u

    i c wh ... /a knt stnd t wen/ I cant stand it when people say they havent done any work for an

    exam and then get top marks!

    i f rr wh ... /a fand t rtet wen/ I find it irritating when people keep losing things.

    i h wh ... /a het t wen/ I hate it when m wr much frhv.

    It really annoys me when ... /t rli nz mi wen/ It really annoys me when my brother and his girlfriend kiss in front of

    m!

    It really winds me up when ... /t rli wandz mi p It really winds me up when people who are thin talk about how fat

    wen/ hy r.

    th h h y m / t nz mi The thing that annoys me most is people who talk but never listen.

    m ... mst/

    hw u

    It makes me mad. /t meks mi md/ It makes me mad when mum keeps losing her glasses!

    It makes me sick. /t meks mi sk/ It makes me sick when my brother and his girlfriend hug and kiss in

    fr f m!

    i y. /ts s n/ She talks all the way through films. Its so annoying.

    That really gets on my nerves. /t rli gets n ma She complains all the time about being fat, and shes stick thin. That

    nvz/ really gets on my nerves.

    Weddings

    aisle (n) /al/ th aisle is the long, narrow part of a church that you walk down

    bfr yu mrr.

    annul (v) /nl/ Wh mrr annulled, it is declared officially that it is no longer

    legal.

    b m () /best mn/ th best man is a male friend who helps the groom at a wedding.bouquet of flowers (n) /buke v flaz/ In the UK, its a ritual for the bride to throw a bouquet of flowers

    h crw f u.

    br () /brad/ Its traditional for Muslim brides hv hr h f

    cr h .

    brm () /bradzmed/ a bridesmaid is a girl or young woman who helps the bride at a

    w.

    Ich halte es nicht aus, wenn

    Ich finde es rgerlich, wenn

    Ich hasse es, wenn Ich rgere mich malos,

    w

    Es regt mich richtig auf,

    w

    W mch m m rr

    e mch mch w.

    Es macht mich krank; Es wird

    mir bel.

    Es ist so rgerlich.

    Das geht mir wirklich auf die

    nrv.

    Mittelgang

    annullieren

    truzu BrumBlumenstrau

    Bru

    Brujufr

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    crmy () /sermni/ th w ceremony was presided over by Ron DeCar, also known

    as Elvis.

    cuc crmy/rvc /kndkt sermni/ Rebecca said shes only marry Mat if Elvis conducted the service.

    svs/

    cf () /knfeti/ Confetti is small pieces of coloured paper that people throw in the air

    w.

    drive-through chapel (n) /dravru p()l/ a drive-through chapel is one that you can travel through in your car.elaborate (adj) (TS) /lb()rt/ Mrcc w r elaborate affairs and preparations take weeks.

    exchange vows /ksen vaz/ When a couple exchange vows, they make promises to each other

    ur w crmy.

    mrr /get mrd/ One in six couples now prefer to get married br.

    u f fh /g at v f()n/ In Britain, the traditional white wedding is going out of fashion.

    rm () /grum/ th groom h m wh mrr.

    h () /hen/ Henna is a red-brown substance used for colouring hair or skin.

    hym () /hnimun/ a honeymoon is a holiday that a couple have after their wedding.

    in-laws (n pl) /nlz/ Yur in-laws r h r f yur hub r wf.

    lavish (adj) /lv/ a lavish wedding is one that is extremely expensive.

    limousine (n) /lmzin/ a limousine is a large, expensive, comfortable car.

    low-key (adj) /lki/ a low-key wedding is one that does not cost a lot of money and to

    whch my u r v.

    make a speech /mek spi/ Its traditional for the groom and best man to make a speech.

    matrimonial (adj) /mtrmnil/ Matrimonial is a word that means relating to a wedding or marriage.

    m (j) /mdst/ a modest wedding is one that does not cost a lot of money and to

    whch my u r v.

    yur r r /j nrst n drst/ Yur nearest and dearest is an expression meaning your family.

    n wr hr /r ... /n wnd er z/ / Millions of people get married in Vegas no wonder there are

    wedding chapels round every corner.

    once-in-a-lifetime /wnsnlaftam/ Hym r once-in-a-lifetime holiday.

    package (n) /pk/ th w package in Las Vegas included limo, video, three songs

    wy-fur h.

    hrhr () /ftgrf/ W photographers are people who are paid to take photographs

    w.

    31

    Zrm

    Zrm/g

    leiten

    Kf

    Drive-thru-Kapelleufw

    ch Jwr

    b

    hr

    aus der Mode kommen

    Brum

    H

    Flitterwochen

    Schwiegereltern

    ppig; grozgig

    lmu

    einfach gehalten

    eine Rede halten

    ehelich

    bch

    /ihr lb

    Kein Wunder, dass

    einmalig; nur einmal imlb

    Pauschalangeot

    Fotograf(-in)

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    my h /pn mni n sm/ At Muslim weddings, guests pin money on h brrm u.

    () /pz/ a pose is another word for a photograph.

    r () /prist/ a priest is a person who conducts the service during a religious wedding.

    ruc yu m wf /prnans ju mn n i w pronounce you man and wife are the words that are said at

    waf/ h f w crmy.

    r /prpz tst/ Wh h b m proposes a toast, he says that the guests at a

    wedding reception should drink together to send best wishes to thebr rm.

    urfy (v) (ts) /pjrfa/ In Morocco, the bride has a milk bath, which is supposed to purify hr.

    rc () /rsep()n/ a w reception is a formal party after a wedding.

    r () /r/ a w ring is a piece of jewellery that someone who is married

    wr hr fr.

    r f () /rat v ps/ a rite of passage is a ceremony that marks an important stage in

    someones life.

    r (v) /sepret/ Rene Zellwegger and her husband separated fr fur mh f

    mrr.

    short-lived (adj) /tlvd/ Celebrities are renowned for their short-lived mrr.

    superstretch limo (n) /supstre lm/ a superstretch limo is a large, expensive car that is very long.

    hrw rc /r ras/ smm u throw rice over the bride and groom as they leave

    h church.

    tie the knot /ta nt/ Tie the knot is an informal expression meaning to get married.

    veil (n) /vel/ a veil is a thin piece of material worn over a womans face.

    vw () /va/ a vow is a promise that you make to someone when you marry them.

    walk (sb) down the aisle /wk dan i al/ Fathers are often very proud to walk hr uhr down the aisle.

    wedding cake (n) /wed kek/ a wedding cake is a special cake that is eaten during a wedding

    rc.

    w r () /wed prez()nt/ The crystal vase was a wedding present frm fr.wh w () /wat wed/ a white wedding is a traditional wedding where the bride is dressed

    wh.

    worldly goods (n pl) (TS) /wldli gdz/ Worldly goods r yur .

    32

    Geldscheine anheften

    Pose; Haltung

    Priester(-in); Geistliche(-r)

    zu (eh)m u (eh)fru

    erklren

    t uf jm

    ubr

    r

    Hchzf; - mf

    R

    bergangsritus; -ritual

    ch r

    kurzlebig ; von kurzer Dauer

    Groraumlimousine

    R wrf

    Bu fr lb

    schlieen

    Schleier

    Gelbde

    die Braut zum Altar fhren

    Hochzeitskuchen

    HochzeitsgeschenkHochzeit in Wei

    Hab und Gut; weltlicher

    Bz

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    U 6 ( 56)

    b (v) /bndn/ if yu abandon someone or something, you leave it and no longer care

    bu .

    alarming (adj) /lm/ Alarming means very frightening.alert (v) /lt/ if yu alert someone to something, you do something to make them

    realise what is happening.

    approximate (adj) /prksmt/ a approximate figure or size is one that is close to a particular figure

    or size, but not exact.

    rchc (j) /kek/ Archaic means very old or old-fashioned.

    avoidable (adj) /vdb()l/ smh h avoidable could be stopped and should not happen.

    backlash (n) /bkl/ a backlash mh r rc mh

    you do not like.

    b () /bi / a bee is a yellow and black insect that produces honey.

    bird flu (n) /bd flu / Bird flu is a dangerous disease that affects both birds and people.

    bulge (v) /bl/ if yur y bulge, they stick out and look bigger than usual.

    ccr () /kns/ Cancer ru h ffc ffr r f h by

    and can kill you.

    chilled (adj) /ld/ Chilled wine is very cold.

    clean up (phr v) /klin p/ Wall-E is a robot who cleans up the polluted planet.

    climate change (n) /klamt en/ Climate change is the changes that people think are making the

    weather in the world warmer.

    cff () /kfn/ a coffin is a box in which you put the body of a dead person.

    cmb (j) /kmband/ The meat industry produces more greenhouse gases than all the cars,

    trains and planes in the world combined.cm u (hr v) /km at/ If something you cook comes out well, it is very well cooked and good

    .

    Compliments to the chef. /kmplmnts t ef/ Compliments to the chef is an expression you use to say how much

    you have enjoyed someones cooking.

    cmrm (v) /kmprmaz/ Vegetarians believe that eating meat compromises their beliefs.

    33

    verlassen

    alarmierendwr

    ufhr

    rchch

    vrmbr

    Gegenreaktion

    B

    Vogelgrippe

    anschwellen; aus

    ur

    Krb

    gekhlt

    ubr

    Klimawandel

    sr

    zummmm

    wr

    Kompliment dem Koch/der

    Kch

    kompromittieren

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    cuc uy /kndkt stdi/ th study f w w conducted by h W & Rurc

    ac prrmm.

    cf c () /knfand spes/ Confined spaces are places where there is not enough room to move.

    cum (v) /knsjum/ if yu consume food or drink, you eat or drink it.

    cum () /knsmp()n/ th consumption of bottled water has increased.

    crbur () /kntrbjt/ Water bottles are a major contributor to global warming.

    cvc (j) /knvns/ smh h convincing m ru r .corked (adj) /kkt/ Corked wine tastes unpleasant because the cork in the bottle is damaged.

    crm (v) /krm/ Animals are treated badly and crammed cf c.

    cruelty (n) /krulti/ iv m bcu im cruelty to animals.

    rv b f h (hr v) /dprav smbdi if yu r deprived of something, you do not get enough of it.

    sm/

    developing countries (n pl) /dvelp kntriz/ Developing countries r cur h r r.

    b () /dabitiz/ Diabetes is a medical condition in which your body cannot reduce the

    amount of sugar in your blood.

    cr (v) /dskd/ Wh yu discard something, you throw it away.

    cr (j) /dskdd/ Discarded water bottles release dangerous substances into the air.

    disguise yourself (v refl) /dzgaz jself/ if yu disguise yourself, you wear something that hides your real

    rc.

    f h (hr v) /dspz v sm/ Wh yu dispose of something, you throw it away.

    yur b /du j bt/ if yu do your bit, you make an effort to help.

    um (v) /dmp/ (Sense 1) if yu dump something, you get rid of something that is no

    longer wanted or needed.

    (Sense 2) if yu dump someone, you end a romantic relationship with

    them in an unkind way.

    electric shock (n) /lektrk k/ a electric shock is a sudden pain that you feel if your body comes

    into contact with electricity.

    eliminate (v) /lmnet/ if yu eliminate meat from your diet, youre less likely to get heart.

    emissions (n pl) /m()nz/ Car, train and plane emissions r f h b cu f

    rhu .

    m (v) /mt/ Cars, trains and planes all emit polluting gases.

    cur (v) /nkant/ C yu rmmbr h wr wr yuv vr encountered?

    34

    Uruchu

    urchfhr

    beschrnkter Raum

    vrbruch

    Vrbruch

    Brr

    brzuschmeckt nach Kork

    hzw

    Grausamkeit

    jmd etwas vorenthalten

    Entwicklungslnder

    db

    wwrf

    wwrf

    sich verkleiden

    etwas loswerden

    einen Beitrag leisten

    abladen

    bchb

    Stromschlag

    eliminieren

    em

    bb

    b

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    ry-v (j) /enisev/ Energy-saving light bulbs use less electricity.

    m (v) /estmet/ th uy estimated that the average UK household throws away 18%

    of all food purchased.

    expire (v) /kspa/ I prefer not to eat food once the best before date has expired.

    f u (hr v) /ft()n p/ if yu fatten an animal up, you feed it so it gets fatter.

    f () /fn/ a fin is the flat, thin part of a fish.

    findings (n pl) /fandz/ th findings of a study are its results or the things it discovers.flirt (with) (v) /flt w/ sh w furu wh hr byfr r flirting with h wr.

    f--muh () /ftnma/ Foot-and-mouth is a very infectious disease that affects sheep, cows

    .

    fuel-efficient (adj) /fjulf()nt/ a fuel-efficient car does not use much petrol.

    fuel-intensive (adj) /fjulntensv/ Fuel-intensive machines or activities use large amounts of gas, petrol etc.

    fuy (j) /fsi/ Friends treat me as an eccentric animal-lover with a fussy u

    f.

    genetically altered (adj) /netkli ltd/ a genetically altered animal has had substances in its body changed to

    achieve a particular purpose.

    ur () /es/ People sometimes use hand gestures cmmuc.

    global warming (n) /glb()l wm/ Global warming h cr h erh mrur.

    greenhouse gases (n pl) /grinhas gsz/ Car, train and plane emissions are one of the biggest causes of

    greenhouse gases.

    r r /grand pep/ Wh yu grind pepper, you break it into smaller pieces.

    hzru (j) /hzds/ Hazardous ubc r ru.

    be in the headlines /bi n hedlanz/ Wh mh is in the headlines, it is talked about a lot in

    wr r tV.

    hr () /ht dziz/ If you eliminate meat from your diet, youre less likely to get heart

    disease.

    mry (j) /mnri/ smh h imaginary is made to look real although it is not. /n det/ Food that is in date is fresh enough to be eaten.

    crr () /nsnret/ Plastic water bottles are burned in industrial incinerators.

    ruv (j) (ts) /ntrusv/ sm wh intrusive asks too many questions or becomes too

    involved in something.

    35

    rr

    chz

    ablaufen

    m

    Flosse

    Bfu; erbflirten mit

    Maul- und Klauenseuche

    vrbruchrm

    m hhm Vrbruch

    whlerisch

    genmanipuliert

    g

    erwrmu r

    ermhr

    trbhu

    Pfeffer mahlen

    gefhrlich

    in den Schlagzeilen stehen

    Herzkrankheit

    mrvor Ablauf der

    Haltbarkeitsdatum

    Verbrennungsanlage

    aufdringlich

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    landfill (n) /lndfl/ a landfill is a large hole in the ground where rubbish is buried.

    lapse (v) /lps/ if you lapse, you stop doing something that you should do or want to do.

    launch (v) /ln/ if yu launch something, you officially start or introduce it.

    ligature (n) /lg/ a ligature is a piece of material that you tie round something.

    light bulb (n) /lat blb/ ery-v light bulbs use less electricity.

    loosely (adv) /lusli/ If you hold something loosely, you do not hold it very tight.mufcur () /mnjfkr/ th manufacturing of plastic bottles requires large amounts of

    petroleum.

    maximise (v) /mksmaz/ All companies want to maximise rf.

    make mental notes /mk ment()l nts if you make mental notes about something, you try hard to remember it.

    bu h (ts) bat sm/

    mm () /mam/ a mime r f c h m mh.

    mmc (v) /mmk/ People used to mimic signing a cheque when they wanted the bill in a

    rur.

    mm (v) /mnmaz/ Companies are always trying to minimise hr c.

    the moral high ground / mrl ha grand/ If someone takes the moral high ground, they think they are a better

    r h yu.

    needlessly (adv) /nidlsli/ 3.6m tonnes of food is needlessly thrown away in England and Wales

    ch yr.

    be off sick /bi f sk/ When people are off sick, they do not go to work because they are ill.

    overbooked (adj) /vbkt/ th rur overbooked and there are two waiters off sick!

    overcook (v) /vkk/ i vry y overcook rc.

    vr-crw (j) /vkradd/ Keeping animals in overcrowded conditions is cruel.

    vr (j) /vdn/ If a steak is overdone, it has been cooked for too long.

    the overwhelming majority /i vwelm mrti/ The overwhelming majority of plastic water bottles arent recycled.

    pepper mill (n) /pep ml/ a pepper mill is a piece of equipment used for adding pepper to food.

    pin umbr () /pn nmb/ a PIN number is a personal number that you put into a cash machinewh yu w my.

    thr h. /ez n pnt n Theres no point driving a fuel-efficient car if you eat meat every day

    du sm/ of your life.

    r () /pn/ a portion f f uh fr r.

    h (j) /p/ Posh means expensive and fashionable.

    36

    Mlldeponie

    nachlassen

    starten; einfhren; anlaufen

    lassen

    abbuchur

    Glhbirne

    lockerHerstellung

    maximieren

    sich etwas merken

    pmm

    chmch

    mmr

    moralische berlegenheit

    urw

    krankgeschrieben sein

    brbuch

    verkochen

    berfllt

    vrbr

    die berwltigende Mehrheit

    Pfeffermhle

    ghmummr

    Es hat keinen Sinn, etwas zu

    u

    pr

    vrhm

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    rrmm (v) /prgrm/ Wall-E is a robot who has been programmed to clean up the planet.

    b r /bi prn tu / People who eat a lot of meat are mr prone to serious illnesses.

    uch (hr v) /pn n/ By stabbing the palm of your hand with your fingers, you are miming

    h c f punching in yur pin umbr.

    urch (v) /ps/ Purchase is a slightly formal word meaning buy.

    ready meal (n) /redi mil/ a ready meal is one that you buy that is already c