U DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE REASONING AND .2016-09-01  Deductive/Inductive Reasoning and Logic Presented

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  • USING DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE

    REASONING AND LOGIC

    RESEARCH GUIDE

    Copyright 2016 Family History Expos, Inc.

    All Rights Reserved

    Compiled by

    Holly T. Hansen

    Family History Expos

    PO Box 187

    Morgan, Utah 84050

    www.FamilyHistoryExpos.com

    801-829-3295

    PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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    Table of Contents

    Deductive/Inductive Reasoning and Logic .............................................................................................................. 4 Do you have enough information? ...................................................................................................................................4 Do you have too much information? ...............................................................................................................................5 A Quiz Using Deductive Reasoning and Logic .............................................................................................................5 Do the Facts Speak for Themselves?................................................................................................................................6

    Simple Source Citations....................................................................................................................................................... 9

    Presented by:

    Holly T. Hansen, President and Founder of Family History Expos, Inc.

    Holly has been instrumental in helping thousands understand the principles, strategies, and sources they can use to trace their roots in today's ever-changing technological environment.

    She is the mastermind behind more than 50 Family History Expos, held across the United States, and numerous Retreats at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah

    and other repositories in diverse cities. She is dedicated to helping individuals and families, one-on-one, with their personal research needs. Currently, she is involved creating podcasts, webinars, and video presentations to help people move forward in their family history endeavors

    with the comforts of home.

    Holly's titles include author, lecturer, editor, and publisher. She has produced more than 100

    unique syllabus and class handout books for Family History Expos attendees. She is a former editor of Everton's Genealogical Helper magazine, and editor of the 10th and 11th editions of The Handybook for Genealogists, with more than one million copies sold. She has also authored

    The Directory of North American Railroads, Trekking for Ancestors, and co-authored a series of 16 family history interview books entitled Celebrating and Capturing the Memories and 20 in-

    depth Research Guides for many aspects of family history research.

    Holly and her husband, Chris P. Hansen, have been married for 38 years and are the parents of five remarkable children. Holly received an Honors BA in History from Weber State University

    and continues to dedicate time to education on a daily basis.

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    Deductive/Inductive Reasoning and Logic

    Presented by Holly T. Hansen

    Email: holly@fhexpos.com Website: www.FamilyHistoryExpos.com

    This class is designed to assist individuals learn why and how using forms can help with research analysis and correctly documenting genealogical research. Research analysis makes the

    difference in creating a true and correct family history to be shared with others.

    Do you have enough information?

    There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven before the foundations of this world, upon which all blessings are predicated And when we obtain any blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated (Doctrine and Covenants 130:20-21).

    Based on the above scripture, there are blessings to be obtained if we are obedient to Gods laws. Lets consider the blessing of salvation for both the living and the dead as promised in the 128th

    section of the Doctrine and Covenants. How do we obtain that blessing? What are the laws that might apply? (See Doctrine and Covenants 127:4 & 9; 128:24)

    How do we know that the book or record we present/submit to the holy temple is worthy of all

    acceptation? Do we have enough information to put our research in order, that it may be held in remembrance from generation to generation?

    Consider the Law of Witnesses. The law of witnesses is an important and prominent law in the practice and history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The scriptural law of witnesses requires that in the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established

    (Deuteronomy 19:15; 2 Corinthians 13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19).

    This law applies in divine as well as human relations, for members of the Godhead bear witness

    of one another (John 5:31-37; 3 Ne. 11:32), books of holy writ give multiple witness to the work of God in the earth (2 Ne. 29:8-13), and even in modern scripture we are counseled to certify the work of baptism for the dead that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be

    established (Doctrine and Covenants 128:3). The Lord has required that the work in the temples be recorded to be sure it is truthful.

    It is our responsibility to be sure that the names we submit are correct as well. We will be held accountable for errors as well as receiving blessings for the work we submit to the temple. Do you have enough information to present a record worthy of all acceptation? Do you have two or

    three witnesses to your family history facts?

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    Do you have too much information?

    Do you find yourself with a headache trying to sort all the data you have on a family member or

    group of families? Deductive reasoning and logic assists us to use the evidence to eliminate wrong choices and come up with the correct data.

    We must understand what we are working with in order to correctly use the resources available to us. This will assist us in creating a record worthy of acceptation.

    Example: Submissions to the FamilySearch Family Tree include:

    4-Generation Family Group Sheets (Submitted on paper with limited documentation)

    Ancestral File (Many submissions submitted by members and typed in by a third person.

    No documentation was available)

    Pedigree Resource File (Multiple submissions for the same family members submitted by

    relatives and descendants)

    FamilySearch

    New.FamilySearch

    Family Tree (Includes all the records mentioned above plus membership records, Temple

    Records, and other collections with valuable data)

    Because all the data included in the Family Tree contains duplicate entries submitted over 150

    years from numerous genealogists, gives us a great advantage and challenge. As you work back one generation at a time, take time to verify what is there, clean up and standardize the data

    (merge obvious duplicates after you have looked at all the data and sources).

    Nearly all data used to seed to what is now known as FamilySearch Family Tree were submitted with the intent to do Temple work. Spending time analyzing and correctly documenting our

    family history on Family Tree is important in creating an offering in Righteousness. If each of us start out with our self then add immediate family members working back one generation at a

    time until we have our 4-generations complete, we will learn a great deal about our family and the tools available to help us correctly document our family history. Document them with records, photos, video, and written histories. Family Tree is the repository for confirmed and

    proved data, worthy of acceptation. Many records already exist in Family Tree multiple times for the same person; some records have erroneous mistakes. Be aware of and watch for errors, then

    correct them. Use the resources available to improve your family data on Family Tree. Family Tree is a compilation of many years of work from many people, some who are no longer living. It is our turn to work in the vineyard using our deductive reasoning and logic. We have access to

    more records than any generation has had in the history of time. Take advantage of classes and consultations from those with more experience than you. Learn to use the tools correctly,

    increase your personal skills and enjoy new phase of family history work.

    A Quiz Using Deductive Reasoning and Logic

    ReportedlyAlbert Einstein, as a boy, developed this quiz. Some claim that only 2% of the

    population has the ability required for solving it. There are diverse versions of this quiz on the Internet. Wikipedia calls it the Zebra Puzzle (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra_Puzzle) and

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra_Puzzle

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    gives some historical info on it. Do you fall among the percentage of those who can solve this quiz? Dont worry if you have a struggle solving this onestudies have shown that just trying to

    tackle deductive reasoning and logic problems makes you smarter. The puzzle has been adapted for genealogical fun.

    The question:

    Who has the Will?

    Known Facts:

    1. There are five houses of five different colors arranged in a strait row. 2. Within each house lives a different cousin; each has a bit different nationality.

    3. Each of the five cousins drinks a different beverage, keeps a different pet, and has a different family history document about their common ancestor.

    4. You are facing the row of houses and you read left to right.

    Hints:

    1. The Argentine lives in a red house.

    2. The Spaniard has a census document. 3. The English