TYMPAKI - CRETE

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TYMPAKI - CRETE. Main Menu. THE REGION OF TYMPAKI MINOAN CIVILIZATION THE MINOAN PALACES GREEK CUISINE THE OLIVE TREE. THE REGION OF TYMPAKI. GORTYS AGIA TRIADA FESTOS KOKKINOS PIRGOS. TYMPAKI MATALA VORI KOMOS. TYMPAKI. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • TYMPAKI - CRETE

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    THE REGION OF TYMPAKIMINOAN CIVILIZATIONTHE MINOAN PALACESGREEK CUISINETHE OLIVE TREE

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    THE REGION OF TYMPAKITYMPAKIMATALAVORIKOMOSGORTYSAGIA TRIADAFESTOSKOKKINOS PIRGOS

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    TYMPAKITympaki is a town (of about 10.000 inhabitants) in the south of Crete

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    MATALAMatala was the ancient port of Phaestos and Gortys and a former fishing community, which has developed into a modern holiday center. It is located 4 km southwest of the village of Pitsidia and 75 km from Iraklion. It is built on the coastline of the Messara bay inside a smalland picturesque inlet.

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    MATALARuins of the ancient city are stillvisible on the seabed as the ancient city was sunk in the sea. The archaeological pick has unearthed some traces of the palaces built by the nobles from the ancient cities of Phaestos and Gortys. The place became the meeting point of the "Flower Children" in 1968.Although their conference failedto realize, yet they were compensated by the incomparable beauty of thearea, which so much contrasts with the concept of destruction and war.

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    MATALAThe magnificent inlet of Matala featuresone of the best beaches in Crete. The artificial caves, carved into the north faceof the coast, have been probably used as prehistoric dwellings and places ofworship, while during the 1st-2nd century were used as tombs.These caves, in combination with thesandy beach, act as a magnet for manypeople.Today the tomb-caves of Matala are protected by the Archaeological Service.

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    VORIVori is a picturesque village which belongs to the region of Tympaki. A significant Museum of Cretan Ethnology is placed there since 1982.

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    VORIThe exhibition is organized in 7 parts: Architecture NutritionWeavingArts- CommerceTransportationTraditions Social Organization

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    KOMOSMessara bay is a part of the Libyan Sea. One of the most beautiful and popular beaches of the area is the beach of Komos.

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    AGIA TRIADAAgia Triada is situated not far from Festos. According to Italian archaeologists it was a kind of Royal country-house during Minoan times. Many discoveries were done here; beautiful pots with paintings in relief. The painted urn in relief of Agia Triada is famous, but also wall paintings with water-lilies, wild cats etc. These beautiful finds are all to be admired in the archaeological museum of Iraklion.

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    KOKKINOS PIRGOSOne of the most beautiful and popular beaches of the area is the beach of Kokkinos Pirgos.

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    FESTOSFestos is one of the oldest, most important and most well-known cities from prehistoric times. Here is found the important Disc of Festos. This disc is at both sides written, archaeologists are not able to decipher the texts until now. Festos was in Minoan times a very large territory which even included the islands of Paximadia (named then Lito) Festos was large and independent and had his own government, they even had there own coins. Festos did participate at the Trojan war, with Idomeneas as leader, together with other Cretan cities. At 200 before Christ Festos was totally ruined by Gortys In Festos did rule the dynasty of Rodamathis, in Knossos it was the dynasty of King Minos.

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    GORTYS

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    MINOAN CIVILIZATIONGENERAL INFORMATION

    The Cretan civilization, named later by the archeologist sir Arthur Evans as Minoan civilization (3000 BC - 1100 BC) after the legendary legislator and King of Knossos Minoa, is probably the most important civilization that flourished in the Bronze Age.

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    MINOAN CIVILIZATIONGEOGRAFICAL POSITION Crete's privileged position in the entire Mediterranean space made the island develop into a strong naval force. Minoan ships would travel in the Aegean Sea from the Western coasts of Asia Minor until Palestine and Egypt. Situated in the crossroad of three continents, it has been the point where all currents and great civilizations met as the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian ones. The Cretan civilization assimilated all influences, elaborated and finally transformed them and produced the unique Minoan civilization model - civilization that established new ways of life and new concepts in terms of art, aesthetics and human spirit. "In this place - Nikos Kazantzakis writes in his book "Report to Greco - "the soul of Greece has executed its inevitable mission: it brought the divine to the scale of human. The enormous, still Egyptian or Assyrian statues, here in Crete, have changed and became small and cute. Body has moved, mouth has smiled and the face and stature of God became that of man.

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    MINOAN CIVILIZATIONMINOAN PEACE The Minoan civilization reached its greatest heights approximately in 1700 BC the variety of findings of that period certifies the existence of a society of a very developed civilization, a civilization extremely advanced, open to foreign influences. The miracle of Minoan civilization is a synthesis on the one hand of technical specialization, an art of unique beauty and sophisticated architectural works and on the other hand of social organization, a variety of religious rituals, science and commercial relations with the most advanced peoples of the Eastern World. The total lack of defense systems in the centers of Minoan civilization, which exist in other areas of Greece, is of a particular interest. It is a fact that has been interpreted on the basis of the famous Minoan peace that guaranteed the safety of civilization. The long lasting peace established according to this system, firmly supports the economy and culture of the island to thrive.

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    MINOAN CIVILIZATIONWRITING SYSTEM

    Minoans, apart from developing a great art and a strong economic activity, invented as well a system of writing named Linear A' because it consisted of linear symbols. The Minoan writing was of eastern origin, yet, the form we know is a particular Cretan invention and adaptation. This Cretan pro - alphabetical writing form is in fact the first writing in Europe. The Disk of Phaestos, the most ancient written monument of Minoan Crete found in the palace of Phaestos in 1908 AD, represents this system of writing which similarly to the ancient hieroglyphics has not been decodified until today. Except for writing, Crete was the region in Europe where first appeared systematic forms of knowledge management, namely exact sciences' applications such as the metric systems, mathematics and geometry, fields in which Minoans proved their perfect knowledge by constructing glorious architectural works - the palaces in the centers of Knossos, Phaestos, Xacros and Malia.

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    MINOAN CIVILIZATIONTHE END OF A GREAT CIVILIZATION

    The violent eruption of the volcano in the neighboring island of Thera at the end of the 16th century BC caused massive catastrophes in Crete as well. The Minoan palace suffered extensive damages and entire cities and cultivations vanished. Cretan communities soon recovered but a second flood of catastrophes caused by a new earthquake abruptly interrupted this revival in 1450 BC. Populations from Argolida that controlled the biggest part of the Cyclades after the first eruption took advantage of the lack of power that this physical catastrophe had caused and invaded the island imposing thus a new political system. This was the last page of the glorious Minoan civilization and the first one of another equally important that remained in history by the name of Mycenaean civilization.

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    THE MINOAN PALACESThe connection between economy and religion is evident in all the palaces and all the aspects of Minoan life. This is understandable only if one considers the difference in mentality from our own. Although trade was widely practiced, people depended mainly on agriculture, the foundation of the economy. Religion was also very important. The king or priest has to mediate between people and the Gods for the good harvest. For this reason it is perhaps more accurate to view the palaces as economic and cult centers than private dwellings to the hypothetical Queen or the King

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    THE MINOAN PALACESKNOSSOS

    The renowned Knossos was the palace of King Minos and the center of the Minoan civilization. Minoan palaces were unearthed also in Phaestos, Zakros and Malia. These palaces must have been impressive constructions of exquisite architecture and brilliant design. They functioned not only as residences of royalty, but also as religious and administrative seats, and venues for multifarious social activities of the time. The Minoan palaces featured extensive storage areas where all kinds of crop were collected and stored. In periods of famine and natural disasters part of the crop was used to provide public relief. The Minoan palaces were, indeed, bustling places, with throngs of people workers, common folk, officers going about their business. Numerous technicians, blacksmiths, perfumers, weavers, potters, jewelers, seal makers, etc., worked daily on the grounds of the palaces. Symposia and functions took place inside the palaces, too. Shrines and altars for practicing devotion to the royal families were also located inside the palaces. The tripartite Shrine of Knossos, for example, was the center of cult practices in the palace. North of the Shrine were t