Tunisia AAR

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After action description of a game of Tunisia (Gamers).

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<ul><li><p>Detailed Tunisia Example of Play </p><p>Jim Kuchar June 27, 2008 </p><p> [Originally posted at http://www.boardgamegeek.com/thread/320015] </p><p> This will be a series of writeups made in installments over a period of time describing a playthrough of one of the scenarios in Operational Combat Series (OCS) Tunisia, similar to an effort I made last year with DAK2 (http://www.boardgamegeek.com/thread/169626). As was the case then, I cannot claim to be an expert in the way of OCS strategy or tactics, so dont consider anything here necessarily worthy of emulation. But I do hope to highlight some of the aspects about OCS that make it such a great system. Tunisia has been cited as one of the best ways to get introduced to OCS. I think this is in part due to its manageable size and the fact that the campaign begins with only a few units on the map and slowly builds up. The full campaign runs from 15 November 1942 until 29 May 1943. This period begins with both the Allies and Axis building up forces in the region near Tunis, followed by Rommels Deutsches Afrikakorps entering from the south through Libya with Montgomerys 8th Army in pursuit. The game begins with a slight Allied edge, then swings to the Axis advantage, and finally back to the Allies. This results in opportunities for both sides to be on the offensive and defensive and leads to fluid tactical and strategic situations. This writeup involves the Race for Tunis scenario which covers the first 14 turns of the full campaign game. The Axis begin with a relatively small force of German and Italian units in and around Tunis and Bizerte, while a combined force of British, American, and French units enter from the west through Algeria. In time, however, the German elite 10th Panzer Divison, among others, begin to arrive from Sicily, turning the tide in favor of the Axis. The race, then, is for the Allies to gain as much territory as possible before the tide turns. To win, the Allies have 14 turns in which to capture 3 of the following 5 villages/cities: Tunis, Bizerte, Djedeida, Mateur, or Medjez el Bab. Front line at the start, with objective towns shown with red circles: </p><p> 1</p></li><li><p> Setting the Stage To begin, lets take a look at the region and its terrain. In many wargames, terrain is a factor that affects movement and combat, but thats about it. In OCS, terrain also affects the delivery of supplies, which in turn places limitations on where forces can go for a sustained period of time. Even though a unit may be able to move somewhere, it may be a bad decision from the supply point of view. </p><p> 2</p></li><li><p> In the area around Tunis, we find clear terrain as well as low hills, rough terrain, mountains, rivers, and the occasional salt marsh. The mountain ranges channel four main avenues from the west toward Tunis: the northernmost valley along the Oued Sedjenane leading to Ferryville; the valley along the Oued Malah leading to Mateur; along the major road through the town of Sidi Nsir also leading to Mateur; and finally the slightly more open region farther south through the villages of Oued Zarga, Medjez el Bab, and Tebourba and south of the Oued Medjerda. Plugging these four avenues will keep the Allies from Tunis, but the Axis dont have the resources to do it all at once. Of particular note are the mountains and salt marsh which are impassable to tracked units or trucked units (unless on a road), but which can be entered by leg-movement units. So, most units must stick to the valleys, and leg units should take to the mountains only after careful thought. Take this situation, for example: </p><p> The British 3rd Parachute Infantry battalion, for whatever reason, has entered the mountains northeast of Bedja. If there were a supply dump or detrainable hex adjacent to the unit, it could get combat supply / trace supply from that source, but as shown the unit needs to trace back out of its hex. Truck movement points are used for supply, and trucks cannot enter or exit mountain hexes unless along a road. So, the unit can't trace back to get its own supply beyond the adjacent hexes. However, if an HQ is in the area, it could throw supply out toward the 3rd battalion and need only get adjacent to it. So, when an HQ is nearby, it opens up a few more tactical options for leg units to take to the mounatains. The other interesting aspect about Tunisia is that most units have to travel to the map to enter the game. This places competition for the limited sea, air, and land transportation resources available to each player, who must balance the need to build up combat units against the need to build supply dumps. Combat units cant be fully exercised without fuel or ammunition, so working out the transportation logistics to get the right combination of firepower and supplies to the right place at the right time is one of the unique strategic puzzles that make OCS enjoyable. Finally, there is the weather. The weather begins fine enough in November, with a 5/6 chance of good weather allowing flight each turn. In December, however, the heavy rains really move in: there is only a 1/3 chance of having weather good enough to fly, and fully half of the time the rains are so heavy as to convert the terrain into a muddy mess preventing most activity from occurring. So, even though the Allies have 14 turns to take their objectives, they can only expect to get about 9 or 10 non-mud turns to work with. Turn 1: 15 November 1942 </p><p> 3</p></li><li><p> I. Pre-Turn Phase 1. Weather: roll is 4,4 = clear 2. First player determination: Allies go first II. Allied Turn 1 A. Aircraft refit: no need B. Reinforcement phase: roll = 7, no replacements The 1st Commando battalion, two infantry brigades and an artillery battalion from the 6th Armored Division, the 140th Artillery Bn, and an artillery battalion from the US 34th Infantry Division arrive at the village of Aine MLila along the western edge of the map. C. Movement phase 36th Infantry Brigade moves from Tabarka to Djebel Abiod, while the 11th Brigade (which started just east of Tabarka) cuts southward to hold the road junction north of Bedja. The French 4 MZT unit remains in Bedja to hold the 2T supply dump there. </p><p> Next, I want to move out the 6th Armored Division and think itll be worth spending 1 SP supply to fuel the whole division. Problem is, the newly-entered reinforcements to the west cant reach the fuel supplies currently stationed near the port of Bone. One option would be to ship an SP to Phillipeville, but instead I will move the 6th Division organic truck into a position from which all of its units can draw: this location is the village of Guet Ma (taking 3.3 MP). The 6th Armored Division fuels up using the organic trucks SP (green arrows), and the truck moves back to Bone (3.6 MP). This is one of the OCS tricks: you can move a supply truck, have units feed off of it, and then continue to move the truck. However, it would not be allowable to begin moving other units and then move the truck again. </p><p> 4</p></li><li><p> With fresh fuel flowing through their lines, the 1st Derby armored car battalion switches into Move Mode and races off on a tagging mission. They travel south and liberate three Axis airfields (in Bin Beida, Youks les Bains, and Tebessa) finally stopping just east of Le Kef. This should prevent any surprises from the Luftwaffe to our south, and will also allow us to stage aircraft there as necessary. Next, well try something fairly aggressive. I think just pushing slowly ahead only gives the Axis time to move into strong defensive positions, so well try a little encirclement: First, the 17/21L armored battalion also switches into Move Mode and motors east, passing through Souk el Arba and liberating that airfield, through Bedja, across the Oued Medjerda, and south behind the German 1-5 FJ battalion in Medjez el Bab. The new reinforcements on the west edge also run east in Move Mode to support. While the 1-5 FJ can move into supply or be reinforced, this move at least forces the German to respond to our moves rather than the other way around. </p><p> 5</p></li><li><p> Next, well move the 6th Commando, 3rd Parachute, and 1st Commando battalions in strategic move mode to get them rapidly toward the front. Well stop them well out of range of the Axis units since they are especially vulnerable in strategic move mode (they might get bombed, but there are probably riper targets for the Luftwaffe). </p><p> The charcoal truck and 78th Infantry organic truck move along the coastal road to Tabarka. The two independent artillery units that arrived in the west trudge slowly eastward in combat mode to save on fuel. Now for some fighter sweeps! A squadron of Spitfires flies from Bone to the Axis airfield at Djedeida. The air raid sirens begin to drone and the FW-190s scramble, but have a tough time, taking heavy losses (roll = 12, defender abort; 5 = lose a step). The victorious Spitfires return to Bone, perform a barrel roll over the field, and land. </p><p> Next, some Hurricanes from Bone attack the Italian fighter base at Ferryville. Italian CR.42 and G.50 aircraft sputter to life and climb to meet the Hurricanes. The dogfight is a draw, both sides aborting without losses. Finally, a squadron of American Spitfires flies long-range to Bizerte, engaging the Italian MC.202s there. The Italians take losses and abort. All in all, not a good week for the Axis airforce. The </p><p> 6</p></li><li><p>Americans also have some P-40s and P-38s standing by but decline to attack the Me-109s in Tunis due to the Allies low chances of success against the better German aircraft. To finish out the Movement Phase, well handle shipping and air transport. The Allies get 3 SP worth of shipping allowance in November, which well use to deliver 2 SPs to Bone and 1 SP to Tabarka. Note that we cant ship more than that to Tabarka because its port capacity is just 1 SP. The Americans have the luxury of 2 C-47 transports, each of which can carry 1T out to a range of 160 hexes, or 2T out to 80 hexes. Since the Allied airbases are all less than 80 hexes from Algiers, these aircraft will be ferrying large quantities of supplies and troops. Three infantry battalions are in Algiers, each of which costs 1T to transport (due to their leg Move Mode movement factor being &lt; 6). Well use one of our C-47s to transport the two British units (1st and 2nd Parachute battalions) to the small air base in Souk el Arba (2T total, which is also the maximum we can unload at that airbase without having to leave the C-47s there inactive). The C-47s return to Algiers, and the infantry units move eastward (units can use of the movement allowance on the turn they are transported by air). The second C-47 shuttles the American 2-509 Parachute battalion and 1T supply to the airbase near Bone. The battalion moves out along the coastal road, nearly reaching the town of La Tarf. </p><p> iii. Air barrage segment. The Allies have a nice selection of Tactical bombers: In Algiers we have Wellingtons (8 barrage factors), two Blenheim Vs (3 factors each), and a squadron of P-38s (3 factors). In Bone we have A-20s (7 factors) and B-25s (6 factors), and P-40s out west (3 factors). German fighters in Tunis project a Patrol Zone over all Axis units except Kampfgruppe Witzig. But, since we have no spotters adjacent to the Kampfgruppe, there would be a 3-column shift to the left, reducing the chance of inflicting any disruption or casualties. A better choice might be the 1-5 FJ in Medjez because we do have spotters adjacent. Alternately we could bomb one of the Axis ports or airbases, but I dont think there would be much effect on the ports their port capacities are well above what they can ship now, and they have an extra intrinsic +2 flak modifier. Another option would be trainbusting (interdiction) but again I dont see where it would be particularly effective at this point. </p><p> 7</p></li><li><p> Well try two bombing missions: the first against 1-5 FJ and the second against the airbase in Djedeida. There is a reduced-strength Fw-190 refueling and rearming there which would be sweet to destroy. For the 1-5 FJ, we allocate the Wellington, both Blenheims, and the P-38 for cover, yielding 17 barrage points. This is shifted left 1 column for close terrain, and left 1 for low troop density ( RE) in the hex. I like using the optional left shift for bombing beyond half range, but in this case all the aircraft have plenty of range to get to the target and back to Algiers (65 hexes each way) without incurring that penalty. First, flak. The Me-109s in Tunis decline to intercept so as to keep their Patrol Zone active. Flak modifiers are +1 for having at least 3 aircraft in the mission and +1 for being in an enemy Patrol Zone but with a friendly fighter, so a 9-or-better will inflict losses. The roll is a 6, so the planes get in and out relatively unscathed. Barrage occurs on the 8-11 column: the roll is also a 6, just short of causing a disruption effect. The aircraft return to airbase #2 in Algiers. We allocate the A-20 and B-25 to bomb the airbase (13 barrage points). Again, no German fighter intercept although it is tempting, the Axis will save on supplies by not having to refit at Tunis later. Flak modifier is +2 for being within a PZ without fighter escort; the roll is 9 resulting in a loss! Several of the A-20s take hits, reducing the barrage strength down to 9 factors total. Some chutes are seen opening near the town hopefully the crews will be treated well. Bombing roll is a 3 (on one die) resulting in no effect. A 4 or better might have destroyed the German fighters based there. So, overall a fairly poor showing by the tactical bombers. </p><p> D. Supply phase. All Allied units can trace supply. Note that its a very close call indeed for the 17/21L battalion: to trace its supply it must use minimum-move rules to get across the river to where the 38 Irish brigade is (1 + 5 for river crossing) and this is adjacent to the Medjez rail station underneath the 10th Rifle brigade. Since the trace only needs to get adjacent to the supply source, all is well. This turn there is no Allied HQ yet (it arrives next turn), which makes tracing supply a bit more difficult. That HQ, with its 12 MP throw range, will go a long way toward ensuring our units stay in supply. </p><p> 8</p></li><li><p> E. Reaction phase i. Movement segment The Axis set up with three units in reserve, and they decide to release one: the independent 190th Armor Battalion to attempt to overrun the British 17/21L battalion near Medjez. This costs 1T in fuel supply (paid from Tunis), and the unit moves and attempts an overrun (4 MP total so far) Combat supply is 1T for the attack and 1T for the defense. The attack supply comes from Tunis; defense is more problematic because the British unit cannot reach a supply dump! Instead they will use internal supply. Its now clear that moving the 17/21L so far was too aggressive. </p><p> Combat factors are 9 on the attack (6 x 1.5 due to armor attack in the clear vs. heavy AT defenses) vs. 3 on the defense, or 3:1. AR difference is +1. Surprise roll...</p></li></ul>