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TRƯỜNG THCS LÊ QUANG CƯỜNG ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP thcs-lequangcuong-brvt.edu.vn/upload/DinhKem/DE CUONG ANH... · PDF file2017-04-19 · Present simple tense :(Thì hiện

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  • TRNG THCS L QUANG CNG

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    CNG N TP THI HC K I TING ANH LP 8

    Nm hc 2016 - 2017

    A. GRAMMAR NOTES:

    1. Present simple tense :(Th hin ti n)

    - of the verb be:

    S + am/is/are

    S + am/is/are + not

    Am/Is/Are + S?

    - of ordinary verb:

    S+V(s/es)

    S+dont/doesnt + V-bare

    inf

    Do/Does + S +V-bare inf?

    *Use:

    - Din t thi quen / hnh ng c lp i lp li hin ti (often, usually, sometimes, always, seldom,

    rarely, never, every)

    Ex : I walk to school everyday.

    She usually does her homework in the evening.

    - Din t s tht, chn l.

    Ex :The Earth moves around the sun.

    The Sun rises in the East.

    - Simple present tense with future meaning ( th hin ti n vi ngha tng lai): ni v lch trnh,

    thi gian biu.

    Ex: What time does the plane take off? It takes off in an hour.

    2. Past simple: (Qu kh n)

    - of the verb be:

    S + was/were

    S + was/werent

    Was/Were + S?

    - of ordinary verb:

    S + V-ed/V-2

    S + didnt + V-bare inf

    Did + S + V-bare inf?

    *Use: - Din t hnh ng/ s vic xy ra vo mt thi gian xc nh trong qu kh (yesterday, last week /, ago,

    the day before, ) v khng cn lin quan n hin ti.

    Ex : Last night, I watched TV.

    Mai didnt do her homework yesterday because she was sick.

    3. Future simple tense: (Th tng lai n)

    S + will +V-bare inf

    S + wont + V-bare inf

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    Will + S + V-bare inf?

    *Use:

    Some adverbs are often used: tomorrow, next, someday, one day, tonight, this morning/ week, soon

    Ex: - I will be 14 on my next birthday

    - Theres Eleanor. Ill go and talk to her - This bag looks heavy. Ill help you

    4. Talk about intention (d nh) with be going to:

    S + be going to + V-bare inf

    Ex: Bob is tired of taking the bus to work. He is going to buy a car.)

    5. Present progressive tense: ( Th hin ti tip din)

    S + am/is/are + V-ing

    S + am/is/are + not + V-ing

    Am/Is/Are + S + V-ing?

    *Use:

    - hnh ng ang din ra ti thi im ni.

    Ex: Lets go out. It is raining now.

    - hoch nh tng lai .

    Ex: Tomorrow is my birthday. I am having a party at my house.

    - ch s thay i vi get and become.

    Ex: The weather is getting colder/ Life in the provinces is becoming better.

    6. Present perfect with for and since ( Th hin ti hon thnh vi for v since)

    S + have/has + V-ed/V-3(past participle)

    S + have/has + not + V-ed/V-3(past participle)

    Have/Has + S + V-ed/V-3(past participle)?

    * Use: din t hnh ng / s vic bt u trong qu kh v vn cn tip tc / lin quan n hin ti.

    Ex: Weve learned English for 5 years.

    She hasnt been here since 1989.

    7. Adverbs of place: (outside, inside, there, here, upstairs, downstairs)

    Ex: The children are playing upstairs

    She lived here in 1999

    8. . (not) adjective + enough +to-inf.

    Ex: She is not old enough to be in my class / I am tall enough to reach that shelf.)

    9. Modal verb: should / ought to / must / can / will /may

    Ex:

    You must stop when the traffic lights are red.

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    You mustnt park your car here.

    You must / have to obey your parents.

    My mother was ill so I had to take her to the doctor. Tomorrow is Sunday. You dont have to get up early.

    You look tired. You should/ought to go to bed. You shouldnt / oughtnt to make noise in class.

    *Can / Could: - making polite request :( li yu cu lch s)

    Ex: Can / Could you help me carry this bag?

    Could you do me a favor?

    - offering assistance: ( ngh c gip )

    Ex: Can I / May I help you with the washing up?

    10. Reflexive pronoun: i t phn thn (myself, yourself/ yourselves, himself, herself, itself, ourselves,

    themselves)

    Ex:

    - I cut myself/ He is looking at himself in the mirror. - I myself faxed the report to him. - We will go and see the president himself. - Anna lived by herself in that large house.

    11. Why..? - Because. Ex: Why didnt Hoa go to school yesterday? - Because she was sick.

    12. Prepositions of time: (gii t ch thi gian)

    1. in: in 2002, in summer, in the 21st century, in July, in the past, in the morning 2. on: on Monday, on July 15th, on her birthday, on Christmas Day, on Tet holiday 3. at: at 7 oclock, at noon, at night, at lunch time, at the moment, at present, at Christmas 4. after: after six, after dinner 5. before: before lunch, before 10p.m 6. betweenand: between Monday and Friday, between 6a.m and 10a.m

    13. used to + V-bare-inf. Ex: I used to go swimming when I was a kid.

    She didnt use to like opera.

    Did you use to go there?

    14. Adverbs of manner: ( trng t th cch) : adjective + ly -> adverb of manner

    Ex: badly, beautifully, happily, simply

    Notes: good well, fast fast, late late, hard hard

    15. Commands, requests in reported speech: ( cu mnh lnh/ yu cu gin tip)

    Ex:

    S + asked /told + O + (not) to-inf

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    1) Stand up He said to me.

    -> He told me to stand up.

    2) Dont talk in class The teacher said to the students.

    -> The teacher told the students not to talk in class.

    3) Please give Tim this book? She said to me.

    -> She asked me to give Tim that book.

    4) She said Can you meet me next week, Minh?

    -> She asked Minh to meet her the following week.

    16. Advice in reported speech: ( li khuyn gin tip)

    S1 + said (that) + S2 + should (not) / ought (not) to + V-bare inf

    S + advised + O + (not) to inf

    Ex: His father said to him: You should study harder

    -> His father said he should study harder/ His father advised him to study harder.

    17. Gerund (V + ing): danh ng t

    Ex:

    - Swimming is very good for you.

    - He hates eating meat.

    - He suggested going out for dinner.

    - After leaving the house, she checked all the windows.

    - We talk about cooking.

    18. Comparison( So snh) with like, (not) asas, (not) the same as, different from

    1. Like: ging nh l He ran like the wind.

    2. (not) asas: (khng) bng vi He is as tall as his brother.

    She speaks English as well as foreigners.

    This flat isnt as/so big as our old one.

    3. (not) the same as: (khng) ging nhau My shirt is the same as your shirt.

    Her hair isnt the same color as her mothers hair.

    4. different from: khc She is very different from her sister.

    Her new school isnt different from her old school .

    19. Comparative and superlative: (so snh hn v so snh nht)

    1. Comparative:

    a) S + be + short adjective + er + (than)

    Ex: Jane is taller than her sister.

    b) S + be + more +long adjective + (than)

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    Ex: A car is more expensive than a motorbike.

    2. Superlative:

    a) S + be + the + short adjective + est

    Ex: HCM city is the biggest city in Viet Nam.

    b) S + be + the + most + long adjective

    Ex: Miss World is the most beautiful girl in the world.

    +Notes:

    - lucky luckier luckiest

    - wide wider widest

    - good better best

    - bad worse worst

    - many/much more most

    - little less least

    B. EXERCISES

    I/ MULTIPLE CHOICE

    1. My grandparents live .., in this town.

    a. there b. here c. outside d. inside

    2. The students did their test .

    a. goodly b. good c. fastly d. well

    3. He looks very tired. He .go to bed late.

    a. oughts not to b. doesnt ought to c. ought to not d. oughtnt to

    4. I ..a letter from my old friend last week.

    a. sent b. gave c. received d. took

    5. I find Peter is not communicative. Hes rather in public.

    a. kind b. reserved c. sociable d. humorous

    6. The River Amazon ..into the Atlantic Ocean.

    a. flow b. flows c. flowed d. is flowing

    7. Bell was born.March 3, 1847.

    a. in b. on c. at d. during

    8. They .from Canada to America to find work.

    a. started b. demonstrated c. delivered d. emigrated

    9. Hell come ..to pick you.

    a. on/in b. over/on c. in/up d. over/up

    10. Youll .cook dinner yourself.

    a. ought to b. must c. should d. have to

    11. Dad stayed at the office .he finished the report.

    a. before b. until c. for d. during

    12. Mr. Brown is the same age..Mrs. Brown.

    a. as b. like c. from d. with

    13. Ho Chi Minh city is larger and ..beautiful than Hanoi.

    a. more b. as c. most d. the most

    14. My mother is..tired cook tonight.

    a. enough/to b. too/to c. so/that d. very/to

    15. The new shopping mall is quitethe present shopping area.

    a. different from b. the same c. like to d. similar

    16. have you lived in this town? - For nearly 20 years.

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    a. When b. How c. Where d

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