Trial SPM Kedah 2011

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    SULITII

    PROG RAT PE]I I 1I G I(ATAII PRESTASI AK/[D ET I K SPTTAHUI| 2o'1'l

    I

    ilIATA PELEIARA.IIPHYSICS {

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    lSULIT 453ut

    MAJLIS PENGETUASEKOLAH MENENGAII KEDAH

    PEPfiRIKSAAN PERCUSAAN SPM 2011 453illl

    Satu jarn lima belas minit

    PHYSICSKertas I.tt; Jam

    .IANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAI{ I}[I SBI{INGGA DIBSRtrTAIT.$1, Kertgs soaldn tnii adutah dalam twibahasa.2. Soalan dolsn bohasa Inggeris mendahului soalanyang sepadan dalam bahass Melayu.3. Calan dikehendaki membaea maWumat di halaman betrakang kertas soalan ini,

    4Sl/1Kertas soalan ini mengandungl29 halaman bercetak

    SULIT

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    suLIT 2 4531/lThe following inf,omration may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaniag.Maffiumat berihtt wmgkin bedaedah. Simbol-simbol mempanyai mabta yang biasa.

    18.l.2.

    v-uA=- Iv2 = u2 +Zos

    l"s =ttt +-at'2Momentwn = tf'r'F=ma

    IKinetic enerry I Tenagakinetik = Lmv'2Gravitational potontial encrry ITmrya leupaltaan ga$ti = rt ghElastic potential nergy /Tenryafuupayam knpl-Power, r = lostrme!Qt*a, P =twg?t 4gsDensity I Ketqtrytel, O=#Pressure I Tehsno\ p = hpgPrcssure lTekan@, p*4'AIleatl Haba, Q=mc$HeatlHabq Q=mIPV =constant I pemslmT

    Magrt$ingpower/Kuasapembx*a= fgfrv= fl^@eL=-DQ:ItE =YQY=IRPowerlKuasa,P=IYYs JV,+=*v?&Efficiency /Kecek'aput =E --mcz

    3.4.5.6.v.

    19.

    20.2t.22.23.24.2;3.

    26.8.

    9.

    lrt2/'qG xloo %IrV*

    27.

    28.29.

    8= l0 m s-2c:3.0x108ms-l

    10.

    ll.12.13.14,

    t5.sini16. n=-$nr

    t7. t =!*1,f u v4531/1 SULIT

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    SULITThe radius of the orbit of a satellite is 7 500 km. What is this radius in Mm?Jejari orbit sebuah satellit adalah 7 500 klr" Eerapakah nilaiieiari ini dalam Mm?

    A 7.5875c 750D 7500Diagram l shows the ma*s made by five shots on a target board.&iah I nemrnjukhan tanda yang dibuat oleh lima temb:alcan pada sebuah papsnselJia'|.

    Di lt RaiahlWhich statement is correct abopt the accuracy and consistency of the shoa?Peflyatoon manalcah yang betul mengenai kcjituan dan kepersisan tembakan ituTA Aceirate but not oonsistqrtJita tetapi ttdak no'vststenB Consistent but not accurateKorais e n te t ap i ti dak j itu,C Accurats and consistentJia den lCInstslenD Not accurate and not consirtentTidak jitu dan tidak l@twistenWhich Saph shows a relationship of /increasing linearly with e?Graf manalrah menunjukkan hubungan Y bertambah seeara linear dengan O?

    4$1n

    A Yl ./IL B ,lzc 'l /I, e453111 D'I:. sutrr

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    SULIT 44 Diagrarrl2 shows a strip of ticker tape.Rajah2 meru*tiakkan satu lwratan pita detik

    4531/l

    a I l I a I al

    Diagram 2l RaiahZWhich statempnt dessribes the motion shown by the ticker tape?

    .+Dirwtion of motisnArah pergera*an

    P ergy*raan manalwh wenghuraikan geralan yarry dltunJuk**n oleh pita de ti* in?A AccelerationPecutanB DecelerationNyahpecutanC Uniform velocity followed by decelerationHalaj u ser eg&r, dt tkttt dengwt nyohpeeutanD Acceleration followed by uniform velocityF e eutan drila$i dengan halal* s erutgarn

    Diagram 3 stlows a footbatrl hitting ihe face of aplayer"&aiah 3 nenanjuli*an seh$i bola menghentam muka seorang pemain.

    Diagram 3l Rdah3A large foree aet$ on the face of the plaprbaeSatu drya yang be*,sr bertindakp.ada muka pettrain fuiseWA the ball experiences a change in its mass when it hie the facebola itu mengalami perubahan jisim apabila menghentam m*apemainB the ohange in rnomentuln of,ths ball occurs in a short period of timeperubahan #rornentum bala befiafui dal*m teryoh mssa ysng pedekC the change in momentrmr sf the ball occurs in a long period of time

    . perabchan ,nomentuffi bola berlaht dalam tempoh masa Wng Wr$angD some air escapes fiom the ball when it hits the facesedikit adara terlepas kelasr dari bala iw apabila wenghentam rnska pewn

    453111 $I'TIT

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    5truT6 Which graph slrows motion with rmiforrr velocity?Gro{nowkah menwgukfun ger*an dengan h@a ssTagqat

    Ptnds I Fds,rgPandR I PdanSQadS / Qdaz$QffidR / Q @rRIn which collisioo is mtal kinaicenergy con*rlrcd?Dalmtpertrangg*a n nanakah jumlah tenaga Mikfubadilwt?

    ABcD

    450[n

    Before collisionS&eltm prlanggwau Aftq collisionSeIWat Wrlqnggssnu---Dr; StedonrylP.egw---+EEu---+r''-ltta+Eul-ltt

    $ationaly/ Pe,gpt

    sdti / Pe53ra L2-i.|r,--lllG StttlemrY/ F Wtiffil

    !u22{- ...+E T'ID.ur;ltfrt-E

    .*'n--j2+

    rn $T'IJT

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    SULIT 6I In whictr situation will the block.move with anacceleratipn?Datam sit*asi nsp*ol*'bla* ittt bergerak'dengan euqta pecutan? ..,

    n',uN*-f1 roN B ,, 161,t toN :i

    Which diagramsbum three forcc in equilibriurr? "Rajah nanakahmenryiukJran tiga doya dalm, keseirnbqng&r?

    l0Nl?10N

    A 3N

    D

    {53rn

    B 3N

    D

    3eul :ffif r

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    ST]LIT 453l/t10 Diagram 4 shows two workers P and Q lifting identical loads through the same heightusing two different mettrode.Rajah 4 menunjuftJron dua orang pekerjaP dan Q mengangkat beban yang serupamelalui lcetinggian yang sams dengan dua cara berbeza'

    Diagram 4l Raioh 4Which staternent is conect about the force applied and work dsne?Perryataan yang manakah bennr mengenai daya yang dtlrenalrfln dan keriayangdilalslran?

    A The force exerted by workei P is greater than that of worker QDrya yang dikenakan oleh pekeria P lebth fu:* daripada pelceria QB The force exerted by worker P is smallerthan that of worker QDrya yang ditrenakan oleh pekeria? lebih kccil daripada pekeria QC The work done by worker P is greaterthan that of worker QKerja yang dilefulffin oleh pekeria P lebih besar daripada peleeria QD The work doneby worker P is smalier than that o worker QKerja yang dilafukan ateh petceria P lebih kecil doripada pekeria Q1l Diagram 5 shows a graph of force agBinst extension for two springs, R and S' tsofhsprings are made ofthe same mateqial, and have the same length and diameter.

    Rojah 5 menunjul*an graf daya melawan pemartriangan bagi springR dan S, Kedua'dua Spring dip*buy daripada bahan yang same, dan mempunyai paniang dandiameter yang sama.

    ExtensionPemanjangwr

    ForceDsya

    Diagram5/RqiahS453ill SUTIT

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    SI'LIT 4531/rWhich statement about spring R and S is correct?Pernyataan manslcah mengenai spring R dan S benar?

    The diarneter of the wire of qpring S is greater than that of spring RDiameter dawai springS lebihbesar doripada springRSpring S stores more elastic potential energy than spring RSpring S merryimp*n tenaga kerryayaan kenyal yang lebih besar daripada springRC Spring S has a smaller stiffness than spring RSprtng S rnempunyat kekerasan lebih kecil daripado springRD Spring S has a larger force constant than spring RSpring S mempunyai pemslar daye yang'lebih lrccil daripada springR

    12 Diagram 6 shows four different poshrres of a person doing some exercises.Which posture exerts the mocimum pres$ure on the floor?Rajah 6 nenunjakhan empcrt postar yang berb.eza bagi seorangyang sedang bersenam.Postur rnanalcah yang mengenakan tekanan yang maksimum lce ates lantai?

    Diagr,am 6 / Rajah6Diagraul ? showsthree containets filled with waterto the some level. The prwrrrcaused by the $frater at points X, Y aad Z arePy, Pv and PzRajohT menunjukkan tiga bekas diisi dengan air sehinggaper.wyorgwru tingi.Telranan yong disebabkan aleh air pada titik\ Y dan I ialanFo Pv fu ?7 iwsing-masiig.

    A$13

    453l/tDiagrarr 7 lRajchT

    SI}LIT

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    A Py6=Py-P2B Px Pz14 Diagram 8 shows a mercury barometer. Which height $hows the measrremerrt of theamospberio prssure?

    RWah 8 menunJukiksn satu bwotwter merhri. Kettngisrlntsnakah nenqinkfuuhrst bagi tekmm qlmo{era?Vacuurn,Y&m

    Diagram 8l Rajaht15 Diagnrn I rbo$E &e nandom nretisn of &e gas moleeulm insiale a qoil aine,r.

    &qiah9 nenwliuWm ge"retan rwak bagi motehrt-melehrl ges di fulam sebwhbehqs,

    SI]LITlVhich eomparison is correct?Perbandtngan manatrrah yang benl?

    Diagram9 t Rojah9The pressure of the-gas will not increase ifTe gas ttda*attarr,bertaturb Jifu:A the number of molecules in the container is increasedbtlcr,tgan mole kal dt dalam befut.dttatnib ah3 the nros of ihe rnoleeules is incg$ed I jisim nolelai ditarnbahc the speed of ttre molecules is increased I lojumolekal ditambahD the vohrrre of the containr isincreasdl isFa&!.haeer. M$ah

    4SrUl'tl

    BI_Llr+#l

    4531/t

    ?\rq.t't

    STILIT

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    SULIT IO16 Diagram l0 shows a hydraulic compressing machine.Rajah l0 menwnjuklcan sebuah mesin pemampat.

    34

    4s31il

    ABC

    Diagrarn l0 I Rcjah l$Which eomparison is true about the forces fi and Fz?Perbandinganrnanahah betul mengenai daya-daya Ft dan Fz?

    Fto FzFt> FzFt< FtDiagram 1I shows an oil drum of volums V floating withunder water.

    of its vohune submerged

    Rojeh l! menunjukhan sebuah tong miny& berisipadul sedang terapung arns* |dwipadaisipadwye tenggelam di bswah air-

    Diagram lt { &ajah llIf the density of water is p, the buoyant force acting on the oil drum isJiha futanpatan air ialah p, daya julangan yqng bertindah ke atas tong minyak talah

    YpsVp

    t?

    ABcD

    *n**,*

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    SIILIT ill8 Which diagram shows the correct liquid level in the U-ube?Rajah manaleah menuniukkan alas cecair yang betul di dalam tiub'U?

    453Ul

    AAir flow

    BAirflow-..->lirot udua --.-+Aliran udua

    cAir flow

    Alirm udta 7

    19 Diagram 12 slrows two rnetal blocks P and Q that are placed in thermal corfactX.ajah 12 menunjukkan dua bloklogamP dsn Qyang dilelak dalam sentuhfln terma.

    Diaeram 12 I Ri$ah 12Which statement is true about the heat transfer between P and Q?Pernyataan manaksh betul mengenai pemlndahan haba sntaraP dan Q?

    No heat is transferred between P and QTiada haba dipindah antara ? dan QNo net heat is trarrsferred between P and QTtada habu bersih dipindah antaraP dqn QNet heat is transfened from P to QHabs bersih dipindah dariP ke QNet heat is transferred fron Q to PHababersih dipindah dori Q ke?

    BlockQ I BIo*QMass= l00g / "Iisiru- l00gTemperature = 95 o C I Sulu= 95 t

    BlockP I BIohPMass = 450 g I Jisin- 450 ITemperature = 25 o C I Sulw = 25 oC

    45311r SULIT

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    SITLIT' t2 45311t20 Diagran 13 strows 100 g of water at 20 oC is poured into a beaker containing 200 g ofwater at 80 oC.Rajah 13 menrysqiak*an2W gair pa& 80"C. 100 g air pada2fraC dttuang ke dalom bikar yang mengandungi

    l$0 g20ec?ffiss0sc

    Diagram 13 I Rajah 13What is the finat te,mperature of the mixture?Berapafrah n*[nt *hir canptran itu?A 30nCB 500Cc 60tD 700C

    3t Diegmn 14 ckouts the variatisn ofterrpretrre with time when a-solid X is hated.&aJah 14 mewnJufunperubahan sulru denganmctsa apablla satuglpjslKdipanskan.

    TorrperttrcfularMclting polnt _^Takat lebw

    TImetfuaDiagxam 141 Rajah 14

    ryhst is ttestale ofX.fum the tinrc lr to fi?AWk*n fuqfu&t ,X dari mass t1 ke t2?A Solid oaly I Pepejat satwfa' ,B Liquid only I Cici* sahcja,e Liguid arxd glas I Cecalr dan gasD Solid and liquid I Pepejal dan ceeair

    453ffi SULIT

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    SI.'LIT l3 453ut22 Which faph shows the relationship berween the pressur and volume of a gas thatobeys Boyle's law?Grqf manakah menunjukkan hubungan antara teleanan dan isipadu bagi suatu gas yangmematuhi huhtm Boyle?A

    23 Diagr,am 15 shows the set up of apparatus used to study the properties ofa gas.Miar, tS menunjukkan susunttn radas untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri suata gas,

    B

    Iv

    D

    SyringePicag*.i Ait I Udara RubbertubeTiub getah

    Bour,don gaugeTolohBurdon

    PushTolah-----+

    Diagram 15 / Rajah 15The piston is pushed slowly to the right.Whi& staternentabout the behaviour of the gas molecules in the cylinder is correct?Omboh drtolak deng*t pertalnn lee knnan.Perrryataan msnakrih betal mengenai perlahtan molehl gas di dalam silinder ita?

    453Ul ST'LIT

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    SLILTT . 14 453X/rA The speed ofttre molecules increasesLajumolehul bertambahB The nrolwules collide more frequently with tlre walls qf the cylinderMoleh$-molehul berlanggar lebih leerap .dengan dhding silinderC The average distance betweeir the msleoules remains the sameJoakpt*a antara molektl-molehrl lwkal malarD The rnoleeules bounce back from the wall of the cylinder with a grcalermornentunrMoleful-molehtl melantan balik dsi dindlng silfuder dengai *nrnenhun yanglebih besar24 Diagran 16 shsws m object O in front sfa eomt"ex mirror. T is the cntrc of curyatureof the mirror.

    Rqeh 16 ttw,rpqliukkqn sustu objekO di hadapan sebtnh cermln cembrmg.T ialahptx* kelengfumgen cermin itu

    Diagram 16l Rajah 16The image is foqed,atInej dibert*diAJBKCLDM

    4$Ul $T.ILIT

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    SULIT 4531/r25 Diagram I7 shows a light ray moving from air into a glass block.Raiah l7 mewnjuk*an satu sinar cahaya bergerak dari udara ke dalam sebaah blokkaca.

    Dia rqm 17 / Rajah 17Whieh angle is the angle sf inoidence and the angle of refraefion?Sudt*.marwlroh ialah sudut tujudan sadut biosan?

    l5

    tvzAncD

    Angle of incidence / Suduttujawwx')c

    Angle of refr*clion I Sa&rt btasanv

    s/hi* diagnr{l shows the csnect propagation of light througha 459,45o, g0o prism?c,i$ th sritioal angle of the prisnq.Rqlah mcwksh memmiukranperafirbstan cahrya yong betul melalui prisma4so, 4jo,9OA c ialsh sud* gentingprismaitu

    S.IILIT'

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    28

    SULIT 16 45311127 Diagram l8 shows the image,I, of an object, O, fsrmed by a convex lens'Rajah 18 menunjaklcan imej,l, bagi obiek,O,yang dibentuk oleh sebuah kantacembung. 40 cm

    Diagrarr 18l fojah 18Whatis the focal length ofthe lens?Berapakah panjangfocus kanta itu?A 2.5 omB 9.6 cmC ll.4 cmD 24.0 cmAn astonomieal telescope at nor,rnal adjustmeat eonsists of trno convex lenses placed ata sepamtion of 80 em. The mag$ifying power of the telescope is 15. Wbat is the focallengttr, fi, of the objective lens and the focal length, d, of the eppiece?Sebuoh tetreskap,astronomi pada pelarc*an normal afulah terdhi 4qripefu dua kantacembungyang diletahpadajrakpenisahan 80 crn. Kuasa pembessran teleskop itu,alsl, 1.5, B*ryakah panjangfoluts,,fs ba?, funta objek dan par{angfocus,fE, bagikantamata?

    fo ftA 5 crn 75 crnB'75cm ScrnC 75cm lScmD 80cm lScmTVhich diagranr shows a tranwerse q/ave with amplihrde 4 em and wavelengfi I cm?Rajoh mawkah menunjuk*an sastu gelombang melintang dengan amplitud 4 em danpanjang gelombang 8 cm?

    29

    453utf- a"'o +l

    SULTT

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    =1

    ST'LITc453ut

    l+-r"m +l

    30 Diagram 19 shovs wave tssrrs produced in a ripple ta$k with a sloping base by acitpular vibrator at 8.Rejah 19 t qewryiukkan eorakgelombang yang dihasilkan di dalam sebuah tangki riakdengan dasar condong oleh pnggetar bulat di 5..

    Diaerart 19 I &ajah 19\\&ich stateraent is tnre?Pstrydaonnaaokoh bet*?A Region X is deeper thari region YK,awasanXadalahlebihdalam daripoda asenYB Region Y isdeoperthnnregionXKawasanY adalah tebih dolan daripafu kmrtasanXC Both regions X and Y have uniform depthKe&ta4ua kmvasanX danY mempunyoi fudalamanyang serogamD Thc speed of the wave in region X is greater than the speed in region YIsJu gelombsns fi ksvtmanX *dalah lebih besar furipada laju di kawasanY

    17D

    4s3Ur $ruT

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    183l Diagram 20 shows water waves being diffracted after passing through a slit.

    Rajah2A menttnjuklmn gelombang air dibelau selepas melalui satu celah.

    Diagrarn 2Al Rajoh2AWhich action will produce circular diftacted waves?Tindakan nanalwh akan nenghasilkan gelornbang terbelau membulat?A lncrease the frequency of the waves

    Tamb ah fr e hte ns i ge lombangB Increase the speed of the waveTambah kelajuan gelomb angC Decrease the wavelengthKur angkan p anj an g ge I omb angD Decrease the size of the slitKurangkan saiz celah

    32 Diagram 2l shows the positions of loud and soft sounds produced alongthe line PQwhen the audio signal generator is switched on.Rajah2\ menunjuk*an kedudulwn bunyi htat dan bunyi perlahanyang dilwril}ransepanjang garisanPQ apabila penjana isyarat audio dthiduplran

    4s3il1

    ll1ilfflll

    LoudspeakerPembesar$wa

    I--i-s L-'l-- s L\t- --r'-P- L\ __i-"1__:

    Audio signal gcneratorPenjmaisy*at mdio

    l,or*peakrrPenbestsisaP

    M'/ "..-. a

    Freque*cy ofsound =/Frelwensi bwyi *fWavelength of sound =1PanJary getambang bwryi= J.

    Diagram 21 I RajahZlThe distance between consecutive loud sounds, r, wiil increase ifJarak antara bunyi ktat berturutsn, x, ql@ft bertambah jilca

    4531/1 SULIT

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    SULIT 19A M is increased / M ditambahB / is increased lf ditambahC l, is decreased, / ), dlhtrangkanD D isincreased/b ditambah

    453Ul

    33 A pbenonoenon that occurs ufien a sowrd wave has been reflected off a surface and isheard after the original sound is known asFenomena yang berlaka apabila gelombang bunyr dipantultran oleh suatu permufuan,don kedengaran selepos barryi yang asal dikenali sebagaiA ec,ho I gemaB noise lbisingC disturbancel gangguanD interference / interferens

    Ulhich statement is not aproperly of electromagnetic waves?Pernyotaan manakoh bakon sifat gelombang elefuromagnet?A Travels at a speed of light I Bergerakpada kelajuan calwya3 obeys the wave equation o = fr / Menatuhi persamaan gelombang v = JZc Requires a medium to prcpagate I Memerlulwn medium untuk merambatD Can undergo interference / Boleh mengalami interferetts

    Wrich graph shows the highest resistance?Graf manakah menttnjakkan rintangan paling t@gt?A YIY B IlIY

    IO II Ac Ytv D vtv

    453urIO II A

    l0

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    SI]LIT 4531/r35 Diagram 22 shows 9 identical resistors connected in three different circuits, P, Q and R.Rajah22 menunjilekan 9 perintang serupa yang disatnbunglan dolan tiga litarberlainan P, Q daz R

    Diagratn 221RqiahZZWhich sEtcmnt is eorrest for Ji, Ig,d l* ?Pe.rnyatam ntffisknh betul ttre4geM Ip,Ia fu I*?

    37 Di4gram 23 shows a circuit wi*r a &y cell that has internal resistanee.Rajah 23 menuryiakkan satu litar dengan set kering yang mempunyai rinlangan dalcm.

    Diagran 231 RqiahZ3What is the change in the ammeter and voltueter reading when the resisfiare oftherheost*is rduced?Apakah perabahan bacam mriheter .dan wltweter apabil a rintangfr reaswdihurangkan?

    Anmeter reading I Bacaanattmeter Volnn*erreoding I Bacaanvaltneter

    20

    atry

    [-]

    A /p

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    ST]LIT 4531fi38 When an electric kettle with a voltage rating of 220 V is connected to a22A V powersupply, the water in the kettle boils in 10 minutes. What is the time taken for the waterto boil if the electric kefile is connected to a 200 V power supply?Apabita cerek eletarik dengan lcadaran voltan 220 V disambtung kepada belralan htasa22AV, air di dalam cerekitu nendidih dalam tnaE& l0 minit. Berapalwh masayangdiambil untuk air itu mendidih jifta cerek ele6rik itu disambmg lcepada belcalan htasa2m v?

    2t

    IIIABc

    l0 mirutesLess than 10 minutesMore than l0 rninutes

    10 minitKurang daripada lA minitLebih daripada lA minit39 Diagram 24 shows the set-up of the apparafus to study the rnagnetic field due to acurrent in a solenoid. When the switch, K is off, the needle of the compass pgints to the

    north.Rajahl4 menunjulikan susurran radas untuk mengkaji medan magnet disebabkan wusdalam sebuah solenoid. Apobila snis, K dimatilran, iarum kowlpas menuniuk fu wahutsra.

    EastTimurNorfi I > SouthUlara ,/ Selaot

    CompassKonpas

    .Diagram 24 / Rajah24ltfhich dirEctisn will the compass needle point when switch S is on?Arah mcnakah almn ditunjuk oleh jarum lCImpas apabila sais K dihidupkan?A North I UtaraB South I SelatanC East I TlmurD Wst / Barat

    WestBuat

    Solenoid

    453111 ST'LIT

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    SI'LIT 22 4$tn40 Diagram 25 shows a bare wire PQ placed on two parallel metal rods held at an anglewith the horizontal.Rajah 25 menunju**an seutas w6yar tantrn penebal PQ diletakkan Pafu dua batang rodIogam yang dipegang pada suala sadut dengan afulwt Metal rod

    Rod tryon

    Diqgrasr 25l RajahL1Wrich diagran shows the eorrect slnsction of the battery ad direaion of magnetic{ield, }, to prevcnt PQ fum slidiry dow,n?Rajah ,nsnalwh nenunjukJmn sambwryan yang bAul bogi bateri dsr wahmedanmaget, B, unluk mencegahPQ defipada menggelongsor t*-un?

    6

    SULIT$ilr

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    sulrT 23 4$l1t4l Diagram 26 *rouns wire a xy praced b,etrryeen nagret p and_rnagRet e.&dah26 menrylukhan satu waytrxy ditetafi*an sntffa magnetp dan magret Q,

    tri*eFam 2,6 t RqehA{Wtriich direction of notion of wine Xy will produe crin[t flonring througb thcgalvanometer ftom W nZ?Arsh g*ksr, **H bagiweytyy pa akan ntehgrwil**t o,usmeraluigeWet*r dariw ke zfABcD

    Torrart{snagnctp t k wsh nwgrretpI:y1r$nragnste t Ke *on*fsrrrteupwams I Ik tah atasDoumsnards I K-eeaiii*,*

    i

    Magnet P

    .-:GHn

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    4531/l42 A multi-tap tansformer consists of primary coil of 1200 turns and secondary coil of ato&l of 120 turns.Which diagraffr shows the correct connectionto light up a 12 V,24 W bulb at nonrlal

    brighfrress?Sebwh *an;forrner multi-tap terdiri daripafu gegeh,mgpriwer 12ffi litttsn fungegelung sehnder denganiumlah 120 lilitan.Rajah manst@h menanjulckan sarnbungan yang betul untukmenyalakan sebuah mentol12 V,24 W dengan kecerahqn normal?

    40 turns40 lilittm

    40 trrns40lilitwt20 tumsAfrltlitan

    l20O turnstzfia liliw t200 tur{rslzffi lilitst

    1200 turn$l2$$ ltlttm 1200 turnsl2(fr litttan

    20 tgras2aIffiw20CIrns2A Iihtan

    4531/l $I'tIT

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    SULIT 453u143 A regional power station supplies 220 kW of power at a voltage of I I kV to a factory.The transmission cabls connecting the power station to the factory has a total resistanceof 50 Cl. Calculate the power received by the factory.Sbbuah stesen hwsa tempdtan membekalkan htasa220 kW pada voltan I l kV kepadasebuah kilang. I(abel penghantaran yang merryambungkan stesen htwa kepada Hlangitu mempunyaiiumlah rlntangan 50 O. Hitzmgkan luasa yang diterima oleh kilang itu.A 20KWB 200kwc 220 kwD 240 kW

    44 Diagnm 27.1 shows that when a cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is connected aflossthe 9(^l resistor, the bright spot fu deflected from the centre of the screer! O to p.Raiah77.l menuniukhan bahav,a epabila sebuah osiloskop sinsr lutod (OSK)disambang merentasi perintang 9 {1, tompak cerah dipesong dari pusat sbin, O & p.

    Diagmm 27.1 I RajahT?.1

    Diagram 23.2 I Rajah ZT.Zulhat is the position of the bright spot when the CRO is connested across the 6 ()resistor as sbum in Diagr,am 27.Z?Apakoh kedrerksn a3ytokSerah apabita OSK itu disanbung merentasi perintang 6 tls eperti ditunjukkan dalsm Rajah 27 .2?

    25

    cRo/ osK

    CRO screen I Skrin OSK

    CRO / OSK

    CRO screen I Skrin OSK

    4S3ut SUTIT

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    SULIT 2645 Diagram 28 shows five identical bulbs in acircuit-Rajah}S nerwniakkan lima buah mertol di dalam saatu litq-

    Dia$am Z8 | RqiahZSWhich butbs light,up continuously when the sritch is on?Mentol nwnalwh menyala berterusan apabila suis dihtduptran?A P, Q and Tonly / P, Q danT sahajaB QandSonly /QdanSsohqiaC R and S only I F.dsnS sahajaD PandRonty | ?danYsahaiaDiagr,am 29 shoure the voltage-tirne graphs at the inputs and ouput of a logie gate.Rojohlg menunJulfun grafvoltan-masa di input-input dan output sebush get logic.

    433u1

    Vx

    x*tY H-J' W:",,#tDiaeram 291 RajahZ9ldentiff the logic gate. I Kenol pasli get logik itu.A OR gate IB AND gate IC NORgate ID NAND gate I

    453Ul

    get ATAUget DAhlget TAKATAUget TAKDAIISIruT

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    SULIT 2747 Diagram 30 shows a transistor circuit.Rajah3A menunjuklmn suatu litar transistor.

    Diagrarh 3A / Rajah3UWlrat is component X and when will the bulb light up?Apalroh komponenX dan bilatwh mentol nenyala?

    The bulb tights up dwing theMentol merryala pada walouNishtIvlalamDaySiangNishtMalamDaySianS

    48 An unstable'|!U nucleus decays to astable Tnu nucleus. Whatis thenumberofalphapanicles and betaparticles emitted during this process?&ntu nucletts \lU yang tak stabil mereput kepada mteleus tlina yang stabil.Berapakah bilangon zarah alft dan zarah beta yang dipancar semasa proses ini?

    Number of alpha particles Number of beta particlesBilongan zarah alfa Bilangan zarahbete

    Component XKompcnenXA Light dependent resistorP-er intan g pe lra e ahcyaB LightdependentresistorPerintangpeka cahayaC Heat ds,pendent resistor.Perintangp,eka habaD Heat dependent resistorPerintangpeka h ba

    453r/l

    ABcD

    234I

    32II

    4S3ul SULIT

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    SI'LIT 28 4lsttt49 Ia a nuelear reaction, 5.265 x 10-10 J energy is released.Wbat is the mass defect of this reaction?Dalam suant findak balas nuclear,5.265 x 10*10 J tenaga dibebaslwnBerapakah caeal jisim bagi tindak balas ini?A 4.74x 107-kgB 1.58 x l0* kgC 1.76x l0-rB lieD 5.85 x l0{7kgDiagram 3l shows the decay Saph lvhen radioisotope X decays to Y.bdtially there are 20 mg of X in a sample.Rajah 3 I nenunjukkan gyaf repttan ap ab il a radioi so top X mer eput kcpada Y .Pada awalrqn, terdapat 20 mg bagiX futram suatu sampel.

    l!{ass / mgiliiim I mg

    20Diagmn 3l I Rajah3l

    llme lminutesMasa I mtnlt

    Deteq,mine the mass sf x ar,rd the nass of Y in the sanBle after 40 minures"Tenttkan iisim X dan j isim Y datram s awpel ttu s elepas 4A mtuit.

    ABcD

    lvlass ofXJisimX10 mgl0 mg5mg5mg

    Mass ofYJ*t nY5 nrg,10,,mg5mg15 mg

    sNI) Or QUSSTION pAPERKERTAS SOALAIY TAMAT

    453u' SULIT

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    NO. KAD PENGENALANAI{GKA GILIRANNAMA: ...... TINGKATAN:GRAM PEI\INGI(ATAI\ PRE STASI AI(ADEMIK SPM

    TAHT]N 2ATIMATAPELAJARAN

    PHYSICS 2Dua jam tiga puluh minit

    JAFIGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAIY INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHUKertas soalan ini daloh dalamdwibalwsa.Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahuluisoalanyang sepadan dalam bahasaMelayu.Calon dibenarlwn nenjawab heseluruhanatau sebahagian soalan ssma ada dalambahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu.Calon dilcehendnW membaca maklumat dihalaman belakang kcrtas soalan ini.

    Untuk Kegunaan PemeriksaBahagian Soalan MarkahPenuh MarkahDineroleh

    A

    I 42 53 64 75 I6 I7 l08 12

    B 9 2Al0 2AC lt 2012 2A

    Jumlah

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    sutrT 2 {53rtzThe following infor,mation may be useftl. The symbols have their usual meaning.Maffiumat berihtt mmgkin be.daedah Simbol-simbot merrywyai mabu ymg biasa.

    l

    l.2"

    v-uA=- Ivz =u2 +Zas

    Irs = td +-at'2G**t"- = tffitF =tma

    IKinetic cncrst I Tenagakinetik = |nwz2Graviffiional pobntial errorry /Tenaga keupaywt gwilf '= mgh

    Magniryine powerlKuqa pembesmot = &'f,v=fA^&L=-DQ= ItE =YQY=IR?owerlKtasarP=IY&= rrt[/P jvPEftiency/Ikcelwpor - I"v' *loo %' IrV,E *mczg= 10 m s-2c=3.0x l0[ms-l

    I8.

    3.4.5.

    6.7.

    19.2A.zt.22,23.24,25.26-

    E. Elastic potontial energr /Tenaga trapajtaor *4= !f,2

    9. Power,P=*,os timKuwa, p=!re-masaDensfry I Kat* @s*, e *#hsure t Te*wm,, p= hpgFressnre lTekann, p=+AllqtlHabcbQ=mcgH@tl flaba, Q =nrloVT =oonsfarltlpemalar

    t6. o= ?otsmrI tlll. -g-{-t u v

    10,

    I t.t2.13,14.15.

    27.

    28.29.

    453tn struT

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    SI'LIT 3Section ABahagian A16O marksl

    4$tn

    Answer all questions in this section.Javvab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.I Diagram I sliows a metal sphere being immersed in water. The initial temperatures ofthe rnetal sphere and water are 100 oC and 25"C respectively.

    Rajah I nenunjuh,kan sebiji sfera logam ditenggelamkan ke dalam air. Suha awal sferalrynm danair iatoh IAA0C dan2|oc masing-masing.

    Water : Initial temperature :25 "CAir : Sulu awal:25 oC Metal sphere : Initial temperature = 100 tSfera logam: Sufuu sval= 100 "CDiagram I /Rajahl

    (a) Name the physical quantity that is chargrnS in Diagram l.Namakon lamntitifizik yong sedang berubsh dalam Rajah 1.

    [1 mark lrnarkahl(b) Why does the physical qqqntily in l(a) change?

    Mengapakah lruantitt faikrft I (a) berubah?I mark lnarkalfl

    (c) ASer a few hours, is the physical quantity in I(a) still changing?Selepas dibiarkan beberapa jam, adcksh kaantitifaik di t{g) masih sedangberubah?I mark lmarkahl

    (d) N,amethe sitmtion in 1(c).Namakan fuadaan di l(c'1.

    [1 mark /narlwh]

    4S3tn STJLIT

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    ST}LIT 4Z Diagram 2 shows a tansformer.Rqi ah 2 menunjukkan sebuah trawformer.

    4S3tn

    24OY a.c.24AY aa

    Diagram 2 / Rajah2

    (a) (0 Underline the correct word.X isthe (primary, secondary) coil.Gwiskan yrkaaan Wrg beaeX istah gegelung Qnfuier, seWqr),

    (b) (i)

    Elwtric bellLoeengelelarik12v"l5w

    (ii)[1 nrark I narkahl

    State ttle type of transforner shovm in Diagram 2-Irlyatalran jenis trawfarmer dalam Rajah 2.

    What is the ratio of the nunrbbr ofturns of the primary ooil to the nunrber ofturns on the secondary coil?Berapakah nisbah bilangan lilitan gegelungprimer kcpada bitangan lilltangegelung sehmder?

    [1 na* | mrtahl(ii) Calculate tLre current in coil X.[Assume the efficiency ofthe transformer is 100%]Hitungkan arus input fulam gegelungX.lAnSSap kecekapan transformer itu ialah 100%J

    [2 marks I mw'lah]

    4$ln SULIT

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    SULIT 4$ln3 Diagrarn 3.1 shows ametal block hanging from a spring balance. ,'Raiah3.l menuniuklron satu blok logam tergantung dari sebuah neraca spring,Diagram 3.2 showS the metal block immersd in eureka can filled with water.Raiah 3.2 menuniukkan bloh logam itu ditenggelamkan kc dalam belms eurefta berisiair.

    Metal blockBlot logam

    Diagram 3.1 I Rajah3.t(a) What is the rnass of themEtal block?

    Berapalrah J isim blok logan ita?

    Diagram 3.21 Rojah3.2

    I nark lnarkahl(b) Based on Diagram 3.2:Berdasarlran Rajah 3.2:(t What is the apparent loss in weight of tlre metal blsck?

    Berapakah lcehilangan ketara berat bloklogam in?I mark I n*lwh](ii) Explain wlry the spring balance shows a smaller reading.

    Teranglan mengap{t nersca spring menunjukkan bacaan yang lebih kecit.

    I mark I nwhahlSULIT$tn

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    SULIT 6 43ttn(c) Complete the foilogsing sentence by underlining the corrcct wordsThe weight of thewater displaced in Diagram 32 is(less than" equal to,more ttt?l) th* apparent loss in $reigfttofthe mctal blockLengkapkan ayat berikuf dengan menggariskan perkataan,reg MuLBerat air yang terResar dalam Rajah3.Z adatah(Iebik fucil daripa,ila, santa dengan, lebih besar daripada) kehilarryqtkmaberat bloklogam in.

    I mad< I qrs*efll(d) Catsula$e the volur$e ofwater displaced.[Density oJwater = 1000 kg *-t, g - l0 N kg-tJHitungfun ktpadn air yang diseswkanitufKetwnpatan sir - 1000 kg **, g - l0 Nkg-ll

    [2 mdrs ! rutr*nhlDiagrar,n 4 shsws a cireuit n&ich acts as a switch to switch on a! air condition*, M,during the day only. P is a lighr dependent resistorwhich has alow rpsistan-ce when itssunoundings isbdglil.Raiah 4 wew4iuk*an satu litar yang bertindaksebagai suk wtukmeaghidtry*anseblah pendtngla lrnya, N7,p*da wakta siang salqia.p totah ffibu*h parirtang pekacahaya yang mempuryat rintangan yang rendah apabila perseHtarawtya adalah cerah

    Relay I Geg&iIIItlIL-

    ^/

    4$tn

    Diagram 4l tujah4

    SIIIJT

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    SLJLTT 7 4531n(a) Name the tlpe of transistor Q.Nyatakan j enis trans is tor Q.

    ....-.'--""."... [1 mark I narkahl(b) (r) State the change to the potential differencg Zs, when the sunowdings of Pehanges from dark tobright.Nyatakan perabahan beza keupcyaan, Vs, apabila persekitwanP berubdrdaripada gew *e cerah

    ,..;r*r,r...,. I rnark lmwhahl(il) Explain how &e change in 4(bxi) causes the air eonditioner, M, to beswitched on"

    Terangkan bagaimana perubahan dalam 4(bxi) menyebabkan pendinginhmva,M, dihidupkan.

    [2 marks lmar*ah](c) The air conditioner, M, with power rating 240 V,2 kW, is swiched on when Zs

    reaches 2.A V . m th resistance of S is l0 kC), calculate the rcsistance of P.Pendingin luzv,a,M, dengan kadum 240 V,2 kW, dihidttptcan apabita Ygmetrcapai 2.0 V. Jika rintangan bagi S ialah l}kd] hinngkan riwmtgen bagiP.

    [2 marks I mqfuhl(d) Explain why the air conditioner is not connected directtry to the tru$istor circuit.Terangkan mengqpa pendingin ha'n'a itu tidak disambung terus lcepada litartransistor.

    it;;;:)';;;;ij iI*$tn S{JLIT

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    SULIT 85 Diagrarn 5.1 shows an electric circuit containing a solenoid.Rajah 5.1 menunjutlwn suatu litar elekrikpng mengandungi sebuah solenoid.

    4$tn

    Diagrarn 5.1 IRajah5.1Wbenthe current is switched on, the solenoid produces a magnetic field.Apabita anx dihidupkan, solenoidmenghasilkan suant medan magnet.(a) What is tlre nneaning of magnetic field?

    Apalcah maksud medan magnet?

    I ma*/ nwkah](b) (r) In Diagram 5.2, draw the pattern of the magnetic field produced by thecurent'sarrying sole,qoid.Dalam Rqiah 5.2, Iukis carakwedsn magnet ysng dihasilkan oleh solenoidyang rnembau,a ann itu" t2m8*s t nwtafi

    4$tnDiagranr 5.2 I Rejah 5.2

    $T'LIT

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    STILIT 9(it State the polarity atthe ends X and Y of the solenoid.Nyatakan kehttuban dt huiungY daftY solenoid itu"

    4$tn

    I mark I mwkald(c) Diagram 5.3 and Diagram 5.4 show different solenoids connected to galvanometerA and galvanometer B, respectively. Identical barmagnets arc pushed at the samespeed tourards each ofths solenoids.Rajoh 5,3 dan Rajsh 5.4 mentmjakhan dua sslenoid yang berbeza dtsombungkryada galvnanometer A dan gal'vanameter B mcsing-mnstng. Magnet bar yangserupa drtolakpada klnjaonyang samo ke arah tiap-tiap satu solenoid.

    N s

    Diaeranr 5.3I Raiah5.3

    N s

    Diagram 5.41 Rqiah5.4Based on Diagram 5.3 and Diagmm 5.4:Berdnsarkan Rajah 5.3 dan Rajah 5.4:(i) Compare the numberof tums of the solenoids.

    Bandingkan bilangan lilitan sslewid+olensid iu.

    Y::

    GalvanometerA

    GalvenometerB

    [1 ma* lmwkal$4*tn SULIT

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    SULIT l0Compare the magnitude of the induced current in the solenoids.Bandtnglun magnitud arus teraruh dalem solenoid-solenaid itu.

    4$tn

    [1 mrk I narftahl(iii) Relate the numberof,turns of the solenoid to the rnagnitude sf inducdcurrent.

    Hubungkaitkan bilangan lilitan solenaid kzpada magnind erw teraruh,

    I mark I mwkabl(d) State me other &ctsrfiat afrwts tb ma8nitpdof the irdrd crlcreatNyatalcan satu lagifafuor yqgwempengeruhf rwgnitad trus telaruh.

    [1 mark IrwkatfiDiqgrafir 6.1 shows a light ray entering a glass prism.[Refurive index of glass = I.5 l]Raiah 6.1 merwnjurt*an satu sinar cahaya merambat kc dalam sebuah prismo kaca.llndeks bicuan kaca : l.5ll

    (a) (l}Diagram 6.1I Rqioh6.l

    Calculare tlre critical ourgle, c, of the glass primr.Ititvng sadat genting, e, prlsma kaca itu

    [2 maks I mskahlST'LIT

    (ii)

    #An

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    -lSULIT tl(ii) State the value of the incident angle, f.

    Nyatakan nilai sudut tuju, i.

    4$ln

    I mark I markahl(iii) Compare the critical angle, c, in 6{a{i) with angle of incidence, r.Bandinglcan sudut genting, e, dalam 6(a)(i) dan sudttt tuju, i.

    [1 mark lmarkah](iv) Complete tbe ray diagram in Diagram 6.l.Lengkapkan gawbar rajah sinar dalam Rajah 5.1. p mark / markaQ{b) (i) Name the phenomenon that has occurred ro the light ray in 6(a}(iv).Namakanfenomena yang telah berlalw kepado sinar cahaya di S,(a[iv).

    [l mart< ltnrkalil(il) Sate fiilo csnditions for this phenomenon to occur.Nyatakan dua syarat untu*fenomena ini berlaku.

    [2 marks I markah](c) Diagram 6.2 shows an optical fibre which consist of trvo layers of glass withdifferent refr active indices.Raioh 6.2 wenu4iukkan freratan rentcrs sebuah serabut optik yang terdlri daripadadua lapisan kaca yang mempuryai indeks biasan yang Ue*iza. *

    LightraySinwcalwya

    Diagram 6.2 / Rajah6.2Complete the ray diagram to show how light propagate through optical fibre,Lengkapkan raiah sinar untuk mewnjukkCIn perambatan cahrya melalui gentianoptik

    [1 nurk lmarlwhlSULIT$tn

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    SUTIT

    \t tt+Ytr

    7 Diagrarn 7 shows a golfer getting ready to strike the golf ball.RajahT memtnjakkan seorCIng pemain golf bersedia unnk menukul bola golf.

    -.r

    Path ofthe golf bllLintasan bola golf//--L__>Lxr_ \ \

    Diqgan 7 I Fqeh7(a) llhat is the meaning of,energy?

    Apakah maksud teruga?

    I md lrrrtrtal$(b) Tlp mess of a golf ball is 0.049 kg, It fiavels at 20 rn s r when hit by the golfer.Calcutate the kinetic energy of thJ golf ball.

    J,tsim s,ebtlt bala golf ialah 0.049 kg Bola itu bergerak dengan kclajwn2O m trrsele,pas dipr,htl. Hitmgfut tencga ffiretihbala itu

    |pm*il ay hl(c) Explain ths tansformation of energy of the golf ball ftom the time it is hit rutil itlandsonthe ground.Jelasfun transforrnasi tenoga bota gotf itu dari kctika ia dipuhtt sehinga iarnedwat di tsnatL

    [2 marlcs I tttw.kclS

    4S3tn2

    453rn srruT

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    4*tnTruT 13(d) Suggest two ways by which the golfer can increase the range of the golf ball.Give reasons for your answers.Cadangkan daa carapemain golf itu dryat metuubahtran julat bola golf ituBerikan sebab bagi jowapan anda.

    i

    Suggestion I lCafungant

    Rssoa I ebabSnegwtion 2l Cdangan2

    rrreieiirrlr!!rj.ijrrrrrr;lrrrrrrr..........,.............}}'...'i............r...........r..............t f tubab

    .....'........'.l............}....oo..errrrrrloonrl4rral{rs lnflr@

    (e) Sate onp etbs factor that mo affectfte range of the geFbail.Nwatqa satsfabar lcin yang boleh mempengruhl julat botra golfttr*...r...r...t..... llmar*tilw@

    *S3d'n $TILIT

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    SULIT 453ln8 Diagram I shows a transmitter sending a sound signal to determine the thickness of alayer of oil belowthe ground.Receiver X detpcts the sound signal 0.4 s aftertrmsmission.Receiver Y detec'ts the sound signal 1.2 s aftertransmission.Rajah| menunjakkan rcbuah pemanear mexgelawkan sata isyarat bunyi mtukmenentakan ketebalan lapisan minyak di bawahtanah.PenerimaX mengesan isywet but yi fiu A.4 s selepas pemtmcaran.PenerimaY mengesan W.arat bunyi itu 12 s selepw penancwan.

    *piver XPen*imoXRoeeiverYPeaerinnY

    Earttr layerInpi*ot teuhOil layerXapi*an nirtyak

    Roek layerLapismbafir

    Diagrarn 8l Rajah$(a) Slate the ltravethsNomsnon whic;h produces:

    Nyatakm fewtnena ge.lorcbareg Tnag menghwilkan :(i) the,signal A,l isyeat All nr,kl rwlshl(ir) tbe signal B I isyarlatB.:tl .q!lrkt"trql*sh!(b) fire speed of sound in the oil layer is 1500 m s-r.Calcula&

    Kelajwn bawyi dalun lapisan mtnyak iatah 1500 * s-1.H.iwngkan(i) the total time for the sound sigpal to travel througb tbe oil layer.jumlah masa untuk isyarat bunyi ita bergerak melalui lapison miryak

    [2narks lrrrorfuril

    l4

    o

    4$rn ]ST'LIT

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    SULIT ls(it thickness of the oil layer.kctebalan lapis an minyak

    4Svn

    [3 na*s I markahl(c) Table 8' shsws the characteristics of four types of sormd waves that eould be usedto delennine the thickness of the laSrer of oil.Jsdunl S menaniukkan ciri-ciri bagt empat jenk getombang barryi yang bolehdigunakan untuk menentuknn,ketebalan tapi san ntrryax ttu

    Ty?e of la,?nve / Jenls gelombang Frequency /Frebrcnsi Energy / TerugaP I{ishI Tinpei Hir&l Tkseia Low I Rerdah l*;w l'RendahR Hishi Tinssi Low f RendahS Lowl Rendsh Hieh/ TinwiTable 8l'JadualB

    tsased on Table 8, explain the suitab-ility of each characteristic of the wave todsteanine the &ickness of the oil layer.Berdas-trfun Jadual 8, terangfran fresesuaiqn setiap ciri gelombang itu untukmenentulran ketehelan lapisan mitryak ita.(D Frquency I Frehtensi:

    (ir) Energy / Tenagc: [Zmar.rs l nttrWl

    I?marksl nerkahl(d) lVhich is tbq most suitable tJ{pe of wave de*emins of thickness of the cil layer?Apakahients getronbang yapg pdIW sesuai unttrk menenn k& kctebalsn lryisan*.,...r...........

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    $ruT t6Section BBahagianB[20 marks]Answer any one question frour this,section.Jmyab r?taflo-tfieow safit soalan daripada bahagian ini.

    4S3tn

    Diagratn 9.1 shorrs two beakcrs A aod B containingwatr at 0oC, with bsakrAcontaining some pieces of ice.Rajah 9.1 werwnjutr*an dua buah bilmr A dan B yang bertsi air pada 0 "C denganbi:kar A mengandungi beberapa futul ais.

    After l0 mi*utesSelepas l0 minit

    Diagram 9.1 I Rsjah9.l Diagranr 9.21 Rqjahg2Diqgrul9.2 shsrlm the temperature of the wder in beAks d and beaker B affier l0minutes.Raish*.Z merw4iuk*an sahu bagi air dalam bikor h dsn hikurV selepqs l0 ninit.(a) What is the rneaaring ofteryer,ature?Apah,ahtrwksud sufa# ll slar.k I msknhl(b) (t Name the physieal qlrarrtrty involved in ths meltiqg of'&e ieaNamakan .lawntiti frzik ysng terlibat dalam plebwet ats.

    {1 uta l whahl(ii) Usrng the kinetic theory of matter:Dengan menggunakan te ori kinetlk jirimt. Explain wtry the temperature of the w*teris kker A lernains constmtat00c

    Terangkan fiongcpa saha air fulam bikq A kehal malo pada [aC. Explain ufty the temperature of the \r'dr in b,eaker B has risen.

    Teranglcan mengary suhu air dalam bikarB tetsh naift.[4 ms*s I naukahl

    i

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    SI]LIT(c)

    (d)

    17 453tnRelate the temperature increase of a zubstance to its specific heat capacity.Use tbis relationship to explain why a piece of iron becomes hotter than a piece ofwood of the same nrass when both absorb the same amount of heat.Hubunglraitkan kenaikan suhu sustu bahan dengan muotcrn haba tentunyaGunakan hubungan ini untuk mene,rangfun nengaps seketul besi menjadi lebihwna.s daripada seketul kayu yang mempunyai jisim yang sama selepas kedua-duanya menyerap hnntiti habayang sama.

    [4 marks I marlmhl

    Diagram 9.3 shows food being fried in a wok of cooking oil.Rajah9.3 menunjukl+an makanan digoreng dalam sebuah htali yangmengondungi minyak masak.

    Cooking oil WokKuelituyaknawk

    Diagrarn 9.3 I Ralah9.3Suggest and explain how the food ts be fried can be cooked in a short time basedsn the follow,ing aspects of the material ofthe wok and the cooking cil.Cafung dan terang*an bagaimana makanan yang digoreng boleh menjadi nasakdalgrnmasa yang singlmt berdasarkan aspek-aspek berihtt mengenai bahan htalidan mfuryah ma.sakMatrial of the wok / Bohan htali:I specific heat capacity / muatan haba tentunya. thennalconductivity / hekonduksiantermanyso melting point I takat leburrryaCooking oil I Miryakmasak:. specific heat capacity I muatan haba tentunyar boiling point I takat didilmya

    [0 rnar*s I markahl

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    SULTTl0 (a) 4$tnDiagram l0.l shows an experiment to observe the pattern of the electic field fortwo point charges.Raiah l0-l menunjuk*an suatu eksperimen untuk menerhni corak medan eletorikbagi dua cas titih.

    Power supplyBekalm htrca

    Diagram 10.1 / Rajah l0.l(i) What is the function of the seeds?

    Apakahfungst benih in? I mark lnarkahl(ii) Suggest and explain modifications that can be rnade to the set up in Diagram!0.1 to produce and display more clearly a stronger and rmifcmr electriJfield benueen two elwtro.ds.cadang don terangkan pengubahswianywg boleh dtbaa kepadq susunsnradas dalam Rajah l0,l untak nengha$l d*t wemaptkan dengan lebihielas suatu medan elefurik yong lebih fuot dan seraga n sttwa-dua elekrod.Your answer shsuld include the following aspcts:Jmoapan anda perlu meliputi aspekberilwt:

    l8

    )IIoI

    Shape of the electrodeSize of the electrodeDistance between the elecftodesMagninrde of the power supplySize of the seeds

    I Berrttkelebrod1 Sab elebrad/ Jarakant&a elelnrodI Magytittd be*alon htasa/ Saiz benih[0 marks I markahl

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    SULIT(b)

    453tn

    Diagrcm 10.3 / Rajahl0.3Explain wftetlrerthe filamsat lanrp obeys Ohm's law.Terangkan sarna ada lampuJilamen itu memqtahi hulrum ohmIt/h{ happeirs to the resistance of the filament when the curent increases?Explain your an$wer.Apakah yang berlsku *epada rintanganlilamen apabila arus bertsmbah?Terenglranjowapa*an&. Fmarks lmarkall

    SUIIT

    19Diagram l0'2 shows two electrical circuits, A and B consisting of identicat drysells and lightbulbs. The connecting wires in both circuits are made of the samematerial and are of the same length.R!"h lA.), metwqiukkan dua litor elefurik A danB yang mengarzdtmgt sel keringdgn me\to! y&g serup{t. Wayw penyambung dalam treiua-dia litwhiperbuatdaripada bahan yang Eama dan mempurryai panjang yang sama.

    Diagram 10.21 Rqjah lO.2gopp*e the brightness of the bulbs and the thickness of the connecting wires.Relatedre bright*ess ofthe bulbtothe cunnt in&e circuit.Relate the curr,ent in &e circuit to the resistancc of the connecting wire.Hqlce, state the relationship bwgsn the thickness of the **.diug wire to itsresistance.Bandingkan ktcerahsfi mantol dan ketebalan w6y{ff penyambung.Hubmglraitlcan keeerahan mental tcepada arus dalam tiiar.Hubunglraitkan arus dalam litar hepada rintanganwayar penyambung.Dengan ih+ nyatakan hubwngan antars tretebaian *oyo, ptrry*nii fupqdarintangannya. [5 marks/ m;arkalil(c) Diasram 10"3 shows the graph of potential difference, 4 againrt cgrrenl I, for afilament lamp.{aon t!.3 menu4iukfun grafbeza keuptyaen, v, melawan orus,I,bagi sebuahlampufilarnen.

    (i)

    (ii)

    Circuit A,/ Litar A Circuit B I LitarB

    4slrn

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    STITIT 4S3tf2Section CBahagian C[20 marks]Answer any one question frorn this sectiec-

    1 1 Diagrarn "'';: -::x,: :::K::',ffihby a p,ssregauge.Rajah ll.1 merrunjukkan tekanan udars di dalam tryar sebuah hereta frahr aclschush toloktekanan.

    ,Pressure gaugTaloktekananDiagranr ll.1 I kqjah ll.l

    Wbat is tbe meaning of pressure?ApafuL nzqksudte*attctt tl 4A* t WwtwhrBasgd on kinetic theory of gases, explain why the air pressrue in the ttrte increasesBerdasarkan teori kinetik gos, t*angfun fiengspa teksnqtt tdara di dalan tcyarbertwfiah(r) qrhen nnore air is pumped into it

    apabila,lebih banyskadara dipam kc dalamnya(ii) after the car has completed a long journey.

    selepas kereta menamatkan perjatanan Wtg jeil [4rna*s/ no*ah]{c) Diagram I 1.2 shows a sheet of glas beiry lifted by a vacrm $gtion ry. Air isremsved finm the cup by a vsrnrn pump to prro&rce'a prH wnun hsi& tbcup. Atnospheric prffirre orfiside pusb fte glass onto the ctrp.

    :Rajah ll.2 merunju*kan sekepins kaco dianglwt oleh sebuah mangh* pefiyed*vakryn. Udwa dikeluqkn deripada manglark oleh seb*ah pam' vahm untukmenglwsilkan vahtm separe dt dslsnt mangkirk itx Tekmon atmogfera di luarmenalak lcepingan kaca pada manghtkin.

    20

    (a)

    (b)

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    SULIT 2tHandle

    To vacuum pumpKe panvalmm

    4531t2

    Suction cupManglathpenyedut

    G.lass sheetKepingot kaeaSeal liningLapik kedap

    Diagram tl.Z l Rajah tl.2The area of the glass sheet covered,by the suction cup is 0.0025 m2. The press'reinside the cup iJreduced to 45000 p". rrr"

    "tt""rpteric pressure outside is

    100 000 pa.L:1s kepingan-kaca yang diliwti oleh manglwk petryedut ialah 0.0azs r*.Tekanan di dalam nangkuk itthtmngkan rip"ai is-000 pa. Tekawn atmosferadi luar ialah IAA 000 pa(l) \I/hat is the difference between the atmospheric pressure and the pressureinside the cup?B*apakah perbezaan antarq tekanan atmosfera dan telwnan di dalammanglatk?

    [l mark/ rnarkdl(i0 Calculate the force exerted on the glass sheet due to the difference ofpressure in I l(c)(i).Hilunskon (y1rys dikenalmn pada kepingan tmca disebabkan oleh bezateksnan dt l l(cXi).

    [2 marlcs lnarkahl(iii) calculate the ma,ximum mass of glass sheet that can be lifted with this cup.Hitangkan jtcim maksmum raepiigon taea yaag toun aiiii*iarnmanghrk int.lzmarks I markahl(d) Diqgam 1l'3 shows two diffErent glass liften which are used to lift hru'y gtas,panels' when the hinged levers are pushed dowrq aiiis rorc"o ;r;f th" sucker cupand a lifting force is produced, Trre gass iinrtr i* rr"ld tightly on a gldss panel byessing it onto the glass.

    Rajah 11.3 menunjurrlwn duo jenis pengangrmt kaca yang digunatran untukmenganghat prfr!knca yang berai. epada tuo, uii"ngret ditotak ke bawah,udara dipaksa keruar diripada *org't**prr;;;r;-d" daya angkat dihasiltran.Penganglwt rraca itu borei merekaphenian i;;;-;;d, prrer rcaca dengan caramenekatmya ke atas fuca itu

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    ST}LIT 22Hinged leverTuas berengsel

    4S3tf2

    Sucker cuplulanghrk penyedut

    Seal liningLapikkedop Triple-sucker cuptr4anghtk penye&t g*tda tigaDiagram 11,3 / Rujah ll.3

    Table l1 shows the characteristics of fosr different t)?es of glass lifters.Jadual ll menunjuk*an cirt-ciri empat jenis pengangkat kcca-

    Table ll / Jadual ltYsu are required to deterrnine the most suitable glass lifter that can be usd forlifting large and heavier pieces of glass saf,ely.Ands dikchendaki meuentukan pengangknt kaca yang paltng sesuqi ert*mengangkat heptngan kacayangbesar dan berat dengan selamd.Study the proprties of all the fou glass lifters based ou the follou,iag aspects:Kaji ciri-ciri heempat-empot pengangkat kaca itu berdasarkon aspkaspekberihn:

    Iulangkuk pmyedut ganda dua

    T1rye ofglass lifterJenispengangkatkaca

    Pressure in cup afterhinged leverispressed downTekanandalam

    mangkuk selepas tuasberengsel ditolak'kebowah

    DiarneterofeupDiametermangkuk

    Seal liningLapikkedap

    Nlryrh of crrpsBtlanganwn&*

    w 6.47 x 104 Pa 120 mm PlasticPlastik ThreItgsx 6.47 x 104 Pa 105 mm RubberGetah TwoDttaY 2.06x 104 Pa 120 mm RubbsrGetah ThreItgaz 2.A6x 104 Pa 105 mm PlasticPlastik TwoDua

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    SULIT, 453J'n(1) Pressure in cup after hinged lever is pressed down.

    Tekonan dalam manglatk selepas tuas berengsel ditolqk ke bcwah.[2 marks / mwkahl(ii) Diameter of cupDiameter manghtk.tiir) Seal lining.

    Lapik kedap.{1v) Number of cups.

    Bilangan manghtk.

    [2 marks I markahl

    [2 marks /markalfi

    [2 marks I nukalfiExplain the suitability of each property and then determine the most suitable glassliftEr.Give the reasons for your choice.Terangkan kesesuaian setiap ciri dan seterusnyq tentulran pengangkat kacayangpaling sesuai.Beri sebab untuk pilihan anda. [2 marks I tiwlcah]

    12 Diagrarn 12.1 shows a water detection system designed by a student to detect the levelof nater ina storage tank so that anoutlet valve can be opened automatically when thevvat-er level is too high"Rajah !2.1 menrunjukkan satu sistempsngesan air yang direlabentuk oleh seorangpelajar untukmengesan sas air di dalam tangki supcya injap keluar boleh dibukasecnrs autamatikapabila aras air meniadi terlalutinggi. Radioactivs sorrro'

    Sumber rdioaktifhectorPengeswt

    Outlet valveInjapkelwr

    23

    Diagram l2.l I Rajah 12.14S3tn SULIT

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    24 4$tn$ULITThe radioastive source and detector are used to detect the level of water in the tank. Theradioactive source contains a radioisotope.Sumber radioafuddan pengesan digunakan untuk mengesan aras air di dalam tangki.Sumber radioaktif itu mengandungi suatu radioisotop.(a) What is the meaning of radioisotope?

    Apalah maks ud r adio is ot op ? [1 mark I mskahl(b) Explainhowthe. .nbeopeos"r&en-{he.nna{en'Xenrelistoohigh.

    Terangfon bagaimarn injap ketut dibuka apabita ars aif''adalah terlalu tinggi.[4 marks /markah)

    (c) Diegram 12.2 shows tlre proper,ties of five radioisotope.Rajoh 12.2 meruniulckan ciri-ciri limaienis radioisotap.

    Isdine-l33,tiilInitial aotivity : 40 counts per minuteAbiviti awal:40 pembilangan per minitRadioactive emission : pSinsanradioabif : pHalf-life:20.8 hoursSetengahhcya :2A.8 jamChanges from solid to liquid at I 14 oCBerubah dui pepejal ke cecair pada I 14 t

    ffi Rad*.-zz4t?noffiInitial activity : 560 counts per minuteAktivtti awal :550 pembilorym per minitRadioactive emissisn : aSlnsotradio*tif : attalf-life:3.8 daysSetengahhcyat :33lwiChanges from liquid to gas at 42 oCBentbah dwi cecair ke gas Pada4zT

    Iron{o, !!FeInitial aotivity : 542 counts per minuteAhiviti mtal : 542 pembilangan per minitRadioactive emission : pSinworrdioaHd: pHalf-life: 1,5 x 106yeamSetengahhayat: 1,5 x lf nhunChanges from solid to liquid at 1538 "CBerubah dti pepejal ke ceeair pada 1538 "C

    Initial activity : 300 cormb per minueAktiviti au,al : 300 pembilatgan per ninilRadioactive emission : 7Sinaranradioalatf : yHalf-life : 5.3 yearsSetengah hsya : 5.3 tdnotChanges from solidto liquid at 1495 oCEeruiah dori pepeial ke cecair pda 1495'C

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    SULIT 4$tn

    Bromins-8r, !]BrInitial activity : 384 counts per minuteAhiviti awal :384 pembilangan per minitRadioactive emission : pSinaran radioafuif : fHalf-life: 2.4 hoursSetengahlwyat:2.4 jamChanges from liquid to gas at 59 oCBerubah dsri cecair ke gas pada 59 oC

    Diagram ,2.2 / Rajah 12.2You are requircd to determine thE most suitable radioisotope that can be used asthe radioactiw sourse in the water detection system.Anda dikchendaki merTentuknt radioisotop yang paling sesuai untuk digunakansebagai sumber radioabif dalan sistem pengesan air iru,Study the properties of all the five radioisotopes based on the following aspects:Kaji ciri-cirt kelirna-Iima radioisotap itu berdmarlan aspek-aspekberikut:(i) Initial activity.

    Aktiviti swal.(ii) Type of radioactive emission.

    Jenis sinsran radtoaWif.(iii) Hatf lif of the radioisotope.

    Setengah hayat radioisotop itu.(iv) The physical state of the radioisotope.

    Keadaan fizi'kal radiois otop itu.

    [2 marks I markall

    [2 marks I narhohl

    [2 marks lmarkahl

    [2 marks I merkohlExplain the suitability of each property and then deterrnine the most zuitableradioisotope.Give the reasons for your choice.Terangknn lcesesuaian setw ciri dan seteruslrya tentulcan radioisotop yang palingsesuai.

    [2 marks I mwlwfi

    25

    4$tnkri sebab antakpilihan anda.

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    srllrr 26 $nn(d) (i) State &e number ofneueons in an atom of radioisotope T.Nyatakan bilangan neutron di dalam satu atom radioisotopT.I rnark l mshahl

    (ii) The proton numbers of seleniun and krypton are 34 and 36 respectively.Which element is produced by the decay of radioisotope T?Nowbor proton bagi selenium dan bltpton ialah34 dan36 masing-masing.tJlrtur mana,kah dilwsilkan oleh reputan radioisotopT? I mail* lnarkahl

    (iir) Write the decay equation forradioisotope,T.'Tulistwn persamaan rerytan bagi radioisotopT. [t mark I mwkahl(rD What is the activrty of radioisotope T after 9.6 hours?Berapakah abiviti bagi radioisatopT selepas 9.6 jan?

    [2 ma*s I narkahl

    END OF QUASTION PAPERKERTAS SO^ALAI\I TAMAT

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    SULIT 4531/3

    NO. KAD PENGENALAI'IANGKA GILIRANNAMA: ...... TINGKATAN:

    MAJLIS PSNGSTUASSKOLAH MENENGAH KEDAII

    PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM }OII 453If3PHYSICSKertas 3.lI i jam Satu jam tiga puluh minitJAhIGAI{ BUKA KERTAS SOALAII INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

    l. I(ertw,soulmn ini adslsh dnlam dwibalrasa.2. Saalsn dalam bahasa Ingeris rnendahului

    soatan yong sepadan dalam bahasaMelayu3. Celsn dibenwkan menjawab lceseltruhanatau sebahogian soalanssma ada dalambEhasa Inggeris ataa bahass Melryt.4. Calon dikehendakt membaea naWumat dihslaman belakang kertas saalan ini.

    Untuk Kegunaqn P emerihssSahagian Soalan Markalrpetuh Markahdipcrcleh

    A I t62 t2

    B 3 124 t2

    Jumlatr

    4c31/3Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 14 halaman bercetak

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    1.\

    SULIT 4S3tBSectlon ABahagian A[28 marksJAnswer all questions in this section.

    Jowab semaa soalsx dalam balngian ini.A student camies out an experiment to investigate the relationship betrveen the diarneter,4 of arnetal cylinder a$d ib mass, m-Diagram l.l shows the five cylinders that were prepared.Sgormg pelqi* me4J:alanfun smt eksperimen untuh meryiasat hubungan antaradiameter, d, suatu silinder logam dengan jisimfllo, m.R4ish 1,1 wnwiuk*an lima s.ilindet yang disediakan.

    m=59 m=l0g m=15g m*20 g nt'*25 gDisgra l,l I &qjahr.r

    A micromgt$ scre$r gaugo is used to measrre the diametr of the eytrinder.Diq8rans l& 13, 1.4, 1.5 and 1"6 show the rcading 4 ofthe micrometer scrw gaugewhq the diameter of each cylinder is measured.Sebuah tolok sbtt mtfuameter dig$nsW tmtuk mengthur diameter silinder itu.fujsrl t.2, I.3, I.4, I.5 dan I.6 memt4juk*an bacaan, d, bagi tolak sba mibometerryablla dla*reter settap silinder dluhtr,

    Diagrarr 12 | Rqiah 12

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    SI'I,IT

    Diqgram l.3lRaJahl.3

    Diagrarn 1.4 / Rajah 1.4

    Diasqln 1,5 I Rsiah 1.5

    n*2fi9f,=..,...,.,.... rntF

    4531/3

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    Sf'LIT 453rB

    m:25 gd= ............ mtn

    Diagram 1.6 / Rajahl.6

    (a) For the experirrrent described on page 2 identify:Bagt eksperimen yang diterangkan pada halarnan 2, Irenal pasti:ti) Tbe manip*lated variable

    Pembol e hub ah dimanipul as ilmn.. .... I mwk / norkahl(ii) The responding variable

    P embatelwbah bergerak balas I mark lm:arkahl(iii) The constant variable

    P emb oIe ltub ah d m a Is kan[1 mark lmarkalfi

    tb) (i) Based on Diagrams 1.2,1.3,1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on pages 2,3 md.4, detennineand,record the diameter of the cylinder, d.Berdas*ksn Rojah 1.2,1.3,1.4, t.5 dan 1.6 poda halonanL,3. dan 4,tentukan dan rekod diameter sillnder, d"Foreach value of din 1(bxi), calculate d2.Tabulate your data for all values of m, d, and dz in the space on page 5.Bagi setiap nilai d dalam l(bxi), hitung d2.Jadualkan data anda bagi semua nilai m, d dan d2 dalam ruangpadahalanan 5.

    [7 marks I markahl

    (it

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    453r/3

    On tho gnph pqltcr oo page,6, dna'w a grap! af dz againsit rnP'qdn Mw gffiFda hdwr6,1d& Sr$dt wretawan m, [S,M&s t ffi,fuh.- ------ -Bascd on th graph in l(c), state fte rclationttrip beruten d2 utd m.g trfu? gr6,dl l(s\rryqtiltmtfubmgwte$&a dz dmm.:!rF.qrir*ir..;-tr...r..r.t......r........F...."..t.8trrortro.;q*eirr.:"...t.t.....t'....'...'..il;ffi;rffi.ffi,

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    SULIT 6Graph of dz against ntGraf d2 melawan m

    4531/3

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    SI,JLIT 7 4531F2 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the objectdistanceo u, and linear magnification, M, of the image formed by a convex lens.The results of this experiment are shown in a graph of z against * in Diagram 2 onMpage 9.The results are used to determine the focal length ofthe convex lens.Seorang pelaiar menjalankan suatu eksperimen untuk menyiosat hubungan qntarajarak objeh u, dan pembesaran linecr, M, bagi imej yang dibentuk oleh sebaah kantacembung.Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjuktran dolam suatu graf u melawan ! aao* Rajah2pada halamang, - MKeputusan eksperimen ini diganakan untuk menentukan panjangfokas kanta cenbungitu.(a) Based on the gaph in Di4gram 2:

    Berdaserlcan graf di RajahZ:(i) State therelationshipbetween u and M.

    Nyatakan hubungan cntaro u dan M.

    I mark lnmkahl(ii) Determine the value of n when M = 2.5 .Shorry on the Saph, how you determine the value of z.

    Tentukan nilai u apabila M=2.5.Tunjuklcanpado gro/:bagaimano anda menentukan nilai u.u= [3 marks I markahl

    'rip benrreen, *d -tb) The relationsh - M ogiven by the formula/ I )- ou=f l*)*J,u*rere/ isthe focal length of the lens.Hubungan antara u dan $ aiUrifan olehformulatl)-.u=fl'u)"'di manaf ialah panjangfohts hanta itu.

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    SULIT(i) Determine the value of / frorn the a-intercept.Show on &e gtapn how you determine the value of I

    Tentukan nitai f daripada pintasan-u.Tunl'uklran pcda grqf b agaimana anda me,nenwkqn nilaif'f: ........ t2 ma*s lnarkahl(ii) Calculate the gradient ofthe graph.Hitungkan kccerunan graf iru.

    [3 marks I nwka]i(iit From your Snsrryrs in z(bXil and z(bx calculate the arre,r-ag,e value of thefocatlent t:ofthelens,

    Dwipda j awryt anda kcp ada z{bxr) il$ 2{br(ii}, httungkm ni!ai pnot abagi panjqngfotw,f,baet funta itu,

    t2 rna*sl tn*tuhl(c) State one preoarnion tbat shotdd be *akea to irnpovo the accrrr,acy sf &e rcadingsinthis experiment

    tr{yewkan sntu trang@ beflaga,iaga yang perlu disnbtt antuk memperbatlsketepotan bacam dalatt eksperimen inlirrrrr.{irrr'irrrrrr..ror.r.......r.a.trt.}...rr..rr..tir.r.i.t.....t.aar

    ll nark I nsWil

    ffiiB ST'LIT

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    -SULIT

    Graph of a against .l*tGruf u melawan 'M

    4$r/J

    ulnllrt30

    4431F. SUIJT

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    STJLIT l0Section B

    Bahaglan Bll2z,orksf,

    4531/3

    Answer any onc question from this section,Jnttab mantt-mana satu soalan daripada balwgian ini.3 Diagrern 3.1 shours an empty plastic bottle bek left on the seat of a car on a hotafternoon.

    Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan sebuah botot ptastib kosongyang ditinggalkan di tenpat &.dr.ksebuah lcereta padawaku tengah hart yangpanas.

    Diagram 33 shsuns the sa$re plastie bottle tbe following morning uftenthe weather wasvery cold.Rdah3.Z menunJvk*un botol plastihyang santa pada pagt herikatnW di matu cuacasangat sejaleBasd on the inf,or,mation and obserrnation:Berdqsarkan ilMhlumat dan pemerhotian itu:(a) State one suitable inference.Nyotakm satu inferew yang sesuai.O) Statc one suitable hypothesis.

    tlyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.(c) Withthe use of'aprpar*us suclras a glasstub as shoum in Diagran 3.3, waterbath and otherapparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hlpothesis$tatd in 3(,b)"Dcngan menggtttskrnrados s@er:ti tlub taea seperti ditwjutran dolan Rajah3.3, hilaxan air dan r lain Erangkan satu eksperimen untuk metry-ifrtathipote sis yang dinyatalcan dt 3(b).

    Sulphur,io actdAtU'sdrtrikGlass tubeTiub h,aca

    Trappd airUdara terVermgkap

    I nark I ttfffuli\I mdrt I'ntfiksh,!

    Diaerur3.1IRqiah3.r: Diagram 3.21 Rajah3.Z

    4dSIBDiaeram 3,3lRajah3.3

    SULIT

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    snLIT l r 45318In your description, state clearly ths following:Dalarnpenerangan anfu, rryatakan dengm, jela perkara berikat:(t The airn oftheoxperiment.

    TuJwn eksperimen(ii) The variables in the experimern

    P embole hubah .dalan e ksper imen(iii) The list of apparatus and materials.Setnroiradw danbahan

    (1v) The rrangerrent of the apptratus.Susunsn radas.

    (v) The procedrne ofthe experiment which should include one method ofcontrolliqg rhe ualripulated yariable: and onc nethod of measuring theresponding variable.Prosedur ebperimen yqng mestt tennailk sotu kae dah mengmt eIpenbolehubah dimanipulasifun dst satu ksedak menguhtr pembolehubahbe,rgerakbalas.

    (vi) The way to tabulate the dataCwa mtuk me4jo&ulk*n data

    (vii) The way to analpe the dataCaraqntukeengryslisis data. [l0 marks I ntarkaril

    ustB SI,LIT

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    St]LIT4 Diagram 4.l shows shed A lighted up by a lamp connected to a battery using a shortcormecting wire.Rnjsh 4.1 menurfukknn pandok A disinari oleh tarnpw yang.disambung lse bateri olehwryar pefiyambung yang pen ehDiagraln 4.2 shows shed B lighted up by a lamp connected to a battery using a longconnecting wire.Rajah 4,2 menwjukkan pondokB disinqri oleh lampu yang disambung ke bateri olehwaynr penyambung yang pani ang.

    t2

    Shed APondok A

    Connecting wireWaywpenyambungDiagram 4.1 / Raiah4,l

    Based on the infom,ration and observation;Berds*wfun WWumat dan pemerhotian itu:(a) State one suitable inference.

    Nyatalean satw i4ferens yeng sesuai,(t) State one suitable hypothesis.

    Nyatalun satu hipotesis yong sesuai.

    4s31/3

    Shod BPandokB

    ConnectingwireWayw penyarstbang

    Diqgram 4.2 / Raiah*A

    I mrk lmnkaldI mark lmarkahl

    (c) Wifh,the we of apparatus such as an ammeter, constantan wire and otherapparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4O)'Dengan nenggunakan radas seperti &mmetel, dau,ai korctantan dan radas lainteraigfon satu eksp*imen untuknenyiasot hipotesis yang dirryatakan di 4Q).

    443113 SULIT

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    ST LIT t3 dS3tBIn your description, state clearly the following;Dalart penerangan anda, nyatalnn dengan jelas perkara berikut:(i) The aim ofthe experiment.

    Tujuan e*sperimen.(i0 The variables in the experiment.

    P emb ol e hub ah dal am e ksper imen(ii| The list ofapparatus and materials.

    Senarai radas dan bahan.(iv) The amangernent ofthe apparatus.

    Susunan radas.(v) The procedure of the e4periment which should include one method ofconkolling the manipulated variable and one method of mexuring theresponding vaiable.

    Pr,asedw etsperimen yang mesti termasuk satu traedah mengawalpenbolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah menguhtr pembalehubahbergerak,bal*.(vi) The uray tctabulare the data.

    Cara untuh menjaduollmn data(vii) The llay to analyse the data.

    cara untuk menganalisis data. [10 marks / nnrkah!

    END OF QLESTION PArERKERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

    uu/s SULIT

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    _ , ,, , _ .._

    MAJTIS PENGETUANEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAI\I

    :

    PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2OII

    PHVSICSPERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

    Kertas 1

    Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengalrdungi 2 halaman bercetak

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    26 C27 B28 B29 A30 B31 D32 A33 A34 C35 D36 A37 C38 C39 C40 A41 C42 C43 B44 D45 A46 D47 B48 B49 D50 D

    I A2 BJ B4 D5 B6 A7 A8 B9 Cl0 Bu CT2 D13 Al4 C15 Dl6 C17 B18 AT9 D20 c2t D22 A23 B24 U25 D

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    :.: t f

    . . .:': . ': ,.t :: j::r -rMAJLIS PENGETUA^-:-;,EKOLAII MENENGAH. . NEGERI KEDAH DARULAMAN . .. ]PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAhI SPM 2OII

    . : PHYSICSi'l'. ': , : .1 ':,.. l

    PERATURAN PEMARKAHANKertas 2

    Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi t halaman bercetak

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    2SECTION A

    NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB 'l'o't'Al,1(a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

    State the physical quantity correctly- temperatureState the reason correctlY- heat is transferredState the situation correctlY

    Name the situation correctlY- thermal equilibriumI

    1 4

    2(a) (i)

    (ii)

    (i)b)

    (ii)

    Underline the word correctlY- primaryState the type of transformer correctly- step-down(transformer)State the ratio correctlY- 240 ,2o:r,20t2Correct expression- I x240 =15Correct answer and correct unit- 0.062s A /i 0.063 A

    I

    I

    1

    II 5

    3(a)

    (b) (i)

    (ii)

    (c)

    (d)

    State the mass correctly- 0.8 kgState the apparent loss in weight correctly- 2.0NState the reason correctlY- buoyant force llupthrust (acts on the metal block)Underline the correct words- equal toCorrect expression- Vx1000xl0=2Correct answer and correct unit- 0.0002 m3

    I

    II 6

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    JNO. MARIflNG CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAL

    4(a)

    (b) (i)(ii)

    (c)

    (d)

    Name the transistor correctly- npn (transistor)State the change correctly- increasesState the explanation correctlY- p.d. across P decreases ll p.d. auoss S increases- collector current is switched onCorrect expression- ( to ')xo=z[10 + P/Correct answer and correct unit- 20koState the explanation correctl!- A large current flows through the air conditioner //The p.d. across the air conditioner is high

    I

    I

    2

    2

    I 7

    s(a)

    (b) (i)

    (ii)

    (c) (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)(d)

    State the meaning correctly- region around a magnet or current-carrying conductor wheremagnetic forces can be detectedDraw the magnetic field correctlY- correct pattern with at least 5 lines of force- correct direction labelledState the polarity correctly- X:North//N- Y:South//SCompare the number of turns correctly- Coil in Diagram 5.4 has more turns

    lCompare the induced currentt correctly- Current in Diagram 5,4 is bigger than in Diagram 5.3State the relationship correctlY- The bigger the number of turns, the bigger the induced currentState the factor correctlY- Speed of the magnet // Strength of the magnet

    1

    2

    I

    I

    I

    I

    I 8

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    4NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB 'ro'rAt,

    6(a) (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)(iv)

    (i)

    (ii)

    (b)

    (c)

    Correct expression1- l.5l----:-sin cCorrect answer- 41.470 ll 41.5" ll 4l'

    State the value correctlY- 450State the comparison correctlY- c critical angleDraw the ray correctly- at least two total internal reflections

    I

    2

    1

    1

    I

    I

    I

    I 8

    7(a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

    (e)

    State the meaning correctlY- the capacity to do workCorrect expression

    1- 'x 0.049x202)Correct answer- 9.8JState the transformation correctly- Kinetic energy ---+ potential energy ---+ kinetic energyState a suitable suggestion and reason- bigger force- ball has more kinetic energy / momentumState a suitable suggestion and reason- use aheavier golfclub ll raise the golfclub higher I atabigger

    angle- more energy is transferred to the golf ballState the correct factor- angle of projection ll any suitable factor not mentioned above

    I

    I

    I

    2

    2

    2

    10

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    NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAL8(a) (i)

    (ii)(b) (i)

    (ii)

    (c) (i)

    (ii)

    (d)

    State the phenomenon correctlY- reflectionState the phenomenon correctlY- refractionCorrect expression- t.2 - 0.4Correct answer- 0.8sCorrect match between thickness and time taken- 2T with 0.8 s ll T with 0.4 sCorrect expression- 2T:1500 x 0.8 ll Z:1500 x 0.4Correct answer- 600mState the correct suitability arid reason- high- can penefrate the earth and oil // less loss of energyState the correct suitability and reason- high- stronger signat will be receivedState the correct type of wave

    I

    I

    I1

    III

    2

    2

    I t2

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    6SECTION B

    NO MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAL9(a)

    (b) (i)(ii)

    (c)

    (d)

    State the meaning correctlY- Degree of hotnessName the physical quantity correctly- Latent heat offusionExptain the concept correctly in beaker A- Heat is used to break the bonds between ice molecules //

    weaken the forces of attraction between molecules- Kinetic energy of the ice molecules remains unchangedExplain the concept correctly in beaker B- Heat is used to increase the kinetic energy of the water molecules- Temperature depends on kinetic energyState the specific heat capacity with the heat correctly- Substance with higher specific heat capacity requires more heat to

    change the temperature of 1 oCState the specific heat capacity with the temperature changecorrectly- The higher the specific heat capacity, the smaller the temperature

    changeCompare the specific heat capacity of iron and wood correctly- Specific heat capacity of wood is higher/vice versaGive the explanation correctly- If the amount of heat absorb is the same, the change intemperature for wood is smaller / vice versaState aspect of specific heat capacity of the wok correctly- lowState reason for aspect ofspecific heat capacity ofthe wokcorrectly- can heat up faster/temperature increase fasterState aspect of thermal conductivity of the wok correctly- highState reason for aspect of thermal conductivity of the wokcorrectly- can conduct heat fasterState aspect of melting of the wok correctly- highState reason for material for the wok correctly- can withstand high temperatureState aspect of specific heat capacity of the oil correctly- lowState reason for aspect ofspecific heat capacity ofthe oilcorrectly- heat up fasterState aspect of boiling point of oil correctly- highState reason for boiling point of oil correctly- it will not change to vapour easily

    I

    I

    I

    I

    I

    1

    II

    II

    1

    I

    2

    2

    I1

    I1

    4

    4

    t0,0

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    NO MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAL10(a) (i)

    (ii)

    (b)

    (c) (i)(ii)

    State the reason correctly- To show the pattern of the electric fieldSuggest the aspect ofthe shape ofthe electrode correctly- RectangularGive the reason correctly- To produce parallel electric fieldSuggest the size of the electrode correctly- BiggerGive the reason correctly- To produce a stronger electric fieldSuggest the distance between the electrodes correctly- CloserGive the reason correctly- Electric field will be strongerSuggest the magnitude of the power supply correctly- HigherGive the reason correctly- To produce a stronger electric field lmagnitude of the electricfield depends on the voltage / potential difference across theplateSuggest the size of the grain correctly- smaller / smaller massGive the reason correctly- Can move fasterCompare the brightness of the bulbs correctly- The bulb in Circuit A is dimmer / vice versaCompare the thickness of the connecting wire correctly- The connecting wire in Circuit A is thinner / vice versaRelate the brightness of the bulb and the current correctly- The higher the current, the brighter the bulb / vice versaRelate the current and the resistance of the wire correctly- The higher the current, the lower the resistance / vice versaState the relationship between the thickness of the connectingwire and resistance correctlY- The thicker the wire, the smaller the resistance / vice versaState the reason correctly- No, because the graph is not a straight lineState the answer to the resistance correctly- The resistance of the filament increasesR.elate 'fhe ternperature and the current correctly- Tlie higher ihe current, the higher the temperature of the filamentbultrRelate the resistance of the filament and the gradient of thegraph correctly- As the current increases, the gradient of the graph / the ratio of

    the voltage and current increasesState the relationship between resistance and gradient of thegraph correctly- Resistance is the gradient of the graph[Anv 4 marksl

    II

    IIIII1

    III

    I

    IIII

    III

    I

    I

    5

    4

    l0

    20

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    8SECTION C

    NO MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAI,11(a)

    (b) (i)

    (ii)

    (c) (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)

    (d)

    State the meaning correctlY- Force exerted per unit areaExplain why air pressure increases when more air is pumped incorrectly- The number of molecules per unit volume increases- The number of collisions per unit time increases / rate ofcollisions increasesExplain why air pressure increases when the car has completeda long journey correctly- The temperature of the air molecules increases, the kinetic

    energy of the air molecules increases- The force exerted on the tyre increasesGive the correct value of difference in pressure with unitcorrectly

    55 000 PaCorrect substitution for forcel': 55000 x 0.0025State the answer with unit correctly

    137.5 NCorrect substitution for mass

    137.510State the answer with unit correctly

    13.75 kgState the choice and reason of pressure in cup after hinged leveris pressed down correctlyI low2 to produce higher difference in pressureState the choice and reason of diameter of cup correctly3 big4 to produce higher force acting on the cupState the choice and reason of seal lining correctly5 rubber6 canbe compressed I air tight I good contactState the choice and reason of number of cups correctly7 triple8 to create higher force ll to lift a bigger piece ofglassState most suitable glass lifter and justification correctly9Yl0 Low pressure in cup after hinged lever is pressed down, big

    diameter of cup, rubber seal lining and triple cups

    1

    2

    2

    I

    I

    I

    I

    I

    l+l

    l+1

    I + I

    I I

    l+l

    41

    2

    /,

    t0

    20

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    9NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAL

    t2(a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d) (D(ii)(iii)(iiD

    State the meaning correctly- Unstable isotopeState the explanation correctly- When the water level is high, radioactive rays pass through thewater- Water absorbs part of the radiation- Detector shows reading decreases- Detector activates the outlet valve conffoller to open the outletvalveState the suitable initial activity and reason correctlyI High2 Much higher than the background radiationState the suitable radioactive emission and reason correctly3 Beta4 High penetrating power and less dangerous to the userState the suitable halfJife and reason correctly5 Long6 Can last longer / no need to change oftenState the suitable physicat state and reason correctly7 High8 Always in solid state which is easier to handleState most suitable choice of radioisotope and justificationcorrectly9 R lllron-60l0 High initial activity, emission of beta particle with long halflife,

    and changes from solid to liquid at 1538 "C.State the number of neutrons correctly- 83-3s ll48State the element produced correctly- kryptonState the decay equation correctly

    !3Br-+ 5?**_?.Siate the number of hatflife correctly2! ll 4 ll 4decays by showing 4 arrows in the substitution

    2.4Correct answer with unit- 24 counts per minute i

    I

    4

    l+l1+1

    l+l1+1

    l+l

    1

    II

    2

    I

    4

    t0

    520

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    ll

    MAJLIS PENGETUASEKOIIATIMI]\TENAII .' . :J:' :::i.:' :;.NEGERI KEDAII DARUL ^A'MAN .' ' .':: .. .: t ..,

    PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAI{ SPM 2OII

    nr.r-rzclT-rcrPHYSICS ,.,: ,:i:i.;i,; ) ,,, '] ',,PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

    .':i i 'trCgrtas3,'' '' '', I ,1 . ..a :, '.. : ' : .l

    Peraturari pernarkahan ini mengandrmgi 5 halaman bereetak

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    SECTION ANO MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAI,

    1(a) (D(iD

    (iii)(i)b)

    (ii)

    (c)

    Able to state the manipulated variable-masslmAble to state the responding variable- diameter I dAble to state a constant variable- height i/ density ll material of cylinderAble to read the value of dAll 5 readings of d correct: 3.64, 5.1 5, 6.31, 7 .29, 8.153 or 4 correctConsistency to 2 decimal placesAble to calculate the value of d 24 or 5 corre ct: 13.25, 26.52, 39.82, "53.14, 66.42Consistency in 1,2, or 3 decimal placesAble to tabulate m, d, und d2Tick (r') based on the following aspects:A o Quantities m, d andd2 shown in headingB o Units and mm2 shown in headinglts g. rrult afl(l rrurlmls. d lmm d'l mm'

    5 3.64 13.2s10 5.15 26.s215 6.31 39.8220 7.29 s3.1425 8.15 66.42

    l

    l

    l

    2II

    I

    1

    I

    I

    J

    2

    2

    (d)

    (e)

    Able to draw a complete graph of d' rgtinst mTick r' based on the following aspects:A r Show d2 onY-axis and m on the X-axisB . State the units of the variables correctlyC o Both axes are marked with uniform scaleD . All five points are plotted correctlyfNote : 3 to 4 points plotted correctly : /]E r Best straight line is drawnF o Show the minimum size of graph at least 5 x 4(2 cmxZ cm) square(counted from the origin until furthest point)Score : Number of / Score7r' 5

    5-6 r' 43-4 / -l2,/ 2l,/ I

    Able to state the correct retationship between d2 and md 2 is directly proportionalto m

    5

    5

    Il6

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    NO MARKING CRITERIA MARKSUB TOTAL2(a) (i)

    (ii)

    (b) (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)

    Able to state the relationship between u and M1u increases linearly with -Able to show the method to read value of z

    I- Calculate ' =0.42.5I- Show the intrapolation line ftom - = 0.4 to the a-axis- State the value of u : 20.7 5 cm(within tange 20.5 - 2l'0 cm)Able to show the method to read value of/- Draw the extrapolation line to the z-axis- State the value of 7:14.t "Able to calculate the gradient of the graph

    - Draw a sufficiently large triangle I 3 x 3- Correct substitution (Follow candidate's triangle)25.5 -14.5Saruple attswer : # // corresponding values0.7-0

    Answer witliour unit15.7 (within range 15.5 - 15.9)Able to calculate the average value of f and state the valuecorrectly- Correct expression

    :14.5 +15.72- Accept error carried forward (e.c.f.) (b)(i) and (bxii)- Answer with correct unit

    15.1 cm (rvithin range 15.0 - 15.2)

    I

    I

    IIIII

    I

    I

    I

    I

    J

    2

    J

    2(c) Able to state one correct precautionSample answer- Carry out the experirnent in a darkened room so that the image can

    be seen clearly- Position of the eyes must be directly above the scale of the metrerule to avoid parallax enor- Repeat the experiment and take the average reading

    I

    t2SECTION B

    MARKING CRITERIAAbte to state a suitable inferenceSample answe-tThe temperature of a gas affects its volume //The volume of a gas depends on its temperatureAbIe to state a suitable hypothesisSamnle answerThe higher the temperature of a gas, the bigger the volume of the gas

    3 (a)

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    (c) Abte to describe a complete experimental frameworkSample answerState the aim of experimentTo investigate the relationship between the temperature of a gas andits volumeState the manioulated variable and the responding variableManipulatedvariable :temperatureResponding variable : volume lllength of air columnConstant variable : mass // pressureState the complete list of apparatus and materialSGlass tube, ruler, beaker, thermometer, tripod st;rnd, wire ga:uze'bunsen burner, water, ice, sulphuric acid

    (iv) Draw a functionable arrangement of the apparatus

    (u) State the method to control the manipulated variableThe water is heated slowly until it reaches a temperature of 20 oCState the method to measure the rqsponding variableThe length of the air column is taken and recorded.Reoeat the exneriment at least four timesThe above steps are repeated for temperatures of 30 oC, 40 oC,50 oc,60 ocState how the data is tabulated

    Temoerature / oC Leneth / cm2030405060

    State how the data is analysedPlot a graph of length of air column against temperature of the air.

    (i)

    (ii) I1I

    (vi)

    ilMax. l0(vii)

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    MARKING CRITERIA4 (a) Able to state a suitable inferenceSamole answerThe length of a wire affects the current in the wire //

    The length of a wire affects the resistance of the wire llThe length of the wire affects the brightness of the bulbAble to state a suitable hypothesisSample answerThe longer the length of a wire, the smaller the current in the wireAbIe to describe a complete experimental frameworkSample answerState the aim of experimentTo investigate the relationship between the length of a wire dnd thecurrent in the wireState the manipulated variable and the responding variableManipulated variable : lengthResponding variable : currentConstant variable : diameter of wireState the-c-ogrp-Lete -liCt QfAppalatus-qld-lSatguabConstantan wire, metre rule, ammeter, battery, connecting wiresDraw a functionabie arrangement of the apparatus

    Sliding contact // Crocodile cliPk_ L __4 Constantan wire

    State the rnethod of controlling the rnanipulated variableThe circuit was set up with length, L : 20.0 cm of constantan wireState the method of measuring the responding variableTtre current, /, was measured with an ammeter.Repeat the experiment at leasi four timesThe procedure was repeated with values of , L :30.0 cm, 40'0 cm,50,0 cm and 50.0 cml-abulale the data

    (b)

    (c)

    (ii)

    (iv)

    (v)

    (vii)