Trial Penang 2014 SPM Sains K1 K2 [SCAN]

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    1511/1

    SAINS

    KERTAS 1

    MASA 1 JAM

    1

    MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA

    CAWANGAN PULAU PINANG

    MODUL

    BERFOKUS SPM

    2014

    SAINS

    KERTAS 1

    SATU JAM LIMA BELAS MINIT

    JANGAN

    BUKA

    MODUL BERFOKUS INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

    1 Modul Berfokus ini adalah dalam dwibahasa

    2

    Soalan dalam Bahasa lnggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam

    Bahasa Melayu

    3 Anda dikehendaki membaca maklumat

    di

    halaman

    Modul Berfokus ini mengandungi 32 halaman bercetak

    [Lihat sebelah]

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    1 Diagram 1 shows a type of neurone

    Rajah 1 menunjukkan sejenis neuron

    Dendrite

    Dendrit

    Nucleus

    Nuk/eus

    What is the function of this neurone?

    Apakah fungsi neuron ini

    Cell body

    Badan set

    Diagram 1

    Rajah 1

    A Receives impulses from receptor

    Menerima impuls dari reseptor

    B Receives impulses from central nervous system

    Menerima impuls dari system saraf pusat

    C Transmits impulses from motor neurone to effector

    Menghantar impuls dari neuron motor ke efektor

    D Transmits impulses from sensory neurone to motor neurone

    Menghantar impuls dari neuron deria ke neuron motor

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    2 Diagram 2 shows the impulse pathway

    o

    n action

    Rajah 2 menunjukkan laluan impuls dalam sesuatu tindakan

    The action refers to

    Tindakan tersebut berlaku pada

    A

    knee jerk

    sentakan lutut

    B

    chewing food

    mengunyah makanan

    c reading a book

    membaca buku

    D

    walking on a rope

    berjalan di atas tali

    Receptor

    Reseptor

    Spinal cord

    Saraf tunjang

    Effector

    Efektor

    Diagram 2

    Rajah

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    4

    3 Diagram 3 shows one of the human endocrine glands

    Rajah menunjukkan satu ke/enjar endokrin manusia

    Duodenum

    Duodenum

    Diagram 3

    Rajah

    Kelenjar

    What is the effect o a person if the gland is removed?

    Apakah kesan pada seseorang apabila kelenjar tersebut dibuang?

    A The blood pressure increase

    Tek anan darah akan meningkat

    B The metabolic rate becomes low

    Kadar metabolisme akan menjadi rendah

    C The blood sugar level increase

    Aras gula dalam darah akan meningkat

    D The secondary sex characteristics are not developed

    Ciri seks sekunder tidak berkembang

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    4 h Chong was driving from Penang to Kuala Lumpur.

    On

    his way, he saw a signage

    as

    follows.

    Ah Chong memandu dari Pulau Pinang ke Kuala Lumpur, beliau ternampak

    satu peringatan kepada pemandu yang dipamerkan pada lebuh raya seperti

    berikut

    Think of your family

    Fikirkan keluarga anda

    Don't drink and and drive

    Jangan memandu dalam keadaan mabuk

    How does the drinking of alcohol affect the body's nervous coordination?

    Bagaimana meminum alkohol menjejaskan koordinasi saraf badan?

    A Sensory neurons are destroyed

    Neuron deria dimusnahkan

    B Quickens nervous response

    Mempercepatkan gerak balas saraf

    C Quickens brain activities

    Mempercepatkan aktiviti otak

    D Slows down transmission

    of

    nervous impulse.

    Melambatkan penghantaran impuls saraf.

    II

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    5 The number o chromosomes in the skin cell o animal X is 24 What is the number of

    chromosomes in its testis cell and its sperm cell?

    Bilangan kromosom di dalam se kulit haiwan X ialah 24. Berapakah bilangan

    kromosom yang terdapat di dalam sel testis dan sel spermanya

    Testis cell

    Sperm cell

    Sel testis

    Se/ sperma

    A

    2

    2

    B

    24 2

    c

    2 24

    D

    24 24

    6 Which of the following graphs in Diagram 4 shows a continuous variation?

    Antara

    gr f

    dalam Rajah 4 yang manakah menunjukkan variasi se anjar

    A Number

    o

    students

    Bilangan pelajar

    c

    Blood group A Blood group B

    Kump Darah A Kump Darah B

    Number o students

    Bilangan pelajar

    Able

    t

    roll tongue

    Boleh menggulung

    lidah menggulung lidah

    B Number o students

    Bilan an pelajar

    Body weight

    Berat badan

    D

    Number

    o

    students

    Bilangan pelajar

    Girls

    Perempuan

    Diagram 4

    Rajah 4

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    7

    7 Diagram 5 shows formation of a zygote

    Rajah 5 menunjukkan proses pembentukan zigot

    SeiP

    22 X

    Diagram 5

    Rajah 5

    What is the chromosome in cell P

    Apakah kromosom bagi sel P

    A 22 X

    B 22 Y

    C 44 XX

    D 44 XY

    44 XY

    Zygote

    Zigot

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    8

    8 Diagram 6 shows n information about a statement.

    Rajah 6 menunjukkan maklumat mengenai satu pernyataan

    Two ova released from

    n

    ovary are simultaneously

    fertilized by two sperms to produce zygotes.

    Dua ovum dikeluarkan daripada satu ovari disenyawakan secara

    serentak oleh dua sperma untuk menghasilkan dua zigot

    Diagram 6

    Rajah 6

    What does the statement describe

    ?

    Apakah yang dihuraikan oleh penyataan ini ?

    A

    Formation of identical twins

    Pembentukan kembar seiras

    B

    Formation o non identical twins

    Pembentukan kembar tak seiras

    C Mutation

    Mutasi

    D Crossing over

    Pindah silang

    9 Diagram 7 shows the change in the state of matter.

    Rajah menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim

    What is process P

    Apakah proses P?

    A

    c

    Freezing

    Pembekuan

    Evaporation

    Penyejatan

    rocess

    Proses

    Diagram 7

    Rajah

    B

    D

    Condensation

    Kondensasi

    Sublimation

    Pemejalwapan

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    1 Diagram 8 shows the structure of an atom Which of the following is a neutron?

    Rajah 8 menunjukkan struktur satu atom. Antara yang berikut yang manakah

    neutron?

    - \ - - - - ~ d

    Nucleus - - _ . . . . . . . . ~ ~

    N u k l ~ u s

    rbits

    L : : : > ~

    etala

    Diagram 8

    Rajah 8

    11 The isotopes of Uranium element have different

    D

    lsotop untuk unsur Uranium mempunyai perbezaan dalam

    A nucleon number

    nombor nuk/eon

    B number of proton

    bilangan proton

    c

    number of electron

    bilangan e/ektron

    D chemical properties

    sifat-sifat kimia

    12 The elements placed in the Periodic Table are arranged in the sequence of

    Unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala disusun mengikut

    A decreasing boiling point

    penurunan takat didih.

    B decreasing atomic mass

    penurunan jisim atom.

    C increasing number of protons

    peningkatan bilangan proton.

    D increasing number of neutrons

    peningkatan bilangan neutron

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    1

    13 Diagram 9 shows a reaction between magnesium and dilute hydrochloric acid

    Rajah 9 menunjukkan satu tindakbalas antara magnesium dengan asid hidrok orik

    cair

    Dilute hydrochloric acid

    Asid hidroklorik cair

    Magnesium

    Beginning

    o

    the

    experiment

    Experiment

    n

    process

    Dilute hydrochloric acid

    Asid hidroklorik cair

    Magnesium

    Awal eksperimen Semasa eksperimen

    Diagram 9

    Rajah 9

    What type o reaction is involved n this experiment

    Apakah jenis tindakbalas yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini?

    A

    Oxidation

    Pengoksidaan

    B

    Exothermic

    Eksotermik

    c

    Endothermic

    Endotermik

    D Neutralisation

    Peneutralan

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    14 Diagram 1 shows an electroplating o an iron ring.

    Rajah 10 menunjukkan proses penyaduran cincin besi

    ..------1111----.

    Iron ring

    Cincin besi

    What

    is

    solution X

    Apakah larutan X?

    A Silver nitrate

    Argentum nitrat

    B

    Iron II) sulphate

    Ferum /1) sulfat

    c Aluminium nitrate

    Aluminium nitrat

    D Copper II) sulphate

    Kuprum /1) sulfat

    Diagram 10

    Rajah 10

    15 What type of battery is used in a handphone

    Silver

    Argentum

    Solution X

    Larutan X

    Apakah jenis bateri yang digunakan dalam telefon bimbit?

    A Alkaline battery

    Bateri alkali

    B Acid-lead battery

    Bateri asid-plumbum

    C Nickel-cadmium battery

    Bateri Nikel-cadmium

    D Silver oxide battery

    Bateri argentum oksida

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    2

    16 Diagram 11 shows an experiment to study a process in green plants.

    Rajah menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji satu proses dalam

    tumbuhan hijau

    Water

    ir

    _ q_

    _

    = ~ . : : :

    Diagram 11

    Rajah

    Oxygen

    Oksigen

    Water weed

    Rumpai

    air

    What is the condition required for the above observation to occur?

    Apakah keadaan yang membolehkan pemerhatian di atas berlaku?

    A Some dilute sulphuric acid is added into the water

    Asid sulfurik cair ditambah ke dalam

    air

    B The set up apparatus is placed in the dark

    Peralatan eksperimen diletakkan dalam gelap

    C The water weeds are replaced by a fish

    Rumpai

    air

    digantikan dengan ikan

    D The set up apparatus

    is

    placed under sunlight

    Peralatan eksperimen di/etakkan di bawah cahaya matahari

    17 Name the process which the nucleus of a radioactive substances produce nuclear

    energy?

    Namakan proses di mana nukleus bahan radioaktif menghasilkan tenaga nuklear?

    Electrolysis

    Elektrolisis

    B Radioactive decay

    Pereputan radioaktif

    c

    Nuclear fission

    Pembelahan nukleus

    D

    Exothermic

    Eksotermik

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    3

    8 The radioisotope used in archeology is

    Radioisotop yang digunakan dalam arkeo/ogi ialah

    Cobalt 60

    Kobalt 60

    B

    Uranium 235

    Uranium 235

    c

    Carbon 14

    Karbon 14

    D

    O x y g e n ~ 8

    Oksigen 18

    19 Gamma rays are more dangerous than alpha or beta rays because gamma rays

    Sinar gamma /ebih bahaya daripada sinar a/fa atau beta kerana sinar gamma

    A are electromagnetic rays

    adalah sinar e/ektromagnet

    B are not deflected by electrical charges

    tidak terpesong oleh cas e/ektrik

    C move at the same speed of light

    bergerak sama dengan kelajuan cahaya

    D have very high penetrating power

    mempunyai kuasa penembusan yang sangat tinggi

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    4

    20 Diagram 2 shows a part of the fission process of a radioactive substance.

    Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada proses pembelahan nucleus suatu

    bahan radioaktif

    Particle K

    Zarah K

    Nucleus Uranium - 235

    Nukleus Uranium

    -235

    What is particle K

    Apakah zarah K?

    A Proton

    Proton

    B Electron

    Elektron

    c

    Neutron

    Neutron

    D Krypton atom

    Atom kripton

    Diagram 2

    Rajah 2

    Nuclear Energy

    Tenaga nuklear

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    5

    2 Diagram 13 shows two flag posts M and N respectively at distances of 10 m and 4 m

    from a plane mirror

    Rajah 13 menunjukkan dua bendera M dan N masing masing

    p d

    a

    j r k

    1 m dan

    4 m dari cermin satah

    N

    1 m

    Plane mirror

    Cermin satah

    Diagram 13

    Rajah

    13

    What is the distance of the image of flag post M from the position of N?

    Berapakah

    j r k

    imej bendera M dari kedudukan N?

    A 4m

    B

    1 m

    C

    14m

    D 2 m

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    6

    22 Diagram 4 shows a magnifying glass

    Rajah 4 menunjukkan sebuah kanta pembesar

    Diagram 4

    Rajah 4

    N S

    What is the distance between the lens and the word

    S INS

    so that the image formed

    will

    be

    as above?

    Apakah jarak antara kanta dengan perkataan

    S INS

    supaya imej yang terbentuk

    seperti di atas?

    A Same as the lens focal length

    Sarna dengan j r k fokus kanta

    8 Longer than the lens focal length

    Lebih besar daripada j r k fokus kanta

    C Shorter than the lens focal length

    Lebih kecil daripada j r k fokus kanta

    D Twice the lens focal length

    Dua kali j r k fokus kanta

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    7

    23 Diagram 15 shows a beam of light passing through a prism.

    Rajah 15 menunjukkan satu alur cahaya yang melalui sebuah prisma

    White light

    Cahaya putih

    Diagram 15

    Rajah 15

    What is the process that happened at M

    Apakah proses di M?

    A Reflection

    Pantulan

    B

    Dispersion

    Penyebaran

    c Scattering

    Penyerakan

    D

    SpliU.Ag

    Pemecahan

    Red

    Merah

    Purple

    Ungu

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    2

    27 Diagram 7 shows an aeroplane a mountain bike and a boat.

    Rajah 17 menunjukkan sebuah kapa/ terbang sebuah basikal dan sebuah bot.

    Diagram 7

    Rajah 17

    Which of the alloy is used to build the vehicles above?

    loi

    yang manakah digunakan untuk membina a/at pengangkutan di

    atas?

    A Steel

    Keluli

    C Brass

    Loyang

    8 Duralumin

    Duralumin

    D Pewter

    Piuter

    28 Which of the condition below will allow the microorganisms to grow and multiply?

    Keadaan yang manakah membenarkan mikroorganisma membiak dengan cepat?

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    2

    29 Diagram 18 shows the food which are produced by the help of microorganisms

    Rajah 18 menunjukkan makanan yang dihasilkan dengan menggunakan

    mikroorganisma

    Diagram 18

    Rajah 8

    Which of the following pairing of microorganisms and the food is correct?

    Pasangan makanan dan mikroorganisma yang manakah betul?

    Yogurt

    Bread

    Yogurt

    Roti

    A

    Bacteria

    Protozoa

    Bakteria

    Protozoa

    B

    Bacteria

    Yeast

    Bakteria

    Yis

    Algae

    Yeast

    Alga

    Yis

    D

    Yeast

    Bacteria

    Yis Bakteria

    3 Which of the following acts as vector for dengue fever?

    Yang manakah berikut merupakan vektor bagi demam denggi?

    A Aedes Mosquitoe

    Nyamuk Aedes

    C Culex Mosquitoe

    Nyamuk Culex

    B Anopheles Mosquitoe

    Nyamuk Anopheles

    D Housefly

    Lalat

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    3 A student was given a vaccine BCG. It will stimulate his body to produce antibodies

    to fight tuberculosis . This student has acquired

    Seorang pelajar telah diberi suntikan vaksin BGC. lni akan merangsangkan badan

    pelajar itu menghasilkan antibodi untuk melawan penyakit batuk kering. Pe/ajar ini

    telah memperolehi

    A natural active immunity

    keimunan akt if semulajadi

    B artificial active immunity

    keimunan aktif buatan

    C natural passive immunity

    keimunan p sif semulajadi

    D artificial passive immunity

    keimunan

    p sif

    buatan

    32 Table 1 shows the calorific value for three types of food .

    Jadual 1 menunjukkan nilai kalori untuk tiga jenis makanan

    Food

    alcanan

    Bread

    Roti

    Cheese

    Keju

    Milk

    Susu

    Calorific value

    (kJg )

    Nilai

    lcalori

    (k.lg

    1

    Table 1

    Jadua/1

    10 0

    30 0

    3.0

    A boy takes 200 g

    o

    bread 5 g

    o

    cheese and 50 g

    o

    milk for breakfast.

    Calculate the calorific value in his food.

    Seorang budak lelaki mengambil 200 g roti 5 g keju dan 50 g susu untuk sarapan

    pagi. Hitung nilai kalori dalam makanannya.

    A

    43 kJ

    B 430 kJ

    c

    230 kJ

    D

    2300 kJ

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    3

    33 Which of the following foods contains the highest calorific value ?

    Antara makanan yang berikut yang manakah yang mempunyai nilai kalori paling

    tinggi

    A

    B

    c

    D

    34

    Diagram

    9

    shows the change of the lumen size in an artery

    Rajah 9 menujukkan perubahan di dalam saiz lumen pada arteri .

    artery

    wa

    lumen

    dinding orteri; lumen

    lumen

    fum n

    Diagram 9

    Rajah 9

    cholesterol deposit

    mendapan tole. tero/

    Which food is most probably the cause of change of the lumen size in the artery ?

    Makanan manakah penyebab utama perubahan saiz lumen pada arteri ?

    A Rice

    Nasi

    B Cereals

    Bijirin

    C Fa tty meats

    Daging berlemak

    D Vegetables and fruits

    Sayur-sayuran dan buah-buahan

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    4

    35 Which of the following is bad eating habit ?

    Antara yang berikut yang manakah adalah tabiat pemakanan yang tidak baik ?

    A Not wasting food

    Tidak membazir makanan

    B Eating at regular intervals

    Makan mengikut adual yang tetap

    C Eat less fat but more vegetables

    Makan kurang lemak tetapi lebih sayur-sayuran

    D Eat more salt sugar and fat

    Makan /ebih garam gu/a dan

    /emak.

    36 Diagram 20 shows a food chain.

    Rajah 20 menunjukkan satu rantai makanan.

    Diagram 20

    Rajah 20

    What will happen to the population of grasshopper nd grass if all the snakes are

    caught?

    Apakah yang akan ber/aku kepada populasi belalang dan rum ut ika kesemua u/ar

    ditangkap?

    rasshopper rass

    elalang Rumput

    A Decrease Increase

    Berkurang Meningkat

    B Decrease Decrease

    Berkurang Berkurang

    c

    Increase Increase

    Meningkat Meningkat

    D Increase Decrease

    Meningkat

    Berkurang

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    5

    7 Which is the main gas which causes the green-house effect ?

    Apakah gas utama yang menyebabkan kesan rumah hijau

    A Sulphur dioxide

    Sulfur dioksida

    B Nitrogen oxide

    Nitrogen oksida

    C Carbon dioxide

    Karbon dioxida

    D Chlorofluorocarbon CFC)

    Kloroflorokarbon CFC)

    38 The following word equation shows a chemical reaction.

    Persamaan perkataan berikut menunjukkan suatu tindak balas kimia.

    Alcohol + Organic acid

    Alkohol + Asid organik

    Concentrated

    Sulphuric Acid

    Asid Sulfurik

    Pekat

    What is the process represented by the equation?

    Apakah proses yang diwakili oleh persamaan itu?

    A

    c

    Fermentation

    Penapaian

    Esterification

    Pengesteran

    B

    D

    Ester

    +

    Ester

    +

    Polymerisation

    Pempolimeran

    Saponification

    Saponifikasi

    Water

    Air

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    6

    39 The following information shows the uses of substance

    X

    Maklumat berikut menunjukkan kegunaan bahan X

    What is

    X?

    Apakah X?

    c

    Glucose

    Glukosa

    Diesel

    Diesel

    Antiseptic

    Antiseptik

    Solvent

    Pelarut

    Fuel

    Bahan api

    B

    D

    Soap

    Sa bun

    Alcohol

    Alkohol

    4 What is the function of sodium chloride in the process of making soap?

    Apakah fungsi natrium klorida dalam proses pembuatan sabun?

    A Increases the formation of bubbles

    in

    the soap

    Meningkatkan pembentukan buih sabun

    B Speeds up the formation of soap

    Mempercepatkan pembentukan sabun

    C To lower the solubility of soap in water

    in

    order for soap to precipitate

    Mengurangkan keterlarutan sabun dalam ir agar sabun termendak

    D To decompose the oil molecules

    Menguraikan molekul sabun

    41 Latex coagulates if it is left for a few days because

    Lateks akan membeku jika dibiarkan terdedah untuk beberapa hari kerana

    A evaporation occurs on latex

    sejatan

    ir

    ber/aku pada /ateks

    B the bonds between the particles break

    ikatan antara zarah zarah lateks terputus

    C action of bacteria that neutralises the latex particles

    tindakan bakteria yang meneutralkan zarah zarah /ateks

    D the charge of latex particles repel one another

    zarah zarah lateks yang bercas menolak antara satu sama lain

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    27

    42 Diagram 21 shows a four stroke petrol engine.

    Rajah

    2

    menunjukkan enjin petrol empat lejang.

    Intake v lve

    tnjap masuk

    What

    is

    the stage of the stroke?

    Apakah peringkat lejang itu?

    Diagram 21

    Rajah 2

    Exhaust valve

    lnjap ekzos

    Direction of piston movement

    Arah gerakan omboh

    A

    Exhaust stroke

    Lejang ekzos

    B Power stroke

    Lejang kuasa

    c

    Compression stroke

    Lejang mampatan

    D Intake stroke

    Lejang pengambilan

    43 An object with a mass of 5

    kg

    moving with velocity 2 ms

    1

    .What

    is

    the momentum

    of the object?

    [Momentum=mass x velocity]

    Satu

    j s d

    berjisim

    5

    kg bergerak dengan halaju 20 ms

    1

    .

    Berapakah momentum

    j s d itu?

    [Momentum=Jisim x halaju]

    A

    4 kgms

    B

    15 kgms

    1

    c

    25 kgms

    D

    100 kgms

    1

    44. How do preservatives make food last longer ?

    Bagaimanakah bah an awet boleh menyebabkan makanan tahan lama?

    A Its prevents the dehydration of food

    Ia

    menghalang makanan dihidrasi

    B Its prevents the growth of microorganism

    Ia menghalang pertumbuhan mikroorganisma

    C Its makes emulsification easier

    Ia

    menyebabkan lebih mudah emulfikasi

    D It makes food more attractive

    Ia

    menyebabkan makanan lebih menarik

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    28

    45 Diagram 22 shows the label on a tin of sardines.

    Rajah 22 menunjukkan label pada sebuah tin sardin.

    lkan aula

    tom to

    earam

    sos ik nd n

    pewarna

    makanan yana

    d i ~ r k n .serta

    pt nstabil

    S RDINE

    Taman

    Serl

    Emas

    14300 NibongTebal

    Pulau Pinang.

    Use

    be fore

    :1.12.2014

    Guna sebelum :

    1.12.2014

    Store In dry place

    Slmpan

    ditemp t

    kering

    Diagram 22

    Rajah 22

    What is the missing information

    on

    the labels of food according to the Part IV Food

    Regulation 1985?

    Apakah maklumat yang tiada dalam label makanan itu mengikut Bahagian IV

    Peraturan peraturan Makanan 1985?

    A

    Ingredient

    Kandungan

    B

    Expiry date

    Tarikh luput

    c

    Manufacturing date

    Tarikh pembuatan

    D

    Nett Weight.

    Berat bersih.

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    9

    46 The suitable way to preserve meat and fish

    s

    Kaedah pengawetan yang sesuai bagi daging dan ikan adalah

    A canning

    pengetinan

    B dehydration

    pendehidratan

    freezing

    penyejukbekuan

    D pasteurization

    pempasteuran

    4 7 Diagram 23 shows the structure

    o

    a type of plastic

    Rajah 23 menunjukkan struktur sejenis plastik

    Diagram 23

    Rajah 23

    What is the characteristic of this plastic?

    Apakah ciri plastik ini?

    A Has a high melting point

    Mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi

    B Hard and strong

    Keras dan kuat

    C Can be moulded a few times

    Boleh diacu berulang kali

    D Does not dissolve

    n

    organic solvents

    Tidak larut dalam pelarut organik

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    3

    48 Which of the following method is the most suitable for disposing of non-

    biodegradable plastic?

    Antara kaedah berikut yang manakah paling sesuai untuk melupuskan plastik yang

    tidak terbiodegradasi?

    A Expose to sunlight

    in

    dumping areas

    Dedahkan pada cahaya matahari di kawasan pembuangan sampah

    B Bury

    in

    the ground

    Tanam dalam tanah

    C Burn

    in

    incinerator

    Bakar dalam insinerator

    D Throw into drain

    Buang ke dalam longkang

    49 Diagram 24 shows a part of

    an

    electromagnetic spectrum.

    Rajah 24 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada spektrum elektromagnet.

    What

    is

    wave

    X?

    Apakah gelombang X?

    A X ray

    Sinar- X

    B Gamma ray

    inargama

    C Visible light

    panjang gelombang bertambah

    w velength incre ses

    I

    t

    sinar ultraungu

    ultr violet r y

    X sinar inframerah

    infr red

    r y

    Diagram

    4

    Rajah 24

    Cahaya boleh nampak

    D Microwaves

    Gelombang mikro

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    31

    50 A source produces a sound with a frequency of 120 Hz and a wavelength of 2.0 m.

    What is the velocity of the wave?

    [Velocity= frequency x wavelength]

    Suatu sumber menghasilkan bunyi yang berfrekuensi 12 Hz dengan panjang

    gelombang

    2 0 m

    Berapakah halaju gelombang itu?

    [Halaju=frekuensi x panjang gelombang]

    A 6.0 ms

    B 24 ms

    1

    C 60 ms

    D 240 ms

    1

    END OF QUESTION P PER

    KERT S SO L N T M T

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    SULIT

    NAMA

    l5ll,2

    151112

    SAINS

    KERTAS 2

    MASA

    2 JAM

    TINGKATAN

    :

    MAJLIS

    PENGETUA

    SEKOLAH

    MALAYSIA

    (CAWANGAN

    PULAU PINANG)

    MODUL BERFOKUS

    SPM 2014

    SAINS

    KERTAS

    2

    DUA

    JAM

    TIGA PULUH MINIT

    JANGAN

    BUKA MODUL BERFOKUS

    INI SEHINGGA

    DIBERITAHU

    .1.

    Tuliskan

    nama

    dan tingkatan anda

    pada

    ruang

    yang

    disediakan.

    Modul

    Beiokus

    ini

    adalah dalam

    dwibahasa.

    Soalan adalah dalam Bahasa Melayu

    dan Bahasa

    lnggeris.

    t.

    Anda

    dibenarkan menjawab

    keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan

    sama ada dalam

    Bahasa Melayu atau

    Bahasa lnggeris.

    s.

    Anda

    dikehendaki

    membaca

    maklumat

    di

    halaman

    belakang Modul

    Berfokus ini.

    www, myschoolchildren.com

    Kod

    Pemeriksa

    _l

    -_t----

    ^

    -,--

    r

    Markah

    Markah

    : Bahaoan

    ,

    SoalAn

    ^

    Penuh

    Diperoleh

    ll

    15

    ,45

    *

    -------]-

    --

    -

    -*'----

    -'

    l

    5t6i

    i

    ------_L.

    --.

    .

    -*,-..---

    -,

    -]

    r1010

    c11

    10

    12 10

    ,1

    t5112

    \4odul

    bcrlbkus

    ini

    nrcngandungr 27

    halatnan

    bercctak

    S[-ILIT

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    SULIT

    or

    examin

    er

    s

    se

    15112

    2

    Section A

    Sahagian A

    [ 20

    marks 1

    [20 markah

    1

    Answer

    ll

    questions

    n

    this section

    Jawab

    semu

    soalan dalam bahagian ini

    5

    1

    2

    1 Aminah wants to study the type o the attachment of earlobe among the pupil s

    n

    her

    class Diagram 1 shows the type of earlobe

    o

    18 pupils from the class

    Aminah ingin mengkaji jenis /ekapan cuping telinga dalam kalangan u id di dalam

    kelasnya Rajah 1 menunjukkan /ekapan cuping telinga bagi

    8

    orang urid dalam

    kelas itu

    Diagram 1

    Rajah 1

    SULIT

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    SULIT

    151112

    1511 /2

    (a) : d

    rm

    l 'ldQn' m

    1

    de:tcrm nl- lh," numbr'l o1 pttpils in each group. Complete

    For

    r-

    Pci

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    SULIT

    F

    r

    examiner s

    Use

    1 c)

    [

    otal

    A

    CG

    15 2

    4

    c) State the type of variation based on the bar chart in b).

    Nyatakan

    jeni

    s variasi berdasarkan carta

    bar

    di

    b

    151112

    [ mark ]

    [

    markah

    SULIT

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    SULIT

    5 2

    5 15 2

    2 Diagram 2 shows an experiment to study the effect o antibiotic on bacterial growth.

    Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan antibiotik ke atas

    pertumbuhan bakteria.

    Petri dish A

    Piring Petri A

    Filter paper soaked in

    distilled water

    Petri dish

    Piring Petri

    Nutrient agar

    Bacillus subtilis

    gar Nutrien Bacillus

    subtilis

    Petri dish B

    Piring Petri B

    Filter paper soaked in

    antibiotic solution

    Kertas turas yang direndam

    dalam ai r suling

    Kertas turas yang direndam

    dalam larutan antibiotik

    Diagram

    2

    Rajah 2

    After four days, the appearance

    o

    the nutrient agar in each petri dish is observed .

    Table

    21

    shows the result.of this experiment.

    Se/epas empat hari keadaan pada agar nutrien dalam setiap piring petri

    diperhatikan. Jadual

    2

    1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen ini.

    Petri dish

    Piring petr i

    A

    B

    Filter paper

    Kertas turas

    Soaked in distilled water

    Direndam dalam air suling

    Soaked

    n

    antibiotic solution

    Direndam dalam larutan antibiotik

    Table 2 1

    Jadua/2.1

    Observation

    Pemerhatian

    SULIT

    r . n

    examm

    sc

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    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    Use

    2(a)

    [Gj

    6

    1511 2

    (a) Tick(.V) ti le cnrroct cloor aren of pem dish B

    in

    t i l ~ Table 2.2 .

    Tandakan -J)

    k .IW{}.S.:/11 prmi;

    v lng ixluf

    bac;ji piling

    petri F pada Jadual 2.2.

    TabiD 2 2

    -faduaf L

    Clear area

    Kdwasan jernih

    [1 mark

    [1

    markah]

    (b) State the inforenco li1at c,m be made iJa-:,ed on Ute ubsprvation in 2( a).

    2

    (b) Nyatakan in iurcns

    yanq ciapat rliLm:d

    bcidas ukan pnmctiw tian di 2(a).

    [Gj

    2(c)

    C l

    1511 2

    (c) State the

    w1iiillllr;

    ,

    in

    l11is

    experiment

    Nyatakm

    1pomiJolcl7iibaft ihJgi ek spcrtn0n ini

    (ii) Mdn ipu atoci variabl8

    (lorn.boklnlb

    Jf7

    dir:Janipulasiki: :n

    [1 mark

    [1 markah]

    [2 marks]

    [2 markah]

    SULIT

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    SULIT 7 5 2

    d) Based on the experiment , state the operational definition of antibiotic.

    For

    Berdasarkan eksperimen ini nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi antibiotik.

    [

    mark]

    [

    markah

    1511 2

    SULIT

    examiner s

    se

    2 d)

    [

    Total

    A

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    SULIT

    8

    5 2

    For

    3 Diagram 3 shows a ticker tape obtained from an experiment which uses a trolley

    examiner s

    moving down an inclined plane. The ticker timer makes 50 ticks in 1 second.

    Use

    3 a)

    [

    3 b)

    [

    5 2

    Rajah 3 menunjukkan pita detik yang diperoleh daripada satu eksperimen yang

    menggunakan sebuah troli yang bergerak menuruni landasan. Jangkamasa detik

    membuat 50 detik dalam

    masa

    1

    saat.

    a)

    b)

    Direction

    of

    movement I

    rah

    pergerakan

    X

    em

    Diagram

    Rajah 3

    Based on Diagram 3 state the type of motion of the trolley.

    Berdasarkan Rajah 3 nyatakan jenis gerakan bagi troli itu.

    Based on Diagram 3, measure X and write down the length.

    Berdasarkan Rajah 3 ukur X dan catatkan panjangnya.

    em

    [1

    mark

    [1

    markah]

    [1 mark

    [1

    markah]

    SULIT

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    SULIT 9

    151112

    1511/2

    c) Calculate the velocity of the trolley.

    Kira halaju troli tersebut

    [Time

    for 1 tick = 0.02 s ]

    [ Masa untuk 1 detik

    =

    0.02 s]

    [

    isplacement]

    Veloetty

    = -

    Time

    [

    Sesaran]

    Halaju

    =

    M

    as

    a

    [2

    marks]

    [2 markah]

    d) Mark ..f) on the ticker tape that shows the highest velocity in Table

    3

    Tandakan ..f) pada pita detik yang mempunyai halaju tertinggi dalam

    Jadua/3

    I

    Table 3

    Jadua/3

    I

    I

    I

    [1

    mark]

    [1 markah]

    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    Use

    3 c)

    [

    3 d)

    UJ

    otal

    A

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    SULTT

    For

    examiner s

    Use

    4 a)

    CG

    1511/2

    4

    10

    1511 /2

    Diagram 4 shows an experiment to compare the hardness o alloy and pure metal.

    Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen yang mengkaji kekerasan aloi berbanding

    /ogam tulen

    r

    Initial length

    Panjang awal

    _____ ____ :

    Diagram 4

    Rajah

    4

    C-Ciamp

    Penyepit

    C

    block P

    blok P

    The length

    o

    block P is measured after the C-clamp is tighten. Table

    4 1

    shows the

    results o the experiment.

    Panjang blok P diukur selepas penyepit C diketatkan Jadual 41 menunjukkan

    keputusan eksperimen

    Type o block

    Initial length/ em

    Jenis blok Panjang awa/1 em

    I

    I

    Copper

    5

    Kuprum

    Brass

    5

    Loyang

    Final length I em

    Panjang akhir/

    em

    3

    45

    Table 4 1

    Jadua 4

    1

    Difference

    between the in itia l

    length and fina l

    length/em

    Perbezaan antara

    panjang

    awal

    dan

    panjang akhirlcm

    2

    a) Observe Table 4.

    1

    Write down the difference between the initial length and

    final length for brass in Table 4.1.

    Perhatikan Jadua/ 4 Tuliskan perbezaan antara panjang awal dan panjang

    akhir bagi loyang pada Jadua/

    4

    1 [1 mark ]

    [

    markah]

    SULIT

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    SULIT 5 2

    1511 2

    (b) State

    one

    hypothesis

    of

    this experiment.

    Nyatakan

    s tu

    hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini

    [ mark]

    [ markah]

    (c) State one constant variable

    in

    this experiment.

    Nyatakan satu pembolehubah dimalarkan bagi eksperimen ini

    [ mark]

    [ markah ]

    (d) What is the relationship between the hardness of the block and difference

    between the initial and final length of the block?

    Apakah hubungan antara kekerasan blok dengan perbezaan panjang awal

    dan panjang akhir bagi blok itu?

    [ mark]

    [ markah]

    (e) Mark(') the substances which are the composition of brass.

    Tandakan )bahan-bahan yang merupakan komposisi bagi loyang.

    Tin

    Timah

    Aluminium

    Aluminium

    Copper

    Kuprum

    Magnesium

    Magnesium

    Zinc

    Zink

    Table

    4 2

    Jadua/4 2

    [ mark]

    [

    markah]

    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    Use

    4(b)

    [:GJ

    4(c)

    [:GJ

    4(d)

    [:GJ

    4(e)

    [:GJ

    Total

    A

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    SULIT

    or

    examiner s

    Use

    5 a)

    [

    15112

    12

    Section B

    Sahagian B

    [ 30 marks

    [30

    markah

    Answer

    ll

    questions in this section.

    Jawab

    semu

    soalan dalam bahagian ini

    2

    5 Diagram 5 shows the endocrine system of man.

    Rajah

    5

    menunjukkan sistem endokrin seorang lelaki

    a)

    Adrenal

    Adrenal

    Diagram 5

    Rajah 5

    Q

    Pituitary

    Pituitari

    R

    Testis

    Testis

    Which gland acts as the master gland

    in

    the endocrine system

    ?

    Kelenjar yang manakah bertindak sebagai kelenjar utama dalam sistem

    endokrin?

    [

    mark

    [

    markah

    SULIT

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    SULIT

    6 a)

    LQ

    6 b)

    [:GJ

    6 c)

    [:GJ

    1511 2

    4 5 1 2

    6 Diagram 6 shows the white light ray that is projected onto colour filters

    Rajah 6 menunjukkan sinar cahaya putih dipancarkan ke alas penapis warna

    Ray box

    otakSinar

    hite lig

    ht

    ahava Putih

    Red

    Merah

    Green

    Hii

    au

    y

    ..

    ...

    .

    .

    :; .

    Colour filter W

    Penapis rna W

    Red Colour fi lter

    Penapis warna merah

    Diagram 6

    Rajah 6

    a) What is the colour of filter

    Wand

    light Yin Diagram

    6?

    Apakah warna penapis W dan warna cahaya Ypada

    Rajah

    i) Filter W

    Penapis W

    ii)

    Colour of light Y

    Warna cahaya Y

    b) Mark with P for the primary colour filter in Diagram 6.

    White screen

    Skrin

    put

    ih

    [2

    marks]

    [2 markah ]

    Tandakan dengan huruf P bagi penapis warna primer pada Rajah 6

    [ mark]

    [ markah]

    c) What will happen to the other components of white light when it passes

    through the colour filter W?

    Apakah yang terjadi kepada juzuk warna yang lain dalam cahaya putih

    selepas melalui penapis warna

    W

    [

    mark]

    [ markah]

    SULIT

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    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    se

    7 a)

    [ ]

    7 b)

    [ ]

    151112

    7

    16

    1511/2

    Diagram 7 shows two individuals, N and L who are suffering from different health

    problems due to poor eating habits.

    Rajah 7 menunjukkan dua individu

    ,

    N dan L yang menghidapi masalah kesihatan

    akibat tabiat pemakanan yang tidak sihat.

    N

    Diagram 7

    Rajah

    7

    L

    a) Based on Diagram

    7

    state the health problem suffered by the individuals.

    Berdasarkan Rajah 7 nyatakan masalah kesihatan yang dihidapi oleh individu

    terse but.

    i) N:

    ii)

    L:

    b) Give one reason

    of

    the health problem stated in ? a).

    [2

    marks

    [ markah

    Berikan satu sebab yang mengakibatkan masa/ah kesihatan yang dinyatakan

    di 7 a).

    i) N:

    ii) L:

    [2

    marks

    [2 markah

    SULIT

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    SULIT

    7

    5 1 2

    c) State one health problem that may happen to individual N.

    Nyatakan satu masa ah kesihatan yang mungkin terjadi pada individu

    N

    [ mark

    [1

    markah

    d) Suggest one way to help individual L.

    Cadangkan satu cara untuk membantu individu L

    [ mark

    [1 markah

    15112

    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    Use

    7

    c)

    LG

    7 d )

    LG

    otal

    8

    c=G

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    SULIT

    8

    1511/2

    For 8 Figure

    8.1

    shows a structure of soap molecule.

    examiner s

    Use

    8 a)

    [

    8 b)

    [

    1511/2

    Rajah

    8.

    1 menunjukkan satu struktur molekul sabun

    a)

    b)

    L

    Diagram

    8.1

    Rajah 8 1

    Name part K in the box provided in Diagram 8.1 .

    K

    Namakan bahagian K dalam petak yang disediakan dalam Rajah

    8. 1.

    [1

    mark

    [1 markah

    Based on Diagram 8.1 which part of the soap molecule that dissolves

    in

    water?

    Berdasarkan Rajah

    8.

    1 bahagian sa bun yang manakah

    Ia

    rut dalam air?

    [1

    mark

    [1 markah

    SULIT

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    SUL T

    9

    5 2

    Diagram 8.2 shows the process of making soap.

    Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan proses pembuatan sabun

    20 ml

    oil+

    80

    ml sodium

    hydroxide

    solution

    20 ml minyak

    +

    8 ml

    larutan

    natrium

    hidroksida

    Glass rod

    Rod kaca

    {

    Diagram 8.2

    Rajah 8.2

    Common salt

    Garam biasa

    Filter paper

    Kertas turas

    Soap

    Sa bun

    Filter funnel

    Corong turas

    filtrate

    Hasil turasan

    c) Name one other substance that can replace sodium hydroxide solution in

    Diagram 8.2.

    Namakan satu bahan lain yang dapat menggantikan larutan natrium

    hidroksida dalam Rajah 8.

    2

    [1

    mark]

    [1

    markah]

    d)

    Why

    is common salt used in the preparation of soap?

    Mengapakah garam biasa digunakan dalam penyediaan sabun?

    [1 mark]

    [1 markah]

    e) Complete the following chemical equation in words to represent the reaction of

    making soap.

    Lengkapkan persamaan kimia di bawah untuk mewakili tindak balas

    pembuatan sabun

    Palm oil + sodium hydroxide ---+ -1 _,I +

    ._I

    __

    For

    examiner s

    Use

    8 c)

    CG

    8 d)

    CG

    I I

    I

    I

    8 e)

    Minyak sawit

    +

    natrium hidroksida -

    + .

    [1

    mark] l_____L_ j

    [ markah]

    5 2

    SUL T

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    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    se

    8 f)

    LG

    otal

    9 a)

    [1]

    1511/2

    20

    f)

    How does soap wet the surface

    of

    a substance?

    Bagaimanakah sabun dapat membasahi permukaan bahan?

    9 Diagram 9 1 shows a wave.

    Rajah

    9

    1 menunjukkan satu gelombang

    Sesaran m)

    Displacement

    m)

    a) Name X andY

    Diagram 9 1

    Rajah 91

    Namakan X dan Y.

    X

    y

    jarak m)

    Distance m)

    b) Diagram 9.2 shows a block diagram

    of

    radio transmission system.

    1511/2

    [1

    mark]

    [1 markah

    [2

    marks]

    [2

    markah

    SULIT

    1

    For

    examiner s

    se

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    SULIT

    23

    Section C

    Sahagian C

    [ 20 marks]

    [ 20

    markah]

    Answer Question

    1

    0 ar 1d eill

    l l f

    UuPslion

    11

    or Question 12 .

    Jawab soalan 10

    dun 1 1 1 1

    1

    ~ d n sou

    i.Jrr 11

    atau soalan 12.

    10 Study the following stalerm 11L

    Kaji pernyataan bot kut

    1511/2

    Melting point of molecular substances and atomic substances are difference.

    Takat lebur ball..m mo tckul dan bahan

    atom

    adalah berbeza.

    (a) Suggest on e llypoU

    I(

    .h to invostig ,

    20

    uof sulphur, crucible, wire gauze, tripod stand, Bunsen

    burner W1d unulller dJJp,1i nlus, describe 2n experiment to test your hypothesis in 1O(a)

    based on t11 c lollowli I

    LJ

    cr

    itcri L

    1511/2

    Dengan munggun;Jkan 20 g StJrbuk besi, 2 g sulfur,

    mangkuk

    pijar, kasa dawai,

    tungku kal

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    SULIT

    5 2

    2

    5 2

    Rajah

    9.

    2 menunjukkan rajah blok bagi suatu sistem pemancar radio

    bun

    yi

    s

    ound

    ~

    mikrofon

    microphone

    ,

    p

    pengayun

    oscillato

    r

    Diagram 9.2

    Rajah 9.2

    i) Name the component

    P

    Namakan komponen P

    ii) State the function of component P.

    Nyatakan fungsi komponen

    P.

    amplifi

    er

    O Tlpi

    1(ier

    c) Based on Diagram 9.2 , state the function of amplifier.

    Berdasarkan Rajah 92 nyatakan fungsi amplifier

    \

    aerial

    aerial

    [1

    mark

    [1 markah

    [1

    mark

    [1 markah

    [1

    mark

    [1 markah

    SULIT

    9 b) ii)

    LG

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    SULIT

    For

    examiner s

    se

    9 d)

    c G

    otal

    9

    1511 2

    22

    151112

    d) Sketch the wave transmitted by the aerial in the box provided.

    Lakar gelombang yang dipancarkan oleh aerial dalam petak yang disediakan

    [ mark

    [

    markah

    SULIT

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    SULIT

    26

    r5lU2

    [2

    marks

    ]

    12

    markah

    I

    [1

    mark

    ]

    l1

    markah

    I

    [2

    marks

    ]

    12

    markah

    I

    Based on

    the

    Diagram

    12,

    construct the concePt

    of

    chethi