Click here to load reader

TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: SOME REFLECTIONS · PDF file TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: SOME REFLECTIONS Arturo Ardila -Gomez Global Lead Urban Mobility. Transport and ICT Global

  • View
    1

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: SOME REFLECTIONS · PDF file TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: SOME...

  • TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: SOME

    REFLECTIONS

    Arturo Ardila-Gomez Global Lead Urban Mobility

    Transport and ICT Global Practice

    TDD Framework Presentation #1 November 2, 2016

  • 3-D VS. 3-d AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    We want urban development around 3-D: Dense, Diverse, Design

    1

  • 3-D VS. 3-d AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT But frequently we get 3-d: disperse, distant, disconnected

    2

    H + T + I = good housing

  • 3-D VS. 3-d AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    8/9/2017 3

    Public transportation Automobile

    Buenos Aires, Argentina

    ***Using Free Flow Speeds

  • 3-D VS. 3-d AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    Good urban transport is critical to achieving 3-D and not 3-d.

    But which kind of urban transport?

    4

  • WHAT WE WANT: HITS!

    HITS

    Hierarchically

    Integrated

    Transit

    System

    HITS

    New York City

    Tokyo

    Seoul

    Paris

    London

    Washington DC

    Santiago de Chile

    Quito (coming soon)

    Mexico city (hopefully coming soon)

    Rio de Janeiro?

    5

  • WHAT WE WANT: HITS!

    Hierarchically

    Metro corridors

    BRT corridors

    Feeder buses

    Buses in mixed traffic

    Integrated

    Physical

    Fare

    Operational

    Transit System

    Good-quality public

    transport service that

    serves clients’ at minimum

    cost

    6

  • HITS AND TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT

    7

    Transit Oriented

    Development Density Diversity Design

    NO HITS Lower

    capacity, lower density

    Long commutes

    on poor Negative

    externalities

    HITS Higher

    capacity, higher density

    More diversity as

    travel is easier

    Positive externalities

  • EXAMPLE OF QUITO AND ITS HITS

    8

  • EXAMPLE OF QUITO AND ITS HITS

    9

  • OTHER ELEMENTS FOR TOD

    1.Let market forces work, but guide them

    10

  • OTHER ELEMENTS FOR TOD

    11

    Example: allow higher densities around mass transit (Arlington Virginia, USA)

    Source: Brosnan, 2010.

  • OTHER ELEMENTS FOR TOD

    2. Have Enabling

    Legislation, e.g.: 1.Mixed land use

    2. Public spaces

    12

  • OTHER ELEMENTS FOR TOD

    2. Have Enabling

    Legislation, e.g.: 3. High floor area ratio.

    4. Value capture mechanisms

    13

  • OTHER ELEMENTS FOR TOD

    3. Have a very good Property Tax System: 1.Cadastre updated yearly 2.Enforcement 3.Ability to manage complaints

    14

  • OTHER ELEMENTS FOR TOD

    15

    Vallejo and Soler, 2012.

  • EXAMPLE OF TOD: ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA, USA, AFTER 4O YEARS

    16 Source: Brosnan, 2010.

  • TOD AND POOR AREAS

    17

    3-d

  • TOD AND POOR AREAS

    18

    3-d

  • TOD AND POOR AREAS

    19

    3-D

  • TOD AND POOR AREAS

    Example of Bogotá

    20

    0

    5000

    10000

    15000

    20000

    25000

    30000

    35000

    Poor areas Middle class areas Wealthy areas

    Density (people per Km2)

  • PARADOX

    21

    Wealthy areas meet cannons of TOD yet they have the lowest density.

    3-D costs more than 3-d

  • PARADOX IS SOLVED VIA:

    22 Presentation Title

    Economic growth and higher income per capita make 3-D affordable

  • Yet higher income can bring about changes in preferences

    HOUSING CAR USE

    23 Presentation Title

  • HOWEVER, NEW GENERATIONS SEEM TO:

    1. Prefer public transport and NMT

    over private car.

    2. Prefer higher urban densities

    and mixed land use.

    24

  • HOWEVER, NEW GENERATIONS SEEM TO:

    Are these changes intra-

    generational or inter-generational?

    Fashionable or structural change?

    25

  • AND BENEFITS OF TOD SEEM TO BE SOLID AND RESILIENT

    26

    Attribute United States Arlington Metro

    Corridor Households

    with zero cars 10% 17.9%

    Households with 2 or more

    cars

    55% 25%

    Commute by transit

    4.7% 23.3%

  • CONCLUSIONS

    1.We want 3-D: Dense, Diverse, Design

    2.We want HITS!

    3.We want market forces at work

    27

  • CONCLUSIONS

    4. We want good enabling legislation

    5. We want a very good property tax system

    6. We want economic growth and income

    growth

    28

  • 29

  • REFERENCES

    Brosnan Robert, 2010. “40 Years of Transit Oriented Development.” A Presentation

    to the Reston Land Use Task Force.

    Vallejo, Gabriel and Diego Soler. 2012. “Manejo del Sistema Catastral: Caso

    Bogota.”

    Paez, Daniel, Juan Bocarejo, et al. 2017. “Mobility and urban life quality in a

    developing city.” World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2016

    Shanghai. 10-15 July 2016

    Salat Serge and Ollivier Gerald. 2016. “The 3V Framework: Maximizing Economic

    Opportunities in TOD station Areas by Matching Place, Node, and Market

    Potential Value. World Bank. 30

  • REFERENCES

    Hiroaki Suzuki, Robert Cervero, and Kanako Luchi. 2013. “Transforming Cities with

    Transit.” World Bank.

    Hiroaki Suzuki, Murakami, Jin, Hong, Yu-Hong, Tamayase, Beth. 2015. “Financing

    Transit Oriented Development with Land Values: Adapting Land Value Capture

    in Developing Countries.”

    31

    Transit oriented development: some reflections 3-D vs. 3-d and public transport 3-D vs. 3-d and public transport 3-D vs. 3-d and public transport 3-D vs. 3-d and public transport What we want: HITS! What we want: HITS! HITS and Transit Oriented Development Example of Quito and its HITS Example of Quito and its HITS Other elements for Tod Other elements for Tod Other elements for Tod Other elements for Tod Other elements for Tod Other elements for Tod Example of tod: Arlington, Virginia, Usa, after 4o years TOD and poor areas TOD and poor areas TOD and poor areas TOD and poor areas PARADOX PARADOX IS SOLVED VIA: Yet higher income can bring about changes in preferences However, new generations seem to: However, new generations seem to: AND BENEFITS OF TOD SEEM TO BE SOLID AND RESILIENT Conclusions Conclusions Slide Number 30 References References

Search related