Transactional Analysis

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TRANSACTIONA L ANALYSIS by Eric BerneSubmitted by: Alpa Goel Harshika Shah Pallavi Bisht Smriti Jha Tushar Tejawat

Agenda TA Definition TA States PAC Type 1, 2 crossed and complimentary Angular and duplex transition Procedures & rituals Past times Games

Transactional Analysis Transaction Unit of social intercourse Transaction = Transactional Stimulus + Transactional Response Transaction analysis: Studying & diagnosing which ego state implemented the stimulus and response By Eric Berne, the psychologist

The EGO States Three ego states that are based on childhood experiences and role models Separate and distinct source of behavior The three states are Parent Adult Child

Parent Ego state SHOULD Parental values and opinions are stored in this ego state May be expressed towards others as prejudicial, critical, and nurturing behavior Parental messages continue to influence the inner child

Adult Dispassionate Oriented toward current reality and the objective gathering of information Organized, adaptable, intelligent, and tests reality, estimating probabilities

Child Child again !!! All the impulses that come naturally to an infant Intuitive, creative, spontaneous Feelings of happiness, anxiety, fear, withdrawal etc

The EGO states We all operate from all the 3 states Awareness of transactions and ego states help us gain a conscious control over how we interact with people In healthy professional relationships, people transact preferably in adult state

Complementary Transactionsul u sParen t Paren t Paren t Paren t

Respon se

Child

Child

Child

Re sp

on

Adult

Adult

Adult

se

Stimul us

St im

Adult

Child

Agen t Type 1

Responde nt

Agen t Type 2

Respondent

Crossed Transactions

Adult

Stimul us

Adult

Adult

Re sp

onAdult

Stimulu sChild Child Child

Child

Agen t Type 1

Responde nt

Agen t Type 2

se

Paren t

Paren t

Paren t

Paren t

on sp Re se

Respondent

Ulterior Transactions

Paren tSocial level

Paren t

Paren t

Paren t

Adult

Adult

Adult

Social Level

Adult

Ps

Child

yc a l ho l o lev gi el c

Child

Child

Psychological Child Level

Salesm an An Angular Transaction

Buyer

Cowbo y A Duplex Transaction

Girl

Procedures & Rituals Procedure: A series of simple complementary Adult transactions directed towards manipulation of reality Ritual: A series of simple complementary transactions programmed by external social forces Procedures are programmed by Adult and Rituals are parentally patterned

Pastimes Typically played at parties or during the waiting periods Have specific aspect of exclusiveness Form basis of selection of acquaintances and may lead to friendship

Games A series of moves with a snare 2 characteristics: the ulterior quality and the payoff Stages in a Game: I Degree Game: socially acceptable to the agent. II Degree Game: no permanent irremediable damage arises but the player will conceal it from the public. III Degree Game: is played for keeps and ends in surgery, courtroom and morgue

Games People Play Life Games Marital Games Party Games Sexual games Boardroom Games Good Games Underworld Games

PARTY GAMES

WHY DONT YOU? YES, BUT.

See if you can find a solution I cant find fault with Agent wins if hes able to stand off solutions till others give up Aim: Not to get suggestions but to reject them Ulterior: inadequate Child wise Parent Parent: I can make you grateful for my help Child: Go ahead and try Advantages: Internal - Reassurance surrender External - Avoid

MARITAL GAMES

CORNER

Refusal to play game of the other Aim: To corner the other person by taking literal meaning of words Manipulative Functions as barrier to intimacy Ulterior: Child Child Advantages: Internal Secret feeling of triumph External Avoid intimacy

LIFE GAMES

Now I have got you, you Son of a Bitch

Now I have got you, you Son of a Bitch Finding situations to vent the pent up furies. Whenever meets with any injustice, receives them with delight and exploits them Forgets the actual provocation but remembers the ensuing battle Response: why does it always happens with me?

Good Games Difficult to interpret Contributes to well being of both the parties Homely Sage

SEXUAL GAMES

RAP

Rapo First degree - involves White mildly flirting with Black. Once he's committed himself to the pursuit, the game is over and White has won. The payoff is being found attractive. Second degree - the payoff comes from the enjoyment of rejecting Black's advances ("Buzz off Buster"). White leads him into a much more serious commitment, and enjoys watching his discomfort at being rejected. Third degree - ends in a false accusation of rape. White leads Black into a compromising physical position before claiming criminal assault or permanent psychological damage. She usually involves a number of other players at this stage.

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