Totalitarianism 14.2

  • View
    219

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Totalitarianism 14.2

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    1/10

    Chapter 14, Section 2 (14.2)

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    2/10

    A Government of Total

    Control Totalitarianism:

    government that takes total, centralized,

    state control over every aspect of public &

    private life

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    3/10

    Devices of Control

    Police Terror:

    use of violence to

    crush opposition

    Indoctrination:

    Brainwashing

    people with whatthe government

    wants them to think

    & believe

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    4/10

    Devices of Control

    Propaganda:

    Biased or incomplete

    information used to

    sway people to acceptcertain beliefs or actions

    Censorship:

    Keeping certaininformation from people

    Banning of certain

    publications, film, art or

    music

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    5/10

    Devices of Control

    Religious or Ethnic Persecution:

    creating enemies of the state gives leaders

    someone to blame when things go wrong

    Der Ewige Jude (The Wander ing Jew)

    On November 8, 1937 a propaganda exhibit entitled

    Der Ewige Jude (The Wandering Jew) opened which

    portrayed Jews as communists, swindlers and sex-fiends. Over 150,000 people attended the exhibit in

    just 3 days.

    Jews were frequently associated with communists

    and thieves. The Wandering Jewlater became a

    notorious hate film, and associated the Jews with ratsand other vermin.

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    6/10

    Totalitarian Leaders of the 20th

    Century Soviet Union

    Joseph Stalin (1928-1954)

    Instituted a Communist

    government Oversaw the mass murder

    of between 8-13 million of

    his own people

    Stressed education Elevated position of women

    Opposed individuality &

    creativity

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    7/10

    Totalitarian Leaders of the 20th

    Century China

    Mao Zedong ( 1949-

    1976)

    Led the Peoples

    Republic of China

    Helped spread the

    ideas of

    Communism from

    1921 until his death

    Policies and politicalpurges widely

    believed to have

    caused the deaths of

    between 40 to 70

    million people

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    8/10

    Totalitarian Leaders of the 20th

    Century Germany

    Adolf Hitler (Fhrer) (1933-1945)

    Chancellor of Germany 1933-1945

    Head of state from 1934-1945 Leader of the National Socialist

    German Workers Party (NAZI)Facist ideals

    Vowed to rid the world of theimpure races

    Largely responsible for theHolocaust & the death of anestimated 11 to 14 million, 6 million

    were Jews

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F%C3%BChrerhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F%C3%BChrer
  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    9/10

    Totalitarian Leaders of the 20th

    Century Italy

    Benito Mussolini , 'Il Duce' (1922-

    1945)

    Prime Minister Key developer of Fascism

    Kill tally: 400,000 Italians during

    WWII, 30,000 Ethiopians during

    Italian occupation

  • 7/28/2019 Totalitarianism 14.2

    10/10

    Totalitarian Leaders of the 20th

    Century Spain

    Francisco Franco (1936-

    1975) Caudillo de Espaa,

    por la gracia de Dios Head of State of Spain

    Killed between 15,000-

    50,000

Search related