Tors - Choma Housing Project

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<p>EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project - i -June 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents 1INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 1 1.1BACKGROUND ............................................................................................................................. 1 1.2OVERALL OBJECTIVE .................................................................................................................. 2 1.3ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION ................................................................................................. 2 1.4STUDY APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY .................................................................................... 3 1.5ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT TEAM ........................................................................... 3 2PROJECT DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................... 4 DEVELOPER CONTACT DETAILS ............................................................................................................ 5 PROJECT LOCATION .............................................................................................................................. 5 3BASELINE CONDITION OF THE PROJECT ENVIRONMENT ......................................... 6 3.1GEOPHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT .................................................................................................... 6 3.1.1Location ............................................................................................................................ 6 3.1.2Climate ............................................................................................................................. 7 3.1.3Vegetation ......................................................................................................................... 7 3.2SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT ............................................................................................... 9 3.2.1Population ........................................................................................................................ 9 3.2.2Economic Activities .......................................................................................................... 9 3.3SETTLEMENTS AROUND THE HOUSING PROJECT SITE .................................................................. 9 3.4ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL SITES ................................................................................. 10 4PUBLIC MEETINGS/ CONSULTATIONS ............................................................................ 11 4.1APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY .............................................................................................. 11 4.2KEY PRESENTATIONS, QUESTIONS AND CONCERNS FROM THE CONSULTATIVE MEETING ........ 11 4.3COMMUNITY CONCERNS ........................................................................................................... 11 5POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS....................................................................... 12 6PROPOSED TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR EIA ................................................................ 13 6.1SCOPE OF EIA ........................................................................................................................... 13 6.1.1Policy, Legal and Institutional Frameworks .................................................................. 13 6.1.2Description of Project Activities ..................................................................................... 13 6.1.3Baseline Environmental Information .............................................................................. 13 6.1.4Potential Environmental Impacts ................................................................................... 14 6.1.5Mitigating Measures ....................................................................................................... 15 6.1.6Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan ........................................................ 16 7REPORT FORMAT ................................................................................................................... 17 EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project 1INTRODUCTION ThisdocumentistheFirstScopeofAnalysis(FinalScope)fortheproposed ChomaHousingProjectsEnvironmentalImpactStatement(EIS).ThisFirst Scope has been prepared to describe the proposed project, present the proposed framework for the EIS analysis, and discuss the procedures to be followed in the preparationoftheDEIS.ThisEISwillbepreparedpursuanttothe EnvironmentalManagementActNo.12of2011anditsimplementing regulations. </p> <p>OralsubmissionswerereceivedduringthepublichearingheldbyGreenfields Consulton24thMay2013atChomaCivicCentre.Themajorityofthe comments relevant to the Scope focused on (1) the proposed projects effects on directandindirectdisplacementofbusinessesandresidents;(2)compatibility and connectivity of the proposed project to its surrounding neighbourhoods; and (3) construction-related impacts. 1.1Background ChomaDistrictisstrategicallylocatedintheheartorcentreofSouthern Province and plays an important role in the economy of Southern Province. ChomaTownwasrecentlyre-establishedastheadministrativecapitalof SouthernProvince.Thisdevelopmenthasexacerbatedthealreadyexisting housing deficit being face in Choma, with many of the existing housing units in deplorable condition and overcrowded. Choma municipality has tried to provide someplotsinanefforttocushionthetownshousingproblem,however,in recentmonths,Chomatownhasexperiencedafastgrowingurbanpopulation. This has left Choma with housing shortage more serious than in the major towns across Southern Province. In order to help alleviate the housing shortage, Baptist Mid Mission (BMM) has come up with a housing project which is purely a private sector driven initiative to compliment the efforts of the Choma municipality.EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project 1.2Overall objective The principal objective of this report is to undertake an environmental impact assessmentstartingwithaScopingReportandTermsofReferenceforthe Choma Housing Project in Choma District of the Southern Province. 1.3 Specific Objective Thespecificobjectivesaretoprovideasetofhousingdevelopment environmental impact analysis scenarios for the Choma housing which can be usedfortheshortterm,mediumtermandlongtermdecisionsregarding environmental management. 1.3Environmental Legislation ThisScopingReportispreparedinaccordancewiththelegalframeworkon EnvironmentalManagementenshrinedintheEnvironmentalProtectionand PollutionControlAct,Cap204oftheLawsofZambiaanditssubsidiary legislation,theEnvironmentalImpactAssessmentRegulationsS.I.No.28of 1997.Section3(1)oftheEIARegulationsstatesthat,adevelopershallnot implementaprojectforwhichaprojectbrieforenvironmentalimpact statementisrequiredundertheseRegulations,unlesstheprojectbrieforthe environmental impact statement has beenconcluded in accordance with these regulationsandtheEnvironmentalCouncilofZambiahasissuedadecision letter. TheproposedprojectisoutlinedintheEnvironmentalImpactAssessment Regulations S.I. No. 28 of 1997, Second Schedule (Regulations (7)(2)) Section 1(a) under the heading: Designing of new townships which are more than 5Ha ormoreorsitescovering700dwellingsandaboveshallrequirean Environmental Impact Assessment. ThescopingexercisewasconductedinlinewiththeprovisionsoftheseEIA Regulations. EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project 1.4Study Approach and Methodology Themethodadoptedduringthescopingprocessinvolvedconsultative meetingsanddiscussionswithrelevantgovernmentinstitutionsatdistrict level,localcommunities,representativesfromNGOsandresident developmentcommittee.Theprocessalsoincludedinitialenvironmental survey of the project site. Responsesfromtheconsultationsanddiscussionsprovidedtherelevant background information and helped identify major environmental concerns of the communities in the project area for this Scoping report. 1.5Environmental Impact Assessment Team The Environmental Impact Assessment is co-ordinated by: NoNamePositionRole 1.Pearson KasapoEnvironmental Scientists /Urban Planning Expert EIA Team Leader/ EIA Co-ordinator 2.Lewis. TumbamaSocioeconomic/Sustainable Development Specialist Ass.EIACo-ordinator 3.Jones MulombaNatural Resources SpecialistTeam Member 4.Peter Mwale Environmental EngineerTeam Member 5.Isaac FwembaAgro-Forester/Meeting facilitator Team Member 6.Mainza SibajeneEnvironmentalistTeam Member CVs of the EIA team are attached in the Annex. EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project 2PROJECT DESCRIPTION Background BaptistMidMission(BMM)hasacquiredFarm79AinChomaDistrict,whichis locatedadjacenttoRiversideresidentialarea.Thefarm,measuringabout714 Hectares,islocatedabout2kmfromtheChomaCentralBusinessDistrict.BMM intends to develop the farm into a prime urban residential housing complex and other relatedfacilities.Thelandwhenfullydevelopedisexpectedtohostaprimeurban residentialhousingestate,residentialsmallholdings,shoppingcomplexes,andother social amenities. ThedevelopmentofChomaHousingEstatewillinvolvetheconstructionofabout 3000 houses and social amenities on an area of about 714 Hectares. The table below gives a detailed description of the project and proposed landuse: ITEMDESCRIPTIONQUANTITY </p> <p>SIZES (m2)TOTAL AREA (m2) 1High-cost residential1,7711,5752,789,325 2Medium cost residential1,1868751,037,750 3Secondary schools228,00056,000 4Primary schools424,00096,000 5Nursery schools518,00090,000 6Churches81,57512,600 7Shopping malls556,000280,000 8Factories418,75075,000 9Office space102,50025,000 10Open space810,00080,000 TOTAL 3,003 4,541,675 </p> <p>Choma Housing Project is a private sector-driven housing development that is seeking to close the gap in the housing supply deficit that has rocked Choma ever since it was EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project re-establishedastheprovincialcapitalofSouthernProvince.Theprojectisprivate sectordrivenfrominceptiontoimplementation.Theprojectdeveloperproposesto haveastrongcontrolonthequalityandpaceofdevelopmentsoastomaintainhigh standards of housing. Developer Contact details The Developer of this project is Baptist Mid Mission in Zambia. The contact details for the developer are as follows: Mr. Jim Smith Baptist Mid Mission ZambiaP O BoxChoma Zambia Tel:Project Location The housing project will be located Southwest of Choma, about 2km from the Central BusinessDistrict.Thisissuitablyclosetothetowncentre.Thesiteborders Riversideontheeasternfringe,NahumbaMissionontheSouthandMacharoadon theWesternside.Theproposedsiteisanexistingfarmthathaslargelybeenunused for a long period.</p> <p>The Choma Housing Concept Thedeveloperproposestodevelopanunderutilizedandunderdevelopedareaby providingresidentialplots,retail,hotel,publiclyaccessibleopenspace,roadsand parking space. All houses would be built to international standards within the confines of a safe, secure and exclusive community in an environmentally friendly setting. EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project Total Project Cost/InvestmentsThe estimated total investment of the Choma Housing Project will be reflected in the draft report. 2.1 PURPOSE AND NEED Theoverarchinggoaloftheproposeddevelopmentistotransformanareathatis blightedandlargelyunderutilizedintoavibrantmodernmixed-usecommunityas well as cushion Choma housing deficit. The proposed project aims to provide greatly neededaffordableandmarket-ratehousingandfirst-classshoppingmalls.The proposed project is intended to more specifically, Contributetootherstakeholdersefforttomeettheshort-andlong-term demand for affordable and market-rate housing; andFosterandsupportgrowthofChomathrough:(a)thecreationofjobsand economic activity during construction and operation of the new housing units, commercialoffice,andretaildevelopment;and(b)theintroductionofnew households, which will stimulate the local economy by purchasinggoods and services from local businesses; 3BASELINE CONDITION OF THE PROJECT ENVIRONMENT 3.1Geophysical Environment 3.1.1Location ChomaDistrictisintheheartofSouthernProvincemakingitstrategically located both as an administrative capital for the province as well as playing a major role in the economic activities of the Southern Province. TheDistrictliesapproximatelywithinlongitudes26030Iand27030Ieastof Greenwich, and latitudes 160 and 170 45I south of the equator on the plateau of southernZambiaandcoversatotalareaof7,296squarekilometres.Itshares EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project boundarieswithfiveotherdistrictsintheprovincenamely:Namwalainthe North,PembaontheEasternside,GwembeintheSoutheast,Sinazongwein theSouthandKalomointheWest.Thedistrictispredominantlyruraland agriculture forms the mainstay of its economy. 3.1.2Climate Mostofthedistrictlies at1400metresabovesealevel.Thisdistrictisfound onhighgroundwithtypicalclimateofsouthernZambiaoftemperatures between 140c and 280c, sunshine ranging between 9 and 12 hours per day. The highesttemperaturesoccurbetweenthebeginningofOctoberandtheendof December. In normal instances when the rains start, temperatures tend to fall, partlybecauseoftherainandpartlyduetotheoftenheavycloudcover.The lowest temperatures are usually recorded in June and July. The rains generally start in the middle of October and continue through up to the beginning of April. Rainfall reaches its peak around January after which it diminishesslightlyuptothebeginningofAprilwhenusuallyitceases entirely. There is an average rainfall of 800mm, of which 369mm, fall between JanuaryandFebruary.Therearehowever,variationsintotalrainfalland rainfallpatternsfromyeartoyearandeveninaparticularseason.These variations can have a major impact on cropyield in the different zones in the area.Humidityfallstoabout33%untiltheonsetofrainsinOctoberafter whichitskyrocketstoabout77%inFebruary.Humiditynosedivesoncethe rainsceaseinApril.ThewindispredominantlyfromtheEastandSouth- West,andtoalesserdegreefromtheNorth-East.Thestrengthofthewind from these directions can be comparatively strong. 3.1.3Vegetation The vegetation of the project site is principally Acacia grassland with clumps of trees on anthills. anthills are widespread in project site. Most anthills have largeEuphorbiaontop.OthercommonlargetreesareCombretummolle, ErythrinaabbysinicaandZiziphusmucronata.Thebulkoftheanthill vegetationconsistofsmalltreeschieflyAzanzagackeana,Markhamia EIA SCOPING REPORT &amp; TORs Baptist Mid Mission Choma Housing Project obtusifolia, Popowa and Securidaca longependiculata with Drospyros spp and Eudea spp locally frequent. Grasses comprise species of Andropogon, Brachiaria, Digitalia,Cymbopogon, Heteropogon,Hyparrhenia,Setaria,Loudetia,Er...</p>