Tools for Social Change

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  • In association with the Community Workers Cooperative

    and the Department of Applied Social Studies, National

    University of Ireland, Maynooth

  • Tools for Social Change

    A Resource Guide for Community Work with Migrant Workers and their Families in Ireland

  • ISBN:978-0-9562174-0-0

    Published by: Migrant Rights Centre IrelandMarch 2008

    Design by: www.form.ie

    Illustrations by: www.form.ie

    Migrant Rights Centre Ireland55 Parnell Square West, Dublin 1

    T: (01) 889 7570F: (01) 889 7579

    E: info@mrci.ieW: www.mrci.ie

  • Contents

    Preface ......................................................................................... 6 Introduction ................................................................................ 7

    Learning key: explanation of symbols .........................................................10

    List of Case Studies .....................................................................................11

    Acknowledgements ....................................................................................12

    Section 1 Introducing Migration and Community Work ........ 13

    1.1 Introducing migration ............................................................15

    Humanitarian migration .............................................................................15

    Economic migration ...................................................................................16

    The global context ......................................................................................16

    Migrant workers in Ireland .........................................................................17

    Critical issues facing migrant workers in Ireland .........................................18

    a) Discrimination and racism ......................................................................19

    b) Workplace exploitation ..........................................................................20

    c) Being undocumented ..............................................................................22

    d) Accessing services ..................................................................................22

    1.2 Introducing community work with migrant workers .............24

    Why community workers should work with migrant workers and their families ........................................................................................25

    Why the community and voluntary sector in Ireland should

    be concerned with working with migrant workers ......................................26

    Support Sheets

    1.3 Global migration facts and figures ......................................27

    1.4 Economic migration to Ireland facts and figures.................28

    1.5 Migrant workers in Ireland challenging myths and misinformation .................................29

    1.6 Immigration government structures and policies ...............31

    1.7 Immigration and residency understanding the jargon ........34

    1.8 Understanding immigration registration stamps ...................37

    1.9 Gender and migration ............................................................39

    1.10 Community work values and practice principles ..................40

    1.11 Useful resources .....................................................................43

  • Section 2 Tools for Participation ............................................ 45

    2.1 Getting started informing yourself .....................................48

    Understanding the issues and context .........................................................48

    Building the picture locally ......................................................................48

    2.2 Building relationships ............................................................49

    The three Rs: Relationships, Relationships, Relationships ..........................49

    Making contact ...........................................................................................50

    Finding out who the community leaders are ...............................................50

    Building trust .............................................................................................50

    Getting the community on board ................................................................51

    Doing a community profile .........................................................................53

    Building solidarity within the community ...................................................55

    2.3 Engaging with migrant workers and their families ................56

    Finding opportunities .................................................................................56

    2.4 Building the participation of migrant workers ......................59

    Maintaining contact and support to encourage participation ......................60 Creating opportunities for participation ......................................................60

    Responding to problems .............................................................................64

    Recognising immediate individual needs and moving beyond ....................66

    Building working relationships with other organisations .............................66

    Moving from the individual to the collective ...............................................67

    Getting a group together .............................................................................70

    Support Sheets

    2.5 Supporting intercultural communication ...............................72

    2.6 Understanding racism and discrimination .............................74

    2.7 Building a bigger picture a basic guide to doing a community profile ...........................76

    2.8 Useful resources .....................................................................79

  • Section 3 Tools for Empowerment and Collective Action .........81

    3.1 Essential elements for empowerment ...................................83 Understanding power .................................................................................84 Developing a collective analysis ..................................................................85

    Supporting effective groups .......................................................................89

    Networking ................................................................................................91

    Supporting migrant workers to take on representative roles........................91

    Voluntary work ...........................................................................................95

    Ensuring a focus on equality and anti-discrimination ................................95

    Leadership development ...........................................................................96

    3.2 Collective action for change ..................................................99 Doing the ground work ............................................................................100 Building analysis .......................................................................................100

    Choosing an issue to take action on ..........................................................100

    Building power .........................................................................................101

    Adopting a strategy ...................................................................................102

    Campaigning ............................................................................................103

    Engaging with the media: communicating your campaign effectively ........107

    Lobbying ..................................................................................................108

    Direct action .............................................................................................109

    Support Sheets

    3.3 Exercises to support the development of a collective analysis within a group ........................................................111

    3.4 Group work: supporting the development of a group process ................................................................114

    3.5 A sample leadership development course ............................117

    3.6 Supporting collective action for change

    SMART analysis tool ............................................................122

    3.7 Supporting collective action for change

    5-Point Campaign Plan ........................................................123

    3.8 Communicating your campaign message effectively ............128

    3.9 Useful resources ...................................................................130

    References ............................................................................... 132

  • International migration has become a major force

    for social transformation in modern-day Ireland.

    Workplaces, local communities and the relationships

    we have with each other reflect this dynamic

    process. Without a doubt, the depth and pace of

    social change Ireland has undergone over the past

    fifteen years is phenomenal. Change brings many

    challenges and while it is not that change itself is

    problematic it is how it is managed that really counts.

    Community work has always sought to support

    communities, both interest-based and geographical, to

    strive for equality and inclusion, often in the context

    of a challenging environment physica